How drugs could repair damage from multiple sclerosis
Drugs that help repair the nerve cell lining that ’s damaged in multiple sclerosis were found to target certain enzymes. The finding could help researchers develop new treatments for multiple sclerosis. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Impaired brain drainage in aging and Alzheimer ’s
Researchers gained insights into how the waste clearing vessels in the brain change as mice age. The results suggests a possible way to combat the cognitive decline seen in aging and age-related diseases. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Dairy fatty acids not linked to death in older adults
A study of older adults found that long-term exposure to dairy fats wasn ’t associated with overall risk of death or death from cardiovascular disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Editing T cell genomes without viruses
Researchers developed a way to genetically modify T cells using a jolt of electricity instead of a virus. This method may help expand the medical potential of gene editing. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 31, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

How night shifts disrupt metabolism
The rhythms of certain metabolic pathways can become shifted by even a few days of being awake at night and asleep during the day. Further research is needed to explore how this finding may play a role in health risks observed in people who work at night. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 31, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Early family experience affects later romantic relationships
Children who grow up in a positive family climate are better equipped to have a healthy romantic relationship as a young adult. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Eliminating senescent cells extends healthy life in mice
Drugs that lowered the number of non-functional (senescent) cells in the body helped mice live longer and maintain their physical abilities. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Protective liquid enables oral insulin delivery in rats
Researchers developed a way to package insulin into pills that lowered blood sugar safely in rats. The approach could lead to an oral insulin option for people with diabetes. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Technique may improve detection of breast tumors
A small study found that a fast, safe, and more comfortable alternative to mammography provided enough detail for early breast tumor detection. Larger studies are being planned. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Intensive weight loss helps knee arthritis
Intensive weight loss from diet and exercise was better than moderate weight loss for relieving symptoms of knee arthritis among obese or overweight older adults. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Treatment for depression in young children
Researchers found that a therapy-based approach focused on emotional development may be an effective option for treating early childhood depression. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Medications reduce risk of death after opioid overdose
Drugs for opioid-use disorder reduced the risk of death by about half for people who ’d previously had an opioid overdose. But less than a third of participants received these drugs. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 9, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Targeting inflammation molecules reduces heart and liver disease in mice
In mouse studies, researchers found mechanisms connecting molecules thought to promote inflammation and the increased risk of diseases caused by a high-cholesterol diet. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 26, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Immune-suppressing drugs linked to lower risk of Parkinson ’s disease
An analysis of prescription data showed that older adults who take certain drugs that suppress the immune system were less likely to develop Parkinson ’s disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 26, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Breast cancer patient benefits from modified immunotherapy
Researchers designed a novel approach to immunotherapy that led to the complete regression of breast cancer in one patient for whom all other treatments failed. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Test vaccine active against many HIV strains
An experimental HIV vaccine prompted animal immune systems to form antibodies that neutralize dozens of HIV strains. A study of the test vaccine in people is being planned. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 12, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Many with mild traumatic brain injury don ’t receive follow-up care
A study suggests that people with long-term symptoms from concussions may not be receiving treatments that could improve their physical and mental health. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 12, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Test predicts whether chemotherapy will help early-stage breast cancer patients
Among women with the most common type of breast cancer, those with certain genetic risk scores didn ’t benefit from receiving chemotherapy in addition to hormone therapy. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 11, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gut microbes affect antitumor activity in liver
A connection between bacteria in the gut and antitumor immune responses in the liver enhances our understanding of liver cancer and suggests new approaches to treat it. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 5, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Adaptive deep brain stimulation for Parkinson ’s disease
Researchers designed a self-tuning deep-brain stimulation device and tested it in two patients with Parkinson ’s disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 5, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Healthy diets linked to lower risk of hearing loss in women
A long-term study found that women with certain healthy dietary patterns had a lower risk of moderate to severe hearing loss. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 4, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Squirrel hibernation tricks suggest medical uses
Understanding the ways that animals survive hibernation during cold weather could help researchers design better methods for storing human tissues for transplants. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 22, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

How opioid drugs activate receptors
Researchers found that opioid drugs and the brain ’s natural opioids activate nerve cell receptors differently. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 22, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

MRI glove enables imaging of moving joints
A flexible glove enables MRI scans of a moving hand. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 21, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Butterfly wing inspires design of glaucoma sensor
Inspired by a clear butterfly wing, researchers designed a tiny implantable sensor to measure eye pressure. With further development, it could be tested in people. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Spinal cord stimulation improves hand grip after cervical spinal injury
A noninvasive treatment helped six people with cervical spinal cord injuries improve their hand strength and dexterity. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Mediterranean diet may slow development of Alzheimer ’s disease
Researchers found that eating a Mediterranean diet slows some changes in the brain that may indicate early Alzheimer ’s disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Biomarker predicts benefit from immunotherapy
Researchers found a biomarker that, if confirmed, could be used to identify which people with chronic lymphocytic leukemia would benefit from CAR T-cell therapy. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Bacteria therapy tested for common skin disease
In a small study, an experimental treatment using bacteria normally found on healthy skin reduced the severity of a common skin disease called atopic dermatitis. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Healthy habits can lengthen life
Researchers found that people who maintained five healthy lifestyle factors lived more than a decade longer than those who didn ’t maintain any of the five. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 7, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Dietary fiber protects obese mice from arthritis
A study in obese mice found that boosting the growth of certain gut bacteria with a fiber known as oligofructose reduced osteoarthritis. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 1, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Experimental male contraceptive blocks sperm movement
Researchers developed a compound that temporarily interferes with sperm motility in rhesus macaques. The study might point the way toward a reversible male contraceptive. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 1, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gene therapy reduces need for transfusions in severe blood disorder
Gene therapy reduced or eliminated the need for blood transfusions in patients with a severe blood disorder called beta-thalassemia. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Epstein-Barr virus and autoimmune diseases
Researchers found a mechanism that may explain why the Epstein-Barr virus is associated with certain autoimmune illnesses such as lupus. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Sleep deprivation increases Alzheimer ’s protein
In a small study, losing just one night of sleep led to an increase in beta-amyloid, a protein in the brain associated with Alzheimer ’s disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Study reveals subtypes of lymphoma
Researchers identified genetic subtypes of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, the most common type of lymphoma, and showed that these subtypes can be used to predict treatment response. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Disrupting normal hormone cycle spurs fat cells
In mice, interfering with the natural cycle of a certain hormone spurs development of fat cells. The finding may help explain how stress and conditions that affect hormone levels can cause obesity. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Study suggests way to improve flu vaccines
Current flu vaccines mainly target the virus surface protein hemagglutinin. A study suggests that vaccines designed to target neuraminidase might be more effective. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Lingering feelings over daily stresses may impact long-term health
Researchers found that people who continued to have negative feelings about a stressful event the day after were more likely to have health issues ten years later. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Artificial intelligence enhances MRI scans
Researchers used machine learning to improve images from MRI scanners. The technique may enable better quality medical images for people who need MRI, PET, CT, and other scans. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Procedure makes heart valve replacement safer for high-risk patients
Scientists developed a novel technique that prevents a rare but often fatal complication that can arise during a heart valve procedure called transcatheter aortic valve replacement. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Genomic analysis of 33 cancer types completed
Using molecular and clinical information from more than 10,000 tumors, researchers finished a detailed genomic analysis of 33 types of cancer. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 9, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Immune cell regeneration in mouse retina
Findings from a study in mice showed how immune cells in the retina can regenerate after being nearly eliminated. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gut microbe drives autoimmunity
A study found that a certain gut microbe can trigger autoimmune disease in mice that are prone to such disease and identified the same microbe in people with autoimmune diseases. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Improving control of bionic prosthetic hands
A small study showed that sensory illusions can provide feedback to help improve control of a prosthetic hand ’s detailed movements. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 26, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Scientists define molecule ’s role in itch and pain pathways
Researchers defined the neural pathways for itch sensation and identified a signaling molecule called somatostatin that enhances itch and blunts pain in mice. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Minoxidil may improve blood vessel structure
Minoxidil, when given orally to mice, changes blood vessel structure to reduce stiffness and increase blood flow to the brain. The drug may have potential for people with certain health problems. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Brain network for social understanding develops in early childhood
A new study reveals that a network of brain areas involved in interpreting other people ’s states of mind has started developing by age three. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 19, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Thirst circuitry mapped in the brain
Researchers mapped the wiring of the thirst center in the mouse brain, providing a glimpse into the rules that govern how brain circuits regulate fluid intake. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Smiles affect response to stress
In a study of men who were stressed by having to give short speeches, seeing different types of smiles affected the men ’s stress responses differently. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news