Clustering of disfluencies in typical, fast and cluttered speech.
;na J Abstract Cluttering is a fluency disorder which can be characterised by excessive disfluencies. However, the low number of studies dealing with the analysis of disfluencies in cluttering show contradictory results. The aim of this article is to analyse disfluency clusters in cluttered, fast and typical speech. Frequency of all disfluency clusters and those complex disfluencies which contain more than two constituents were analysed. The number and types of the constituents of complex disfluencies and the reason of their occurrence were analysed in detail. Results show that complex disfluencies occurred the mo...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 27, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bóna J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Influence of gender and age on the Dysphonia Severity Index: A normative study in a Shanghainese population.
Abstract Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI) is an objective multi-parametric measurement of voice quality, which has been widely used in different countries. Studies indicate that DSI may be influenced by vocal pathology, age and geographical factors, whereas gender does not significantly affect DSI. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of gender and age on the DSI and related parameters in a Shanghainese population. The present study measured the DSI and the parameters maximum phonation time (MPT), highest fundamental frequency (HF0), lowest intensity (LI) and Jitter in 187 Shanghainese subjects, ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 23, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kim H, Gao S, Shi R, Zhang Y, Liu X, Yi B Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

An ultrasound investigation of the speech motor skills of stuttering Italian children.
This study aims at evaluating speech motor skills in the fluent speech of a cohort of stuttering Italian children. Stuttering is a neurodevelopmental disorder that may arise from an innate limitation of the speech motor control system, which fails to prepare and organize the movements required for fluent speech (Van Lieshout, Hulstijn, & Peters, 2004). Anticipatory coarticulation in CV sequences and stability of speech movements have been used as measures of the maturity of articulatory processes for fluent speech production. This study aims to assess if direct measures of speech dynamics can identify impaired mechanis...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 23, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lenoci G, Ricci I Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

South African English Speech Development: Preliminary Data from Typically Developing Preschool Children in Cape Town.
Abstract English is one of eleven official languages in South Africa, but there is limited information on children's acquisition of English and other languages in this context. This paper describes speech development in 308 children aged 3;0-5;11 acquiring South African English in Cape Town. The study focused on English speech acquisition, although children were grouped by language background into monolingual, isiXhosa bilingual, Afrikaans bilingual and trilingual groups. The primary objective was to describe phonetic and phonological acquisition (percentage consonants and vowels correct (PCC and PVC); phonetic in...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 21, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Pascoe M, Mahura O, Le Roux J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Morphophonology and compensation in specific language impairment: Evidence from Standard Modern Greek and Cypriot Greek.
Abstract The current study investigates the role of the morphophonological realisation of grammatical features as a compensatory mechanism for morphosyntactic deficits in specific language impairment (SLI). The phenomenon examined is past tense formation in Standard Modern Greek (SMG) and Cypriot Greek (CG) as it manifests a distinction in morphophonological salience realisation in the two linguistic via differential use of a stress shift and stressed syllabic augment [é] required for past tense rule formation. Participants were pre-schoolers with typical language development (TD) and children with SLI. Sub...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 13, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Mastropavlou M, Petinou K, Tsimpli IM, Georgiou AM Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Segmental and metrical complexity during non-word repetition in adults who stutter.
Abstract Non-word repetition is weaker for adults who stutter (AWS) compared to adults who do not stutter (AWNS) as phonological demands increase. However, non-word stimuli used in previous studies varied by length, but did not vary with regard to segmental or metrical complexity. The purpose of the present study was to examine the unique influence of these two distinct types of complexity on non-word repetition in AWS and AWNS via administration of the Test of Phonological Structure (TOPhS). Twenty-four adults (12 AWNS, 12 AWS) repeated 96 non-words within a soundproof booth immediately after auditory presentatio...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 7, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Coalson GA, Byrd CT, Treleaven SB, Dang L Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Adolescents' production of complex syntax in spoken and written expository and persuasive genres.
Abstract Analysing spoken and written language samples across different genres provides speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and educators with information about adolescents' production of complex syntax, an important socially and academically related language skill. However, researchers report that production of complex syntax is affected by genre and modality. Although the narrative and expository genres elicit a greater amount of complex syntax than conversational discourse, it is unknown whether differences in production of complex syntax exist between the persuasive and expository genres. The purpose of this s...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - August 7, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Brimo D, Hall-Mills S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Effectiveness of intervention with visual templates targeting tense and plural agreement in copula and auxiliary structures in school-aged children with complex needs: a pilot study.
Abstract This pilot study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based intervention using visual strategies for improving accurate use of auxiliary and copula marking in singular and plural, past and present tense by students with moderate learning disability and complex needs. Eleven students, aged 10-14 years, in a specialist school based in the UK, participated in the study. A within participants design was used which included testing at baseline, pre- and post-intervention to consider progress with intervention as compared with progress during a baseline period of similar length. The experime...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tobin LM, Ebbels SH Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Why is measuring communication difficult? A critical review of current speech pathology concepts and measures.
Abstract Human society is organised through communicative interactions between co-present people. Speech pathology (SP) assessment and intervention strategies aim to access these sites of communication in order to facilitate participation in life situations for people with communication disorders. Surprisingly, however, there is no explicit theory of communication underpinning SP practice and research. As a result, the conceptual and practical basis for rigorous, empirical measurement of communication remains limited, which is a significant challenge for professional practice and research. This critical review dis...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 23, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Barnes S, Bloch S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Interpretation of compound words by Greek-speaking children with autism spectrum disorder plus language impairment (ASD-LI).
Abstract The language abilities of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are highly variable. More insight is needed into the mechanisms that underlie co-morbid language impairments (LI) in children with ASD (henceforth, ASD-LI) across complex lexical and/or grammatical phenomena, particularly for languages beyond English. The present study tested the comprehension and production of two-constituent compound words at the single-word level for Greek (e.g., pondikopayiδa 'mouse trap'). The Compound Word Test, measured on a range of psycholinguistic variables, was used to assess the (compound) constituten...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kambanaros M, Christou N, Grohmann KK Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Multilingual English-Mandarin-Malay phonological error patterns: An initial cross-sectional study of 2 to 4 years old Malaysian Chinese children.
Abstract Child multilingual phonological errors are under-explored. Cross-linguistic studies suggest monolingual children make phonological errors that are subject to effects of language universality and ambient language characteristics. Bilingual Chinese children were observed to use not only typical, but also atypical phonological errors compared to monolingual peers acquiring similar languages. Atypical errors are a result of specific bilingual pair effects. Close-language-relatedness (Cantonese-Mandarin) is claimed to be responsible for the nonexistence of atypical errors in both languages, whilst distant-lang...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 11, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lim HW Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Introducing WCM-SE: The word complexity measure phonetically justified and adapted to Swedish.
Abstract This paper presents the Word Complexity Measure for Swedish (WCM-SE), an adaptation of the original WCM developed for English by Stoel-Gammon. These measures are used to calculate the phonological complexity of words or vocalizations, based on a number of phonological complexity parameters. Each production receives a complexity score based on how many of the parameters are present in the production. Using phonological complexity scores to measure expressive phonology is suitable for assessing very young children, children with early phonology and children with phonological deficits. It is useful for ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 9, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Marklund U, Marklund E, Schwarz IC, Lacerda F Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Normative nasalance scores for Estonian children.
In conclusion, Estonia-specific optimized speech stimuli were developed and normative nasalance scores were established. These normative scores can be used for the diagnosis and follow-up treatment of patients with resonance disorders, especially for patients with cleft palate. PMID: 29985668 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 9, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lehes L, Horn R, Lippus P, Padrik M, Kasenõmm P, Jagomägi T Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The role of language proficiency and linguistic distance in cross-linguistic treatment effects in aphasia.
In this study, we enrolled a 65-year-old multilingual speaker with aphasia and administered treatment in his L1, Dutch. We assessed pre- and post-treatment performance for seven of his languages, five of high proficiency and two of lower proficiency. We asked whether treatment in L1 would generalise to his other languages or increase interference among them. Forty hours of treatment were completed over the course of five weeks. Each language was tested three times at pretreatment and at post-treatment. Testing included measures of narrative production, answering questions, picture description and question generation. Depen...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 5, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Conner PS, Goral M, Anema I, Borodkin K, Haendler Y, Knoph M, Mustelier C, Paluska E, Melnikova Y, Moeyaert M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Articulation or phonology? Evidence from longitudinal error data.
Abstract Children's speech difficulties can be motor (phone misarticulation) or linguistic (impaired knowledge of phonological contrasts and constraints). These two difficulties sometimes co-occur. This paper reports longitudinal data from the Early Language in Victoria Study (ELVS) at 4 and 7 years of age. Of 1494 participants, 93 made non-age appropriate speech errors on standardised assessments at 4 years, and were able to be reassessed at 7 years. At 4 years, 85% of these children only made phonological errors, 14% made both articulation and phonological errors and one child only made artic...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - July 3, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Dodd B, Reilly S, Ttofari Eecen K, Morgan AT Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Are there prototypical associations between time frames and aspectual values? Evidence from Greek aphasia and healthy ageing.
Abstract Time reference, which has been found to be selectively impaired in agrammatic aphasia, is often interwoven with grammatical aspect. A recent study on Russian aphasia found that time reference and aspect interact: Past reference was less impaired when tested within a perfective aspect context (compared to when tested within an imperfective aspect context), and reference to the non-past was less impaired when tested within an imperfective aspect context (compared to when tested within a perfective aspect context). To explain this pattern, the authors argued that there are prototypical associations between t...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 25, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Fyndanis V, Themistocleous C Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

A software program to assist coding of prelinguistic vocalizations in real time.
Abstract Numerous studies have confirmed that prelinguistic utterances are precursors to speech, and there is ample evidence that, for example, frequency of canonical syllables and syllable inventory size correlate with speech and language measures at older ages. Traditionally, prelinguistic utterances have been assessed by phonetic transcription which is difficult and time-consuming in infants. Recently, a more time-efficient methodology to assess prelinguistic utterances in real time, called naturalistic listening, was developed (Ramsdell et al., 2012). In a large international NIDCR-funded randomized controlled...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 18, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Willadsen E, Persson C, Appelbe D Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Rhythmic speech and stuttering reduction in a syllable-timed language.
Abstract Speaking rhythmically, also known as syllable-timed speech (STS), has been known for centuries to be a fluency-inducing condition for people who stutter. Cantonese is a tonal syllable-timed language and it has been shown that, of all languages, Cantonese is the most rhythmic (Mok, 2009). However, it is not known if STS reduces stuttering in Cantonese as it does in English. This is the first study to investigate the effects of STS on stuttering in a syllable-timed language. Nineteen native Cantonese-speaking adults who stutter were engaged in conversational tasks in Cantonese under two conditions: one in t...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 6, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Law T, Packman A, Onslow M, To CK, Tong MC, Lee KY Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

A Hispanic mother's beliefs about stuttering aetiology: A systemic functional linguistic analysis.
Abstract The aim of this study was to identify the linguistic resources a Hispanic mother used to convey her beliefs about the aetiology of her adult son's stuttering. A qualitative research paradigm was adopted for data collection and analysis. An Ecuadorian mother and her adult son who stutters recorded a conversation in Spanish about the son's stuttering. Tools derived from systemic functional linguistic (SFL) theory were used to analyse conversation transcripts and to describe the word choices and sentence structures the mother used to talk about her son's stuttering. The mother deflected community-assigned bl...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - June 1, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Medina AM Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Modelling category goodness judgments in children with residual sound errors.
This study investigates category goodness judgments of /r/ in adults and children with and without residual speech errors (RSEs) using natural speech stimuli. Thirty adults, 38 children with RSE (ages 7-16) and 35 age-matched typically developing (TD) children provided category goodness judgments on whole words, recorded from 27 child speakers, with /r/ in various phonetic environments. The salient acoustic property of /r/ - the lowered third formant (F3) - was normalized in two ways. A logistic mixed-effect model quantified the relationships between listeners' responses and the third formant frequency, vowel context and c...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 24, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Dugan SH, Silbert N, McAllister T, Preston JL, Sotto C, Boyce SE Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Patterns in German / ʃC/-cluster acquisition.
This study reports on the developmental patterns of /ʃC/ clusters in 145 normally developing monolingual German-speaking children between 2;00 and 2;11. All children completed a picture naming task to allow a systematic qualitative analysis of the production patterns. Children's reductions of target /ʃC/clusters are examined and are evaluated with respect to two models, 'factorial typology' and 'headedness', to account for them. The results reveal expected patterns of C2 retention for '/ʃ/+[-continuant]' (e.g. '/ʃ/+stop' and '/ʃ/+nasal') targets, and a rather indeterminate pattern for /ʃl/ and /ʃʁ/. The results for...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 21, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Yavaș M, Fox-Boyer A, Schaefer B Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Developmental dyslexia and specific language impairment: distinct syntactic profiles?
Abstract Recent work exploring syntax in developmental dyslexia (DD) has identified morphosyntactic deficits, striking parallelisms between children with DD and specific language impairment (SLI). The question remains open if the underlying causes for such deficits are related to difficulties in phonology, which is affected in DD, or to working memory, as has been previously reported for SLI. We focus on the production of third person accusative clitic pronouns (ACC3) and of homophonous definite determiners in French-speaking children with DD and SLI as well as typically developing (TD) controls. If syntactic comp...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 18, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Delage H, Durrleman S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Prosodic and segmental aspects of nonword repetition in 4- to 6-year-old children who are deaf and hard of hearing compared to controls with normal hearing.
lsson C Abstract Children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) are at an increased risk of speech and language deficits. Nonword repetition (NWR) is a potential predictor of problems with phonology, grammar and lexicon in DHH children. The aim of the present study was to examine repetition of prosodic features and segments in nonwords by DHH children compared to children with normal hearing (NH) and to relate NWR performance to measures of language ability and background variables. In this cross-sectional study, 14 Swedish-speaking children with mild-profound sensorineural hearing loss, aged 4-6 years, and 29 age...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - May 3, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sundström S, Löfkvist U, Lyxell B, Samuelsson C Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The boundaries of auditory perception for within-word syllable segregation in untrained and trained adult listeners.
Abstract Syllable segregation is among the core diagnostic features of both childhood apraxia of speech and acquired apraxia of speech; however, little is known about the limen of perception of syllable segregation. The purpose of this research was therefore to explore adult listeners' auditory perception of within-word syllable segregation in trained and untrained adult listeners. Two experimental design studies, each with two phases, were conducted. Study one included 40 untrained listeners (aged 18-28 years), and study two included 5 trained listeners (10-25 years of experience). Recorded audio sample...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Brown T, Murray E, McCabe P Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The development of a vocabulary for PEEPS-SE-profiles of early expressive phonological skills for Swedish.
Abstract This paper describes the development of a vocabulary for Profiles of Early Expressive Phonological Skills for Swedish (PEEPS-SE), a tool for assessment of expressive phonology in Swedish-learning children in the age range of 18-36 months. PEEPS-SE is the Swedish version of the original PEEPS, Profiles of Early Expressive Phonological Skills, which uses two age-adequate word lists-a basic word list (BWL) for the assessment of 18-24-month-old children, to which an expanded word list (EWL) is added for assessment of 24-36-month-old children, or children with more than 250 words in their expressive vocab...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - April 10, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Marklund U, Lacerda F, Persson A, Lohmander A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The feasibility of assessing speech and non-speech function of the speech apparatus in adults with cerebral palsy.
r W Abstract This short note reports on observations concerning the feasibility of a set of speech and non-speech assessment tasks in an investigation of dysarthria in 21 adults (15 males/6 females; median 23 years) with cerebral palsy and concomitant cognitive impairment. The participants were assessed with nine tasks representing standard components of clinical dysarthria assessment (i.e. six speech and three non-speech tasks). The tasks were evaluated for their feasibility on the basis of common clinical criteria. Our results indicated that, overall, speech tasks were more feasible than non-speech tasks. S...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Schölderle T, Staiger A, Ziegler W Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The Lidcombe Program and child language development: Long-term assessment.
This study was driven by the need to understand the mechanisms underlying Lidcombe Program treatment efficacy. The aim of the present study was to extend existing data exploring whether stuttering reductions observed when children successfully treated with the Lidcombe Program are associated with restricted language development. Audio recordings of 10-min parent-child conversations at home were transcribed verbatim for 11 pre-school-age children with various stuttering severities. Language samples from three assessments-pre-treatment, 9 and 18 months after beginning treatment-were analysed using SALT software for lexical d...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 15, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Imeson J, Lowe R, Onslow M, Munro N, Heard R, O'Brian S, Arnott S Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Time reference in nonfluent and fluent aphasia: a cross-linguistic test of the PAst DIscourse LInking Hypothesis.
This study also investigates if the PADILIH's scope can be extended to fluent aphasia. Greek- and Italian-speaking individuals with aphasia participated in the study. The Greek group consisted of both individuals with nonfluent agrammatic aphasia and individuals with fluent aphasia, who also presented signs of agrammatism. The Italian group consisted of individuals with agrammatic nonfluent aphasia only. The two Greek subgroups performed similarly. Neither language group of participants with aphasia exhibited a pattern of performance consistent with the predictions of the PADILIH. However, a double dissociation observed wi...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 7, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Fyndanis V, Arcara G, Capasso R, Christidou P, De Pellegrin S, Gandolfi M, Messinis L, Panagea E, Papathanasopoulos P, Smania N, Semenza C, Miceli G Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Sentence production in Parkinson's disease.
This study examined sentence production of individuals with PD, healthy older adults, and individuals with agrammatic Broca's aphasia. In Experiment 1, using a Cinderella story-telling task, proportion of grammatical sentences, number of embedded clauses and production of verb arguments in sentences were examined. In Experiment 2, a structured sentence elicitation task was used in which syntactic complexity of sentences (canonical vs. non-canonical word order) was systematically manipulated while minimizing demands for non-syntactic processing. Only the participants with agrammatic Broca's aphasia showed significantly impa...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - March 1, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Dick J, Fredrick J, Man G, Huber JE, Lee J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Context processing during irony comprehension in right-frontal brain-damaged individuals.
Abstract The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the degree of incongruity between contextual information and a target sentence influences the extent to which irony is understood in individuals with right-frontal-hemisphere damage (RHD). A psycholinguistic paradigm was used, allowing us to assess whether impairment in irony understanding is likely to be due to insensitivity (i.e. difficulty in capturing or detecting relevant contextual information) to relevant contextual information or to difficulties in integrating contextual information. Twenty individuals with RHD and 20 healthy control (HC) par...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 2, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Champagne-Lavau M, Cordonier N, Bellmann A, Fossard M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Dichotic listening and sentence repetition performance in children with reading difficulties.
eke A Abstract Numerous investigations have identified weaknesses in speech processing and language skills in children with dyslexia; however, little is known about these abilities in children with reading difficulties (RD). The primary objective of this investigation was to determine the utility of auditory speech processing tasks in differentiating children with RD from those with typical reading skills. It was hypothesized that children, who perform below grade level in reading, would also show poorer performance on both dichotic listening and sentence repetition tasks because of the reciprocal influences of de...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - February 2, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Gósy M, Huntley Bahr R, Gyarmathy D, Beke A Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Disrupted behaviour in grammatical morphology in French speakers with autism spectrum disorders.
Abstract Mixed and inconsistent findings have been reported across languages concerning grammatical morphology in speakers with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Some researchers argue for a selective sparing of grammar whereas others claim to have identified grammatical deficits. The present study aimed to investigate this issue in 26 participants with ASD speaking European French who were matched on age, gender and SES to 26 participants with typical development (TD). The groups were compared regarding their productivity and accuracy of syntactic and agreement categories using the French MOR part-of-speech tagger...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - January 18, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Le Normand MT, Blanc R, Caldani S, Bonnet-Brilhault F Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Changes in movement transitions across a practice period in childhood apraxia of speech.
This study examined changes in speech motor control across a movement transition between sounds within a motor learning task in children with apraxia of speech (CAS) and typical development (TD). It was investigated whether oral articulator movement was refined with practice and whether practice gains generalized to words not included in the practice session. A total of 16 children (ages 5-6) with CAS (n = 8) and TD (n = 8) participated in this study. Novel and real word tokens were produced at three time points. Kinematic data was collected using facial motion tracking at each time point. Children comp...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - December 27, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Grigos MI, Case J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

The effect of different speaker accents on sentence comprehension in children with speech sound disorder.
Abstract There is substantial evidence that a speaker's accent, specifically an unfamiliar accent, can affect the listener's comprehension. In general, this effect holds true for both adults and children as well as those with typical and impaired language. Previous studies have investigated the effect of different accents on individuals with language disorders, but children with speech sound disorders (SSDs) have received little attention. The current study aims to learn more about the ability of children with SSD to process different speaker accents. Fifteen children with SSD aged between 4;01 and 5;11 years...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - December 26, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Harte J, Frizelle P, Gibbon F Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Comprehension of wh-questions in Turkish-German bilinguals with aphasia: A dual-case study.
Abstract The aim of our study was to examine the extent to which linguistic approaches to sentence comprehension deficits in aphasia can account for differential impairment patterns in the comprehension of wh-questions in bilingual persons with aphasia (PWA). We investigated the comprehension of subject and object wh-questions in both Turkish, a wh-in-situ language, and German, a wh-fronting language, in two bilingual PWA using a sentence-to-picture matching task. Both PWA showed differential impairment patterns in their two languages. SK, an early bilingual PWA, had particular difficulty comprehending subject whi...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - December 22, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Arslan S, Felser C Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Acoustic and kinematic analyses of Mandarin vowels in speakers with hearing impairment.
Abstract The central aim of this experiment was to compare acoustic parameters, formant frequencies and vowel space area (VSA), in adolescents with hearing-impaired (HI) and their normal-hearing (NH) peers; for kinematic parameters, the movements of vocal organs, especially the lips, jaw and tongue, during vowel production were analysed. The participants were 12 adolescents with different degrees of hearing impairment. The control group consisted of 12 age-matched NH adolescents. All participants were native Chinese speakers who were asked to produce the Mandarin vowels /a/, /i/ and /u/, with subsequent acoustic a...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - December 21, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Xue P, Zhang X, Bai J, Wang Z Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Speech recovery and language plasticity can be facilitated by Sensori-Motor Fusion training in chronic non-fluent aphasia. A case report study.
iu M Abstract The rehabilitation of speech disorders benefits from providing visual information which may improve speech motor plans in patients. We tested the proof of concept of a rehabilitation method (Sensori-Motor Fusion, SMF; Ultraspeech player) in one post-stroke patient presenting chronic non-fluent aphasia. SMF allows visualisation by the patient of target tongue and lips movements using high-speed ultrasound and video imaging. This can improve the patient's awareness of his/her own lingual and labial movements, which can, in turn, improve the representation of articulatory movements and increase the abil...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - November 17, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Haldin C, Acher A, Kauffmann L, Hueber T, Cousin E, Badin P, Perrier P, Fabre D, Perennou D, Detante O, Jaillard A, Lœvenbruck H, Baciu M Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Correction to: Lind, Simonsen, Bj ønness Ribu, Svendsen, Svennevig, and de Bot, Lexical access in a bilingual speaker with dementia: Changes over time.
Correction to: Lind, Simonsen, Bjønness Ribu, Svendsen, Svennevig, and de Bot, Lexical access in a bilingual speaker with dementia: Changes over time. Clin Linguist Phon. 2017 Nov 14;:1 Authors: PMID: 29135314 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics)
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - November 14, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Voicing contrast of stop consonant production in the speech of individuals with Parkinson disease ON and OFF dopaminergic medication.
Abstract The aims of this study were to: 1) compare voicing contrast in speakers with Parkinson disease (PD) and healthy controls by comparing the separation of voice onset time (VOT) distributions of voiced and voiceless stop consonants and 2) to determine whether the administration of dopaminergic medication affected VOT separation in speakers with PD. Data from a previous study by Fisher and Goberman (2010) were used to compare the VOT measures obtained from a group of speakers with PD with both ON and OFF medication, and a group of healthy controls. Supplementing the previous findings, the current analysis rev...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 24, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Whitfield JA, Reif A, Goberman AM Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Lexical access in a bilingual speaker with dementia: Changes over time.
Abstract In this article, we explore the naming skills of a bilingual English-Norwegian speaker diagnosed with Primary Progressive Aphasia, in each of his languages across three different speech contexts: confrontation naming, semi-spontaneous narrative (picture description), and conversation, and at two points in time: 12 and 30 months post diagnosis, respectively. The results are discussed in light of two main theories of lexical retrieval in healthy, elderly speakers: the Transmission Deficit Hypothesis and the Inhibitory Deficit Theory. Our data show that, consistent with the participant's premorbid use o...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 18, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lind M, Simonsen HG, Ribu ISB, Svendsen BA, Svennevig J, de Bot K Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Disfluent whole-word repetitions in cluttering: Durational patterns and functions.
;na J Abstract In this article, disfluent word-repetitions are analysed in cluttered and control speech. The main questions are the following: (1) Do different functions of word-repetitions occur in different ratio in cluttered and control speech? (2) Are there any differences between PWC and control speakers in durational parameters of disfluent word-repetitions? Results show that there are differences between the two groups of speakers in the types of word-repetitions, and in their durational parameters. In cluttered speech, the most frequent type of repetitions were covert self-repairs while in control speech c...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 16, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bóna J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Early communicative skills of children with Klinefelter syndrome.
Abstract Many studies reported the presence of language impairments in children and adolescents with Klinefelter syndrome (KS). However, the first stage of their language development has been scarcely studied. The present study aimed to describe the spontaneous communicative production of 18-month-old children with KS, in comparison with that of typically developing (TD) male peers, aiming to verify the existence of different early communicative skills in both vocal and gestural modality and to identify the presence of possible associations with their later vocabulary size. Children with KS showed a lower competen...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 16, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Zampini L, Burla T, Silibello G, Dall'Ara F, Rigamonti C, Lalatta F, Vizziello P Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Word-initial rhotic clusters in typically developing children: European Portuguese.
Abstract Rhotic clusters are complex structures segmentally and prosodically and are frequently one of the last structures acquired by Portuguese-speaking children. This paper describes cross-sectional data for word-initial (WI) rhotic tap clusters in typically developing 3-4- and 5-year-olds in Portugal. Additional information is provided on WI /l/ as a singleton and in clusters. A native speaker audio-recorded and transcribed single words in a story-telling task. Results for WI rhotic clusters show an age effect consistent with previous research on European Portuguese. Singleton /l/ was in advance of /l/-cluster...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 2, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ramalho AM, Freitas MJ Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Word-initial rhotics in Slovenian 4-year-olds with typical versus protracted phonological development.
n;ak Brce J Abstract This paper describes word-initial (WI) rhotic cluster development in Slovenian 4-year-olds. Data for /l/ and WI singleton /r/ serve as comparisons. Participants were 19 children with typical development (TD) and 13 with more protracted phonological development (PPD). A single-word list included 15 WI /r/-clusters, 9 /l/-clusters and 3 singleton /r/s and /l/s each. Results showed significantly higher match (accuracy) levels for rhotics in the TD group. Among rhotic clusters, TD children showed highest match levels for labial clusters, and the PPD group, for /dr/. Match levels did not differ sig...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - October 2, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ozbič M, Kogovšek D, Stemberger JP, Bernhardt BM, Muznik M, Novšak Brce J Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Tap and trill clusters in typical and protracted phonological development: Challenging segments in complex phonological environments. Introduction to the special issue.
Abstract The papers in this crosslinguistic issue address children's acquisition of word-initial rhotic clusters in languages with taps/trills, that is, the acquisition of challenging segments in complex environments. Several papers also include comparisons with singleton rhotics and/or /l/ as a singleton or in clusters. The studies are part of a larger investigation that uses similar methodologies across languages in order to enhance crosslinguistic comparability (Bernhardt and Stemberger, 2012, 2015). Participants for the current studies were monolingual preschoolers with typical or protracted phonological devel...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 28, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Stemberger JP, Bernhardt BM Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Word-initial rhotic clusters in Spanish-speaking preschoolers in Chile and Granada, Spain.
, Vergara P Abstract The current paper describes Spanish acquisition of rhotic onset clusters. Data are also provided on related singleton taps/trills and /l/ as a singleton and in clusters. Participants included 9 typically developing (TD) toddlers and 30 TD preschoolers in Chile, and 30 TD preschoolers and 29 with protracted phonological development (PPD) in Granada, Spain. Results showed age and developmental group effects. Preservation of cluster timing units preceded segmental accuracy, especially in stressed syllables. Tap clusters versus singleton trills were variable in order of mastery, some children mast...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 28, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Perez D, Vivar P, Bernhardt BM, Mendoza E, Ávila C, Carballo G, Fresneda D, Muñoz J, Vergara P Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Tap and trill clusters in typical and protracted phonological development: Conclusion.
Conclusion. Clin Linguist Phon. 2017 Sep 28;:1-13 Authors: Bernhardt BM, Stemberger JP Abstract The current issue examined acquisition of challenging segments in complex contexts: Taps/trills in word-initial clusters, plus related targets (/l/-clusters and singleton rhotics and /l/). Data were from preschool children with typical versus protracted phonological development (PPD) in Iceland, Sweden (Germanic), Portugal, Spain/Chile (Romance), Bulgaria, Slovenia (Slavic), and Hungary (Finno-Ugric). Results showed developmental group and age effects. Clusters generally had lower accuracy than singletons, ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 28, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bernhardt BM, Stemberger JP Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Word-initial /r/-clusters in Swedish speaking children with typical versus protracted phonological development.
m I Abstract The present study investigated word-initial (WI) /r/-clusters in Central Swedish-speaking children with and without protracted phonological development (PPD). Data for WI singleton /r/ and singleton and cluster /l/ served as comparisons. Participants were twelve 4-year-olds with PPD and twelve age- and gender-matched typically developing (TD) controls. Native speakers audio-recorded and transcribed 109 target single words using a Swedish phonology test with 12 WI C+/r/-clusters and three WI CC+/r/-clusters. The results showed significantly higher match scores for the TD children, a lower match proport...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 28, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lundeborg Hammarström I Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Word-initial /r/-clusters in Icelandic-speaking children with protracted versus typical phonological development.
cute;ttir T Abstract Rhotics are generally acquired late across languages (Jiménez, 1987; Tar, 2006; Blumenthal and Lundeborg, 2014). Prior research suggests some possible differences in acquisition across languages, however (Másdóttir and Stokes, 2016). The current study set out to examine acquisition of /r/ in Icelandic, focusing primarily on match (accuracy) and mismatch data for word-initial (WI) /r/-clusters, but also comparing /r/-clusters with WI singleton /r/ and /l/ plus /l/-clusters. Single-word data were collected for 27 Icelandic-speaking preschoolers with protracted phonological d...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 28, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Másdóttir T Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

Word-initial trill clusters in children with typical versus protracted phonological development: Bulgarian.
Abstract The current paper describes acquisition of word-initial (WI) trilled /r/ in clusters and as a singleton in 60 Bulgarian 3-5-year-olds with typically developing (TD) versus protracted phonological development (PPD). A native speaker audio-recorded and transcribed single-word responses to a picture-naming task (110 words) that included eight words with WI rhotic clusters and two with WI singleton /r/. Accuracy was significantly higher in the TD groups and for the PPD groups, by age. Mismatch patterns varied: the PPD cohort had the most varied patterns although the younger children with PPD showed more /r/ d...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - September 28, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ignatova D, Bernhardt BM, Marinova-Todd S, Stemberger JP Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research