Mitral valve surgery with or without coronary bypass grafting: eight-year cohort study.

Mitral valve surgery with or without coronary bypass grafting: eight-year cohort study. N Z Med J. 2019 Aug 16;132(1500):50-58 Authors: Wang TKM, Liao YB, Choi D, Harmos S, Haydcok D, Gerber I Abstract AIMS: A significant minority of patients undergoing mitral valve surgery (MVR) have indication for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The risks of combination surgeries are not well appreciated and maybe more than additive. We compared the characteristics and outcomes of MVR+/-CABG performed at our centre. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing isolated MVR or with concurrent (MVR+)CABG at Auckland City Hospital during 2005-2012 were compared for baseline and operative characteristics and outcomes in univariable and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: A total of 178 MVR+CABG and 407 MVR patients were included. MVR+CABG patients had higher age, CCS and NYHA Class, cardiopulmonary bypass time, and higher prevalence of urgent surgery, hypertension, diabetes, renal impairment, myocardial infarction/coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure/impaired ejection fraction and peripheral vascular disease, although lower prevalence of active endocarditis and previous valve surgery (all P
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Bergland OU, Søraas CL, Larstorp ACK, Halvorsen LV, Hjørnholm U, Hoffman P, Høieggen A, Fadl Elmula FEM Abstract PURPOSE: The blood pressure (BP) lowering effect of renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) in treatment-resistant hypertension shows variation amongst the existing randomised studies. The long-term efficacy and safety of RDN require further investigation. For the first time, we report BP changes and safety up to 7 years after RDN, compared to drug adjustment in the randomised Oslo RDN study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with treatment-resistant hypertension, defined...
Source: Blood Pressure - Category: Hematology Tags: Blood Press Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang W, Xu JZ, Lu XH, Li H, Wang D, Wang JG Abstract PURPOSE: We hypothesise that dietary sodium intake interacts with serum uric acid to influence blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents. In the present study, we investigated ambulatory BP in relation to hyperuricaemia, dietary sodium intake and their interaction in children and adolescents with hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  A total of 616 study participants were 10-24 years old and had primary hypertension diagnosed after admission in a specialised inpatient ward. Ambulatory BP monitoring was performed during hospitalisat...
Source: Blood Pressure - Category: Hematology Tags: Blood Press Source Type: research
Authors: Sabet Sarvestani F, Azarpira N Abstract Heart and cerebral infarctions, as two important ischemic diseases, lead to the death of tissues due to inadequate blood supply and high mortality worldwide. These statuses are started via blockage of vessels and depletion of oxygen and nutrients which affected these areas. After reperfusion and restoration of oxygen supply, more severe injury was mediated by multifaceted cascades of inflammation and oxidative stress. microRNAs (miRNAs) as the regulator of biological and pathological pathways can adjust these conditions by interaction with their targets. Also, miRNAs...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
Authors: White M, Edwards R, Stanley J, Hoek J, Waa AM, Ouimet J, Quah AC, Fong GT PMID: 33032313 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Stephens R PMID: 33032312 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Havill J, Smales L PMID: 33032311 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Nicolson MN, Flett JA PMID: 33032310 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Au M, Walcott J, Apostolov R, Lewis D, Hassen AS PMID: 33032309 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Jones L, Isenmen H PMID: 33032308 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Schep LJ, Slaughter RJ, Glue P, Gee P Abstract Cannabis is one of the most widely used recreational drugs in the world. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the psychoactive principal constituent of the cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa). It is taken either orally or by inhalation, resulting in sedation, euphoria, relaxation and loss of social inhibition. Adverse effects from higher doses can include fear, distrust and a profound state of unease, hallucinations, ataxia, stupor and seizures. Long-term use can result in respiratory and cardiovascular toxicity and has been associated with a range of psychiatric condit...
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
More News: Cardiology | Congestive Heart Failure | Coronary Artery Bypass Graft | Diabetes | Endocarditis | Endocrinology | General Medicine | Heart | Heart Attack | Heart Failure | Heart Valve Surgery | Hypertension | New Zealand Health | Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) | Renal Failure | Stroke | Study