Drospirenone-containing contraceptive exerts positive effects on cardiac uric acid and PAI-1 but not GSK-3: Improved safety profiles in contraception?

Publication date: Available online 6 June 2019Source: PathophysiologyAuthor(s): Oluwaseun A. Adeyanju, Olaniyi A. Soetan, Lawrence A. OlatunjiAbstractThe use of combined oral contraceptives (COC) have been associated with increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events and elevated cardiac and circulating plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) have been implicated in these events. Contraceptives containing drospirenone, a progestin with anti-androgenic actions may have a positive or neutral effect on cardiac PAI-1 and GSK-3 levels. Studies on the favorable effects of oral contraceptives containing drospirenone when compared with other androgenic contraceptives have not been fully elucidated. We therefore sought to compare the effect of a contraceptive containing ethinyl estradiol and drospirenone (DSP) with a contraceptive containing ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel (LVG) on cardiac uric acid (UA), PAI-1, GSK-3 and some hematological parameters. Ten weeks old female Wistar rats were divided into three groups; control (CON), LVG or DSP treated rats. The treatment lasted for 8 weeks. Results showed that LVG and not DSP treatment led to increase in plasma and cardiac tissue UA, plasma and cardiac PAI-1 as well as granulocyte-lymphocyte ratio (GLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). However, the DSP treatment affected the circulating GSK-3. Taken together, the findings showed that LVG and not DSP affected cardiac UA and PAI-1. These...
Source: Pathophysiology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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