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Biomarker predicts benefit from immunotherapy
Researchers found a biomarker that, if confirmed, could be used to identify which people with chronic lymphocytic leukemia would benefit from CAR T-cell therapy. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Bacteria therapy tested for common skin disease
In a small study, an experimental treatment using bacteria normally found on healthy skin reduced the severity of a common skin disease called atopic dermatitis. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Healthy habits can lengthen life
Researchers found that people who maintained five healthy lifestyle factors lived more than a decade longer than those who didn ’t maintain any of the five. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 7, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Dietary fiber protects obese mice from arthritis
A study in obese mice found that boosting the growth of certain gut bacteria with a fiber known as oligofructose reduced osteoarthritis. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 1, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Experimental male contraceptive blocks sperm movement
Researchers developed a compound that temporarily interferes with sperm motility in rhesus macaques. The study might point the way toward a reversible male contraceptive. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 1, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gene therapy reduces need for transfusions in severe blood disorder
Gene therapy reduced or eliminated the need for blood transfusions in patients with a severe blood disorder called beta-thalassemia. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Epstein-Barr virus and autoimmune diseases
Researchers found a mechanism that may explain why the Epstein-Barr virus is associated with certain autoimmune illnesses such as lupus. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Sleep deprivation increases Alzheimer ’s protein
In a small study, losing just one night of sleep led to an increase in beta-amyloid, a protein in the brain associated with Alzheimer ’s disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Study reveals subtypes of lymphoma
Researchers identified genetic subtypes of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, the most common type of lymphoma, and showed that these subtypes can be used to predict treatment response. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Disrupting normal hormone cycle spurs fat cells
In mice, interfering with the natural cycle of a certain hormone spurs development of fat cells. The finding may help explain how stress and conditions that affect hormone levels can cause obesity. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Study suggests way to improve flu vaccines
Current flu vaccines mainly target the virus surface protein hemagglutinin. A study suggests that vaccines designed to target neuraminidase might be more effective. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Lingering feelings over daily stresses may impact long-term health
Researchers found that people who continued to have negative feelings about a stressful event the day after were more likely to have health issues ten years later. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Artificial intelligence enhances MRI scans
Researchers used machine learning to improve images from MRI scanners. The technique may enable better quality medical images for people who need MRI, PET, CT, and other scans. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Procedure makes heart valve replacement safer for high-risk patients
Scientists developed a novel technique that prevents a rare but often fatal complication that can arise during a heart valve procedure called transcatheter aortic valve replacement. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Genomic analysis of 33 cancer types completed
Using molecular and clinical information from more than 10,000 tumors, researchers finished a detailed genomic analysis of 33 types of cancer. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 9, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Immune cell regeneration in mouse retina
Findings from a study in mice showed how immune cells in the retina can regenerate after being nearly eliminated. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gut microbe drives autoimmunity
A study found that a certain gut microbe can trigger autoimmune disease in mice that are prone to such disease and identified the same microbe in people with autoimmune diseases. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Improving control of bionic prosthetic hands
A small study showed that sensory illusions can provide feedback to help improve control of a prosthetic hand ’s detailed movements. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 26, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Scientists define molecule ’s role in itch and pain pathways
Researchers defined the neural pathways for itch sensation and identified a signaling molecule called somatostatin that enhances itch and blunts pain in mice. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Minoxidil may improve blood vessel structure
Minoxidil, when given orally to mice, changes blood vessel structure to reduce stiffness and increase blood flow to the brain. The drug may have potential for people with certain health problems. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Brain network for social understanding develops in early childhood
A new study reveals that a network of brain areas involved in interpreting other people ’s states of mind has started developing by age three. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 19, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Thirst circuitry mapped in the brain
Researchers mapped the wiring of the thirst center in the mouse brain, providing a glimpse into the rules that govern how brain circuits regulate fluid intake. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Smiles affect response to stress
In a study of men who were stressed by having to give short speeches, seeing different types of smiles affected the men ’s stress responses differently. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Controlling childhood asthma
New study findings raise doubt about the common practice of increasing inhaled steroid dose in young children when asthma symptoms begin to worsen. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 12, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New stem cell identified for lung tissue regeneration
Researchers identified a type of stem cell that produces new air sac cells in lung tissue. The findings suggest new potential targets for stimulating lung regeneration. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Intermittent dietary restriction may boost physical endurance
Mice fed a standard diet but deprived of food every other day developed more efficient energy metabolism and improved running endurance. The findings pave the way for studies in people. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Bystanders save lives using defibrillator for cardiac arrest
A study found that people are more likely to survive a cardiac arrest if a bystander uses a defibrillator while waiting for emergency medical services to arrive. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 5, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Molecule halts herpes of the eye
A small molecule prevents herpes simplex-1 virus from making viral proteins. The finding suggests a new class of molecule that may be useful for developing antiviral treatments. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Mental disorders may share molecular origins
Patterns of gene expression in the brains of people with five major mental disorders suggest some overlapping mechanisms. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Biological factors and weight loss methods
Researchers found that certain biological differences didn ’t predict whether someone would lose more weight from a low-fat or low-carbohydrate diet. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 26, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Compound repairs features of Alzheimer ’s disease in mice
Researchers found that a compound called an NAD+ precursor helped mice with features of Alzheimer ’s disease perform better on learning and memory tests. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Injection prompts mouse immune system to destroy tumors
Scientists found agents that, when injected into a tumor, direct the mouse immune system to destroy tumors of the same type throughout their bodies. The approach might be applied to many forms of cancer. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders prevalent in U.S. communities
A study of the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in U.S. communities highlights the need for strategies to address this problem. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 12, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

High-salt diet affects the brains of mice
A high-salt diet caused changes in the guts of mice that led to reduced blood flow in the brain and impaired cognition. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Early childhood program linked to higher education levels
Adults who participated in an extensive early childhood education program for children from low-income families attained higher educational levels than those who ’d received other interventions. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Physical clot removal can help more people after stroke
A brain imaging study identified people who can benefit from a clot-removing procedure for up to 16 hours after a stroke occurs, significantly expanding the treatment window. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 5, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Altered lung structure may increase COPD risk
A study found a link between variations in the structure of the lung ’s airways and the risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder, or COPD. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - January 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Stem cell transplant helps people with severe scleroderma
A study of people with severe scleroderma found that a new approach using stem cell transplants provides a better outcome than an immune-suppressing drug. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - January 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Monitoring bacteria in the body with ultrasound
Researchers engineered genes that allowed them to detect bacteria in the bodies of mice. The technique could allow tracking of bacteria used in treatments for gut infections and cancer. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - January 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Does infant formula affect development of type 1 diabetes?
Results from a new study suggest no change in current guidelines for formula feeding in infants who are at risk for type 1 diabetes. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - January 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Technique treats hereditary deafness in mice
Researchers developed a genome editing strategy to treat hearing loss in a mouse model of hereditary deafness. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - January 9, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Air pollution linked to risk of premature death
A comprehensive analysis found that even short-term exposures to air pollution may have an impact on the health of older adults. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - January 9, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Factors contributing to higher incidence of diabetes for black Americans
A study found that biological risk factors —including weight and fat around the abdomen—are primarily responsible for the elevated rate of diabetes for black Americans. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - January 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

2017 Research Highlights — Insights from the Lab
Noteworthy NIH advances in basic research include a 3-D model of human brain development and disease, a virus linked to food sensitivity, and a new role discovered for the thalamus. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 19, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

2017 Research Highlights — Promising Medical Advances
NIH findings with potential for enhancing human health include understanding how dietary factors influence disease risk, combatting the epigenetic effects of outdoor air pollution, and methods to detect prions in blood and skin. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 19, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

2017 Research Highlights — Clinical Advances
NIH accomplishments in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of human disease. These include progress on two Ebola vaccines, a bionic pancreas to treat type 1 diabetes, and a genetic test that improves blood thinner dosing. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 15, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Dietary fats influence endoplasmic reticulum membrane
A lab study may help explain on the molecular level why saturated fat can harm cells and unsaturated fat can be protective. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 12, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Unexplained cases of anaphylaxis linked to red meat allergy
Researchers identified the cause of some patients ’ repeated episodes of anaphylaxis: a red meat allergy that’s linked to a specific type of tick bite. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 12, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

HIV prevention approach reduces new infections in Ugandan district
HIV prevention measures substantially reduced new HIV infections in a district of Uganda during a seven-year period. The results prove the approach can reduce new HIV infections. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 11, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Changing gut bacteria in Crohn ’s disease
A single enzyme altered the mix of bacteria in the guts of mice and led to inflammatory bowel disease. The study suggests a potential treatment target for diseases such as Crohn ’s disease and ulcerative colitis. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 5, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news