Performance of children on the Turkish Nonword Repetition Test: Effect of word similarity, word length, and scoring.
This study aims to report the preliminary results of the development of the Turkish Nonword Repetition Test and to contribute to the clinical accuracy of the test by comparing the performance of children with specific language impairment with that of language-level matched and age-matched typically developing children on a nonword repetition (NWR) test developed for Turkish. To determine the effect of word similarity and word length, the Turkish Nonword Repetition Test is composed of language-like and language-unlike items. To determine the effect of scoring, the performances of children were scored as correct/incorrect fo...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 1, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: TopbaŞ S, Kaçar-Kütükçü D, Kopkalli-Yavuz H Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Discriminant validity with a direct observational assessment system: Research with previously identified groups.
Discussion of the implications of these findings is provided. PMID: 25000382 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 1, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Damico JS, Nettleton SK, Damico HL, Nelson RL Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

"Measuring up" to ethical standards in service delivery to college students on the Autism Spectrum: A practical application of Powell's model for ethical practices in clinical phonetics and linguistics.
"Measuring up" to ethical standards in service delivery to college students on the Autism Spectrum: A practical application of Powell's model for ethical practices in clinical phonetics and linguistics. Clin Linguist Phon. 2014 Jul;28(7-8):627-38 Authors: Weiss AL, Rohland P Abstract Abstract This paper examined an interdisciplinary college-based support programme, the Communication Coaching Program (CCP), designed for students diagnosed on the autism spectrum in light of six ethical constructs described by Powell. Collecting data to monitor the successes and ongoing needs of individual part...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 1, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Weiss AL, Rohland P Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Scores on Riley's Stuttering Severity Instrument Versions Three and Four for samples of different length and for different types of speech material.
Abstract Abstract Riley stated that the minimum speech sample length necessary to compute his stuttering severity estimates was 200 syllables. This was investigated. Procedures supplied for the assessment of readers and non-readers were examined to see whether they give equivalent scores. Recordings of spontaneous speech samples from 23 young children (aged between 2 years 8 months and 6 years 3 months) and 31 older children (aged between 10 years 0 months and 14 years 7 months) were made. Riley's severity estimates were scored on extracts of different lengths. The older children provided spontaneous and read samp...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 18, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Todd H, Mirawdeli A, Costelloe S, Cavenagh P, Davis S, Howell P Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Non-word repetition: The relationship between weak syllables and the omission of grammatical morphemes in children with specific language impairment.
Abstract Abstract Non-word (NW) repetition in children with specific language impairment (SLI) is a skill related to, but genetically separate from, grammatical ability. Prosodic structure of the syllables may bridge the gap between these two abilities. A NW repetition task was compared in a group of 15 preschool Italian children with SLI (ranged in age from 3;11 to 5;8) and 15 younger typically developing children (aged from 2;11 to 3;7) matched for mean length of utterance (TD-MLU). Grammatical ability was tested through a probe for direct-object clitic pronouns which is one of the most useful clinical markers i...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 9, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Dispaldro M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Inter-word variability of Hungarian affricates /ʦ, ʧ/ in the speech of monolingual children with and without language disorders.
This study focuses on the characteristics of inter-word variability (IWV) with respect to two Hungarian affricates (/ʦ, ʧ/) produced by children with typical language development (children with TD) aged 3;0-5;11, and those with primary expressive language disorders (children with LD) with the mean age of 6;7. IWV is described in terms of frequency of occurrence, the segments realised in place of the targets and the error patterns resulting in variable production. Findings revealed that variability is characteristic of the production of /ʧ/ in younger children with TD, and of both affricates in children with LD. Beside s...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 6, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Tar E Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Relationship between acoustic measures and judgments of intelligibility in Parkinson's disease: A within-speaker approach.
This study investigated the acoustic basis of within-speaker, across-utterance variation in sentence intelligibility for 12 speakers with dysarthria secondary to Parkinson's disease (PD). Acoustic measures were also obtained for 12 healthy controls for comparison to speakers with PD. Speakers read sentences using their typical speech style. Acoustic measures of speech rate, articulatory rate, fundamental frequency, sound pressure level and F2 interquartile range (F2 IQR) were obtained. A group of listeners judged sentence intelligibility using a computerized visual-analog scale. Relationships between judgments of intelligi...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 29, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Feenaughty L, Tjaden K, Sussman J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Context effects on verb production in specific language impairment (SLI): Confrontation naming versus connected speech.
Abstract Abstract A handful of studies have shown that verbs are more vulnerable than nouns to retrieval deficits on picture-based naming tasks for children with specific language impairment (SLI). The aim of this study was to examine if the disproportionate verb as opposed to noun production deficit reported for naming is also found in connected speech. Sixteen children participated in the study: eight children diagnosed with SLI (mean age: 6:3 years) and eight typically language developing (TLD, mean age: 5:9 years) controls. Verb and noun production was measured in connected speech and compared to picture confr...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 5, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Kambanaros M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

An electrophysiological investigation of discourse coherence in healthy adults.
This study used event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate discourse-coherence processing. Because there are scant data on ERP indices of discourse coherence in typical adults, it is important to study a non-clinical population before examining clinical populations. Twelve adults listened to a story with sentences in a coherent versus incoherent order. Sequences of nonsense syllables served as a control. ERPs in the 200-400 ms time window, reflecting phonological and lexical processing, and in the 600-900 ms time window, reflecting later discourse processing for integration, were investigated. Results rev...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 29, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Neumann Y, Epstein B, Yu YH, Benasich AA, Shafer V Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Developing with ring 14 syndrome: A survey in different countries.
This study aimed to assess the communicative skills of children and young adults with ring 14 syndrome and linear 14q deletions, investigating the relationships among their language development and their genetic, clinical, psychomotor and behavioural characteristics. Participants were 36 individuals with chromosome 14 aberrations whose parents completed a questionnaire, specifically developed in five languages, to assess their son's/daughter's development. Data analysis showed that chronological age does not account for the high individual variability found in the participants' skills. The comparison between participants w...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 29, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Zampini L, Zanchi P, D'odorico L Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Speaking rate effects on articulatory pattern consistency in talkers with mild ALS.
This study investigated speaking rate effects on articulatory pattern consistency in talkers with mild amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) to better understand speech rate declines during the early stages of speech deterioration. Eight talkers with mild ALS and 11 controls repeated a sentence at their typical rate, an accelerated rate, and a reduced rate. Lip and jaw movements were captured using a 3-D motion capture system. Results showed that talkers with ALS produced more consistent articulatory patterns during typical speech than did controls. Further, rate reduction resulted in diminished pattern consistency in both g...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 11, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Mefferd AS, Pattee GL, Green JR Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Effects of listeners' working memory and noise on speech intelligibility in dysarthria.
Abstract Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of listeners' working memory (WM), types of noise and signal to noise ratios (SNRs) on speech intelligibility in dysarthria. Speech intelligibility was judged by using a word transcription task. A three-way mixed design (2 × 3 × 2) was used with the WM group (high/low group) as a between-subject factor and the types of noise (multi-talker babble/environmental noise) and SNRs (0, +10 and +20 dB) as within-subject factors. The dependent measure was the percentage of correctly transcribed words. T...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 8, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Lee Y, Sung JE, Sim H Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Consonant production and intelligibility in cri du chat syndrome.
This article focuses on consonant productions by a group of children with cri du chat syndrome (CdCS) and examines how various aspects of these productions contribute to these children's overall intelligibility. Eight children and adolescents with CdCS participated in the study, and the following four questions were addressed: (1) What are the characteristic features of the consonant inventories of the subjects in terms of size and types of consonants; (2) how do the subjects render the consonant phonemes of the target language; (3) to what degree do the subjects produce target-like words; and (4) what is the relationship ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 1, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Kristoffersen KE, Garmann NG, Simonsen HG Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Identifying risk for specific language impairment with narrow and global measures of grammar.
In this study, we ask (1) whether measures of the developmental level of the tense/agreement morphemes used by children have diagnostic value, as has been found for tense/agreement consistency; and (2) whether global measures of accuracy can be applied to children four and five years of age. The spontaneous speech samples of 112 four- and five-year-olds with specific language impairment (SLI) or typical language were analyzed. Group differences were seen for the developmental level of the children's tense/agreement morpheme use, but diagnostic accuracy did not reach acceptable levels, in contrast to a measure of tense/agre...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 19, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Souto SM, Leonard LB, Deevy P Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Impact of syllable stress and phonetic context on the distribution of intermittent aphonia.
sh; J Abstract Abstract The occurrence of intermittent aphonia, perceived as sudden interruptions of voicing in connected speech, often reflects high stiffness of the vocal fold mucosa as part of a voice disorder. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the overarching hypothesis that the aphonic instances in voices with intermittent aphonia are not totally randomly appearing, but related to syllable stress and phonetic context. Recordings of 31 dysphonic patients with intermittent aphonia reading a standard text were analyzed perceptually. All vowels of the text were labelled and categorized with regard to ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 19, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Iwarsson J, Fredsø J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The use of negative inflections by Finnish-speaking children with and without specific language impairment.
AK Abstract Abstract Children with specific language impairment (SLI) have difficulty expressing subject-verb agreement. However, in many languages, tense is fused with agreement, making it difficult to attribute the problem to agreement in particular. In Finnish, negative markers are function words that agree with the subject in person and number but do not express tense, providing an opportunity to assess the status of agreement in a more straightforward way. Fifteen Finnish-speaking preschoolers with SLI, 15 age controls and 15 younger controls responded to items requiring negative markers in first person sing...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 3, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Kunnari S, Savinainen-Makkonen T, Leonard LB, Mäkinen L, Tolonen AK Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Linguistic markers of specific language impairment in bilingual children: The case of verb morphology.
This study investigates verbal morphology in Specific Language Impairment (SLI) in German, focusing on past participle inflection. Longitudinal data from 12 German-speaking children with SLI, six monolingual and six Turkish-German sequential bilingual children, were examined, plus an additional group of six typically developing Turkish-German sequential bilingual children. In a recent study (Rothweiler, M., Chilla, S., & H. Clahsen. (2012). Subject verb agreement in Specific Language Impairment: A study of monolingual and bilingual German-speaking children. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 15, 39-57), the same chi...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 3, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Clahsen H, Rothweiler M, Sterner F, Chilla S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The role of language familiarity in bilingual stuttering assessment.
Abstract Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of English-speaking speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to evaluate stuttering behaviour in two Spanish-English bilingual adults who stutter (AWS1 and AWS2). The English-speaking SLPs were asked to judge the frequency, severity, type, duration, and physical concomitants of stuttering in both languages of the two AWS. The combined results from the English-speaking SLPs were then compared to the judgements of three Spanish-English bilingual SLPs. Results indicated that English-speaking SLPs (1) judged stuttering frequency to be greater in Spanish th...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 3, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Lee AS, Robb MP, Ormond T, Blomgren M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

A multidimensional view of gradient change in velar acquisition in three-year-olds receiving phonological treatment.
Abstract Abstract The acquisition of phonemes does not occur in an "all or nothing" manner; instead, children gradually acquire dimensions of phonological knowledge. This gradual acquisition of phonemes is explored in the present study by comparing three types of measures taken from speech samples of three preschool-aged girls with a Speech Sound Disorder. The process of acquisition of velar stops was measured during 16 weeks of Cycles based speech treatment. Three types of measures were used to study the gradual acquisition of velar stops: acoustic analyses using voice onset time (VOT) for initial conso...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 3, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Macleod AA, Glaspey AM Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Profiling relative clause constructions in children with specific language impairment.
This study highlights the importance of error analysis in providing a comprehensive profile of an individual's grammatical ability with regard to relative clause (RC) constructions. The aim was to identify error patterns in the production of RCs by English-speaking, school-aged children with specific language impairment (SLI) and to relate them to their level of competence with these structures. Children with SLI (mean age = 6;10, n = 32) and two control groups - a typically developing group matched for age (mean age = 6;11, n = 32) and a younger typically developing ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 12, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Frizelle P, Fletcher P Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Transcription-based and acoustic analyses of rhotic vowels produced by children with and without speech sound disorders: Further analyses from the Memphis Vowel Project.
Abstract Abstract The acquisition of rhotic monophthongs (/ɝ/ and /ɚ/) and diphthongs (/ɪ͡ɚ, ɛ͡ɚ, ɔ͡ɚ and ɑ͡ɚ/) was examined in 3- and 4-year-old children with and without speech sound disorders (SSDs), using both transcription-based and acoustic analyses. African-American (AA) and European-American (EA) participants (n = 40) with and without SSD were selected from archival data collected as part of the Memphis Vowel Project. Dialect variation influenced rhotic vowels differently for EA and AA children, thus their data were reported separately. Transcription-based analyses showed wide v...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 12, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Chung H, Farr K, Pollock KE Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Failure to produce direct object clitic pronouns as a clinical marker of SLI in school-aged Italian speaking children.
Abstract Abstract We administrated a clitic elicitation task to 16 school-aged Italian speaking children with specific language impairment (SLI) in order to investigated whether the failure to produce third person direct object clitics (DO clitics) is a persistent clinical marker of SLI in Italian; we examined whether this failure also extends to reflexive clitics. Results show that Italian children with SLI aged 6 to 9;11 years fail to produce DO clitics and tend to produce a lexical noun introduced by a determiner (full DP) in the argument postverbal position instead of the pronoun; the production of reflexive c...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 6, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Arosio F, Branchini C, Barbieri L, Guasti MT Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The role of dialect density in nonword repetition performance: An examination with at-risk African American preschool children.
Abstract Abstract The Nonword Repetition Task (NRT) is considered to be a less-biased language measure for children from cultural minority groups. In the current study, we examined NRT performance of 50 at-risk, preschool-age children who spoke African American English (AAE). In addition to the NRT, measures included AAE dialect density and several standardised language tests. The primary aim was to determine significant contributors to NRT performance. We hypothesised that the language measures would significantly contribute to NRT performance while dialect density would be an insignificant contributor. Contrary ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 3, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Moyle MJ, Heilmann JJ, Finneran DA Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

A cross-etiology comparison of the socio-emotional behavioral profiles associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and specific language impairment.
This study examined the extent to which parent rating scales of socioemotional behavioral difficulties differentiate cases of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from cases of specific language impairment (SLI), and typical development (TD). Parents of 60 children (7-8 years) completed the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach & Rescorla, 2001) and the Conners Parent Rating Scale-Revised (Conners, 2004). Significant differences were observed between ratings provided for the children with ADHD and the children with SLI and TD across several scales which assessed behavioral and emotional difficulties. Mo...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 23, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Redmond SM, Ash AC Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Validation of the Intelligibility in Context Scale as a screening tool for preschoolers in Hong Kong.
Abstract Abstract The Intelligibility in Context Scale (ICS) is a parent report questionnaire for assessing children's speech intelligibility. The original version was developed in English and was based on Environmental Factors identified within the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY). The ICS has been translated into over 30 languages, including Traditional Chinese (ICS-TC). The aims of the current study were to examine the psychometric properties of the ICS-TC with Cantonese-speaking parent--child dyads and to identify speech measures that were m...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 23, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Ng KY, To CK, McLeod S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Phonological development of first language isiXhosa-speaking children aged 3;0-6;0 years: A descriptive cross-sectional study.
This article reports on the phonological development of 24 typically developing first language isiXhosa-speaking children aged 3;0-6;0 years, in Cape Town, South Africa. The order and age of acquisition of isiXhosa phonemes, emergence and elimination of phonological processes and percentage consonants and vowels correct are described. A set of culturally and linguistically appropriate pictures was used to elicit single word responses that were recorded and transcribed. The study found that children had acquired most isiXhosa phonemes by 3;0 years although aspirated plosives, affricates, fricatives and clicks were still dev...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 23, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Maphalala Z, Pascoe M, Smouse MR Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Linguistic and pragmatic aspects of narration in Finnish typically developing children and children with specific language impairment.
This study investigates narratives of Finnish children with specific language impairment (SLI) from linguistic and pragmatic perspectives, in order to get a comprehensive overview of these children's narrative abilities. Nineteen children with SLI (mean age 6;1 years) and 19 typically developing age-matched children participated in the study. Their picture-elicited narrations were analysed for linguistic productivity and complexity, grammatical and referential accuracy, event content, the use of mental state expressions and narrative comprehension. Children with SLI showed difficulties in every aspect of narration in compa...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 21, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Mäkinen L, Loukusa S, Laukkanen P, Leinonen E, Kunnari S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Consonant acquisition in the Malay language: A cross-sectional study of preschool aged malay children.
This study serves to fill this gap by providing a systematic description of Malay consonant acquisition in a large cohort of preschool-aged children between 4- and 6-years-old. In the study, 326 Malay-dominant speaking children were assessed using a picture naming task that elicited 53 single words containing all the primary consonants in Malay. Two main analyses were conducted to study their consonant acquisition: (1) age of customary and mastery production of consonants; and (2) consonant accuracy. Results revealed that Malay children acquired all the syllable-initial and syllable-final consonants before 4;06-years-old, ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 21, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Phoon HS, Abdullah AC, Lee LW, Murugaiah P Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Voice onset time and speakers' age: Data from Hungarian.
;na J Abstract Abstract The aim of this paper was to investigate the VOT of voiceless plosives (/p, t, k/) in the speech of Hungarian-speaking elderly. Read speech of 25 old (70 to 90 years) and 25 young (21 to 32 years) was analyzed. In each recording, the VOT of phonologically short [p, t, k] was measured. Our data show that VOT values of all three types of voiceless plosives would exhibit significant differences both in old and in young Hungarians' speech. Bilabial and alveolar plosives had significantly longer VOT in old subjects' speech than in that of young subjects, while old subjects produced significantly...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 21, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Bóna J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Conversational topics in transsexual persons.
This study investigated to what extent conversational topics might need attention in therapy for transsexual persons. A total of 111 males, 116 females, 28 male-to-female and 18 female-to-male transsexuals were asked to indicate on a list with 34 topics how often they speak about each topic (never, sometimes, often) in conversations with males, with females and in a gender mixed group. Results showed that transsexual persons behave in accordance with the desired gender. However, they also tend to adopt a position depending on the gender of their conversational partner. It can be concluded that in general it is not necessar...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 21, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Van Borsel J, Cayzeele M, Heirman E, T'sjoen G Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Changes in voice onset time and motor speech skills in children following motor speech therapy: Evidence from /pa/ productions.
This study evaluated changes in motor speech control and inter-gestural coordination for children with speech sound disorders (SSD) subsequent to Prompts for Restructuring Oral and Muscular Phonetic Targets (PROMPT) intervention. We measured the distribution patterns of voice onset time (VOT) for a voiceless stop (/p/) to examine the changes in inter-gestural coordination. Two standardized tests were used (Verbal Motor Production Assessment for Children (VMPAC), GFTA-2) to assess the changes in motor speech skills and articulation. Data showed positive changes in patterns of VOT with a lower pattern of variability. All chi...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 21, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Yu VY, Kadis DS, Oh A, Goshulak D, Namasivayam A, Pukonen M, Kroll R, De Nil LF, Pang EW Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Children's perception of their synthetically corrected speech production.
e D Abstract Abstract We explore children's perception of their own speech - in its online form, in its recorded form, and in synthetically modified forms. Children with phonological disorder (PD) and children with typical speech and language development (TD) performed tasks of evaluating accuracy of the different types of speech stimuli, either immediately after having produced the utterance or after a delay. In addition, they performed a task designed to assess their ability to detect synthetic modification. Both groups showed high performance in tasks involving evaluation of other children's speech, whereas in ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 9, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Strömbergsson S, Wengelin A, House D Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Idiom understanding in adulthood: Examining age-related differences.
In this study, we examined idiom understanding in healthy adults in their 20s, 40s, 60s and 80s (n = 30 per group) to determine if performance would show an age-related decline. Participants judged their own familiarity with a set of 20 idioms, explained the meaning of each, described a situation in which the idiom could be used, and selected the appropriate interpretation from a set of choices. There was no evidence of an age-related decline on any tasks. Rather, the 60s group reported greater familiarity and offered better explanations than did the 20s group. Moreover, greater familiarity with idioms was as...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 9, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Hung PF, Nippold MA Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Introduction.
PMID: 24266812 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - November 22, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Fletcher P, Weekes BS, Whitehill T Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The acquisition of the voicing contrast in word-initial bilabial and alveolar stops - Atypical data from Hungarian.
Abstract Abstract The present study aims to investigate, through acoustic analysis, the acquisition of voicing contrast in Hungarian word-initial bilabial and alveolar stops (p/b and t/d) produced by 15 children with primary language disorders between 5;6 and 7;7 years of age. Data collection was based on a picture-naming task involving at least four different pictures for each segment tested. The elicited data were audio-recorded and then evaluated in terms of the proportion of pre-voiced stops per target category, the duration of voice onset time (VOT), and the presence of other phonetic features. The results re...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - November 8, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Tar E Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Relationship between longest utterances and later MLU in late talkers.
Abstract Abstract The task of developing prognoses for late-talking children has long been a challenge for speech-language pathologists, developmental psychologists, and pediatricians. Improved predictors would help to assess long-term risk and determine appropriate intervention services. The present study evaluated children's length of longest utterances (LLU) as a predictor of mean length of utterance (MLU) one year later. Relationships between LLU at 30 months, MLU at 30 months and MLU at 42 months were examined in 43 late talkers (LT) and 33 age-matched children whose language was typically developing (TD). LL...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 25, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Smith AB, Jackins M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

In Memoriam.
PMID: 24134310 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 18, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Fletcher P, Weekes BS Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Rethinking assessment measures of phonological development and their application in bilingual acquisition.
This article discusses the measurements for phonological and prosodic development put forward in Ingram [Ingram, D. (2002). The measurement of whole-word productions. Journal of Child Language, 29, 713-733.], while at the same time expanding the crucial measures, phonological mean length of utterance (PMLU) and proportion of whole-word proximity (PWP). The goal of the expansion is to accommodate a wider set of phenomena, specifically those related to bilingual acquisition of languages with different categories (e.g. closed syllables in German and open syllables in Spanish). Data from three monolingual Spanish children and ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 16, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Arias J, Lleó C Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The effect of emphasis and position on word identification by adult cochlear implant listeners.
This study examined the effect of emphasis and word position on word identification by postlingually deafened adult cochlear implant (CI) listeners (n = 20). These participants performed an identification task where Swedish (quasi-) minimal pairs were drawn from sentences and presented in a carrier sentence framework. It was found that emphasised stimuli were not identified more accurately than unemphasised stimuli. A regression analysis revealed a significant main effect for words drawn from the initial position in a sentence, however there was no interaction between original word position and emphasis. Post...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 4, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Morris D, Magnusson L, Jönsson R Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Evaluation of speech errors in Putonghua speakers with cleft palate: A critical review of methodology issues.
Abstract Abstract Speech errors associated with cleft palate are well established for English and several other Indo-European languages. Few articles describing the speech of Putonghua (standard Mandarin Chinese) speakers with cleft palate have been published in English language journals. Although methodological guidelines have been published for the perceptual speech evaluation of individuals with cleft palate, there has been no critical review of methodological issues in studies of Putonghua speakers with cleft palate. A literature search was conducted to identify relevant studies published over the past 30 year...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 4, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Jiang C, Whitehill TL Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Phonological development and prosodic units: Evidence from metathesis errors.
Abstract Abstract There is general agreement in the literature that the ability to recognize that words are made up of "smaller phonological units" within the phonological hierarchy is a prerequisite for reading, however, there is still much debate as to which specific units are important. Many studies dealing with Japanese phonological development have been conducted, but most deal mainly with the mora unit, and few actually focus on other prosodic levels. In this paper, we will focus on the prosodic development of Japanese, with particular attention to the relationship of the different prosodic levels,...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 4, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Miyakoda H Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Speech articulation performance of francophone children in the early school years: Norming of the Test de Dépistage Francophone de Phonologie.
Speech articulation performance of francophone children in the early school years: Norming of the Test de Dépistage Francophone de Phonologie. Clin Linguist Phon. 2013 Oct 4; Authors: Rvachew S, Marquis A, Brosseau-Lapré F, Paul M, Royle P, Gonnerman LM Abstract Abstract Good quality normative data are essential for clinical practice in speech-language pathology but are largely lacking for French-speaking children. We investigated speech production accuracy by French-speaking children attending kindergarten (maternelle) and first grade (première année). The study aimed to provid...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 4, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Rvachew S, Marquis A, Brosseau-Lapré F, Paul M, Royle P, Gonnerman LM Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Responses to Wh-, Yes/No-, A-not-A, and choice questions in Taiwanese children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder.
Abstract Abstract The present study investigated the hypothesis that children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD) have a greater difficulty in responding to Wh- than Yes/No questions across languages. Conversations between Taiwanese children and their mothers were investigated and the children's response adequacy to maternal questions in a semi-structured setting were examined. Twelve Taiwanese children with HFASD, ranging in age from 7.1 to 14.9 years old, were compared with 12 typically developing (TD) children matched on age, sex, IQ and mean length of utterance in syllable (MLUs). Compared t...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 4, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Huang SF, Oi M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Spoken language production in adults: Examining age-related differences in syntactic complexity.
Abstract Abstract The use of complex syntax in the spoken discourse of young, middle-aged, and older adults was examined. The purpose of the study was to determine if syntactic complexity would show an age-related decline. Language samples were elicited from healthy adults in their 20 s, 40 s, and 60 s (n = 20 per group) using a conversational (CON) task and a peer conflict resolution (PCT) task. Each sample was transcribed, segmented into utterances, and coded for main clauses and all types of finite and non-finite subordinate clauses. The results indicated that all groups produ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 4, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Nippold MA, Cramond PM, Hayward-Mayhew C Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The interactional organization of aphasia naming testing.
Abstract Abstract In this article, Conversation Analysis (CA) is used to investigate the nature of aphasia naming tests in terms of their properties as a specialized form of social interaction. The basic test-item sequence which occurs in these tests is shown to be made up of a three-part sequential structure consisting of (1) a testing prompt, (2) a proffered answer by the testee, and (3) an acceptance or declining of that proffered answer by the tester. A declining prompts a further answer to be proffered, and this cycle continues until either an answer is accepted by the tester or until the participants treat t...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 27, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Wilkinson R Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

On the intersection of phonetic detail and the organisation of interaction: Clinical connections.
Abstract Abstract The analysis of language use in real-world contexts poses particular methodological challenges. We codify responses to these challenges as a series of methodological imperatives. To demonstrate the relevance of these imperatives to clinical investigation, we present analyses of single episodes of interaction where one participant has a speech and/or language impairment: atypical prosody, echolalia and dysarthria. We demonstrate there is considerable heuristic and analytic value in taking this approach to analysing the organisation of interaction involving individuals with a speech and/or language...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 25, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Walker G, Local J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The case for multimodal analysis of atypical interaction: Questions, answers and gaze in play involving a child with autism.
Abstract Abstract Conversation Analysis (CA) continues to accrue interest within clinical linguistics as a methodology that can enable elucidation of structural and sequential orderliness in interactions involving participants who produce ostensibly disordered communication behaviours. However, it can be challenging to apply CA to re-examine clinical phenomena that have initially been defined in terms of linguistics, as a logical starting point for analysis may be to focus primarily on the organisation of language ("talk") in such interactions. In this article, we argue that CA's methodological power can...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 25, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Muskett T, Body R Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Theory and practice in action: The contributions of Michael Perkins to clinical linguistics.
This article reviews the scholarly contributions of Michael R. Perkins in the discipline of clinical linguistics and provides some indication of the reasons that he has been so successful. Three primary attributes were described through an analysis of his publications. PMID: 24067166 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 25, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Damico JS, Lynch KE Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Lexical retrieval in discourse: An early indicator of Alzheimer's dementia.
We examined the progression of lexical-retrieval deficits in individuals with neuropathologically determined Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 23) and a comparison group without criteria for AD (n = 24) to determine whether linguistic changes were a significant marker of the disease. Our participants underwent multiple administrations of a neuropsychological battery, with initial administration occurring on average 16 years prior to death. The battery included the Boston Naming Test (BNT), a letter fluency task (FAS) and written description of the Cookie Theft Picture (CTP). Repeated measures analysi...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 28, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Pekkala S, Wiener D, Himali JJ, Beiser AS, Obler LK, Liu Y, McKee A, Auerbach S, Seshadri S, Wolf PA, Au R Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The development of co-speech gesture in the communication of children with autism spectrum disorders.
Abstract Abstract Co-speech gestures have a close semantic relationship to speech in adult conversation. In typically developing children co-speech gestures which give additional information to speech facilitate the emergence of multi-word speech. A difficulty with integrating audio-visual information is known to exist for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), which may affect development of the speech-gesture system. A longitudinal observational study was conducted with four children with ASD, aged 2;4 to 3;5 years. Participants were video-recorded for 20 min every 2 weeks during their attendanc...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 14, 2013 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Sowden H, Clegg J, Perkins M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research