Interaction between blood lead level and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on risk of heart attack or stroke: USA NHANES, 2013–2014

ConclusionsThe low lead level today means more effect of COPD on the occurrence of heart attack and stroke. More studies required to understand the pathways of the association of COPD, CVD and lead due to their shared risk factors.
Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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Conclusions: The direct analyses of emissions reductions estimate substantial health benefits via coal power plant emission and PM2.5 concentration reductions. Differing responses associated with changes in the two exposure metrics underscore the importance of isolating source-specific impacts from those due to total PM2.5 exposure.
Source: Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Tags: Air Pollution Source Type: research
Authors: Allardet-Servent J, Sicard G, Metz V, Chiche L Abstract Oxygen therapy is used to reverse hypoxemia since more than a century. Current usage is broader and includes routine oxygen administration despite normoxemia which may result in prolonged periods of hyperoxemia. While systematic oxygen therapy was expected to be of benefit in some ischemic diseases such as stroke or acute myocardial infarction, recent randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have challenged this hypothesis by showing the absence of clinical improvement. Although oxygen is known to be toxic at high inspired oxygen fractions, a recent meta-a...
Source: Revue de Medecine Interne - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Rev Med Interne Source Type: research
To analyze the short-term effects of air pollution on the hospitalization rates of individuals with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD), stroke, and myocardial infarction (MI) after adjusting for confounding factors including weather, day of the week, holidays, and long-term trends in Jinan, China. Hospitalization information was extracted based on data from the primary class 3-A hospitals in Jinan from 2013 to 2015. The concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2, and O3 were obtained from Jinan Environment Monitoring Center. The relative risk and 95% confidence intervals of AECOPD, stroke, a...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): MyLinh Duong, Shofiqul Islam, Sumathy Rangarajan, Darryl Leong, Om Kurmi, Koon Teo, Kieran Killian, Gilles Dagenais, Scott Lear, Andreas Wielgosz, Sanjeev Nair, Viswanathan Mohan, Prem Mony, Rajeev Gupta, Rajesh Kumar, Omar Rahman, Khalid Yusoff, Johannes Lodewykus du Plessis, Ehimario U Igumbor, Jephat ChifambaSummaryBackgroundThe associations between the extent of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) impairment and mortality, incident cardiovascular disease, and respiratory hospitalisations are unclear, and how these associations mi...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Disability adjusted life years (DALYs) are a statistical construct used in epidemiology to assess the harms caused by disease, particularly the chronic diseases of aging, as these are by far the greatest burden of disease that is inflicted upon the population as a whole. The costs of aging are huge, however they are measured. It is the greatest single cause of human suffering and death, and the economic effects of this constant destruction of human lives and capabilities are sized to match. The greatest good any of us can do in the world as it stands today is to work towards bringing aging under medical control. D...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
This study, being presented tomorrow (Monday) morning at the annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology in New Orleans, reports that " adults who report puffing e-cigarettes, or vaping, are significantly more likely to have a heart attack, coronary artery disease and depression compared with those who don ’t use them or any tobacco products. "These conclusions were based on a cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2014, 2016, and 2017 National Health Interview Surveys. Respondents were asked to report whether they had ever been diagnosed with having had a heart attack, coronary artery disease, ...
Source: The Rest of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary - Category: Addiction Source Type: blogs
ConclusionSternal wound infections impart a significant burden on patients with OHT. Causative organisms are predominantly virulent gram ‚Äźnegative bacteria. Therefore, a high index of suspicion must be maintained for early detection and treatment.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusions reached by Gupta et al. and MedPAC In November of 2017 Ankur Gupta and 10 other experts in cardiovascular medicine published an article in JAMA Cardiology entitled, “Association of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program implementation with readmission and mortality outcomes in heart failure.” The authors were affiliated with well-known universities, and three of them were also editors of JAMA Cardiology [4]. Their research was financed by grants from the NIH and Get With the Guidelines-Heart Failure (GWTG-HF), a “voluntary quality improvement program” sponsored by the Amer...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Medicare Politics CMS Congress hospital readmissions HRRP Kip Sullivan MedPAC P4P Pay for Performance Source Type: blogs
Conclusions reached by Gupta et al. and MedPAC In November of 2017 Ankur Gupta and 10 other experts in cardiovascular medicine published an article in JAMA Cardiology entitled, “Association of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program implementation with readmission and mortality outcomes in heart failure.” The authors were affiliated with well-known universities, and three of them were also editors of JAMA Cardiology [4]. Their research was financed by grants from the NIH and Get With the Guidelines-Heart Failure (GWTG-HF), a “voluntary quality improvement program” sponsored by the Amer...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Medicare Politics CMS Congress hospital readmissions HRRP Kip Sullivan MedPAC P4P Pay for Performance Source Type: blogs
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