Date: August 26, 2019 Issue #: 1579Summary: Use of insect repellents is strongly recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to prevent infections transmitted by mosquitoes and ticks. Insect repellents applied to exposed skin should be used in conjunction with other preventive measures such as wearing pants and long-sleeved shirts, and avoiding outdoor activities during peak mosquito-biting times. Mosquitoes can transmit Zika, chikungunya, dengue, West Nile, eastern equine encephalitis, and yellow fever viruses, as well as malaria. Ticks can transmit Lyme disease, rickettsial diseases such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and viruses such as Powassan virus.
Conclusions: Severe malaria is a highly frequent event in pregnant women, without differences by Plasmodium species. It shows early recognizable dangers signs. Hospital under-reporting was identified in 88% of severe cases as well as a lack of laboratory tests for a more comprehensive diagnosis. A protocol for the clinical diagnosis of pregnant women with malaria is required. PMID: 31529822 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusiones. Los indicadores de competencia de la red local y de desempeño de los laboratorios intermedios alcanzaron altos estándares de calidad acordes con el proceso de entrenamiento implementado en el país. PMID: 31529838 [PubMed - in process]
[Trastornos gastrointestinales funcionales después de un episodio de dengue no grave sin signos de alarma]. Biomedica. 2019 Aug 01;39(Supl. 2):93-100 Authors: Velasco-Benítez CA, Ortiz-Rivera CJ Abstract Introducción. La patogenia de los trastornos funcionales gastrointestinales involucra agentes infecciosos como los virus. Objetivo. Investigar el desarrollo de trastornos funcionales gastrointestinales en niños, a los 3, 6, 9 y 12 meses después de un episodio de dengue no grave sin signos de alarma. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio de cohorte de 73 ni&n...
[Inmunorreacción de la infección por el virus de Zika en retina de ratones]. Biomedica. 2019 Aug 01;39(Supl. 2):8-10 Authors: Rivera J, Rengifo AC, Santamaría G, Corchuelo S, Álvarez-Díaz D, Parra EA, Naizaque J, Monroy-Gómez J, Torres-Fernández O PMID: 31529828 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusion: Uganda successfully developed a national multi-hazard emergency preparedness and response plan using the preparedness logic model. The plan is now ready for implementation by the Uganda MoH and partners. PMID: 31526179 [PubMed - in process]
This study aims to investigate the antiatherogenic effects of the ethanol extract of U. diffracta and its mechanism.MethodA high fat diet and VD3 were used to establish the atherosclerotic rat model, with 0.004 g/kg/d of simvastatin as a positive control, fed with 0.7, 1.4, and 2.8 g/kg/d of Usnea ethanol extract for 21 days. The blood, liver, and aorta samples from each rat were collected after the last administration. Pharmacodynamic effects were evaluated. The inflammation related factors, the gene expressions of Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5), myeloid differentiating factor 88 (MyD88), and nuclear factor-κB (NF-...
Honduras is battling an especially deadly outbreak of dengue fever, with at least 135 people dead from dengue there this year, nearly two-thirds of them children
CONCLUSION: VZV infection should be suspected in any patient with signs and symptoms of viral meningitis or encephalitis, irrespective of age, immune status, presence or absence of vesicles, fever, or neck stiffness. PMID: 31526545 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: Intensified social behavior change communication with active community participation is the need of the hour to prevent malaria and dengue occurrence and future outbreaks.
Discussion Dengue is an important arboviral infection that affects about 40% of the world population. It is found mainly in topical and subtropical areas of the world mainly in developing countries but it range is spreading including the United States. A review of common arboviruses can be found here. It is a flaviavirus with 4 distinct serotypes named DENV-1 through DENV-4 and is spread by A. aegypti a day biting mosquito. Infection with one serotype confers immunity to that serotype but not the others. It does offer some protection for cross-infection but this only lasts a few months. Incubation period is 3-14 days with ...