Editorial Board EOV.
Authors: PMID: 27924648 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - December 8, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Preface to the special issue on covert contrasts.
PMID: 27925482 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - December 8, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Gibbon FE, Lee A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Effects of cosmetic tongue bifurcation on English fricative production.
This article presents the first attempt to examine the acoustic implications of tongue bifurcation on speech production using a larger population sample. It compares the speech of 12 individuals with bifurcated tongues with a normative control group of equal size. Both qualitative assessment and quantitative assessment are carried out looking specifically at fricative production and perception. The speech of subjects with bifurcated tongues, while intelligible, shows a higher proportion of perceptibly atypical fricatives and significantly greater variance than seen in the control group. PMID: 27858466 [PubMed - as sup...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - November 18, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Budd A, Schellenberg M, Gick B Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Promoting lexical learning in the speech and language therapy of children with cochlear implants.
This study examines lexical intervention sessions in speech and language therapy for children with cochlear implants (CIs). Particular focus is on the therapist's professional practices in doing the therapy. The participants in this study are three congenitally deaf children with CIs together with their speech and language therapist. The video recorded therapy sessions of these children are studied using conversation analysis. The analysis reveals the ways in which the speech and language therapist formulates her speaking turns to support the children's lexical learning in task interaction. The therapist's multimodal pract...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - November 3, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Ronkainen R, Laakso M, Lonka E, Tykkyläinen T Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Estimates of functional cerebral hemispheric differences in monolingual and bilingual people who stutter: Visual hemifield paradigm.
Abstract The relationship between stuttering and bilingualism to functional cerebral hemispheric processing was examined using a visual hemifield paradigm. Eighty native German speakers, half of whom were also proficient speakers of English as a second language (L2), were recruited. The participants were organised into four different groups according to speech status and language ability: 20 monolinguals who stutter, 20 bilinguals who stutter, 20 monolinguals who do not stutter, and 20 bilinguals who do not stutter. All participants completed a task involving selective identification of common objects simultaneous...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 20, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Kornisch M, Robb MP, Jones RD Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Characteristics of communication among Japanese children with autism spectrum disorder: A cluster analysis using the Children's Communication Checklist-2.
Abstract Some overlap has been suggested among the subtypes of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children. The Japanese version of the Children's Communication Checklist-2 (CCC-2) is a useful measure for identifying profiles in relation to communication impairments in children with ASD. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the CCC-2 could identify subtypes in relation to communication impairments in Japanese children with ASD. The study participants were 113 children with ASD but without intellectual disabilities aged 3-12 years. Parents were given the Japanese version of the CCC-2 and asked to rate th...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 14, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Tanaka S, Oi M, Fujino H, Kikuchi M, Yoshimura Y, Miura Y, Tsujii M, Ohoka H Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Bias in the perception of phonetic detail in children's speech: A comparison of categorical and continuous rating scales.
Abstract Previous research has shown that continuous rating scales can be used to assess phonetic detail in children's productions, and could potentially be used to detect covert contrasts. Two experiments examined whether continuous rating scales have the additional benefit of being less susceptible to task-related biasing than categorical phonetic transcriptions. In both experiments, judgements of children's productions of /s/ and /θ/ were interleaved with two types of rating tasks designed to induce bias: continuous judgements of a parameter whose variation is itself relatively more continuous (gender typ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 13, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Munson B, Schellinger SK, Edwards J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

A perceptual study of the voicing feature of stop consonants after type II and III laser cordectomies.
This article deals with the intelligibility of stop consonants in onset position (initial and intervocalic) as pronounced by 10 French speakers treated by a type II or III cordectomy. These surgeries cause a less efficient glottal closure and a vibratory asymmetry. The voicing contrast in consonants may be altered. The patients' vocal samples were made up of non-words of the CVCVCVC type, where C = /p, t, k, b, d, g/ and V = /a, i, u/(n = 360), and were given to 22 French listeners for evaluation. Two identification tests were created and the listeners were asked to choose the consonants they thought they recognized (n = 7...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 11, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Wallet L Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Influence of voice focus on tongue movement in speech.
Abstract The present study evaluated global aspects of lingual movement during sentence production with backward and forward voice focus. Nine female participants read a sentence with a variety of consonants in a normal condition and with backward and forward voice focus. Midsagittal tongue movement was recorded with ultrasound. Tongue height over time at an anterior, a central, and a posterior measurement angle was measured. The outcome measures were speech rate, cumulative distance travelled, and average movement speed of the tongue. There were no differences in speech rate between the different conditions. The ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 11, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Bressmann T, de Boer G, Marino VC, Fabron EM, Berti LC Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Recipient participation in conversations involving participants with fluent or non-fluent aphasia.
Abstract The present study compares the ways in which conversational partners manage expressive linguistic problems produced by participants with fluent vs. non-fluent aphasia. Both everyday conversations with family members and institutional conversations with speech-language therapists were examined. The data consisted of 110 conversational sequences in which the conversational partners addressed expressive aphasic problems. Most problems of the speaker with fluent aphasia were locally restricted phonological and word-finding errors, which were immediately repaired. In contrast, the sparse expression of the spea...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 19, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Laakso M, Godt S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Collaborative participation in aphasic conversation before and after intensive language-action therapy.
This study applies conversation analysis to compare everyday conversation samples between a person with aphasia (PWA) and a familiar communication partner (CP) before and after intensive language-action therapy (ILAT). Our analysis concentrated on collaborative repair sequences with the assumption that impairment-focused therapy would translate into a change in the nature of trouble sources, which engender collaborative repair action typical of aphasic conversation. The most frequent repair initiation technique used by the CP was candidate understandings. The function of candidate understandings changed from addressing spe...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 19, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Tuomenoksa A, Pajo K, Klippi A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Production of mental state terms in narratives of Mandarin-speaking children with autism spectrum disorder.
This study investigates the ability of Mandarin-speaking children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to use mental state terms in narratives. The narrative data are from 16 children with ASD and 16 typically developing children, matched on language and cognitive abilities. The narratives were elicited using Frog, where are you? Participants' use of lexical expressions referring to emotion, cognition, desire and perception was examined. The 'deer episode' of the story was chosen to analyse children's ability to talk about misrepresentation. The results reveal that the two groups of children performed comparably in basic na...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 19, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Sah WH, Torng PC Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

On-line processing and comprehension of direct object pronoun sentences in Spanish-speaking children with Specific Language Impairment.
Abstract Eleven native Spanish-speaking children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) (8;3-10;11) and 11 typically developing children (8;7-10;8) received a comprehensive psycholinguistic evaluation. Participants listened to either Direct Object (DO) pronoun sentences or filler sentences without any pronoun, and they decided whether a picture on the screen (depicting the antecedent, another noun in the sentence, or an unrelated object) was 'alive'. They answered comprehension questions about pronoun sentences. Children with SLI showed significantly poorer comprehension of DO pronoun sentences when answering com...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 16, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Girbau D Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Boundaries of participation in care home settings: Use of the Swedish token jas å by a person with dementia.
This study contributes both to the study of participation in the context of communication impairment and to the study of response tokens in Swedish. PMID: 27624538 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 13, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Lindholm C Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Enhanced patient involvement in Swedish aphasia intervention.
Abstract The present article is a case study in which participation is investigated in terms of the use of interactional practices that enhance the involvement of a man with severe aphasia in activities that aim to capture his and his wife's experiences of everyday communication, and their views of his speech and language intervention. Five practices are identified: 1) collaborative telling, 2) formulations, 3) yes/no questions, 4) declaratives and 5) hint-and-guess strategies. It is demonstrated how participants' (wife, a speech and language pathologist, and two research assistants) use of these practices are ben...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 13, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Plejert C, Samuelsson C, Anward J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Supporting a child with multiple disabilities to participate in social interaction: The case of asking a question.
jö M Abstract Asking a question can be a highly challenging task for a person with multiple disabilities, but questions have not received much attention in research on augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). Conversation analysis is employed to examine an instance of multiparty interaction where a speech and language therapist supports a child with multiple disabilities to ask a question with a communication board. The question is accomplished through a practice where the action is built as a trajectory of interactional steps. Each step is built using ways of involvement that establish different par...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 9, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Norén N, Sigurd Pilesjö M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Repeated use of request for confirmation in atypical interaction.
This study investigates a specific method for making possible the participation of participants with cognitive and communicative impairments in social face-to-face interaction. Non-impaired co-participants design close-ended questions that project who the next speaker is, i.e. the impaired co-participant. The questions also project what kind of response amongst alternatives the impaired co-participant is supposed to produce. Upon answers to these questions, the non-impaired co-participant requests the impaired participant to confirm the answer twice. Using conversation analytic (CA) methods, the study scrutinises what is a...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 9, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Rasmussen G Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Covert contrast and covert errors in persistent velar fronting.
This study uses ultrasound tongue imaging to compare tongue contours for /t/and /k/in seven children with persistent velar fronting. We present a method of overlaying tongue contours to identify covert contrast at the articulatory level. Results show that all seven children, contrary to expectations, produced both /t/and /k/with near-identical tongue shapes showing no evidence of covert contrast. However, further analysis of one of the participants showed highly variable tongue shapes for /t/and /k/, including retroflex productions of both. Although not phonologically conditioned, this covert error is evidence of speech di...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 9, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Cleland J, Scobbie JM, Heyde C, Roxburgh Z, Wrench AA Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Word initial fricative production in children with cochlear implants and their normally hearing peers matched on lexicon size.
Abstract Fricative production is affected in children with cochlear implants (CI) as compared to age-matched normally hearing (NH) children. However, the phonological development of children with CI is rarely compared to that of NH peers matched on lexicon size. We compare the early word initial fricative development of 10 children with CI and 30 NH children matched on lexicon size and on chronological age. Children with CI are expected to differ from their NH peers when they are matched on chronological age. But, are lexical development and phonological development commensurate in children with CI as they have be...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 6, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Faes J, Gillis S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Communication restriction in adults who stutter: Part III.
Abstract This is the third article in a series examining communication restriction in adults with stuttering (AWS). The aim was to explore interpersonal communication behaviour in AWS at long-term treatment follow-up, using systemic functional linguistics (SFL) as an analytical framework. The performance of 10 AWS within 10-minute conversation samples was compared across pretreatment (T1), post-treatment (T2) and 12-month follow-up (T3), in terms of language productivity and complexity, modality, and appraisal. At T1 and T3, comparisons were also made to a control group (AWNS). Post-treatment increases in (1) lang...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 6, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Lee AS, Robb M, Van Dulm O, Ormond T Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Trying-out a walking help: Participation through situated learning in the adjustment and assessment of welfare technology.
This article contributes to the discussion of how people with limited communication means become active participants in the assessment of welfare technologies. The article combines ethnomethodology with insights from Science and Technology Studies and emphasises the situated and multimodal practices that constitute the trial as a joint activity in which the impaired person becomes a competent participant and independent walker. The analysis is based on video recordings from a case study in which a person with brain injury is trying out a new type of walking help. The trial is understood as a situated learning process in wh...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 2, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Krummheuer AL, Raudaskoski PL Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

High-level language ability in healthy individuals and its relationship with verbal working memory.
Abstract The aims of the study were to investigate healthy subjects' performance on a clinical test of high-level language (HLL) and how it is related to demographic characteristics and verbal working memory (VWM). One hundred healthy subjects (20-79 years old) were assessed with the Swedish BeSS test (Laakso, Brunnegård, Hartelius, & Ahlsén, 2000) and two digit span tasks. Relationships between the demographic variables, VWM and BeSS were investigated both with bivariate correlations and multiple regression analysis. The results present the norms for BeSS. The correlations and multiple regression...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 24, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Antonsson M, Longoni F, Einald C, Hallberg L, Kurt G, Larsson K, Nilsson T, Hartelius L Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

SVANTE - The Swedish Articulation and Nasality Test - Normative data and a minimum standard set for cross-linguistic comparison.
This study's aim was to present normative data on articulation and nasality in Swedish speakers. Single word production, sentence repetition and connected speech were collected using SVANTE in 443 individuals. Mean (SD) and prevalences in the groups of 3-, 5-, 7-, 10-, 16- and 19-year-olds were calculated from phonetic transcriptions or ordinal rating. For the 3- and 5-year-olds, a consonant inventory was also determined. The mean percent of oral consonants correct ranged from 77% at age 3 to 99% at age 19. At age 5, a mean of 96% was already reached, and the consonant inventory was established except for /s/, /r/, /ɕ/. T...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 23, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Lohmander A, Lundeborg I, Persson C Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Gradient perception of children's productions of /s/ and / θ/: A comparative study of rating methods.
This study investigates how readily listeners can identify covert contrasts in children's speech when using a continuous rating scale in the form of a visual analogue scale (VAS) to denote children's productions. Individual listeners' VAS responses were found to correlate statistically significantly with a variety of continuous measures of children's production accuracy, including judgements of binary accuracy pooled over a large set of listeners. These findings reinforce the growing body of evidence that VAS judgements are potentially useful clinical measures of covert contrast. PMID: 27552446 [PubMed - as supplied b...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 23, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Schellinger SK, Munson B, Edwards J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Improved word comprehension in Global aphasia using a modified semantic feature analysis treatment.
This study employed a single case experimental design to examine efficacy of a modified semantic feature analysis (SFA) therapy in improving word comprehension in an individual with Global aphasia, who presented with a semantically based comprehension impairment. Ten treatment sessions were conducted over a period of two weeks. Following therapy, the participant demonstrated improved comprehension of treatment items and generalisation to control items, measured by performance on a spoken word picture matching task. Improvements were also observed on other language assessments (e.g. subtests of WAB-R; PALPA subtest 47) and ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 22, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Munro P, Siyambalapitiya S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Pragmatic language impairment in children with Noonan syndrome.
This study describes the pragmatic skills in NS and discusses the linguistic profile of 17 informants aged 6-15 years, by comparing the participants' scores on the Children's Communication Checklist, 2nd Edition (CCC-2) (Bishop, 2011), with a group of typically developing children of matching age and gender. Language impairments were common in the NS group. The results show that children and adolescents with NS do not have one coherent pragmatic profile. However, 76.5% of the participants displayed communication impairments, and pragmatic skills were significantly lower than in the control group. PMID: 27348294 [PubMe...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 27, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Selås M, Helland WA Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Characteristics of pausing in normal, fast and cluttered speech.
;na J Abstract One of the main symptoms of cluttering is atypical pausing. However, there is little information about what this atypical pausing means, because typical speakers also have pauses not only at syntactic boundaries, but also within syntactic structures, and even within words. The aim of this study is to analyse how pausing strategies of persons who clutter differ from pausing strategies of normal speakers and speakers with exceptionally rapid speech (ERSs). Results show that there is a difference between the groups in the frequency and/or duration of pauses and the place of their occurrences. ERSs have...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 24, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Bóna J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Listeners' identification and evaluation of Korean idiomatic utterances produced by persons with left- or right-hemisphere damage.
This study investigates the effects of left- (LHD) or right-hemisphere damage (RHD) on the production of matched idiomatic or literal expressions by examining healthy listeners' abilities to identify, evaluate and perceptually characterize the utterances. Native speakers of Korean with LHD or RHD and healthy controls (HCs) produced six ditropically ambiguous (idiomatic or literal) sentences in an elicitation and a repetition task. Healthy listeners identified the sentence types and indicated how well each utterance represented the intended meaning. Perceptual ratings of voice quality were performed by expert listeners. The...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 24, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Yang SY, Sidtis D, Yang SN Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Using ultrasound tongue imaging to identify covert contrasts in children's speech.
This article is a review of the existing methods applicable in analysing data from non-stabilised recordings. The article describes some of the challenges of ultrasound data collection from children, and analysing these data, as well as possible ways to address those challenges. Additionally, there are examples from typical and disordered productions featuring covert contrasts, with illustrations of quantifying differences in tongue shape between target speech sounds. PMID: 27322800 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 20, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Zharkova N, Gibbon FE, Lee A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

A Maltese adaptation of the Boston Naming Test: A shortened version.
This study aimed to develop a method for adapting the BNT to suit different linguistic and cultural characteristics using the example of Maltese in a bilingual context. In addition, it investigated the effects in Malta of age and level of education on naming performance. The words of the BNT were first translated into Maltese. The test was then piloted to establish target and alternative responses. Naming performance data were later collected from individuals of different ages and levels of education. Only 38 BNT items had at least 70% name agreement. Main effects of age and education were found. A Maltese adaptation was p...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 17, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Grima R, Franklin S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Is it necessary to assess fluent symptoms, duration of dysfluent events and physical concomitants when identifying children who have speech difficulties?
Abstract Riley's (1994) Stuttering Severity Instrument (SSI) has three components: a symptom frequency measure (%SS), average duration of the three longest stutters and a physical concomitant (PC) score. An assessment of whether it was necessary to use all of these when using SSI-3 to identify which children are at risk of speech difficulties was performed. Participants were 879 reception class children aged 4-6 years from UK schools. The distributions of the separate components of SSI-3 were examined. Departures from normality were noted for each component. The features seen in the distribution of the individual ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 17, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Mirawdeli A, Howell P Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Diagnosing bilectal children with SLI: Determination of identification accuracy.
Abstract Very little is known about diagnosing specific language impairment (SLI) in children who are exposed daily to a dialect (community language) and a standard variety (school instruction). The research reported here examines the specificity and sensitivity of language tests used so far to evaluate language performance in the context of diglossia (Cyprus). Sixteen children with SLI aged 5-9 years and 22 age-matched typically developing children were examined on a range of language tests modified to include dialectal differences. Properties of each test were evaluated through logistic regression analysis in or...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 17, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Theodorou E, Kambanaros M, Grohmann KK Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

An exploration of the role of executive functions in preschoolers' phonological development.
This study explored whether executive functions contribute to the achievement of adult-like speech production. Children who are 4 to 5 years old - 42 with high-average speech production skills, 11 with low-average and nine with speech sound disorder (SSD) - participated in a battery of executive function and speech production tasks. Performance accuracy was compared across groups and also correlated with speech sound accuracy from a single-word naming task. Children with SSD demonstrated poorer performance than other groups on forward digit span, whereas children with low-average speech skills underperformed their peers on...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 17, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Torrington Eaton C, Ratner NB Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The production of direct object clitics in pre-school- and primary school-aged children with specific language impairments.
Abstract Third-person direct object (DO) clitic pronoun production is examined through an elicited production method in pre-school- and primary school-aged groups of Italian children with specific language impairment (SLI) to establish whether there is an improvement from age 5 years to age 7 years and whether there are qualitative differences in the two groups' responses. It was found that 5- and 7-year-old Italian children with SLI produce fewer third-person DO clitics than same-age peers. The kind of responses they provide changes: at 5 years, children with SLI tend to omit clitics, while at 7 years, they use a...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 10, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Guasti MT, Palma S, Genovese E, Stagi P, Saladini G, Arosio F Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Finding the experts in the crowd: Validity and reliability of crowdsourced measures of children's gradient speech contrasts.
This study aims to measure the validity and reliability of crowdsourced continuous ratings of child speech, obtained through Visual Analog Scaling, and to identify ways to improve these measurements. We first assess overall validity and interrater reliability for measurements obtained from a large set of raters. Second, we investigate two rater-level measures of quality, individual validity and intrarater reliability, and examine the relationship between them. Third, we show that these estimates may be used to establish guidelines for the inclusion of raters, thus impacting the quality of results obtained when smaller samp...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 7, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Harel D, Hitchcock ER, Szeredi D, Ortiz J, McAllister Byun T Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Electropalatographic (EPG) evidence of covert contrasts in disordered speech.
Abstract The phenomenon of covert contrasts has intrigued researchers and clinicians since it was first identified using instrumental data nearly 50 years ago. The term covert contrast refers to phonological contrasts that listeners do not readily identify and which therefore pass unrecorded in transcription-based studies. Covert contrasts are viewed as significant from theoretical and clinical perspectives. Although influential, there are relatively few instrumental studies of covert contrasts. The studies that do exist are limited to revealing contrasts that manifest in specific phonetic parameters or phonologic...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 6, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Gibbon FE, Lee A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Grammaticality and complexity of sentences in monolingual Spanish-speaking children with Specific Language Impairment.
This study examined grammaticality and complexity of sentences in monolingual Spanish-speaking children with specific language impairment (SLI). A group of SLI children (n = 13), mean age 6, was compared to a control group (CCG) matched by age (n = 11), and a younger control group (LCG) with similar linguistic development (n = 13). Grammaticality and complexity of sentences were analysed including identification and counting of: a) simple and complex sentences, b) grammatical and ungrammatical sentences, and c) types of grammatical errors. SLI children were found to be more ungrammatical than CCG in both simple and complex...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 29, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Coloma CJ, Araya C, Quezada C, Pavez MM, Maggiolo M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Added syllable complexity in a child's developmental speech and clinical implications.
Abstract Added syllable complexity, whereby a non-targeted consonant is added next to a targeted consonant in the syllable, has received relatively little attention in studies of children with speech sound disorders (SSD) and typically developing children. Despite the scarcity and subtlety of the pattern, evidence in child and adult data indicates universality. The present article examines the pattern in a bilingual child's longitudinal speech in English from age 2;7 to 4;0, focusing on word-initial consonant addition. The purpose is to identify phonological and psycholinguistic processes associated with the patte...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 25, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Babatsouli E Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Phonological assessment and analysis tools for Tagalog: Preliminary development.
Abstract Information and assessment tools concerning Tagalog phonological development are minimally available. The current study thus sets out to develop elicitation and analysis tools for Tagalog. A picture elicitation task was designed with a warm-up, screener and two extension lists, one with more complex and one with simpler words. A nonlinear phonological analysis form was adapted from English (Bernhardt & Stemberger, 2000) to capture key characteristics of Tagalog. The tools were piloted on a primarily Tagalog-speaking 4-year-old boy living in a Canadian-English-speaking environment. The data provided in...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 20, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Chen RK, Bernhardt BM, Stemberger JP Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Communication restriction in adults who stutter: Part II.
This article presents a follow-up study to Lee, van Dulm, Robb, and Ormond (2015). The aim was to explore communication restriction in adults with stuttering (AWS) using typical language measures and systemic functional linguistics (SFL) analyses. The article compared the pre- and post-treatment performance of AWS in language productivity and complexity, transitivity, modality, appraisal, and theme. Ten-minute conversational samples were obtained from 20 AWS before and after participation in intensive stuttering treatment. Transcripts were analysed for quantity and complexity of verbal output, and frequency of transitivity...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 6, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Lee A, Robb M, van Dulm O, Ormond T Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Auditory and visual information in speech perception: A developmental perspective.
This study investigates the development of audiovisual speech perception from age 4 to 80, analysing the contribution of modality, context and special features of specific language being tested. Data of 77 participants in five age groups is presented in the study. Speech stimuli were introduced via auditory, visual and audiovisual modalities. Monosyllabic meaningful and nonsense words were included in a signal-to-noise ratio of 0 dB. Speech perception accuracy in audiovisual and auditory modalities by age resulted in an inverse U-shape, with lowest performance at ages 4-5 and 65-80. In the visual modality, a clear differen...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 30, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Taitelbaum-Swead R, Fostick L Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

A characterization of verb use in Turkish agrammatic narrative speech.
This study investigates the characteristics of narrative-speech production and the use of verbs in Turkish agrammatic speakers (n = 10) compared to non-brain-damaged controls (n = 10). To elicit narrative-speech samples, personal interviews and storytelling tasks were conducted. Turkish has a large and regular verb inflection paradigm where verbs are inflected for evidentiality (i.e. direct versus indirect evidence available to the speaker). Particularly, we explored the general characteristics of the speech samples (e.g. utterance length) and the uses of lexical, finite and non-finite verbs and direct and indirect evident...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 30, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Arslan S, Bamyacı E, Bastiaanse R Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Segmental transition of the first syllables of words in Japanese children who stutter: Comparison between word and sentence production.
Abstract Matsumoto-Shimamori, Ito, Fukuda, & Fukuda (2011) proposed the hypothesis that in Japanese, the transition from the core vowels (i.e. syllable nucleus) of the first syllables of words to the following segments affected the occurrence of stuttering. Moreover, in this transition position, an inter-syllabic transition precipitated more stuttering than an intra-syllabic one (Shimamori & Ito, 2007, 2008). However, these studies have only used word production tasks. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the same results could be obtained in sentence production tasks. Participants were 28 ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 30, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Matsumoto S, Ito T Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Phonetic and phonological perspectives on the acquisition of voice onset time by French-speaking children.
Abstract The goal of the present article is to describe the acquisition of the phonetic details and phonological categories of stop consonants in French. To this end, the stop consonants produced by children aged 2-4 years were transcribed and acoustically analysed. Stop consonants provide an interesting window in phonetic and phonological development since they are among the first phonemes to be acquired in French (MacLeod, Sutton, Thordardottir & Trudeau, 2011), yet the mastery of the phonetic detail of these phonemes can be more drawn out (Allen, 1985). The results of the study indicate that these children ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 25, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: A N MacLeod A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Effects of language experience on the discrimination of the Portuguese palatal lateral by nonnative listeners.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate (1) whether manner or place takes precedence over the other during a phonological category discrimination task and (2) whether this pattern of precedence persists during the early stages of acquisition of the L2. In doing so, we investigated the Portuguese palatal lateral approximant /ʎ/ since it differs from English /l/ only by the place of articulation, and from English /j/ only by the manner of articulation. Our results indicate that monolinguals' perception of the non-native sound is dominated by manner while Portuguese learners show a different pattern of...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 25, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Santos Oliveira D, M Casenhiser D, Hedrick M, Teixeira A, Bunta F Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Linguistic analysis of discourse in aphasia: A review of the literature.
Abstract This review examined previous research applications of linguistic discourse analysis to assess the language of adults with aphasia. A comprehensive literature search of seven databases identified 165 studies that applied linguistic measures to samples of discourse collected from people with aphasia. Analysis of methodological applications revealed an increase in published research using linguistic discourse analysis over the past 40 years, particularly to measure the generalisation of therapy outcomes to language in use. Narrative language samples were most frequently subject to analysis though all langua...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 22, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Bryant L, Ferguson A, Spencer E Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Volubility of the human infant: Effects of parental interaction (or lack of it).
Abstract Although parental volubility, or amount of talk, has received considerable recent attention, infant volubility has received comparatively little attention despite its potential significance for communicative risk status and later linguistic and cognitive outcomes. Volubility of 16 typically developing infants from 2 to 11 months of age was longitudinally investigated in the present study across three social circumstances: parent talking to infant, parent not talking to infant and parent talking to interviewer while the infant was in the room. Results indicated that volubility was least in the Interview ci...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 22, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Iyer SN, Denson H, Lazar N, Oller DK Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Perceptual, durational and tongue displacement measures following articulation therapy for rhotic sound errors.
This study described perceptual, durational and tongue displacement changes over 10 sessions of articulation therapy for /ɹ/ in six children. Four of the participants also received ultrasound biofeedback of their tongue shape. Speech and tongue movement were recorded pre-therapy, after 5 sessions, in the final session and at a one month follow-up. Perceptually, listeners perceived improvement and classified more productions as /ɹ/ in the final and follow-up assessments. The durations of VɹV syllables at the midway point of the therapy were longer. Cumulative tongue displacement increased in the final session. The averag...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 16, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Bressmann T, Harper S, Zhylich I, Kulkarni GV Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Promises and pitfalls of machine scoring of the Index of Productive Syntax.
Abstract The AC-IPSyn computerised system for scoring the Index of Productive Syntax (IPSyn) was evaluated. Twenty language samples, ten taken at 30 months and ten of the same children at 42 months, were each scored for the IPSyn by hand and by AC-IPSyn. Point differences and point-to-point reliability were examined at the levels of the total, subscale, and individual structure scores. Points missed and erroneously given at each level were also analysed. The difference in total scores between manual and AC-IPSyn scoring was relatively small; point-to-point agreement was lower than reported elsewhere. Age differenc...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 25, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Altenberg EP, Roberts JA Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Anticipatory coarticulation and stability of speech in typically fluent speakers and people who stutter.
Abstract This project replicates and extends previous work on coarticulation in velar-vowel sequences in English. Coarticulatory data for 46 young adult speakers, 23 who stutter and 23 who do not stutter show coarticulatory patterns in young adults who stutter that are no different from typical young adults. Additionally, the stability of velar-vowel production is analysed in token-to-token variability found in multiple repetitions of the same velar-vowel sequence. Across participants, identical patterns of coarticulation were found between people who do and do not stutter, but decreased stability was found in vel...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 25, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Frisch SA, Maxfield N, Belmont A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research