Self-initiated error-repairs in cluttering.
;na J Abstract The aim of the study is the analysis of the error-repairs of people with cluttering (PWC), whether they repair their speech errors similarly to control speakers or not. Error-repairs were analysed in spontaneous speech samples of 13 PWC and 13 age- and sex-matched control speakers. Error-to-cutoff time, duration of the editing phase, and error-to-repair time were measured. Strategies of repairs (point of interruption, proportion of delays, and types of editing terms and phases) were also examined. Results of the two groups were compared. Results show that there are no differences between the two gro...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 22, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bóna J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Measuring word-final consonant clusters in developmental child speech.
Abstract The correlation between the measure for cluster proximity (MCP) and the percentage of consonants correct (PCC) for word-initial two-member consonant clusters was recently found in the literature to be strong and statistically significant in developmental child speech. Because of this, MCP norms that quantitatively define stages in cluster development (omission, reduction, vowel epenthesis, and two-member production with a distinction on member accuracy) can be predicted from PCC norms that only measure cluster-member accuracy. In the present study, this investigation is extended to word-final two-member c...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 20, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Babatsouli E Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Use of ultrasound visual feedback in speech intervention for children with cochlear implants.
Abstract The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound visual feedback in speech intervention for young children with cochlear implants. Although ultrasound technology has been used for intervention in children with speech sound disorders, there is little systematic evidence regarding relative efficacy of ultrasound visual feedback for young children with cochlear implants. Two children with cochlear implants participated in this study. The children's articulation was tested using Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation-2 and probes. Therapy was provided semi-weekly for 30-minute session...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 17, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Gibson T, Lee SAS Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The Greek linguistic assessment for awake brain surgery: development process and normative data.
In this study, we describe the development and standardisation procedures of the first linguistic test in Greek, designed specifically for brain mapping during awake craniotomies. The tasks are developed to comply with the special conditions and restrictions of language assessment inside the operating room. Each task is controlled for various psycholinguistic and lexical variables and it is associated with specific neuroanatomical areas and linguistic processes. Our population consists of 80 right-handed, healthy, Greek-speaking individuals aged 20-60 years. We found only a few main effects and interactions of demogra...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 15, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Papatzalas C, Fountas K, Brotis A, Kapsalaki E, Papathanasiou I Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Commentary. Developing the comparative perspective in atypical interaction research.
PMID: 32657161 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 13, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Wilkinson R Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Voice onset time and formant onset frequencies in Arabic stuttered speech.
Abstract Neuromuscular models of stuttering consider that making transitions between phones results in inappropriate temporal arrangements of articulators in people who stutter (PWS). Using this framework, the current study examined the acoustic productions of two fine-grained phonetic features: voice onset time (VOT) and second formant (F2). The hypotheses were that PWS should differ from fluent persons (FP) in VOT duration and F2 onset frequency as a result of the transition deficit for environments with complex phonetic features such as Arabic emphatics. Ten adolescent PWS and 10 adolescent FPs participated in ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 13, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Al-Tamimi F, Howell P Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Correction and repair: a comparative analysis of a boy with ASD interacting with a parent and with an ABA trainer.
We report a comparative case study of two interactions in which the same child, a 12-year-old boy with ASD, interacts with his father and interacts with an Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) trainer. Both interactions occur at home and are drawn from a small corpus (2 h) of children with ASD in domestic settings. Drawing on CA to delineate the sequential relationships between the actions of the adult participant and the child, we present a quantitative and microstructural analysis of 156 directive sequences in order to examine the similarities and differences between the two interactions. We first show that the rate of the p...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Rae JP, Ramey M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The sociolinguistics of lisping: a review.
This article presents a review of the lisping research literature with the aim of providing a framework for the consideration of the sociolinguistics of lisping. We consider, in turn, the nature of lisping, the construction of identity through speech, the nature of stigma, and, in particular, stigma associated with communication disorders and especially lisping. Further, we examine two aspects of the literature on lisping in more detail: lisping as minor bodily stigma and lisping and the internet. We conclude that experiential research on identity construction at the level of the individual, and stigma theory at a collecti...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 9, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lockenvitz S, Tetnowski JA, Oxley J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Commentary - other initiated repair: a window onto the challenges of real-world communication.
Abstract This special issue focuses on instances of Other Initiated Repair (OIR) during the conversations and communicative interactions of individuals with communication impairments. The collection of papers shows a range of ways in which these repairs can be present or absent, successfully resolved or left unrepaired. Across the range of contributions, we see three critical aspects of real-world communication that present challenges for individuals with impairments. First, the requirement for speed - in identifying misunderstandings, and in responding to them. Second, the cognitive, linguistic and interactional ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 7, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Meteyard L Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Narrative competence in Italian children with cochlear implants: a comparison with children matched by chronological or hearing age.
Abstract The present study aimed to analyse the narrative competence of a group of Italian children with a bilateral cochlear implant (CI) implanted before 30 months of age. Participants were ten children with CI (aged from 42 to 83 months) and two control groups of typically hearing children one-to-one paired by sex, non-verbal reasoning, and chronological or hearing age. A story generation task, specifically developed to assess narrative skills in children (i.e., the Narrative Competence Task) was used to evaluate both macrostructural and microstructural features of the children's narratives. Results s...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 30, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Zanchi P, Zampini L, Berici R Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Speech rehabilitation in post-stroke aphasia using visual illustration of speech articulators: A case report study.
In this study, we evaluate the effectiveness of an illustration-based rehabilitation method on speech recovery of a patient with non-fluent chronic aphasia. The Ultraspeech-player software allowed visualization by the patient of reference tongue and lip movements recorded using ultrasound and video imaging. This method can improve the patient's awareness of their own lingual and labial movements, which can increase the ability to coordinate and combine articulatory gestures. The effects of this method were assessed by analyzing performance during speech tasks, the phonological processes identified in the errors made during...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 22, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Haldin C, Loevenbruck H, Hueber T, Marcon V, Piscicelli C, Perrier P, Chrispin A, Pérennou D, Baciu M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Characterising spoken responses to an intelligent virtual agent by persons with mild cognitive impairment.
This study analysed recordings of 8 PwMCI (5 females, 3 males) and 14 HC of a similar age (8 females, 6 males). Participants were recorded interacting with an intelligent virtual agent: a computer-generated talking head on a computer screen which asks pre-recorded questions when prompted by the interviewee through pressing the next key on a computer keyboard. Responses to recent and remote memory questions were analysed. Mann-Whitney U tests were used to test for statistically significant differences between PwMCI and HC on each of 12 speech variables, relating to temporal characteristics, number of words produced and pitc...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 19, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Walker G, Morris LA, Christensen H, Mirheidari B, Reuber M, Blackburn DJ Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Spelling errors reveal underlying sequential and spatial processing deficits in adults with dyslexia.
Abstract Recent studies showed that some adults with dyslexia have difficulty processing sequentially arranged information. In a companion study, this deficit manifested as low accuracy during a word pair comparison task involving same/different decisions when two words differed in their letter sequences. This sequential deficit was associated with left/right spatial letter confusion. In the present study, we found the same underlying difficulty with sequential and spatial letter processing during word spelling. Participants were the same 22 adults with dyslexia and 20 age- and gender-matched controls as in the co...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 19, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Peter B, Albert A, Gray S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Acoustic characteristics in relation to intelligibility reduction in noise for speakers with Parkinson's disease.
This study investigated which acoustic characteristics across the speech subsystems contributed to poor intelligibility in noise for speakers with PD. Speech samples were obtained from 13 speakers with PD and five healthy controls reading 56 sentences. Intelligibility analysis was conducted in quiet and noisy listening conditions. Seventy-two young listeners transcribed the recorded sentences in quiet and another 72 listeners transcribed in noise. The acoustic characteristics of the speakers with PD who experienced large intelligibility reduction from quiet to noise were compared to those with smaller intelligibility reduc...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 15, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Chiu YF, Neel A, Loux T Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Conversational correlates of rapid social judgments of children and adolescents with and without ASD.
Abstract Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by deficits in social communication, and even children with ASD with preserved language are often perceived as socially awkward. We ask if linguistic patterns are associated with social perceptions of speakers. Twenty-one adolescents with ASD participated in conversations with an adult; each conversation was then rated for the social dimensions of likability, outgoingness, social skilfulness, responsiveness, and fluency. Conversations were analysed for responses to questions, pauses, and acoustic variables. Wide intonation ranges and more pauses within child...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Shield A, Wang X, Bone D, Narayanan S, Grossman RB Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Intelligibility in Context Scale: Sensitivity and specificity in the Jamaican context.
Abstract The present study investigated the sensitivity and specificity of the English Intelligibility in Context Scale (ICS) and the ICS-Jamaican Creole (ICS-JC) translation with bilingual preschool-aged Jamaican children. Participants in this study were 262 English-JC simultaneous bilingual children (aged 3;3 to 6;3; M = 4;11, SD = 7.8). The ICS and ICS-JC were administered to parents in auditory form, rather than written form. Although recent evidence has demonstrated the validity and reliability of the ICS as an assessment tool in various languages, further data are needed to determine diagnosti...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 28, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Leon M, Washington KN, Fritz KA, Leon M, Basinger M, Crowe K Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Adding a fourth rater to three had little impact in pre-linguistic outcome classification.
In conclusion, adding a forth rater in assessment of pre-linguistic utterances in 12-month-old infants with naturalistic assessment in real time does not affect outcome classifications considerably. Thus, using three raters, as opposed to four, is recommended. PMID: 32372661 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 6, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Persson C, Conroy EJ, Gamble C, Rosala-Hallas A, Shaw W, Willadsen E Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

An articulatory study of differences and similarities between stuttered disfluencies and non-pathological disfluencies.
sch F Abstract While stuttering-like disfluencies have long interested researchers, little is known about their articulatory realisation. Yet, such a description seems crucial in order to better understand the differences between stuttering-like and other disfluencies, and their underlying motor mechanisms. Hence, we aimed to compare the articulatory supraglottic activity in stuttered disfluencies with non-pathological disfluencies by using Electromagnetic Articulography (EMA) data. To achieve this comparison, two criteria were used for the description of articulatory activity during the disfluency. The first focu...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 26, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Didirková I, Le Maguer S, Hirsch F Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Spontaneous productions of infinitive clauses by English-speaking children with and without specific language impairment.
In this study, spontaneous language samples were collected on 30 children with DLD and 30 children with typical language skills, including those with low nonverbal abilities or other neurodevelopmental disorders (age range: 5;1-7;7). Samples were analyzed to examine potential predictors of children's infinitive clause use and their infinitive TO omission rates. Significant group differences were found for the number and accuracy of infinitive clauses produced. Consistent with previous reports examining children with SLI, considerable variability was found across cases of DLD. Maternal education and mean length of utterance...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 14, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Wilder A, Redmond S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Does the cerebellar sequential theory explain spoken language impairments? A literature review.
Abstract During the past decades, converging evidence from clinical, neuroimaging and neuroanatomical studies has demonstrated the key role of the cerebellum in the processing of non-motor aspects of language. Although more is known about the way in which the cerebellum participates in the mechanisms involved in written language, there is ambiguous information on its role in other aspects of language, such as in non-motor aspects of spoken language. Thus, to contribute additional insight into this important issue, in the present work, we review several original scientific papers focusing on the most frequent non-m...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 14, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lupo M, Olivito G, Angelini L, Funghi G, Pignatelli F, Siciliano L, Leggio M, Clausi S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

How clerks understand the requests of people living with aphasia in service encounters.
Abstract Aphasia often restricts participation. People living with aphasia (PLWA) engage in fewer activities, which leads to fewer interactions than before aphasia. Analyses of interactions with non-familiar people in activities of daily life could provide knowledge about how to integrate these situations in rehabilitation and facilitate ongoing PLWA participation post-rehabilitation. This qualitative study is the first to examine how PLWA make their requests understood in service encounters despite aphasia. Six people living with moderate or severe aphasia were video-recorded in situations of service encounters, ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 14, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Anglade C, Le Dorze G, Croteau C Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Auditory-perceptual acuity in rhotic misarticulation: baseline characteristics and treatment response.
This study examined auditory-perceptual acuity in children with residual speech errors affecting /r/ and the relation of these skills to production accuracy, both before and after a period of treatment incorporating visual biofeedback. Identification of items along an /r/-/w/ continuum was assessed prior to treatment. Production accuracy for /r/ was acoustically measured from standard/r/stimulability probes elicited before and after treatment. Fifty-nine children aged 9-15 with residual speech errors (RSE) affecting /r/ completed treatment, and forty-eight age-matched controls who completed the same auditory-perceptual tas...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 3, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cialdella L, Kabakoff H, Preston JL, Dugan S, Spencer C, Boyce S, Tiede M, Whalen DH, McAllister T Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Correlation between the measure for cluster proximity (MCP) and the percentage of consonants correct (PCC).
Abstract A measure was recently proposed for the quantitative evaluation of consonant clusters in child developmental speech, the measure for cluster proximity (MCP). Its advantage over the widely used measure of the percentage of consonants correct (PCC) is that it differentiates the three main stages of cluster production: reduction, vowel epenthesis, and two-members, correct or not. The purpose of the present article is two-fold: a) to contrast MCP and PCC in two-member word-initial clusters produced within children with speech sound disorders (SSDs), tested before and after therapy, as well as in running speec...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 30, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Babatsouli E Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Speech exemplar and evaluation database (SEED) for clinical training in articulatory phonetics and speech science.
Abstract One challenge faced by teachers of phonetics, speech science, and clinical speech disorders courses is providing meaningful instruction that closes the theory to practice gap. One barrier to providing this type of deep learning experience is the lack of publicly available examples of speech recordings that illustrate comparisons between typical and disordered speech production across a broad range of disorder populations. Data of this type exist, but are typically collected for specific research projects under narrowly written IRB protocols that do not allow for release of even de-identified speech record...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 23, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Speights Atkins M, Bailey DJ, Boyce SE Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Cohesion in the discourse of people with post-stroke aphasia.
Abstract Aphasic discourse has been investigated through two major approaches: a micro-linguistic approach and a macro one, but the separate analysis of the micro and macro aspects of aphasic discourse has led to a noticeable gap between them. Cohesion analysis is one of the possible ways that can directly connect these two aspects. However, few studies have investigated cohesion in aphasic discourse in an integrated manner. The present study employs a mixed-methods approach to examine whether and how patients with fluent and non-fluent stroke-induced aphasia differ from normal individuals in the cohesion of their...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 23, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Zhang M, Geng L, Yang Y, Ding H Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Other-initiations of repair by children with developmental language disorder in speech-language therapy and non-institutional play.
This study explores the use of other-initiations of repair by children with developmental language disorder (DLD). The data are children's video-recorded language assessment sessions, speech-language therapy sessions and two kinds of non-institutional play sessions, parent-child and peer play. The videotapes were transcribed following CA conventions focusing on speech and relevant embodied actions. Other-initiations of repair were identified, collected and analyzed. The analysis focuses on open requests and candidate understandings which were the two most common types of other-initiation of repair in the data. The types of...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 23, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Salmenlinna I, Laakso M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Profiling variability and development of spoken discourse in mainstream adolescents.
Abstract Competence in spoken discourse is an important consideration during assessment and intervention planning for adolescents with communication difficulties. Currently, a lack of age-appropriate protocols and reference data against which to interpret performance, are barriers when working with this population, particularly those that assess a range of genre and language features. Using a new assessment tool, the Curtin University Discourse Protocol-Adolescent (CUDP-A), this study aimed to collect and describe spoken discourse samples from a large group of adolescents (n = 160), aged 12 to 15 ye...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 3, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hill E, Claessen M, Whitworth A, Boyes M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Prelexical phonetic and early lexical development in German-acquiring infants: canonical babbling and first spoken words.
Abstract Prelexical phonetic capacities have widely been described to be a precursor for later speech and language development. However, studies so far varied greatly in the measurements used for the detection of canonical babbling onset or the description of infants' phonetic capacities at one or more set time points. The comparability of results is, therefore, questionable. Thus, the aims of this study were to investigate the associations between (1) different measurements of CBO, (2) different aspects of phonetic capacity at the age of 9 months and (3) age of CBO and phonetic capacities at 9 months. A...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 3, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lang S, Willmes K, Marschik PB, Zhang D, Fox-Boyer A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Correction and turn completion as collaborative repair strategies in conversations following Wernicke's aphasia.
This study explores repair practices deployed by the interlocutor of a speaker with Wernicke's aphasia, their relationship to types of aphasic difficulty, and how mutual understanding and the progression of talk is maintained. A 75-year-old woman with Wernicke's aphasia of 16 months duration and her friend video recorded 36 minutes of conversation at home. Using conversation analytic methods two patterns of other-repair by the non-aphasic interlocutor were identified. The first practice was turn completion, which occurred in the context of self-initiated word search by the person with aphasia. The second was corr...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 2, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Beeke S, Capindale S, Cockayne L Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Native and non-native listeners' judgements on the overall speech quality of hearing-impaired children.
This study focuses on the influence of listeners' native language on their judgement of the overall speech quality of normally hearing (NH) and hearing-impaired (HI) children. Studies have shown that listeners' native language influences their judgements on linguistic aspects of a foreign language. Since judging speech quality does in principle not require any knowledge of the language, the question arose if the native language influences listeners' judgements. For this purpose, the overall speech quality of seven-year-old Dutch speaking children (n = 21) with an acoustic hearing aid (HA), a cochlear implant (CI)...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 23, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Boonen N, Kloots H, Gillis S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Other-initiation of repair by speakers with mild to severe hearing impairment.
This article argues that the frequency of OIR in mild hearing impairment does not differ from normally hearing individuals. However, in a more severe grade of hearing impairment, the OIR sequences are longer, more frequent, multimodal and may require more vigilance from the normally-hearing conversation partner. Implications for counselling are suggested. PMID: 32066270 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 17, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Pajo K, Laakso M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Speech sound errors of Mandarin-speaking preschool children with co-occurring speech sound disorder and developmental language disorder.
This study examined the occurrence and types of speech sound errors in Mandarin-speaking children and compared those with co-occurring developmental language disorder (DLD) and speech sound disorders (SSDs) to those with SSD only and those with no DLD or SSD. The participants were 64 four-year-old Mandarin-speaking children, including 20 age-matched children with co-occurring SSD and LI (SSD + DLD), 20 with SSD only, and 24 with no DLD or SSD (typical development [TD]). Speech samples from a list of 20 pictures of common objects and animals were elicited in a picture-naming task. One speech-language therapist transcribed a...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Liu HM, Chien HY Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Impact of visual and auditory deprivation on speech perception and production in adults.
We examined speech perception and production of three isolated vowels (/i/, /y/, /u/), which were selected based on their different auditory and visual perceptual saliencies, in 12 deaf adults who used one or two cochlear implants (CIs), 14 congenitally blind adults, and 16 adults with normal sight and hearing. The results showed that the deaf adults who used a CI had worse vowel identification and discrimination perception and they also produced vowels that were less typical or precise than other participants. They had different tongue positions in speech production, which possibly partly explains the poorer quality of th...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 3, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Turgeon C, Trudeau-Fisette P, Lepore F, Lippé S, Ménard L Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Does a narrative retelling task improve the assessment of language proficiency in school-aged children born very preterm?
In conclusion, in VP children narrative retelling appears to be less sensitive to detecting academic language problems than item-based language assessment. This might be related to the mediating role of attention in item-based tasks, that appears not to affect more spontaneous language tasks such as retelling. Therefore, in school-aged children born VP we recommend using narrative assessment, in addition to item-based assessments, because it is more related to spontaneous language and less sensitive to attention problems. PMID: 32013591 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 3, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Stipdonk LW, Dudink J, Reiss IK, Franken MJP Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Grammatical judgment and production in male participants with idiopathic autism spectrum disorder.
This study examined grammatical judgment and production in 22 male participants with idiopathic autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who had a range of nonverbal IQ from 44 to 111 (mean = 72.23) and were between 9.42 and 16.75 years of age (mean = 13.45). Relationships between grammatical judgment and production and nonverbal IQ were examined.Participants completed the Test of Early Grammatical Impairment (TEGI) to describe relative strengths and weaknesses in their ability to judge and produce grammatical tense. Participants also completed the Leiter-R to assess the relationship between nonverbal IQ and grammatical judgment and...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 3, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Barton-Hulsey A, Sterling A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Rehabilitation of speech disorders following glossectomy, based on ultrasound visual illustration and feedback.
In conclusion, the use of articulatory visual feedback does not seem to bring a decisive advantage over the use of visual illustration, though speech therapists and patients reported that ultrasound feedback was useful at the beginning. This result should be confirmed by similar studies involving other types of speech disorders. PMID: 31992079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 28, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Girod-Roux M, Hueber T, Fabre D, Gerber S, Canault M, Bedoin N, Acher A, Béziaud N, Truy E, Badin P Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Emotion processing in congenital amusia: the deficits do not generalize to written emotion words.
Abstract Congenital amusia is a lifelong impairment in musical ability. Individuals with amusia are found to show reduced sensitivity to emotion recognition in speech prosody and silent facial expressions, implying a possible cross-modal emotion-processing deficit. However, it is not clear whether the observed deficits are primarily confined to socio-emotional contexts, where visual cues (facial expression) often co-occur with auditory cues (emotion prosody) to express intended emotions, or extend to linguistic emotion processing. In order to better understand the underlying deficiency mechanism of emotion process...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 27, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cheung YL, Zhang C, Zhang Y Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Sequential and spatial letter reversals in adults with dyslexia during a word comparison task: demystifying the "was saw" and "db" myths.
Sequential and spatial letter reversals in adults with dyslexia during a word comparison task: demystifying the "was saw" and "db" myths. Clin Linguist Phon. 2020 Jan 20;:1-28 Authors: Peter B, Albert A, Panagiotides H, Gray S Abstract Whether sequential and spatial letter reversals characterize dyslexia in children has been unclear, largely due to developmental variability of these errors in children with and without dyslexia. Here we demonstrate both types of reversals for the first time in adults with dyslexia (n = 22) but not in control adults (n = 20). Part...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 20, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Peter B, Albert A, Panagiotides H, Gray S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Dysarthria and other-initiated repair in everyday conversation.
This study explores the organization of other-initiated repair sequences in a dyad where one participant has severe dysarthria arising from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) also known as MND. Two hours of recordings were collected on four dates over a 12-month period with the data presented here from recording two. The evidence shows that the participants were able to resolve their troubles, but it required extensive work to both identify the trouble sources and to unravel the problems to reach a satisfactory understanding. The interactions presented in this paper reveal an important limitation of other initiation of re...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 3, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bloch S, Barnes S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

A linguistically-driven response categorisation protocol for Arabic nouns and verbs: clinical and research applications.
Abstract Research into language breakdown in Arabic has been growing in the last two decades. The field, however, remains challenged by the lack of assessment materials, normative databases, and standards for categorising responses from participants with language impairment. The aim of this paper is to introduce a linguistically driven protocol for categorising responses from Arabic-speaking patients and healthy participants in language production tasks. The protocol is informed by Arabic morpho-syntactic/morpho-phonological features such as inflection for gender, person, and number; and on a larger scale agreemen...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 3, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Khwaileh T, Mustafawi E, Albustanji Y Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Phonological acquisition and development in Putonghua-speaking children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.
This study aims to investigate phonological acquisition and development among Putonghua-speaking children with ASD. Data were collected from participants recruited in Shanghai, China. Two experiments were conducted. In experiment I, phonological acquisition was compared between 16 children with ASD aged 3-6 years and 16 age-matched typically developing (TD) children. In experiment II, phonological acquisition was compared between 26 children with ASD over 6 years old and 26 receptive-language-age-matched TD children. Picture naming was applied to measure participants' phonology - the 21 initials, 36 finals and four tones o...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - December 18, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Wu H, Lu F, Yu B, Liu Q Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Right hemisphere damage and other-initiated repair in everyday conversation.
This study explores the organisation of other-initiated repair sequences in interactions involving people with right hemisphere communication disorder using conversation analysis. Two people with right hemisphere communication disorder caused by stroke and four of their familiar conversation partners were recorded in triadic interactions; 104 minutes of recordings were collected, and 28 other-initiated repair sequences were subjected to analysis. This included other-initiations of repair produced by participants with right hemisphere communication disorder, and other-initiations of repair addressed to them. Participants wi...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - December 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Barnes S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Time reference, morphology and prototypicality: tense production in stroke aphasia and semantic dementia in Greek.
Abstract The present study aims at investigating verb inflection in aphasia and semantic dementia. In particular, it addresses the contribution of time reference and morphological complexity. Moreover, it investigates whether the lexical properties of the verb, such as argument structure and lexical aspect interact with the production of tense. Ten individuals with (different types of) stroke aphasia and five individuals with semantic dementia and their respective control groups conducted a sentence completion task. Three tenses were tested: past perfective, past imperfective and present. All tenses had to be prod...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - December 9, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Koukoulioti V, Stavrakaki S, Konstantinopoulou E, Ioannidis P Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Clear versus casual consonant identification by hearing-impaired and normal-hearing listeners.
This study examined the intelligibility of 21 amplified, casually- and clearly-spoken, US English coda consonants in nonsense syllables for 10 normal-hearing (NH) and 17 HI listeners. Most clear-speech consonants yielded higher recognition scores as expected. However, certain phonological processes common in casual speech, such as palatalization of higher frequency alveolar into lower frequency postalveolar consonants, generated significantly higher scores than their clear counterparts for some HI listeners in noise. These results have implications for coaching conversational partners of aided HI listeners. For the militar...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - December 4, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Makashay MJ, Solomon NP Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Phonological awareness and sonority in Greek children: developmental data and clinical perspectives.
In this study, we investigate whether sonority theory can account for the developmental patterns of phoneme awareness skills in Greek. To that end, 40 preschool and first grade children carried out an offline metaphonological task that involved the initial consonant deletion of two-consonant clusters. Overall, children's performance was in line with the sonority sequencing principle (SSP); consonant clusters that display a maximal rise in sonority were easier to manipulate compared to clusters with minimal sonority difference or SSP-violating clusters. Affricates generated the highest number of errors, a finding that stren...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - December 3, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Papakyritsis I, Kastani I, Nerantzini M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Estimates of functional cerebral hemispheric differences in monolingual and bilingual people who stutter: dichotic listening paradigm.
Abstract Recent studies indicate functional cerebral hemispheric processing differences between monolinguals and bilinguals who stutter, as well as monolinguals and bilinguals who do not stutter. Eighty native German speakers, half of whom were also proficient speakers of English as a second language (L2), were assessed on a dichotic listening paradigm using CV syllables as stimuli. The participants were organised into four different groups according to speech status and language ability: 20 monolinguals who stutter, 20 bilinguals who stutter, 20 monolinguals who do not stutter, and 20 bilinguals who do not stutte...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - December 3, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kornisch M, Robb MP, Jones RD Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Intra-word accuracy and consistency in Finnish-speaking children with speech sound disorder compared to their typically developing peers.
This study examined intra-word accuracy and consistency in 32 preschool-aged Finnish-speaking children with speech sound disorder (SSD) compared to their typically developing (TD) age- and gender-matched peers. Accuracy and consistency of speech production were assessed by a picture-naming task repeated three times in one assessment session. Responses were classified into four categories: 1) consistently correct, 2) consistently incorrect, 3) variable with hits (when a child's variable responses included at least one matched with the adult target), and 4) variable with no hits (when responses included at least two differen...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - November 29, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Martikainen AL, Savinainen-Makkonen T, Laukkanen-Nevala P, Kunnari S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Verb morphology in German-speaking children with developmental language disorder and phonological impairment.
Abstract The verb inflections of matched groups of German-speaking children with developmental language disorder (DLD) and phonological impairment (PI) were evaluated, and performance compared with age-matched and language-matched typically developing (TD) children (66 participants in total). An elicitation task for second- and third-person singular present tense inflections was used and spontaneous language samples were also analysed for present tense inflections. Errors resulting from the children's speech difficulties were excluded from the analysis. Evidence was found in the elicited data for delayed developme...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - November 21, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hasselaar J, Letts C, McKean C Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The mini-mental state examination (MMSE) from a language perspective: an analysis of test interaction.
son C Abstract Assessment of language and cognitive abilities are associated with clinical challenges. The aim of the present study was to learn more about the MMSE test process from a language perspective by looking in detail at the interaction between patient and tester. In addition, we aimed to further explore the relationship between linguistic and cognitive difficulties.The study was based on an analysis of 20 MMSE test dyads, 10 persons with aphasia and 10 persons with dementia, in interaction with speech and language pathologists. All conversations were audio and video recorded and transcribed verbatim acco...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - November 18, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Myrberg K, Hydén LC, Samuelsson C Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The influence of conversation parameters on gesture production in aphasia.
This study explored the spontaneous use of gestures in the conversations of participants with aphasia (PWA) and neurologically healthy participants (NHP). It aimed to examine the influence of conversation topic and partner on gesture production overall and on the production of semantically rich and empty gestures. Twenty PWA and 21 NHP were filmed during conversations with different topics (narrative & procedural) and different partners (familiar & unfamiliar). Analysis 1 investigated the influence of the conversation topic on gesture production overall and on the production of semantically rich and empty gestures....
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - November 18, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kistner J, Marshall J, Dipper LT Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research