Word-initial rhotics in Slovenian 4-year-olds with typical versus protracted phonological development.
n;ak Brce J Abstract This paper describes word-initial (WI) rhotic cluster development in Slovenian 4-year-olds. Data for /l/ and WI singleton /r/ serve as comparisons. Participants were 19 children with typical development (TD) and 13 with more protracted phonological development (PPD). A single-word list included 15 WI /r/-clusters, 9 /l/-clusters and 3 singleton /r/s and /l/s each. Results showed significantly higher match (accuracy) levels for rhotics in the TD group. Among rhotic clusters, TD children showed highest match levels for labial clusters, and the PPD group, for /dr/. Match levels did not differ sig...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 2, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ozbič M, Kogovšek D, Stemberger JP, Bernhardt BM, Muznik M, Novšak Brce J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Tap and trill clusters in typical and protracted phonological development: Challenging segments in complex phonological environments. Introduction to the special issue.
Abstract The papers in this crosslinguistic issue address children's acquisition of word-initial rhotic clusters in languages with taps/trills, that is, the acquisition of challenging segments in complex environments. Several papers also include comparisons with singleton rhotics and/or /l/ as a singleton or in clusters. The studies are part of a larger investigation that uses similar methodologies across languages in order to enhance crosslinguistic comparability (Bernhardt and Stemberger, 2012, 2015). Participants for the current studies were monolingual preschoolers with typical or protracted phonological devel...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 28, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Stemberger JP, Bernhardt BM Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Word-initial rhotic clusters in Spanish-speaking preschoolers in Chile and Granada, Spain.
, Vergara P Abstract The current paper describes Spanish acquisition of rhotic onset clusters. Data are also provided on related singleton taps/trills and /l/ as a singleton and in clusters. Participants included 9 typically developing (TD) toddlers and 30 TD preschoolers in Chile, and 30 TD preschoolers and 29 with protracted phonological development (PPD) in Granada, Spain. Results showed age and developmental group effects. Preservation of cluster timing units preceded segmental accuracy, especially in stressed syllables. Tap clusters versus singleton trills were variable in order of mastery, some children mast...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 28, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Perez D, Vivar P, Bernhardt BM, Mendoza E, Ávila C, Carballo G, Fresneda D, Muñoz J, Vergara P Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Tap and trill clusters in typical and protracted phonological development: Conclusion.
Conclusion. Clin Linguist Phon. 2017 Sep 28;:1-13 Authors: Bernhardt BM, Stemberger JP Abstract The current issue examined acquisition of challenging segments in complex contexts: Taps/trills in word-initial clusters, plus related targets (/l/-clusters and singleton rhotics and /l/). Data were from preschool children with typical versus protracted phonological development (PPD) in Iceland, Sweden (Germanic), Portugal, Spain/Chile (Romance), Bulgaria, Slovenia (Slavic), and Hungary (Finno-Ugric). Results showed developmental group and age effects. Clusters generally had lower accuracy than singletons, ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 28, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bernhardt BM, Stemberger JP Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Word-initial /r/-clusters in Swedish speaking children with typical versus protracted phonological development.
m I Abstract The present study investigated word-initial (WI) /r/-clusters in Central Swedish-speaking children with and without protracted phonological development (PPD). Data for WI singleton /r/ and singleton and cluster /l/ served as comparisons. Participants were twelve 4-year-olds with PPD and twelve age- and gender-matched typically developing (TD) controls. Native speakers audio-recorded and transcribed 109 target single words using a Swedish phonology test with 12 WI C+/r/-clusters and three WI CC+/r/-clusters. The results showed significantly higher match scores for the TD children, a lower match proport...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 28, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lundeborg Hammarström I Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Word-initial /r/-clusters in Icelandic-speaking children with protracted versus typical phonological development.
cute;ttir T Abstract Rhotics are generally acquired late across languages (Jiménez, 1987; Tar, 2006; Blumenthal and Lundeborg, 2014). Prior research suggests some possible differences in acquisition across languages, however (Másdóttir and Stokes, 2016). The current study set out to examine acquisition of /r/ in Icelandic, focusing primarily on match (accuracy) and mismatch data for word-initial (WI) /r/-clusters, but also comparing /r/-clusters with WI singleton /r/ and /l/ plus /l/-clusters. Single-word data were collected for 27 Icelandic-speaking preschoolers with protracted phonological d...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 28, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Másdóttir T Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Word-initial trill clusters in children with typical versus protracted phonological development: Bulgarian.
Abstract The current paper describes acquisition of word-initial (WI) trilled /r/ in clusters and as a singleton in 60 Bulgarian 3-5-year-olds with typically developing (TD) versus protracted phonological development (PPD). A native speaker audio-recorded and transcribed single-word responses to a picture-naming task (110 words) that included eight words with WI rhotic clusters and two with WI singleton /r/. Accuracy was significantly higher in the TD groups and for the PPD groups, by age. Mismatch patterns varied: the PPD cohort had the most varied patterns although the younger children with PPD showed more /r/ d...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 28, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ignatova D, Bernhardt BM, Marinova-Todd S, Stemberger JP Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Word-initial tap-trill clusters: Hungarian.
This study investigates the developmental patterns of acquisition of word-initial (WI) /r/-clusters in children speaking Hungarian, typically developing (TD) or with protracted phonological development (PPD). Comparison data were also analysed for WI singleton /r/ and /l/. Participants were 191 children (aged 3;0-5;11) divided into three age groups (3, 4, 5 years), and further subdivided into TD and PPD subgroups on the basis of Whole Word Match scores (WWM). Acoustic analyses of perceptually accurate clusters were conducted to investigate epenthesis. Findings revealed that (1) both stop-/r/ clusters and singleton /r/...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 28, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tar É Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The role of short-term memory impairment in nonword repetition, real word repetition, and nonword decoding: A case study.
Abstract In a companion study, adults with dyslexia and adults with a probable history of childhood apraxia of speech showed evidence of difficulty with processing sequential information during nonword repetition, multisyllabic real word repetition and nonword decoding. Results suggested that some errors arose in visual encoding during nonword reading, all levels of processing but especially short-term memory storage/retrieval during nonword repetition, and motor planning and programming during complex real word repetition. To further investigate the role of short-term memory, a participant with short-term memory ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 21, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Peter B Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Sequential processing deficit as a shared persisting biomarker in dyslexia and childhood apraxia of speech.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that individuals with dyslexia and individuals with childhood apraxia of speech share an underlying persisting deficit in processing sequential information. Levels of impairment (sensory encoding, memory, retrieval, and motor planning/programming) were also investigated. Participants were 22 adults with dyslexia, 10 adults with a probable history of childhood apraxia of speech (phCAS), and 22 typical controls. All participants completed nonword repetition, multisyllabic real word repetition, and nonword decoding tasks. Using phonological process ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 21, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Peter B, Lancaster H, Vose C, Middleton K, Stoel-Gammon C Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Initial consonant deletion in bilingual Spanish-English-speaking children with speech sound disorders.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to utilize a theoretical model of bilingual speech sound production as a framework for analyzing the speech of bilingual children with speech sound disorders. In order to distinguish speech difference from speech disorder, we examined between-language interaction on initial consonant deletion, an error pattern found cross-linguistically in the speech of children with speech sound disorders. Thirteen monolingual English-speaking and bilingual Spanish-and English-speaking preschoolers with speech sound disorders were audio-recorded during a single word picture-naming task and t...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 13, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Fabiano-Smith L, Cuzner SL Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Practice makes perfect? The pedagogic value of online independent phonetic transcription practice for speech and language therapy students.
Discussion Board. Measures of phonetic transcription accuracy were obtained for the 'Ulster Set' and for a stand-alone piece of coursework at the end of the module. Qualitative feedback about experience with the online learning was gathered via questionnaire. A positive significant association was found between student engagement with WebFon and performance in the 'Ulster Set', and between performance in the 'Ulster Set' and final coursework. Students valued both online independent learning resources as each supported different learning needs. However, student compliance with WebFon was significantly lower than with the 'U...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 31, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Titterington J, Bates S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Lexical tone and stuttering in Cantonese.
Abstract Cantonese is a tone language, in which the variation of the fundamental frequency contour of a syllable can change meaning. There are six different lexical tones in Cantonese. While research with Western languages has shown an association between stuttering and syllabic stress, nothing is known about whether stuttering in Cantonese speakers is associated with one or more of the six lexical tones. Such an association has been reported in conversational speech in Mandarin, which is also a tone language, but which varies markedly from Cantonese. Twenty-four native Cantonese-speaking adults who stutter partic...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 30, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Law T, Packman A, Onslow M, To CK, Tong MC, Lee KY Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

What we can learn from naming errors of children with language impairment at preschool age.
This study explored the error characteristics of children with language impairment compared to those with typical language development. 46 preschool children were tested on a naming test: 16 with language impairment and a naming deficit and 30 with typical language development. The analysis compared types of error in both groups. In a group level, children with language impairment produced different error patterns compared to the control group. Based on naming error analysis and performance on other language tests, two case studies of contrasting profiles suggest different sources for lexical retrieval difficulties in chil...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 30, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Biran M, Novogrodsky R, Harel-Nov E, Gil M, Mimouni-Bloch A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Deficits in comprehending wh-questions in children with hearing loss - the contribution of phonological short-term memory and syntactic complexity.
In conclusion, the data indicate that a hearing loss affects the comprehension of complex sentences. The observed problems did, however, not persist and were, therefore, unlikely to be caused by a genuine syntactic deficit. For the tested wh-questions, there is no indication that syntactic comprehension problems of children with HL are due to limitations in PSTM. PMID: 28846461 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 28, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Penke M, Wimmer E Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Beyond stuttering: Speech disfluencies in normally fluent French-speaking children at age 4.
Abstract The aim of this study was to establish normative data on the speech disfluencies of normally fluent French-speaking children at age 4, an age at which stuttering has begun in 95% of children who stutter (Yairi & Ambrose, 2013). Fifty monolingual French-speaking children who do not stutter participated in the study. Analyses of a conversational speech sample comprising 250-550 words revealed an average of 10% total disfluencies, 2% stuttering-like disfluencies and around 8% non-stuttered disfluencies. Possible explanations for these high speech disfluency frequencies are discussed, including explanatio...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 24, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Leclercq AL, Suaire P, Moyse A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Profiling morpho-syntactical development of cochlear implanted children with TR-LARSP.
In conclusion, this study suggests that after the implantation of these children, the speech therapist should consider the acquisition time of morpho-syntactical structures before making a language-based therapy plan. PMID: 28786695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 8, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Yaşar ÖC, Topbaş S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Atypical preference for infant-directed speech as an early marker of autism spectrum disorders? A literature review and directions for further research.
Abstract Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) refer to a complex group of neurodevelopmental disorders causing difficulties with communication and interpersonal relationships, as well as restricted and repetitive behaviours and interests. As early identification, diagnosis, and intervention provide better long-term outcomes, early markers of ASD have gained increased research attention. This review examines evidence that auditory processing enhanced by social interest, in particular auditory preference of speech directed towards infants and young children (i.e. infant-directed speech - IDS), may be an early marker of r...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 20, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Filipe MG, Watson L, Vicente SG, Frota S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Third person singular -s in typical development and specific language impairment: Input and neighbourhood density.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine factors promoting the use of third person singular -s by 23 children with specific language impairment (SLI) and 21 children with typical development (TD). Relative proportions of third person singular -s forms in the input (input proportion) were calculated for 25 verbs based on data from an American English corpus of child-directed speech. Neighbourhood density values were also collected for these verbs. With previously collected probes of third person singular -s use for each of these verbs, we found with logistic regression that input proportion was positively ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 20, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kueser JB, Leonard LB, Deevy P Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Sibilant production in Hebrew-speaking adults: Apical versus laminal.
Abstract The Hebrew IPA charts describe the sibilants /s, z/ as 'alveolar fricatives', where the place of articulation on the palate is the alveolar ridge. The point of constriction on the tongue is not defined - apical (tip) or laminal (blade). Usually, speech and language pathologists (SLPs) use the apical placement in Hebrew articulation therapy. Some researchers and SLPs suggested that acceptable /s, z/ could be also produced with the laminal placement (i.e. the tip of the tongue approximating the lower incisors). The present study focused at the clinical level, attempting to determine the prevalence of these ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 20, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Icht M, Ben-David BM Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

An analysis of topics and vocabulary in Chinese oral narratives by normal speakers and speakers with fluent aphasia.
This study analysed the topic and vocabulary of Chinese speakers based on language samples of personal recounts in a large spoken Chinese database recently made available in the public domain, i.e. Cantonese AphasiaBank ( http://www.speech.hku.hk/caphbank/search/ ). The goal of the analysis is to offer clinicians a rich source for selecting ecologically valid training materials for rehabilitating Chinese-speaking people with aphasia (PWA) in the design and planning of culturally and linguistically appropriate treatments. Discourse production of 65 Chinese-speaking PWA of fluent types (henceforth, PWFA) and their non-aphasi...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 13, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Law SP, Kong AP, Lai C Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Temporal control in the voicing contrast: Evidence from surgery-related apraxia of speech.
Abstract The goal of this study was to investigate the phonetic realisation of the voicing feature in two tumour resection-related Spanish speakers with apraxia of speech. Temporal parameters related to the phonological contrast of voicing in Spanish have been analysed for intervocalic voiced and voiceless obstruents embedded in isolated words and nonwords, and compared with data collected from healthy speakers. Results indicate that in devoiced productions, where VOT values fitted the 'voiceless stops' category, vowel duration values matched those of voiced stops and suggested the preservation of contextual voici...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 13, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Marczyk A, Machuca MJ Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Deriving individualised /r/ targets from the acoustics of children's non-rhotic vowels.
Abstract In visual-acoustic biofeedback for rhotic errors, learners are guided to match the third formant (F3) location to a visual target on a real-time acoustic spectrum. As the acoustic properties of correct English /r/differ across speakers, this study aimed to improve target selection by investigating the validity of individualised targets derived from children's non-rhotic vowels. A previously proposed prediction formula was adjusted using data from a child normative sample and tested in two groups of children. Study 1 found that predicted values were unexpectedly higher than actual F3 values in children who...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 13, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Campbell H, McAllister Byun T Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Transcribing rhotics in normal and disordered speech.
Abstract The IPA's comparative lack of dedicated symbols for sonorant consonants as compared to obstruents presents some difficulties for clinical phoneticians. Among these are the ways of transcribing apical versus bunched approximant-/r/, the bilabial approximant realisation of target approximant-/r/, and fricative rhotic realisations of approximant-/r/ in normal and disordered speech. This note reports some developments in transcription that would allow clinical phoneticians to avoid the use of difficult-to-read diacritics when transcribing these sounds. PMID: 28665740 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 30, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ball MJ Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Stuttering on function words in bilingual children who stutter: A preliminary study.
Abstract Evidence suggests young monolingual children who stutter (CWS) are more disfluent on function than content words, particularly when produced in the initial utterance position. The purpose of the present preliminary study was to investigate whether young bilingual CWS present with this same pattern. The narrative and conversational samples of four bilingual Spanish- and English-speaking CWS were analysed. All four bilingual participants produced significantly more stuttering on function words compared to content words, irrespective of their position in the utterance, in their Spanish narrative and conversa...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 30, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Gkalitsiou Z, Byrd CT, Bedore LM, Taliancich-Klinger CL Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Multilingual issues in qualitative research.
This study is a reflective account of how problem solving was accomplished during the translation of semi-structured interviews from a source language to a target language. Data are drawn from two qualitative research studies in which Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used to obtain insights into the lived experience of parents of children with disabilities in India and Turkey. The authors discuss challenges to interpretation that arise when participants and the main researcher speak the same non-English native language and the results of the study are intended for an English-speaking audience. A common theme in...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 30, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Oxley J, Günhan E, Kaniamattam M, Damico J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Comprehension of presuppositions in school-age Cantonese-speaking children with and without autism spectrum disorders.
This study investigated the comprehension of four types of presupposition, namely existential, factive, lexical and structural presuppositions, in school-age Cantonese-speaking children with and without ASD. A group of children with ASD (n = 21), mean age 8.8, was compared with a group of typically developing children (n = 106). Knowledge of presuppositions was evaluated based on children's ability to judge whether a given utterance was a correct presupposition of a preceding utterance. Children with ASD were found to show a deficit in the comprehension of presuppositions, even after controlling for differences in general ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 29, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cheung CC, Politzer-Ahles S, Hwang H, Chui RLY, Leung MT, Tang TPY Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

LITMUS-CLT: A new way to assess bilingual lexicons.
PMID: 28662350 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 29, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Simonsen HG, Haman E Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Profiles of vocal development in Korean children with and without cleft palate.
This study longitudinally investigated vocal development in Korean children from 9 to 18 months of age with and without cleft palate (CP). Utterance samples were collected from 24 children with and without CP at 9, 12, 15 and 18 months of age. Each utterance was categorised into levels of vocalisation using the Korean-translated version of the Stark Assessment of Early Vocal Development-Revised (SAEVD-R). The results showed children with CP produced a significantly higher rate of precanonical vocalisations (the combination of Levels 1, 2, and 3) and a lower rate of Level 4 and 5 vocalisations than children without CP. Both...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 12, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ha S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

A case series comparison of semantically focused vs. phonologically focused cued naming treatment in aphasia.
Abstract There is a lack of clarity in the field regarding how to best predict which naming treatment will be most beneficial for a particular individual with aphasia. The purpose of this study was to elucidate whether or not semantic or phonological therapy differentially impacts on outcomes for people with a range of different aphasic profiles when given both therapies. A single-participant design, with multiple repeated baselines for naming, replicated across four participants, was used. Participants were provided with a counterbalanced order of Semantic Feature Analysis (SFA) and Phonological Components Analys...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 7, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Neumann Y Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Insensitivity to verb conjugation patterns in French children with SLI.
Abstract Specific language impairment (SLI) is characterised by persistent difficulties that affect language abilities in otherwise normally developing children (Leonard, 2014). It remains challenging to identify young children affected by SLI in French. We tested oral production of the passé composé tense in 19 children in kindergarten and first grade with SLI aged from 5;6 to 7;4 years. All children were schooled in a French environment, but with different linguistic backgrounds. We used an Android application, Jeu de verbes (Marquis et al., 2012), with six verbs in each of four past participle cat...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 7, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Royle P, St-Denis A, Mazzocca P, Marquis A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The phonological memory profile of preschool children who make atypical speech sound errors.
Abstract Previous research indicates that children with speech sound disorders (SSD) have underlying phonological memory deficits. The SSD population, however, is diverse. While children who make consistent atypical speech errors (phonological disorder/PhDis) are known to have executive function deficits in rule abstraction and cognitive flexibility, little is known about their memory profile. Sixteen monolingual preschool children with atypical speech errors (PhDis) were matched individually to age-and-gender peers with typically developing speech (TDS). The two groups were compared on forward recall of familiar ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 7, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Waring R, Eadie P, Rickard Liow S, Dodd B Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Babbling in children with neurodevelopmental disability and validity of a simplified way of measuring canonical babbling ratio.
Abstract Babbling is an important precursor to speech, but has not yet been thoroughly investigated in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities. Canonical babbling ratio (CBR) is a commonly used but time-consuming measure for quantifying babbling. The aim of this study was twofold: to validate a simplified version of the CBR (CBR(UTTER)), and to use this measure to determine if early precursors to speech and language development could be detected in children with different neurodevelopmental disabilities. Two different data sets were used. In Part I, CBR(UTTER) was compared to two other CBR measures using pre...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 19, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Nyman A, Lohmander A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Word-learning performance of children with and without cochlear implants given synchronous and asynchronous cues.
This study sought to evaluate the effects of synchronous and asynchronous auditory-visual cues on the word-learning performance of children with cochlear implants and children with normal hearing matched for chronological age. Children with cochlear implants (n = 9) who had worn the implant for less than one year and children matched for chronological age (n = 9) participated in rapid word-learning trials. Children with cochlear implants did not learn words in either the synchronous or asynchronous condition (U = 49.5, p = .99; d = 0.05). Children with normal hearing learned more words in the synchronous rather than asynch...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 19, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lund E, Schuele CM Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Metacognitive verb production in adolescents: The link to complex syntax.
This study investigated the use of MCVs in adolescents with typical language development in relation to the production of complex sentences. It was of interest to determine the frequency with which adolescents used MCVs and to explore the links between MCVs and different types of subordinate clauses. Language samples that had been collected during previous research involving fables were examined. The results indicated that adolescents frequently used MCVs, particularly during a critical-thinking task, and that MCVs were associated with the production of complex sentences containing various types of subordinate clauses. Thi...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 19, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Nippold MA, Vigeland LM, Frantz-Kaspar MW Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Phonological patterns (templates) in 5p deletion syndrome.
Abstract Whole word phonological patterns (templates) in utterances produced by children with 5p deletion syndrome are analysed, addressing four questions: (1) Are children with 5p deletion syndrome able to generalise over words? (2) How does the template score of children with 5p deletion syndrome relate to those of typically developing children and of the target language? (3) How do the template scores relate to other phonological measures, PCC and consonant variegation? (4) What can the relationship between template scores and phonological measures tell us about templates? Children with 5p deletion syndrome are...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 12, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Garmann NG, Kristoffersen KE, Simonsen HG Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Word segmentation in phonemically identical and prosodically different sequences using cochlear implants: A case study.
Abstract Cochlear implant (CI) users frequently achieve good speech understanding based on phoneme and word recognition. However, there is a significant variability between CI users in processing prosody. The aim of this study was to examine the abilities of an excellent CI user to segment continuous speech using intonational cues. A post-lingually deafened adult CI user and 22 normal hearing (NH) subjects segmented phonemically identical and prosodically different sequences in French such as 'l'affiche' (the poster) versus 'la fiche' (the sheet), both [lafiʃ]. All participants also completed a minimal pair discr...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 11, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Basirat A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Grammatical case-marking in Japanese children with SLI.
In this study, a sentence completion task was used, which involved both active and passive sentences with canonical and scrambled word order. The children with SLI were significantly less accurate than those with TLD with the use of grammatical case-markers. Moreover, the majority of the errors that the children with SLI made with case-marking consisted of canonical case-marking patterns. These results suggest that Japanese children with SLI do in fact appear to experience difficulty with grammatical case-marking and furthermore that they seem to rely on canonical case-marking patterns to compensate for their deficits. ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 9, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Murao A, Ito T, Fukuda SE, Fukuda S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Quantitative and qualitative differences in the lexical knowledge of monolingual and bilingual children on the LITMUS-CLT task.
Abstract While bilingual children follow the same milestones of language acquisition as monolingual children do in learning the syntactic patterns of their second language (L2), their vocabulary size in L2 often lags behind compared to monolinguals. The present study explores the comprehension and production of nouns and verbs in Hebrew, by two groups of 5- to 6-year olds with typical language development: monolingual Hebrew speakers (N = 26), and Russian-Hebrew bilinguals (N = 27). Analyses not only show quantitative gaps between comprehension and production and between nouns and verbs, with a bilingual effect in...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 8, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Altman C, Goldstein T, Armon-Lotem S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The effects of bilingual status on lexical comprehension and production in Maltese five-year-old children: A LITMUS-CLT study.
This article investigates whether the bilingual status of 56 typically developing children aged 60-69 months influenced their lexical abilities. The participants were identified as Maltese-dominant (Me) (n = 21), English-dominant (Em) (n = 15) and balanced bilingual (ME) (n = 20) on the basis of language exposure and proficiency, as reported by their parents. Comprehension and production of nouns and verbs were measured using Cross-Linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT) in Maltese (CLT-MT) and British English (CLT-EN). Significant effects of bilingual group were identified for performance on lexical comprehension. For produ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 8, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Gatt D, Attard D, Łuniewska M, Haman E Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The development of writing skills in 4-year-old children with and without specific language impairment.
This study compared the emergent writing skills of 4-year-old children with SLI (n = 22) to their age- and gender-matched peers (n = 22). Results indicated that children with SLI demonstrate difficulty with a variety of writing tasks, including letter writing, name writing, word writing, and sentence writing when compared to their typically-developing peers. Children with SLI followed the same developmental sequence in acquiring writing skills as their typically-developing peers. PMID: 28481668 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 8, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Pavelko SL, Lieberman RJ, Schwartz J, Hahs-Vaughn D, Nye C Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Cross-linguistic adaptations of The Comprehensive Aphasia Test: Challenges and solutions.
ute;s L, Howard D Abstract Comparative research on aphasia and aphasia rehabilitation is challenged by the lack of comparable assessment tools across different languages. In English, a large array of tools is available, while in most other languages, the selection is more limited. Importantly, assessment tools are often simple translations and do not take into consideration specific linguistic and psycholinguistic parameters of the target languages. As a first step in meeting the needs for comparable assessment tools, the Comprehensive Aphasia Test is currently being adapted into a number of languages spoken in Eu...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 27, 2017 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Fyndanis V, Lind M, Varlokosta S, Kambanaros M, Soroli E, Ceder K, Grohmann KK, Rofes A, Simonsen HG, Bjekić J, Gavarró A, Kuvač Kraljević J, Martínez-Ferreiro S, Munarriz A, Pourquie M, Vuksanović J, Zakariás L, Howard D Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Validating the psycholinguistic aspects of LITMUS-CLT: Evidence from Polish and Norwegian.
This article investigates the validity of this methodology, asking whether the underlying properties are robust predictors of children's performance. The Polish and Norwegian CLTs were used to assess 32 bilingual Polish-Norwegian, 34 monolingual Norwegian and 36 monolingual Polish children. The effects of AoA and CI were contrasted with frequency in child directed speech (CDS) and imageability, two known predictors of lexical development. AoA was a reliable predictor of performance within all parts of CLT, in contrast to CI. Apart from AoA, only exposure and CDS frequency had a significant effect within both monolinguals a...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 25, 2017 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Hansen P, Simonsen HG, Łuniewska M, Haman E Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Assessing Lebanese bilingual children: The use of cross-linguistic lexical tasks in Lebanese Arabic.
Abstract Since norms for vocabulary acquisition in Lebanese bilingual children (L1: Lebanese, L2: French and/or English) do not yet exist, clinical assessment based on normative data and using appropriate tools remains difficult for speech and language therapists. The current study focuses on exploring and comparing lexical performances of typically developing Lebanese bilingual children (32 Bi-TD, aged 5;7 to 6;9) and those with specific language impairment (10 Bi-SLI, aged 5;9 to 7;10), using cross-linguistic lexical tasks (LITMUS-CLT, COST Action IS0804, 2011) in Lebanese Arabic language (CLT-LB), specific to t...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 25, 2017 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Khoury Aouad Saliby C, Dos Santos C, Kouba Hreich E, Messarra C Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The vocabulary profile of Slovak children with primary language impairment compared to typically developing Slovak children measured by LITMUS-CLT.
This study compared a sample of children with primary language impairment (PLI) and typically developing age-matched children using the crosslinguistic lexical tasks (CLT-SK). We also compared the PLI children with typically developing language-matched younger children who were matched on the basis of receptive vocabulary. Overall, statistical testing showed that the vocabulary of the PLI children was significantly different from the vocabulary of the age-matched children, but not statistically different from the younger children who were matched on the basis of their receptive vocabulary size. Qualitative analysis of the ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 25, 2017 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Kapalková S, Slančová D Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Noun and verb knowledge in monolingual preschool children across 17 languages: Data from cross-linguistic lexical tasks (LITMUS-CLT).
This article investigates the cross-linguistic comparability of the newly developed lexical assessment tool Cross-linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT). LITMUS-CLT is a part the Language Impairment Testing in Multilingual Settings (LITMUS) battery (Armon-Lotem, de Jong & Meir, 2015). Here we analyse results on receptive and expressive word knowledge tasks for nouns and verbs across 17 languages from eight different language families: Baltic (Lithuanian), Bantu (isiXhosa), Finnic (Finnish), Germanic (Afrikaans, British English, South African English, German, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish), Romance (Catalan, Italian)...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 25, 2017 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Haman E, Łuniewska M, Hansen P, Simonsen HG, Chiat S, Bjekić J, Blažienė A, Chyl K, Dabašinskienė I, Engel de Abreu P, Gagarina N, Gavarró A, Håkansson G, Harel E, Holm E, Kapalková S, Kunnari S, Levorato C, Lindgren J, Mieszkowska K, Montes Sala Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Phonological development of Danish-speaking children: A normative cross-sectional study.
Abstract Detailed knowledge about speech development in children acquiring different languages provides important information from a clinical and a theoretical perspective: First, it provides a baseline for the evaluation of whether a child shows typical, delayed or deviant speech development. Further, differences in speech development across languages can help to understand how the phonological systems of ambient languages affects children's speech acquisition. To date, little is known about Danish. It was suggested, however, that the acquisition process might be slower for Danish-speaking children due to the &qu...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 21, 2017 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Clausen MC, Fox-Boyer A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Overcoming discourse-linking difficulties in aphasia: The case of clitic pronouns.
nse R Abstract The present study aims to contribute to the ongoing discussion about the impact of discourse-linking deficits on the performance of individuals with aphasia by providing new data from a set of rarely investigated constructions: sentences in which a clitic pronoun coexists alongside with the full DP it agrees with. To do so, we use data of individuals with non-fluent aphasias who need to overcome the difficulties in direct object (accusative) clitic production. This results in overproduction of non-target clitic right dislocations (RDs) and clitic doubling (CD). Data from 15 individual's native speak...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 21, 2017 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Martínez-Ferreiro S, Reyes AF, Bastiaanse R Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Lexical stress contrast marking in fluent and non-fluent aphasia in Spanish: The relationship between acoustic cues and compensatory strategies.
This study sought to investigate stress production in Spanish by patients with Broca's (BA) and conduction aphasia (CA) as compared to controls. Our objectives were to assess whether: a) there were many abnormal acoustic correlates of stress as produced by patients, b) these abnormalities had a phonetic component and c) ability for articulatory compensation for stress marking was preserved. The results showed abnormal acoustic values in both BA and CA's productions, affecting not only duration but also F0 and intensity cues, and an interaction effect of stress pattern and duration on intensity cubes in BA, but not in CA or...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 14, 2017 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Baqué L Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Estimates of functional cerebral hemispheric differences in monolingual and bilingual people who stutter: Dual-task paradigm.
Abstract The inter-relationship of stuttering and bilingualism to functional cerebral hemispheric processing was examined on a dual-task paradigm. Eighty native German (L1) speakers, half of whom were sequential bilinguals (L2 = English), were recruited. The participants (mean age = 38.9 years) were organised into four different groups according to speech status and language ability: 20 bilinguals who stutter (BWS), 20 monolinguals who stutter (MWS), 20 bilinguals who do not stutter (BWNS), and 20 monolinguals who do not stutter (MWNS). All participants completed a dual-task paradigm involving simultaneous speakin...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 14, 2017 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Kornisch M, Robb MP, Jones RD Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research