When is Post-Operative Bleeding Most Likely to Occur after a Tonsillectomy?
Discussion Tonsillectomy is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures in the US with pressure equalizing tubes and circumcisions also being among the top procedures. About 500,000 are performed yearly in the US in children under 15 years. Primary indications are recurrent throat infections (e.g. “
Source: PediatricEducation.org - July 19, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
What Are the Different Types of Language Disorders?
Title: What Are the Different Types of Language Disorders?Category: Diseases and ConditionsCreated: 6/17/2021 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 6/17/2021 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General)
Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General - June 17, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news
Occurrence of speech-language disorders in the acute phase following pediatric acquired brain injury: results from the Ghent University Hospital - Alighieri C, De Maere K, Poncelet G, Willekens L, Linden CV, Oostra K, Van Lierde K, D'haeseleer E.
This study investigated the occurrence of speech-language disorders during the acute phase of recovery in children with acquired brain injury (ABI) with an age between 0 and 16 years.METHODS: A retrospective chart analysis was performed incl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
What Are Some Etiologies for Intellectual Disability?
Discussion “Intellectual disability (ID) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is characterized by deficits in both intellectual functioning and adaptive function whose onset is in the development period.” Global developmental delay (GDD) is used to describe children from 0-5 years old with significant delays in 2 or more developmental areas. These delays may be transient but up to 2/3 of children with GDD will have ID. Overall 1-3% of the general population has ID which makes it very common. Most children with GDD/ID are identified because of delays in meeting milestones or general academic achievement. ID pat...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - May 3, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
New research shows how fast our brains are at 'recording' new words
(Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech)) How much time does a brain need to learn a new word? A team of Skoltech researchers and their colleagues monitored changes in brain activity associated with learning new words and found that cortical representations of the sound and meaning of these words may form in just 1 to 2 hours after exposure without any night's sleep consolidation, as earlier research suggested. This research has implications for diagnosing speech disorders and improving the efficiency of learning. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
The New Neuroscience of Stuttering The New Neuroscience of Stuttering
After centuries of misunderstanding, research has finally tied the speech disorder to certain genes and brain alterations ― and new treatments may be on the horizon.Knowable Magazine (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - September 5, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news
What to Know About Stuttering
The speech disorder can play havoc with sociability, relationships, even identity, but there are ways to handle it. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - August 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Benedict Carey Tags: Stuttering Anxiety and Stress Presidential Election of 2020 Voice and Speech Brain Therapy and Rehabilitation Democratic National Convention your-feed-health your-feed-science Brayden Harrington Source Type: news
Annie Glenn, Champion of Those With Speech Disorders, Dies at 100
Being an astronaut ’s wife thrust her into the spotlight, but a stutter left her struggling for words until she found help. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - May 19, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Neil Genzlinger Tags: Stuttering Deaths (Obituaries) Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Glenn, John Herschel Jr Glenn, Annie Source Type: news
Annie Glenn, Famed Astronaut ’s Widow, Dies of Coronavirus Complications at Age 100
(COLUMBUS, Ohio) — Annie Glenn, wife of the late astronaut and U.S. Sen. John Glenn who overcame a childhood stutter to become an advocate for others with speech disorders, died Tuesday of complications from COVID-19. She was 100. Glenn died at a nursing home near St. Paul, Minnesota, where she’d moved in recent years to be near her daughter, said Hank Wilson, a spokesman for the Glenn College of Public Affairs at The Ohio State University. NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine also announced Glenn’s death, the latest among centenarians succumbing rapidly to the new coronavirus. John Glenn died in 2016 follo...
Source: TIME: Science - May 19, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Julie Carr Smyth / AP Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 News Desk remembrance wire Source Type: news
New genes linked to severe childhood speech disorder
(Murdoch Childrens Research Institute) An international study has discovered nine new genes linked to the most severe type of childhood speech disorder, apraxia. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - April 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Language disorders as indicators of the diagnosis and progression of Huntington's disease
(Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Barcelona) A study led by Wolfram Hinzen, ICREA research professor with the Department of Translation and Language Sciences, published in Journal of Communication Disorders, shows that the first symptoms of the disease are revealed through linguistic changes in spontaneous speech. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Medical News Today: What to know about dysarthria
Dysarthria is a type of speech disorder that occurs due to muscle weakness. Learn about the causes of dysarthria and the available treatment options here. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - December 20, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology / Neuroscience Source Type: news
Psycholinguistic and socioemotional characteristics of young offenders: do language abilities and gender matter? - Winstanley M, Webb RT, Conti ‐Ramsden G.
This study provides a comprehensiv... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
What Does Non-Verbal Mean?
Discussion Children can be non-verbal for many reasons with most just not wanting to talk in a given situation for a short period of time (e.g. angry with a person, scared to give a speech at school, etc.). Children may have the ability to communicate verbally but for some reason it is physically impaired for a period of time. Selective mutism (SM) “… is characterized by an individual’s consistent failure to speak in social situations in which there is an expectation to speak (e.g., at school), despite speaking in other situations.” The lack of speech cannot be due to discomfort speaking in a give...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - November 4, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Consumer Health: Understanding stuttering
StutteringInternational Stuttering Awareness Day will be observed on Tuesday, Oct. 22, which makes this a good time to learn more about this speech disorder. Stuttering, also called stammering or childhood-onset fluency disorder, involves frequent and significant problems with normal fluency and flow of speech. People who stutter know what they want to say, but have [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - October 17, 2019 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news
Medical News Today: What are speech disorders?
Speech disorders affect a person's ability to produce sounds that create words, and they can make verbal communication more difficult. Types of speech disorder include stuttering, apraxia, and dysarthria. Learn more about speech disorders here. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - March 21, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology / Neuroscience Source Type: news
In singing mice, scientists find clue to our own rapid conversations
(University of Texas at Austin) Studying the songs of mice from the cloud forests of Costa Rica, researchers have identified a brain circuit that might enable the high-speed back and forth of human conversation. This insight could help researchers better understand the causes of speech disorders and point the way to new treatments. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
A modified multimodal communication treatment for individuals with traumatic brain injury - Diehl SK, Wallace SE.
People living with the effects of traumatic brain injury (TBI) might use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) due to cognitive-communication disabilities and/or co-occurring motor speech disorders. However, the most effective method for teachin... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Psycholinguists build eye-tracking database on reading in Russian
(National Research University Higher School of Economics) Researchers from the Higher School of Economics, St. Petersburg State University, and the University of Potsdam have created the first ever database comprised of eye-tracking data collected during reading in Russian. The results are openly available and can be used not only in linguistics, but also in the diagnosis and correction of speech disorders, for example. The research was published in the journal Behavior Research Methods. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Depressive symptoms and emotion regulation strategies in children with and without developmental language disorder: a longitudinal study - van den Bedem NP, Dockrell JE, van Alphen PM, de Rooij M, Samson AC, Harjunen EL, Rieffe C.
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are common in children with developmental language disorder (DLD). However, risk and protective factors contributing to these problems are currently underspecified. AIMS: The current longitudinal study examined the role of e... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
What Causes School Failure?
Discussion “Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write. The modern term’s meaning has been expanded to include the ability to use language, numbers, images, computers, and other basic means to understand, communicate, gain useful knowledge, solve mathematical problems and use the dominant symbol systems of a culture.” The earliest written communication was in 3500-3000 BCE, with the earliest alphabet being from 1200-750 BCE. Although the percentage of the world’s adult literacy rate is increasing each decade by ~5%, “…from 55.7 per cent in 1950 to 86.2 per cent in...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - July 30, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Victimization, bullying, and emotional competence: longitudinal associations in (pre)adolescents with and without developmental language disorder - van den Bedem NP, Dockrell JE, van Alphen PM, Kalicharan SV, Rieffe C.
PURPOSE: Victimization is a common problem for many children but is exacerbated for children with a developmental language disorder (DLD). However, the severity of communication problems does not explain their victimization rates. In children without DLD, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Research aims to help children with communication disorders gain a voice through apps
(University of Central Florida) Researchers at the University of Central Florida and the University of New Mexico have been awarded a $2.7 million National Institutes of Health grant to study how language therapy, combined with technology, can help children with severe speech disorders communicate. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Research hones interventions for kids with developmental language disorder
(University of Kansas) A KU researcher has earned $1.5 million from the NIH to continue research on developmental language disorder, an under-studied disorder as common as dyslexia or ADHD. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Many Parents Miss Speech Disorders in Young Kids
Title: Many Parents Miss Speech Disorders in Young KidsCategory: Health NewsCreated: 5/9/2018 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 5/10/2018 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General)
Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General - May 10, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news
Many Parents Miss Speech Disorders in Young Kids
The poll of more than 1,100 audiologists and speech-language pathologists across the United States found that 69 percent said parents of young children are not aware of the early warning signs of speech/language disorders. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - May 9, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Many Parents Miss Speech Disorders in Young Kids
WEDNESDAY, May 9, 2018 -- Many parents don't recognize the signs of speech and language problems in children, or don't know that early treatment is important, a new survey finds. " Communication disorders are among the most common childhood... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - May 9, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
Genes in songbirds hold clues about human speech disorders, UCLA biologists report
Insights into how songbirds learn to sing provide promising clues about human speech disorders and may lead to new ways of treating them, according to new researchpublished in the journal eLife.There are about 9,000 species of birds, about half of which are songbirds. When these birds sing, the activity of a master gene called FoxP2 declines in a key region of the brain involved in vocal control known as Area X. The decrease in FoxP2 produces changes in the activity of thousands of other genes.Reed Hutchinson/UCLAStephanie WhiteFoxP2 also plays an important role in speech in humans. Stephanie White, a UCLA professor of int...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - March 27, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Genes in songbirds hold clues about human speech disorders, UCLA biologists report
(University of California - Los Angeles) New insights about how songbirds learn to sing provide promising clues about human speech disorders and may lead to new ways of treating them. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
This Woman Woke Up With a British Accent. Here ’s What to Know About Foreign Accent Syndrome
This article originally appeared on Health.com (Source: TIME: Health)
Source: TIME: Health - February 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme / Health.com Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Mental Health/Psychology onetime Source Type: news
Stuttering: Stop signals in the brain disturb speech flow
(Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences) 'G-g-g-g-g-ood morning' is a daily obstacle for people who stutter. However, so far, not much is known about the causes of persistent developmental stuttering, which is the most frequent speech disorder. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, have recently discovered that a hyperactive network in the right frontal part of the brain plays a crucial role in this deficit. It inhibits speech movement planning and execution, thereby interrupting the flow of speech. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - December 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Developmental Language Disorder: The most common childhood condition you've never heard of
Professor Courtenay Norbury debunks some myths about children with this common but poorly understood conditionDevelopmental Language Disorder (DLD) is diagnosed when children fail to acquire their own language for no obvious reason. This results in children who have difficulty understanding what people say to them, and struggle to articulate their ideas and feelings. Recentresearch has shown that, on average, 2 children in every class of 30 will experience DLD severe enough to hinder academic progress.In aprevious post for Head Quarters about DLD, some of the reader comments reflected commonly held misconceptions about chi...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 22, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Guardian Staff Tags: Psychology Science Education Parents and parenting Source Type: news
What Can Parents Do To Promote Literacy?
Discussion Positive parenting has been shown to improve the overall health and well-being of children. Positive parenting includes: Respecting the individuality of the child and the adult in the relationship – accept the child for their strengths and weaknesses, encourage children to take risks, encourage their confidence in themselves Respecting that the individuals are part of a family and community – help children understand that they cannot have everything their way, that other people and the world they live in must be considered too. Even in a resource poor environment, data shows that positive parenting ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - August 7, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Language disorder and retrospectively reported sexual abuse of girls: severity and disclosure - Brownlie EB, Graham E, Bao L, Koyama E, Beitchman JH.
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging evidence for an association between communication disorders and maltreatment, little research has examined sexual abuse characteristics or disclosure experiences among individuals with language disorder (LD). Given that communi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 15, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Penn State study shows aphasia may not solely be a language disorder
(Penn State) Aphasia, a language disorder commonly diagnosed in stroke patients, may not be solely a language issue as traditionally believed, according to a Penn State study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 29, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news
Language disorders in victims of domestic violence in children's homes - Cobos-Cali M, Ladera V, Perea MV, Garc ía R.
Studies that deal with child maltreatment have become relevant during these past years. One important aspect to consider is the impact of maltreatment on the cognitive functioning and more precisely on language. Our objective is to analyze the different co... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 20, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Factors associated with speech-language disorders in motorcycle accident victims - Silva MG, Silva VL, Vilela MR, Gomes AO, Falc ão IV, Cabral AK, Lima ML.
PURPOSE: To investigate factors associated with speech-language disorders in victims of motorcycle accidents. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. Victims of motorcycle accidents studied were treated at Hospital da Restaura METHODS: ção betw... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 26, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Making Sense of Sensory Processing Disorder
Our bodies are wired for sensory input. Touch, (which includes temperature, texture and pressure), taste, sound, sight and smell are the ways in which we explore the world, from the moment we enter it. When all systems are functioning, we experience a feedback loop. For example, if you were shivering from the cold and wanted to feel warmth, you might put on a cozy sweater or wrap a fleece blanket around your shoulders. Your body would likely respond by relaxing, followed by an emotional relief and perhaps even a sigh. The next time you felt chilly, you would remember what it took to remedy that sensation and follow th...
Source: Psych Central - November 22, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Edie Weinstein, MSW, LSW Tags: Attention Deficit Disorder Autism / Asperger's Caregivers Children and Teens Genetics Parenting Asperger Syndrome Pervasive Developmental Disorder Sensory integration dysfunction Sensory Processing Disorder Source Type: news
Equip teachers to support children with language disorders in the classroom
It is estimated that two children in every class of 30 suffers from language disorders but their difficulties are often mistaken for bad behaviour.Language is a fantastically important human achievement. It is one of the main tools we have to form social bonds and to share our ideas, emotions and experiences. It is also the foundation of learning, problem solving and literacy development and an important predictor of academic success.Typically, language is easily learned through our everyday interactions with the world - people talk to us and we learn to talk back. There is little direct instruction or conscious thought ab...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - November 1, 2016 Category: Science Authors: Courtenay Norbury and Emma Broddle Tags: Science Psychology Education Source Type: news
Antidepressants During Pregnancy Associated with Childhood Language Disorders
Research reveals mothers who purchased antidepressants during pregnancy had increased risk of language disorders among their offspring compared to mothers with depression not treated with antidepressants (Source: Disabled World)
Source: Disabled World - October 12, 2016 Category: Disability Tags: Pregnancy Source Type: news
Automated screening for childhood communication disorders
For children with speech and language disorders, early-childhood intervention can make a great difference in their later academic and social success. But many such children -- one study estimates 60 percent -- go undiagnosed until kindergarten or even later. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - September 23, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news
Genetics Home Reference: FOXP2-related speech and language disorder
https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/foxp2-related-speech-and-language-disorder (Source: NLM General Announcements)
Source: NLM General Announcements - September 13, 2016 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news
Sign language may be helpful for children with rare speech disorder
Using sign language with intensive speech therapy may be an effective treatment for children with a rare speech disorder called apraxia of speech, according researchers. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - September 1, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news
Speech therapy for children with dysarthia acquired before three years of age
Children with motor impairments often have the motor speech disorder dysarthria, a condition which effects the tone, strength and co-ordination of any or all of the muscles used for speech. Resulting speech difficulties can range from mild, with slightly slurred articulation and breathy voice, to profound, with an inability to produce any recognisable words. Children with dysarthria are often prescribed communication aids to supplement their natural forms of communication. However, there is variation in practice regarding the provision of therapy focusing on voice and speech production. Descriptive studies have suggested t...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - September 1, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Texas mom wakes up from surgery with a British accent
Rare speech disorder leaves a Houston-area mother of three sounding like she belongs on "Downton Abbey" (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - June 22, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Stuttering mouse experiment sheds light on common human speech disorder
Genetic mutation given to squeaky rodents found halting patterns in early life squeaks, investigating causes of the human stammerThe closest thing to a stuttering mouse has been created by scientists who gave rodents a genetic mutation that causes the speech disorder in humans.Mouse pups recorded in the first week of life squeaked with more pauses and displayed more repetitive, halting patterns in the noises they produced when they carried the mutation. Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - April 15, 2016 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Science editor Tags: Animal behaviour Language Science Biology Source Type: news
Mice with genetic defect for human stuttering offer new insight into speech disorder
Mice that vocalize in a repetitive, halting pattern similar to human stuttering may provide insight into a condition that has perplexed scientists for centuries, according to a new study. These mice, which carry a mutation in a gene associated with stuttering in humans, may help scientists understand the biological basis of the disorder, and potentially lead to treatments. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - April 14, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news
Making the case for active learning
By Dawn Hackman, M.S., AHIP, Research & Education Librarian University of North Dakota Library of the Health Sciences, Grand Forks, ND On January 8, 2016 the University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences (SMHS) hosted a workshop called “The Librarian and Active Learning Models,” which is available via the Medical Library Association’s Educational Clearinghouse. I worked with the SMHS’s Associate Dean for Teaching & Learning to identify a workshop on active learning that would be relevant to both librarians and faculty. We noticed that this workshop focused on three a...
Source: The Cornflower - March 14, 2016 Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: admin Tags: Funding General News from the Region Training Source Type: news
Apraxia Speech Disorder Can Progress to Neurodegenerative Disease
It may start with a simple word you can not pronounce, your tongue and lips stumble, and gibberish comes out (Source: Disabled World)
Source: Disabled World - February 15, 2016 Category: Disability Tags: Neurological Disorders Source Type: news
Speech disorder called apraxia can progress to neurodegenerative disease
It may start with a simple word you can't pronounce. Your tongue and lips stumble, and gibberish comes out. Misspeaking might draw a chuckle from family and friends. But, then, it keeps happening. Progressively, more and more speech is lost. Some patients eventually become mute from primary progressive apraxia of speech, a disorder related to degenerative neurologic disease. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - February 15, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news