Experimental dapsone administration induces infertility in male Wistar rats: mechanisms and clinical implications
This study investigated the effect of the administration of dapsone on the reproductive activities of male rats using in vivo and in vitro techniques. In the in vivo study, dapsone was administered orally to male Wistar rats for 5 days or 6 weeks after which their body weight, relative reproductive organ weights, sperm parameters and reproductive hormones were determined while testicular and epididymal histology were also assessed. Data were compared using analysis of variance and Students-Newman-Keuls multiple comparison test. For the in vitro study, Sertoli cells were cultured and treated with varying doses of dapsone at different durations, thereafter Sertoli cell viability and nuclei integrity were determined. Also, the genetic expressions of Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and transferrin were assessed. The results obtained from the in vivo study showed a duration-dependent significant decrease in body and reproductive organ weights, sperm parameters and serum testosterone concentration. Testicular and epididymal histology also showed duration-dependent degenerative changes. However, all these changes were restored towards control values in the recovery experiment. The viability and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) integrity of the treated Sertoli cells showed dose and duration-dependent adverse effects while GDNF and transferrin showed normal genetic expressions. These results suggest that dapsone could induce male reproductive stress by affecting testicul...
CONCLUSIONS: Young adult IS patients in Korea exhibit low awareness and poor management of their risk factors. Although the short-term outcome was relatively favorable in those patients, having SLE was associated with unfavorable outcomes. More attention needs to be paid for improving awareness and controlling risk factors in this population. PMID: 33029967 [PubMed]
Authors: Li H, Zhang J, Chen Y PMID: 33034436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Napolitano M, Patruno C, D'Andrea M, Ferrillo M, Megna M, Fabbrocini G, Campora M, Barabino G, Forgione P PMID: 33034435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Tvrdá E, Michalko J, Árvay J, Vukovic NL, Ivanišová E, Ďuračka M, Matušíková I, Kačániová M Abstract Schisandra chinensis is a woody vine native to China, Korea, and Russia, which has been used as a traditional herbal remedy to treat male infertility. As very little information is available concerning its effects on ejaculated spermatozoa, the aim of this study was to investigate the chemical, antioxidant, and antibacterial properties of the S. chinensis berry (Omija) extract followed by an assessment of its in vitro effects on bovine sperm ...
CONCLUSION: Birdshot retinochoroidopathy can be found in Hispanic patients. Our study suggests that the characteristics upon presentation in Hispanics may be similar to those of Caucasian cohorts. PMID: 33031692 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This article reviews the recent advances of SFKs in B lymphocytes in autoimmune diseases.
ConclusionsWith the experience we gained from our recent studies, we think that miRNA-204 may be a significant biomarker in autoimmune diseases. Our study is the first study between IgAV and miRNAs in children. More studies are needed to reveal this relationship.Key Points•This is the first paper to show the relationship between miRNAs and childhood IgAV.•It will provide a new perspective to evaluate the pathogenesis of the disease.
Condition: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Interventions: Drug: Sirolimus; Drug: Placebo Sponsors: Chinese SLE Treatment And Research Group; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission; North China Pharmaceutical Group Corporation Not yet recruiting
Publication date: Available online 7 October 2020Source: The Egyptian RheumatologistAuthor(s): Samar H. Goma, Naima M. Mostafa, Nadia M Ismail, Salma Taha, Zeinab A. Abd Elhameed, Shimaa Khidr, Maha Abdelrahman
Abstract The study aimed to analyze the impact of health interventions carried out in the city of Palmas, Brazil, on the epidemiological and operational indicators of leprosy between 2007 and 2017. The intervention consisted of training healthcare personnel on the diagnosis and follow-up of patients and organizing the referral of patients to health units. Estimates of the impact were calculated by taking the differences between indicators reported in two equal periods of 1.5 years pre- and post-intervention, with a transition period of six months. During the study period, the database contained 1,875 notifications...