Estimates of the prevalence of motor speech disorders in children with idiopathic speech delay.

Estimates of the prevalence of motor speech disorders in children with idiopathic speech delay. Clin Linguist Phon. 2019 Apr 15;:1-28 Authors: Shriberg LD, Kwiatkowski J, Mabie HL Abstract The goal of this research is to obtain initial estimates of the prevalence of each of four types of motor speech disorders in children with idiopathic Speech Delay (SD) and to use findings to estimate the population-based prevalence of each disorder. Analyses were completed on audio-recorded conversational speech samples from 415 children recruited for research in idiopathic SD in six USA cities during the past three decades. The speech and motor speech status of each participant was cross-classified using standardized measures in the finalized version of the Speech Disorders Classification System described in the Supplement. Population-based prevalence estimates for the four motor speech disorders were calculated from epidemiological studies of SD conducted in Australia, England, and the USA. A total of 82.2% of the 415 participants with SD met criteria for No Motor Speech Disorder at assessment, 12% met criteria for Speech Motor Delay, 3.4% met criteria for Childhood Dysarthria, 2.4% met criteria for Childhood Apraxia of Speech, and 0% met criteria for concurrent Childhood Dysarthria and Childhood Apraxia of Speech. The estimated population-based prevalence of each of the first three motor speech disorders at 4 to 8 years of age were Speech Motor Delay: 4 childr...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

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AbstractSpeech and language disorders are prominent signs in Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), which significantly impact on patients ’ quality of life. Despite such relevance, several issues regarding phenomenology, assessment, and treatment are still unmet. In this short review, we thus analyzed the existing literature to summarize what is known about the features of speech and language disorders in FRDA, which methods are use d for evaluation and rating, and what are the available therapeutic strategies and future direction of scientific research in this field, in order to highlight critical aspects for a better clinical ...
Source: The Cerebellum - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS &IMPLICATIONS: We conclude that poorer semantic fluency performance in children with DDLD results not from a lexicon with poor semantic structure, but rather from slower retrieval processes from a lexicon with intact semantic structure. The underlying causes of slow lexical retrieval still need further investigation. PMID: 31697020 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research
Abstract Speech and language disorders are prominent signs in Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), which significantly impact on patients' quality of life. Despite such relevance, several issues regarding phenomenology, assessment, and treatment are still unmet. In this short review, we thus analyzed the existing literature to summarize what is known about the features of speech and language disorders in FRDA, which methods are used for evaluation and rating, and what are the available therapeutic strategies and future direction of scientific research in this field, in order to highlight critical aspects for a better clinica...
Source: Cerebellum - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cerebellum Source Type: research
Discussion Children can be non-verbal for many reasons with most just not wanting to talk in a given situation for a short period of time (e.g. angry with a person, scared to give a speech at school, etc.). Children may have the ability to communicate verbally but for some reason it is physically impaired for a period of time. Selective mutism (SM) “… is characterized by an individual’s consistent failure to speak in social situations in which there is an expectation to speak (e.g., at school), despite speaking in other situations.” The lack of speech cannot be due to discomfort speaking in a give...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Conclusions The current study provides preliminary evidence to support the use of explicit approaches to teach grammatical forms to children with ASD symptomology and motivates further investigation in this area. PMID: 31682766 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research
Authors: Fang YL, Zhang RP, Wang YZ, Cao LR, Zhang YQ, Cai CQ Abstract Intellectual disability (ID) is a non-specific phenotype present in a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders. The genetic cause of ID remains elusive in the majority of patients due to this extreme heterogeneity. Whole exome sequencing technology has been applied to identify pathogenic gene variants responsible for ID. The present report described a 1.7-year-old female patient who had severe ID with the specific features of delayed motor development, language disorders and abnormal facial features. Exome analysis identified a novel pathoge...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Budi┼čteanu M, Burloiu CM, Papuc SM, Foc┼ča IO, Riga D, Riga S, Arghir A Abstract Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a genetic disorder with a very heterogeneous clinical picture, affecting central nervous system, skin and bone system. Cerebrovascular lesions, such as moyamoya syndrome, are rarely seen in NF1. Approximately 250 children with NF1 and moyamoya syndrome have been reported. The clinical picture includes hemiparesis, hemianopsia, paresthesia, seizures, speech disorders, and intellectual disability. In this paper, we report on a 6-year-old girl with NF1 and moyamoya syndrome, with a brief review ...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research
In conclusion, FAS is a rare motor speech disorder, often related to cerebrovascular accidents involving critical regions in the dominant hemisphere. In addition, the present case adds further evidence to the role of the left primary motor cortex in modulation of prosody. In rare cases FAS can be the only sign of stroke or can appear after recovery from post-stroke aphasia.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study we identified the large-scale cortical network that characterizes stuttering using functional connectivity MRI and graph theory. We performed a spatial similarity analysis that examines whether the topology of the stuttering cortical network intersects with genetic expression levels of previously reported genes for stuttering from the protein-coding transcriptome data of the Allen Human Brain Atlas. We found that GNPTG – a gene involved in the mannose-6-phosphate lysosomal targeting pathways – was significantly co-localized with the stuttering cortical network. An enrichment analysis demonstrated ...
Source: Progress in Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusions Children with DLD have weak executive control skills. These skills are minimally influenced by dual language experience, at least in this age range. A potential bilingual advantage in orienting may be present in the DLD group. PMID: 31652405 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research
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