Assessment of genes involved in behavior, learning, memory, and synaptic plasticity following status epilepticus in rats

In this study, it was aimed to evaluate cognitive and behavioral changes after status epilepticus (SE) induced by pentylenetetrazole in immature rats via Morris water maze and open-field area tests and to assess alterations in expression of 84 key genes involved in synaptic plasticity after SE.MethodThe study was conducted on 30 immature rats (12-days old). The rats were assigned into groups as control and experiment (SE) groups. The SE was induced by pentylenetetrazole in 12-days old rats. In addition, experiment group was divided into two groups as mature (n = 8) and immature SE (n = 8) subgroups. Again, the control group was divided into two groups as mature (n = 7) and immature control (n = 7) subgroups. Hippocampal tissue samples were prepared, and expression of 84 key genes involved in synaptic plasticity was assessed in Genome and Stem Cell Center of Erciyes University before behavioral tests in immature rats (22-days old) and after open-filed area and Morris water maze tests in mature rats (72-days old) in both experiment and control groups.ResultsNo significant difference was detected in behavioral tests assessing spatial memory and learning among groups. Significant differences were detected, ARC (activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated protein), BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor), MAPK1 (mitogen-activated protein kinase 1), NR4A1 (nuclear receptor subfamily 4 group A member 1), PPP3CA (protein phosphatase 3 catalytic subunit alpha), RGS2 (r...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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In this study, it was aimed to evaluate cognitive and behavioral changes after status epilepticus (SE) induced by pentylenetetrazole in immature rats via Morris water maze and open-field area tests and to assess alterations in expression of 84 key genes involved in synaptic plasticity after SE. METHOD: The study was conducted on 30 immature rats (12-days old). The rats were assigned into groups as control and experiment (SE) groups. The SE was induced by pentylenetetrazole in 12-days old rats. In addition, experiment group was divided into two groups as mature (n = 8) and immature SE (n = 8) subgroups. Again, ...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
Uday Praful Kundap1,2, Yam Nath Paudel1, Yatinesh Kumari1, Iekshan Othman1 and Mohd. Farooq Shaikh1* 1Neuropharmacology Research Laboratory, Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University Malaysia, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia 2University of Montreal Hospital Centre (CRCHUM), Montreal, QC, Canada Epilepsy is a neuronal disorder associated with several neurological and behavioral alterations characterized by recurrent spontaneous epileptic seizures. Despite having more than 20 anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs), they only provide a symptomatic treatment. As well as, currently available AEDs also disp...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions Stroke comprises ischemic stroke and ICH. The immuno-inflammatory process is involved in neural plasticity following events such as a hemorrhage or ischemic stroke. After ischemia, astrocytes, microglia, and MDMs play important roles during rehabilitation with the modulation of cytokines or chemokines, such as TNF-α and IL-1. Moreover, MiRNAs are also important posttranscriptional regulators in these glial mitochondrial responses to cerebral ischemia. ICH involves processes similar and different to those seen in ischemia, including neuronal injury, astrocytic and microglial/macrophage activation, and neu...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Ryan R. Kelly1,2†, Lindsay T. McDonald1,2†, Nathaniel R. Jensen1,2, Sara J. Sidles1,2 and Amanda C. LaRue1,2* 1Research Services, Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center, Charleston, SC, United States 2Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, United States The significant biochemical and physiological effects of psychological stress are beginning to be recognized as exacerbating common diseases, including osteoporosis. This review discusses the current evidence for psychological stress-associated mental health disorders as risk factors for os...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Pirozzi F, Nelson B, Mirzaa G Abstract Expansion of the human brain, and specifically the neocortex, is among the most remarkable evolutionary processes that correlates with cognitive, emotional, and social abilities. Cortical expansion is determined through a tightly orchestrated process of neural stem cell proliferation, migration, and ongoing organization, synaptogenesis, and apoptosis. Perturbations of each of these intricate steps can lead to abnormalities of brain size in humans, whether small (microcephaly) or large (megalencephaly). Abnormalities of brain growth can be clinically isolated or occur ...
Source: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Dialogues Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
This study provides a possible reason why genes carrying health risks have persisted in human populations. The second found evidence for multiple variants in genes related to ageing that exhibited antagonistic pleiotropic effects. They found higher risk allele frequencies with large effect sizes for late-onset diseases (relative to early-onset diseases) and an excess of variants with antagonistic effects expressed through early and late life diseases. There also exists other recent tangible evidence of antagonistic pleiotropy in specific human genes. The SPATA31 gene has been found under strong positive genomic sele...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
The year 2018 is nearly over, and it is time for us to reveal what we believe were the most notable developments in medical technology. We considered a technology’s clinical importance, the greatness of the leap that it’s making over exis...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Exclusive Medicine Society Surgery Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 5 October 2018Source: Stem Cell ResearchAuthor(s): Nickesha C. Anderson, Meghan A. Van Zandt, Swechhya Shrestha, Daniel B. Lawrence, Jyoti Gupta, Christopher Y. Chen, Felicia A. Harrsch, Trinithas Boyi, Carolyn E. Dundes, Gloster Aaron, Janice R. Naegele, Laura GrabelAbstractGABAergic interneuron dysfunction has been implicated in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), autism, and schizophrenia. Inhibitory interneuron progenitors transplanted into the hippocampus of rodents with TLE provide varying degrees of seizure suppression. We investigated whether human embryonic stem cell (hESC)-derived int...
Source: Stem Cell Research - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
When Nichelle Obar learned she was pregnant with her second child last year, she never expected that her pregnancy, or her baby, would make history. But when the 40-year-old food-and-beverage coordinator from Hawaii and her fiancé Christopher Constantino went to their 18-week ultrasound, they learned something was wrong. The heart was larger than it should have been, and there was evidence that fluid was starting to build up around the organ as well. Both were signs that the fetus was working extra hard to pump blood to its fast-growing body and that its heart was starting to fail. Obar’s doctor knew what coul...
Source: TIME: Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Uncategorized medicine Source Type: news
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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