Increased Levels of Genomic Instability and Mutations in Homologous Recombination Genes in Locally Advanced Rectal Carcinomas

In conclusion, we identified high genomic instability in LARC, which was related to alterations in the HR pathway, especially in pIR. These findings suggest that patients with impaired HRD would clinically benefit from PARP-inhibitors and platinum-based therapy.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Authors: Wang X, Wen Y, Xue L, Lu R, Tang H, Gao N, Zhang J, Xue Q PMID: 31961109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Panminerva Medica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Panminerva Med Source Type: research
Authors: Wang P, Xue L, Wang L, Tang H, Lv C, Xue Q PMID: 31961108 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Panminerva Medica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Panminerva Med Source Type: research
Authors: Wu G, Ke J, Wang J, Zhu X, Xiong S PMID: 31961113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Panminerva Medica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Panminerva Med Source Type: research
Anterior-dominant prostate cancer is harder to detect and presents with higher prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels than prostate cancer in other locations, according to a database study.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Pathology Headlines - Category: Pathology Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news
When the patriarch of a Boston-area family was diagnosed with stage 3 pancreatic cancer, the family was told he needed to start treatment immediately.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
AbstractGlioblastoma is a devastating tumor affecting the central nervous system with infiltrative capacity, high proliferation rate and chemoresistance. Therefore, it is urgent to find new therapeutic alternatives that improve this prognosis. Herein, we focused on tannic acid (TA) a polyphenol with antioxidant and antiproliferative activities. In this work, the antitumor and antioxidant effects of TA on rat (C6) glioblastoma cells and their cytotoxicity relative to primary astrocyte cultures were evaluated in vitro. Cells were exposed to TA of 6.25 to 75  μM for 24, 48 and/or 72 h. In addition, colony formati...
Source: Metabolic Brain Disease - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We present a case of rhabdomyolysis related to treatment with sorafenib in a patient with multifocal hepatocellular carcinoma. Rhabdomyolysis is a severe situation and potentially fatal. There are no laboratory data that can predict this condition. Early diagnosis is essential for prognosis. Rhabdomyolysis has been described as an adverse reaction of several drugs but it is not frequently related to sorafenib. PMID: 31960700 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: in our experience, surgery under ERAS protocols did not have an impact on decreasing global QOL in patients undergoing elective colorectal cancer surgery. The use of ERAS protocols in colorectal surgery achieves a positive influence, not only by decreasing surgical-related complications but also in terms of functional recovery, by decreasing the negative effects of surgery on patient QOL. PMID: 31960699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
In this study, we reviewed major human studies on the health risks of radiation exposure and showed that sex-related factors may potentially influence the long-term response to radiation exposure. Available data suggest that long-term radiosensitivity in women is higher than that in men who receive a comparable dose of radiation. The report on the biological effects of ionizing radiation (BEIR VII) published in 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences, United States emphasized that women may be at significantly greater risk of suffering and dying from radiation-induced cancer than men exposed to the same dose of radiation....
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions: This meta-analysis demonstrated that CD44 overexpression might be an unfavorable prognostic factor for CRC patients and could be used to predict poor differentiation, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis. Introduction Although therapies for colorectal cancer (CRC) has improved in recent years, colorectal cancer is still the third most common cause of cancer related death worldwide (1). Metastasis are observed in 25% of patients at initial diagnosis and approximately 50% of patients will develop metastasis (2). Presently, the outcome prediction and the therapy schedule determination of CRC patie...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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