Voice assessment practices of speech and language therapists in Ireland.
This study investigates voice assessment practices of speech and language therapists (SLTs) in Ireland, with a particular interest in the use of objective instrumentation. It further elucidates what may act as barriers to the use of instrumental techniques, which has not been addressed in earlier studies. An online questionnaire was distributed to SLTs who work with voice disordered clients, via social media outlets of the Irish Association of Speech and Language Therapy (IASLT) and the Voice Special Interest Group to obtain both qualitative and quantitative data. Forty-five questionnaires were returned; the results of 33 ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 8, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: McAlister S, Yanushevskaya I Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Representations of grapho-motor patterns unique to Chinese character writing: evidence from a patient with mirror writing.
This study investigated the grapho-motor patterns used in writing Chinese characters. A Chinese patient, CSC, who demonstrated post-brain-injury mirror writing, was recruited. In Experiment 1, non-mirrored writing responses were obtained when CSC was instructed to copy asymmetrical non-verbal symbols and pictures. Resembling the patterns observed in a patient's writing reported in a previous study, it was hypothesized that CSC's mirror writing was a result of untransformed preserved grapho-motor patterns. In Experiments 2 and 3, CSC was further instructed to copy real Chinese characters, pseudo-characters with authentic ra...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 29, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lau DK, Yuen CT Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Rating the intelligibility of dysarthic speech amongst people with Parkinson's Disease: a comparison of trained and untrained listeners.
Abstract Intelligibility of speech is a key outcome in speech and language therapy (SLT) and research. SLT students frequently participate as raters of intelligibility but we lack information about whether they rate intelligibility in the same way as the general public. This paper aims to determine if there is a difference in the intelligibility ratings made by SLT students (trained in speech related topics) compared to individuals from the general public (untrained). The SLT students were in year 2 of a BSc programme or the first 6 months of a MSc programme. We recorded 10 speakers with Parkinson's disease (...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 29, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Smith CH, Patel S, Woolley RL, Brady MC, Rick CE, Halfpenny R, Rontiris A, Knox-Smith L, Dowling F, Clarke CE, Au P, Ives N, Wheatley K, Sackley CM Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The use of evaluative expressions in the narratives of adolescents with a history of SLI.
Abstract Typically, young children diagnosed with specific language impairment (SLI; also called Developmental language disorder, DLD) have been found to show weakness in narrative development, and such weakness has been judged to be unlikely to resolve over time. However, developmental outcomes for adolescents with a prior SLI diagnosis have not been thoroughly studied. In particular, studies on the evaluative aspects of narratives of such persons are almost non-existent. Here we examine the question whether narrative evaluation of adolescents formerly diagnosed with SLI remains problematic into adolescence or co...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Chen L, Chen W, Zhou Q Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Measuring intelligibility in signed languages.
In conclusion, this preliminary investigation suggests that sign intelligibility is a construct worthy of further investigation. PMID: 31017006 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Crowe K, Marschark M, McLeod S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Code-switching in multilinguals with dementia: patterns across speech contexts.
Abstract The study investigates code-switching by multilingual persons with dementia in two different speech contexts, picture naming tests and spontaneous conversation. It combines a psycholinguistic perspective on cognitive and linguistic skills with a qualitative conversation analytic approach to understanding the functions and appropriateness of code-switching in social interaction. The analysis shows that code-switching is used as a resource for compensating for word-retrieval problems in both the naming tests and in word search sequences in conversation. Furthermore, it serves to demarcate meta-communicative...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Svennevig J, Hansen P, Simonsen HG, Landmark AMD Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Parents' contingent responses in communication with 10-month-old children in a clinical group with typical or late babbling.
Abstract Parental responsive behaviour in communication has a positive effect on child speech and language development. Absence of canonical babbling (CB) in 10-month-old infants is considered a risk factor for developmental difficulties, yet little is known about parental responsiveness in this group of children. The purpose of the current study was to examine proportion and type of parental responsive utterances after CB and vocalization utterances respectively in a clinical group of children with otitis media with effusion, with or without cleft palate. Audio-video recordings of interactions in free play situat...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lieberman M, Lohmander A, Gustavsson L Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The effect of speech training experiences on speechreading skills of Chinese children with hearing impairment.
In this study, we examine the effect of speech training on speechreading performance of children with HI in China, and how such effect, if any, may be influenced by age. Fifty-nine HI children with speech training experiences, and fifty-eight HI children without speech training experiences completed tasks measuring their ability to speechread Chinese at the linguistic levels of words, phrases, and sentences. The children ranged from 7 to 14 years old, and were divided into four age groups by two-year age intervals. Both accuracy rate and response time data were collected. Results revealed three findings: (1) HI childr...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 21, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Gong H, Chen L, Lei J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Estimates of the prevalence of motor speech disorders in children with idiopathic speech delay.
Abstract The goal of this research is to obtain initial estimates of the prevalence of each of four types of motor speech disorders in children with idiopathic Speech Delay (SD) and to use findings to estimate the population-based prevalence of each disorder. Analyses were completed on audio-recorded conversational speech samples from 415 children recruited for research in idiopathic SD in six USA cities during the past three decades. The speech and motor speech status of each participant was cross-classified using standardized measures in the finalized version of the Speech Disorders Classification System describ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 15, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Shriberg LD, Kwiatkowski J, Mabie HL Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Whole-word measures and the speech production of typically developing Dutch children.
In this study, the phonological whole-word measure Phonological Mean Length of Utterance was applied to identify stages in the phonological acquisition of Dutch children. Ninety spontaneous speech samples of 47 typically developing Dutch children from a previous study were examined. Samples were distributed across nine age groups ranging between 1;3-4;0 years. Across all age groups, PMLU of word productions increased significantly with the largest increase found below age 2;0 years. PMLU of the target words showed no significant increase across age groups. Outcomes suggest that the phonological whole-word measure PMLU can ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 15, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Beers M, Rodenburg-Van Wee M, Gerrits E Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Validity and reliability of the Intelligibility in Context Scale: European Portuguese version.
Abstract The purpose of the study was to evaluate the validity, reliability, sensitivity and specificity of the European-Portuguese version of the Intelligibility in Context Scale (ICS-EP). Seventy-six children (age: M = 60.6, SD = 8.1 months), 25 having a parent or teacher concern about how they talked and 51 with no concern, were assessed with the phonetic-phonological test (TFF-ALPE) to calculate the following severity measures: percentage of phonemes correct (PPC), percentage of consonants correct (PCC), and percentage of vowels correct (PVC). Parents also filled out a questionnaire about t...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 9, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lousada M, Sa-Couto P, Sutre D, Figueiredo C, Fazenda M, Lousada MJ, Valente AR Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

A frequent acoustic sign of speech motor delay (SMD).
We examined the frequency of 19 acoustic signs of SMD in audio recordings of continuous speech and word-imitation tasks in three groups of speakers with SMD: 50 children (mean age 5.1 years) with idiopathic Speech Delay (SD) from 6 USA cities; 87 children, adolescents, and adults with eight types of complex neurodevelopmental disorders; and 9 children (mean age 8.8 years) with persistent idiopathic SD from a population-based study of children in the South West of England. The 19 acoustic signs of imprecise or unstable speech, prosody, and voice were standardized on typical speakers of the appropriate dialect. The...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 4, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Shriberg LD, Wren YE Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Promoting speech intelligibility through phonologically dense targets.
Abstract This multiple baseline single-case study focused on the implementation of two theoretically motivated models relevant to speech sound disorders (SSD): (1) complexity approach and (2) phonological density neighborhood variable. The complexity approach perspective predicted that complex intervention target stimuli would yield greater phonological gains on more complex targets after systematic phonological intervention. Furthermore, phonologically dense targets would promote speech intelligibility as these stimuli 'tax' productive outputs demand on par with complexity approach. A 4; 6 year-old Greek-speaking...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 4, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Petinou K, Theodorou E Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Early lexicon and language skills at 42 months.
This study analyses these associations. The study also investigates whether children with slow/typical/fast developing early receptive/expressive lexical skills differed in their language skills at three and a half years (42 months) and the predictive value of early receptive/expressive lexical skills for later language skills. The participants of this longitudinal study were 68 healthy, monolingual Finnish-speaking children whose language development was measured using the Finnish, short-form-version of the Communicative Development Inventories at 12, 15, 18 and 24 months. At 42 months, language skills of t...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 2, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Vehkavuori SM, Stolt S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Grain size units of Chinese handwriting: development and disorder.
Abstract The current study investigated the grain size of writing units used by children in copying Chinese characters using handwriting measures. In Experiment 1, 31 Grade 1 and 31 Grade 5 children studying in mainstream schools in Hong Kong were invited to copy 36 pseudo-characters on an Android tablet. The pseudo-characters were constructed by combining, in their legal positions, radicals that contain two logographemes. The pseudo-characters contain only high frequency radicals in one condition and only low frequency radicals in the other condition. Linear mixed effect modeling was used to analyze the significa...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 2, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lau DK Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Assessment of intelligibility in dysarthria: development of a Maltese word and phrase list.
Abstract This paper describes the development of the Maltese Intelligibility Lists (MIL) for the assessment of word and phrase intelligibility in dysarthria. Two main tools were employed: the Frenchay Dysarthria Assessment-2 (FDA), and the Maltese Language Resource Server (MLRS). Three main criteria served as the basis for the construction of the word and phrase lists: frequency of occurrence of Maltese phonemes, word frequency and an analysis of syllable types and structures. The most common 500 words in the MLRS corpus (Korpus Malti v. 3) were broadly transcribed and an analysis of different types of syllables a...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 26, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Balzan P, Vella A, Tattersall C Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Modified semantic feature analysis for anomia: a single case study.
This study investigated the effectiveness of modified SFA training to address this potential limitation. An odd-man-out task was carried out in the modified SFA training with an anomic patient with impaired access to the phonological output lexicon. The task aimed to encourage a detailed comparison of semantic features among items in the same category. It is hypothesized that activations of more distinctive semantic features belonging to the target items will result in greater extent of generalizations in the lexical processing. The patient's abilities in naming semantic features at the beginning and at the end of each tre...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tam MH, Lau DK Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Comprehending conjunctive entailment of disjunction among individuals with Asperger syndrome.
Abstract Although individuals with Asperger syndrome (AS) are often described to be semantic-pragmatic disordered, it is still unclear to what extent their semantic comprehension is impaired. The primary goal of this study is to understand the sentence comprehension of adults with AS by investigating their reading processes of sentences involving the conjunctive entailment of disjunction. More specifically, their on-line processes of reading globally ambiguous sentences containing huo 'or' in Mandarin Chinese, which can be understood as either a conjunction or a disjunction in simple negative statements, were reco...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 20, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Liu CT, Chen LM Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Name agreement and naming latencies for typed picture naming in aging adults.
Abstract This baseline study aimed to create a coherent set of images that can be used to describe language decline found in healthy elderly and to compare this to the language change found in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease. To this extend, a typed picture naming task was created, in which visual complexity, age-of-acquisition, frequency and name agreement were controlled for. 76 healthy elderly participated in the test; their data will be used in follow-up studies to compare with cognitively impaired patients. The entire typing process was logged with keystroke logging tools Inputlog and Scriptlog; the o...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 20, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Paesen L, Leijten M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Normative nasalance scores in the production of words and syllables for Brazilian Portuguese speakers.
In conclusion, the nasalance scores defined for Brazilian Portuguese speakers, in different stimuli, may be adopted as normative values for local and cross-language comparisons in the identification of hypernasality related to conditions such as cleft palate, neurogenic disorders and syndromes. PMID: 30894033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 20, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sampaio-Teixeira ACM, Oliveira DN, Yamashita RP, Fukushiro AP, Trindade IEK Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Ungrammatical utterances and disfluent speech as causes of comprehension problems in interactions of preadolescents with high functioning autism.
This study describes the role of ungrammatical utterances and disfluent speech in the creation of comprehension problems between the participants in group therapy sessions of preadolescents with autism. The speech of the autistic preadolescents included frequent disfluencies and morpho-syntactic problems, such as wrong case endings, ambiguous pronominal references, grammatically incoherent syntactic structures and inaccurate tenses, which caused problems of comprehension. Three different interactional trajectories occurred when solving the potential problems of comprehension following the morpho-syntactically disfluent tur...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 8, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Wiklund M, Laakso M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Tongue-palate contact for nasal versus oral stops in speakers with repaired cleft palate.
Abstract Most previous studies of speech disorders associated with cleft palate have reported a higher incidence of errors for oral stops, fricatives and affricates compared to nasal stops. However, the results of a recent ultrasound study have raised the possibility that errors affecting nasal consonants might not be as rare as originally thought. A review of the electropalatography (EPG) literature on cleft palate speech has also shown that atypical tongue-palate contact patterns can occur during nasal consonants and that nasal and oral stops are often produced with similar atypical lingual gestures. Therefore, ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lee A, Bessell N, Gibbon FE Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Variation in language mixing in multilingual aphasia.
Abstract Mixing languages within a sentence or a conversation is a common practice among many speakers of multiple languages. Language mixing found in multilingual speakers with aphasia has been suggested to reflect deficits associated with the brain lesion. In this paper, we examine language mixing behaviour in multilingual people with aphasia to test the hypothesis that the use of language mixing reflects a communicative strategy. We analysed connected language production elicited from 11 individuals with aphasia. Words produced were coded as mixed or not. Frequencies of mixing were tabulated for each individual...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 5, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Goral M, Norvik M, Jensen BU Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

A phonological assessment test for child Greek.
This article advances a clinical tool for assessing typical and atypical phonological development in children speaking standard Modern Greek or Hellenic (ISO 639.1, el). The proposed tool develops a comprehensive test that is archetypical of the standard idiom and of predominant dialectal variations and seeks to be readily available for logopedics and language researchers of child Greek anywhere. By utilising the constraint-based nonlinear theoretical framework, this Greek battery complements a larger study that utilises equivalent methodology in the evaluation of phonological acquisition of monolingual children with typic...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 18, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Babatsouli E Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Intra-word consistency and accuracy in Finnish children aged 3-6 years.
This study examined intra-word consistency and accuracy in typically developing Finnish children and their relation to children's vocabulary size and phonological skills. A total of 80 typically developing Finnish children aged 3;0 to 6;11 were asked to name 20 words three separate times during a single assessment session. Responses were classified into four categories: 1) consistently correct productions, 2) consistently incorrect productions, 3) variable productions with hits (variable productions including at least one matched adult target), and 4) variable productions with no hits. The results revealed that 5- and 6-ye...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Martikainen AL, Savinainen-Makkonen T, Kunnari S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Exploring the Relationship between Native Language Skills and Foreign Language Learning in Children with Developmental Language Disorders.
Abstract Learning English as a foreign language (FL) is mandatory for children with developmental language disorders (DLD) in elementary education in the Netherlands. Because of their difficulties in acquiring their first language, learning an FL at school can be challenging. To date, almost no literature on children with DLD and FL learning exists. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between language proficiency in Dutch of monolingual and multilingual children with DLD and learning English as an FL. A cross-sectional study was conducted in four special education schools for children with DLD...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Zoutenbier I, Zwitserlood R Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The effect of delayed auditory feedback (DAF) and frequency altered feedback (FAF) on speech production: cochlear implanted versus normal hearing individuals.
Abstract Normal auditory feedback contributes to moment-to-moment control of speech production. Effects of auditory feedback's absence on hearing-impaired individuals are widely documented, but auditory perturbation has not been investigated. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of delayed auditory feedback (DAF) and frequency altered feedback (FAF) on speech production among prelingual cochlear implant (CI) users and normal hearing (NH) individuals, to evaluate CI users' reliance on auditory feedback. Twenty young adults (10 CI, 10 NH), without developmental and cognitive impairments, participated in the stud...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 31, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Taitelbaum-Swead R, Avivi M, Gueta B, Fostick L Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Frequency of mazes in an experimental narrative task in monolingual English and Spanish-English bilingual children.
Abstract Mazes such as self-corrections during speech production are observed in all speakers at varying rates. One hypothesis is that mazes result from the challenge of speech planning when speakers experience linguistic uncertainty. The aim of the study was to examine mazes in 4- and 5-year old typically developing English monolingual and Spanish-English bilingual children's narratives when uncertainty was manipulated in narrative context. Three typically developing groups participated in this study: a Spanish-English bilingual group, an age-matched monolingual English-speaking group and a language-matched young...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 29, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Taliancich-Klinger CL, Bedore LM Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Neuronavigated theta burst stimulation for chronic aphasia: two exploratory case studies.
Abstract The present study reports the findings of a 10-day neuronavigated continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) over the right pars triangularis for two individuals with chronic aphasia after a single left hemispheric stroke. Baseline language and quality of life measures were collected prior to the treatment study, post-treatment and at 3-month follow up. Therapy was tolerated well by both participants and no side effects were noticed during and after treatment. Results from one individual showed potential for positive change in performance in comprehension and expressive language both post-treatment and at ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Georgiou A, Konstantinou N, Phinikettos I, Kambanaros M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Effects of speaking rate, loudness, and clarity modifications on kinematic endpoint variability.
This study examined how kinematic endpoint variability, defined as the positional variability of an articulator at its positional extremum, changes in response to cued speech behavioral modifications. As a second step, this study examined the strength of association between articulator speed and kinematic endpoint variability. Seventeen speakers repeated the sentence "Buy Kaia a kite" 10 times under the following conditions: typical, loud, slow, and clear speech. Speech movements were recorded using 3D electromagnetic articulography. Endpoint variability was measured at the maximum jaw opening position during &qu...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Mefferd AS Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Effects of regional dialect on oral-nasal balance and nasality perception.
This study explored cross-dialectal differences in the production of oral-nasal balance and the perception of nasality, with special emphasis on Inland North (IN) and Midland (M) dialects in the USA. Twenty-six adults representing the IN (n = 15) and M (n = 11) dialects participated in the study. Oral-nasal balance characteristics and nasality perception were compared between dialects using mean nasalance of various speech stimuli, measured via nasometry, and perceptual ratings of nasality of synthetic vowel stimuli, measured using direct magnitude estimation (DME). Despite similar mean nasalance scores between t...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 15, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Velik K, Bae Y, Fox RA Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

A shift of treatment approach in speech language pathology services for children with speech sound disorders - a single case study of an intense intervention based on non-linear phonology and motor-learning principles.
g K Abstract Even though there are documented benefits of direct intensive intervention for children with speech sound disorders (SSDs), the intensity given at Swedish Speech Language Pathology services rarely exceeds once a week. Also, indirect therapy approaches are commonly employed. The purpose of the present case study was to investigate the effects of an intensive specialist therapy, based on non-linear phonological analysis and motor learning principles. The participant was a boy aged 4:10 years with severe SSD, who previously had received indirect therapy from age 3 with, very limited results. A single sub...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - December 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lundeborg Hammarström I, Svensson RM, Myrberg K Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Effect of dialect on phonological analysis.
This study aims to establish normative data and better understand the English phonological development of English-Mandarin bilingual preschoolers in Singapore, aged 3; 6-4; 5 years. The Articulation and Phonology subtests of the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology - UK were used to collect speech data from 146 preschoolers. Responses were scored against two standards - British Standard English (BSE) and Singapore English (SGE), in terms of speech sound accuracy, and the frequency and type of error patterns present. The effect of language dominance on the children's English phonological abilities was ex...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - December 16, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Low A, Koh G, Ee-Li Young S, Chandler-Yeo H Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Prepositions and pronouns in connected discourse of individuals with aphasia.
; V, Boye K Abstract The lexical-grammatical divide has been a widely addressed topic in aphasia. Speech parts are generally classified as either belonging to a lexical or a grammatical category based on the frequency of acquisition of new members in their paradigms (open vs. closed classes), thus neglecting heterogeneity within categories. Such an approach has led to contradictory findings. First, prepositions form closed classes, but are classically taken as lexical items. Pronouns, also belonging to a closed class, are analyzed as grammatical elements. Second, both within the group of prepositions and pronouns,...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - December 11, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Martínez-Ferreiro S, Ishkhanyan B, Rosell-Clarí V, Boye K Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Word-level prosodic measures and the differential diagnosis of apraxia of speech.
In this study, we examined diagnostic relevance for five word-level prosody measures. Seven speakers with AOS, nine with aphasia and no AOS, and 19 age-matched neurotypical controls produced nine words consisting of three or four syllables. Lexical stress indices were computed based on relative values for duration, fundamental frequency, and intensity across pairs of unstressed-stressed syllables with varying intrinsic vowel duration contrast patterns. A simple average syllable duration measure was also obtained. AOS speakers differed from the other two groups on three metrics that were solely or primarily derived from dur...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - November 28, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Haley KL, Jacks A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Where phonology meets morphology in the context of rapid language change and universal bilingualism: Irish initial mutations in child language.
t S Abstract As one of the Celtic languages, Irish is among the few languages in the world that employ word initial mutations (IMs) in order to express grammatical functions. IMs express grammatical information by a way of systematic alternation of minimal phonological contrasts, which closely links segmental phonology to grammatical morphology (Irish also employs final consonant palatalization as a grammatical marker, but this will not be the focus of our paper). The overwhelming majority of Irish speakers are bilingual (with English), and virtually all Irish-speaking children grow up with varying degrees of expo...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - November 16, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Müller N, Muckley SA, Antonijevic-Elliott S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Phonological and phonetic studies of speech disorders across languages - in honour of Martin J. Ball.
PMID: 30382005 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - November 3, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Babatsouli E, Kehoe M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The use of demonstratives and personal pronouns in fragile X syndrome and autism spectrum disorder.
This study contributes to the knowledge of the language phenotypes of idiopathic ASD and FXS+ASD, and provides implications for intervention targets for school-age children with these disorders. PMID: 30346853 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 22, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Friedman L, Lorang E, Sterling A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Correction.
CORRECTION. Clin Linguist Phon. 2018 Oct 16;:1 Authors: PMID: 30325239 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 16, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Correction.
CORRECTION. Clin Linguist Phon. 2018 Oct 05;:1 Authors: PMID: 30289288 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 5, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Is there an order of loss of sounds in speakers with Parkinson's disease?
Abstract Influential reports on speech changes in people with Parkinson's disease (PD; Logemann et al., 1978, 1981) reported a posterior to anterior pattern of loss of speech sound accuracy. These claims have never been examined. In a partial replication of Logemann et al.'s work, we examined whether posterior lingual sounds are most affected in people with Parkinson's disease, followed by anterior lingual sounds and then labial sounds. Ninety-nine people with PD (age: mean 70.7, SD 8.46; time since diagnosis: mean 6.97, SD 6.2) with mild to severe overall motor symptoms (Hoehn and Yahr stages 1-5, median 2.5) com...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 4, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Read J, Miller N, Kitsou N Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The production of wh-questions in italian-speaking children with SLI.
Abstract We aim at determining whether 7-year-old Italian-speaking children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI): (1) have problems with the production of wh- questions; (2) display a subject/object asymmetry in producing which- and who questions; (3) attempt to simplify questions, especially which- questions; (4) have difficulties with movement and verbal agreement in wh- questions. We elicited subject and object who and which NP questions in 10 children with SLI (M = 7;2), in 10 chronological age (CA)-matched controls (M = 7;2) and 10 language-matched controls (M = 5;2). Results ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 21, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Arosio F, Guasti MT Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The emergence of multiword utterances in children with Down syndrome.
Abstract Morphosyntax is one of the most impaired aspects of language development in children with Down syndrome. The present study aimed to assess the emergence of multiword utterances in this population. Sixteen Italian-speaking children with Down syndrome were followed from 36 to 48 months of age. Data derived from an analysis of their spontaneous productions showed that although the mean productivity of multiword utterances increased over the three time points (36, 42 and 48 months), different growth patterns of early syntactic development could be identified: (1) null or marginal development; (2) a gradual in...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Draghi L, Zampini L Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Realisation of grammatical morphemes by children with phonological impairment.
Abstract The aim of this research was to explore how preschool-aged children with phonological impairment (PI) realise grammatical morphemes across different phonological contexts (i.e. singleton consonant, consonant cluster, syllable), conditions of finiteness and individual morpheme types. Factors accounting for children's realisation of grammatical morphemes were also examined. Eighty-seven Australian English-speaking preschoolers (aged 4-5 years) with PI completed the Children's Assessment of Morphophonology (CHAMP)-an elicited response task-in addition to standardised tests of speech and receptive langua...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Howland C, Baker E, Munro N, McLeod S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Tongue shapes for rhotics in school-age children with and without residual speech errors.
In this study, 16 children aged 9-16 with RSE and 14 children with typical speech (TS) development made multiple productions of 'Let Robby cross Church Street'. Midsagittal ultrasound images were collected once for children with TS and twice for children in the RSE group (once after 7 h of speech therapy, then again after another 7 h of therapy). Tongue contours for the rhotics in the four words were traced and quantified using a new metric of tongue shape complexity: the number of inflections. Rhotics were also scored for accuracy by four listeners. During the first assessment, children with RSE had fewer tongue...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 10, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Preston JL, McCabe P, Tiede M, Whalen DH Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Comorbid morphological disorder apparent in some children aged 4-5 years with childhood apraxia of speech: findings from standardised testing.
Abstract There is continuing debate about the origins of productive morphological errors in children with speech sound disorders. This is the case for children with theorised phonetic and motor disorders, such as children with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS, e.g., Ekelman & Aram, 1983; McNeill & Gillon, 2013 ). The morphological skills of children with CAS remain relatively unexplored in pre-schoolers. We investigated English morphology in a retrospective, cross-sectional design of 26 children aged 4-5 years who completed the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-Preschool (2nd edition; Wiig,...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 10, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Murray E, Thomas D, McKechnie J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Can listeners hear the difference between children with normal hearing and children with a hearing impairment?
This study focuses on the perception of HI speech in comparison to NH children's speech. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether adult listeners can identify the speech of NH and HI children. Moreover, it is studied whether listeners' experience and the children's length of device use play a role in that assessment. For this study, short utterances of 7 children with a cochlear implant (CI), 7 children with an acoustic hearing aid (HA) and 7 children with NH were presented to 90 listeners who were required to specify the hearing status of each speech sample. The judges had different degrees of familiarity with...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 6, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Boonen N, Kloots H, Verhoeven J, Gillis S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The relation between phonological and lexical development in French-speaking children.
This study examines the relation between lexical and phonological variables in 40 French-speaking children, aged 2;5. Specifically, it examines the influence of phonetic complexity, phonological production, phonological memory and neighbourhood density (ND) on vocabulary size. Children were divided into four groups on the basis of their scores on the French version of the Communicative Developmental Inventory (CDI): late1 ( 90%ile). The children's lexicons were coded in terms of phonetic complexity and ND (one-and two-syllable words), and their production capacities were determined from measuring percent consonants co...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 5, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kehoe M, Patrucco-Nanchen T, Friend M, Zesiger P Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

A measure for cluster proximity (MCP) in child speech.
Abstract The proximity of consonant clusters in child speech is measured in the literature by the proportion of adult-like produced clusters to targeted clusters. With this measure, all clusters that are produced adult-like score 100%, while all others score 0%. Consonant clusters in child speech go through three main developmental stages: omission, reduction, two-member production (as targeted or substituted). Several authors claim that two-member clusters produced as two members should be considered acquired whether realised as targeted or not. In view of all these, a measure is needed that quantitatively differ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 5, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Babatsouli E, Sotiropoulos D Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The effect of hearing status on speechreading performance of Chinese adolescents.
In this study, we investigated the effect of hearing status on speechreading skills in Chinese adolescents. Thirty seven severely deaf students with a mean pure-tone average of 93 dB hearing threshold level and 21 hearing controls aged 16 completed tasks measuring their speechreading of simplex finals (monophthongs), complex finals (diphthongs or vowel + nasal constellations) and initials (consonants) in Chinese. Both accuracy rate and response time data were collected. Results showed no significant difference in accuracy between groups. By contrast, deaf individuals were significantly faster at speechreadin...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 5, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Chen L, Lei J, Gong H Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research