Detecting prions in eyes
Scientists detected abnormal prion proteins in multiple parts of the eye in people who died from Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 4, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Most ovarian cysts may not need surveillance
Women with simple ovarian cysts detected by ultrasound didn ’t develop ovarian cancer at elevated rates over the next three years, adding to evidence that these cysts aren’t dangerous. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 4, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Probiotics not helpful for young children with diarrhea
A probiotic treatment did not show any benefit for young children brought to the hospital with acute gastroenteritis, which involves diarrhea and other symptoms. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 3, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Building an atlas of brain function in mice
Researchers produced an atlas of brain cells in a region of the mouse hypothalamus that controls key social behaviors. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - November 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New antibiotic for gonorrhea advances in trials
A novel antibiotic called zoliflodacin cured most gonorrhea infections in a single dose. The findings pave the way for larger, more definitive trials. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - November 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Appendix linked to toxic Parkinson ’s protein
A study suggests that the toxic protein buildup that ’s linked to Parkinson’s may begin in the appendix. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - November 19, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

How the brain keeps track of time
Researchers discovered a set of brain cells that keeps track of time in mice. The study suggests that there are separate brain circuits for recording information about time and places. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - November 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Method identifies disease-causing bacteria
A sensitive test accurately screened blood samples for the presence of any of the more than 300 bacteria known to cause disease in people. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - November 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Preserving sperm stem cells restores fertility in mice
Scientists stored stem cells that produce sperm for months and used them to restore fertility in male mice. The approach could potentially help young boys undergoing chemotherapy. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - November 5, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Vaccine protects animals against anthrax and plague
Scientists engineered a vaccine that protects animals from both anthrax and plague. After more development and testing, the approach could be used to combat public health threats. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Immune culprits linked to inflammation and bone loss in gum disease
Researchers identified specific immune cells that, when triggered by bacteria, drive gum disease. The findings reveal potential treatment targets. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Antipsychotics not helpful for delirium in ICU
A study suggests that the common practice of prescribing antipsychotic drugs to treat delirium in intensive care units may need to be reassessed. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

How gentle touch can turn painful after injury
Researchers identified a gene that ’s needed for gentle touch to turn painful after an injury. The study uncovers a possible target for treatments to relieve pain caused by skin injuries. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Probiotic bacteria block harmful microbe
Researchers identified how Bacillus bacteria, which are used in many probiotic formulations, can prevent the growth of harmful Staphylococcus aureus, or “staph,” bacteria. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Delayed pushing doesn ’t help during labor
Women who pushed earlier during labor were as likely to have a vaginal birth as those who delayed, and had fewer complications. The finding may change recommendations made to many women. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 22, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Wearable ultrasound patch tracks blood pressure
Researchers engineered a blood pressure sensor that uses ultrasound technology and can be worn as a flexible skin patch. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Antibody combination suppresses HIV
In an early trial, a combination of two antibodies suppressed blood levels of HIV for months after treatment in some people. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Fecal transplants restore gut microbes after antibiotics
Using fecal transplants, researchers restored beneficial bacteria in cancer patients who received antibiotics for stem cell transplant procedures. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Senescent cells linked to brain disease in mice
Eliminating old or damaged cells that have stopped dividing reduced signs of brain disease in mice —an important clue for developing treatments for neurodegenerative brain diseases. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 2, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gut communicates directly with brain
The discovery of direct neural connections between the gut and the brain in mice could lead to a better understanding of appetite and gut health. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 2, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Human skeletal stem cell identified
This study may one day lead to ways to restore bone, cartilage, and supportive tissues for organs. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 1, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Most tumors in body share important mutations
Primary and metastatic tumors within an individual all likely rely on the same mutations to grow and spread, suggesting that precision treatments could be chosen based on a single sample. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - September 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Daily aspirin shows no benefit for healthy older adults
A large clinical trial found that a daily low-dose aspirin doesn ’t have the same benefits for healthy older adults as it does for those who’ve had a heart attack or stroke. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - September 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Exercise and new nerve cell growth in Alzheimer ’s disease
In a mouse model of Alzheimer ’s disease, access to exercise stimulated the growth of new nerve cells in the brain and reduced memory problems. The findings pave the way for studies in people. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - September 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Regrowing neurons across scarred spinal tissue
Researchers stimulated neurons to regrow across scarred spinal tissue in rodents. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - September 18, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Fasting increases health and lifespan in male mice
Long periods of fasting between meals helped male mice live longer and healthier lives, regardless of the content of their diets. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - September 18, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Machine learning predicts risk of aneurysm
Researchers used machine learning to develop a method of predicting which people are at risk of developing an abdominal aneurysm. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - September 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Regenerating light-sensing eye cells in mice
Researchers restored some vision in mice with congenital blindness by changing supportive cells in the retina called M üller glia into light-sensing cells. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - September 11, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Predicting response to immunotherapy
Studies show progress in learning to predict which patients are most likely to respond to certain cancer treatments known as immune checkpoint therapies. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - September 11, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Device improves survival after sudden cardiac arrest
A device for supplying oxygen after sudden cardiac arrest outside of a hospital improved survival compared with a more common but invasive and difficult procedure. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - September 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Responsive parenting affects childhood weight
Teaching first-time mothers how to respond to their infant ’s body cues reduced the child’s weight by age 3 compared with a control group. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 28, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Exploring induced labor for full-term pregnancy
A large study found that, for healthy women, inducing labor at full term rather than waiting for natural labor doesn ’t increase the risk of major complications for newborns. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 28, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Learning about fatal opioid overdoses changes prescribing behavior
Notifying clinicians that one of their patients died of an opioid overdose reduced the number and doses of opioid medications prescribed in the following months. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

How drugs could repair damage from multiple sclerosis
Drugs that help repair the nerve cell lining that ’s damaged in multiple sclerosis were found to target certain enzymes. The finding could help researchers develop new treatments for multiple sclerosis. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Impaired brain drainage in aging and Alzheimer ’s
Researchers gained insights into how the waste clearing vessels in the brain change as mice age. The results suggests a possible way to combat the cognitive decline seen in aging and age-related diseases. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Dairy fatty acids not linked to death in older adults
A study of older adults found that long-term exposure to dairy fats wasn ’t associated with overall risk of death or death from cardiovascular disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Editing T cell genomes without viruses
Researchers developed a way to genetically modify T cells using a jolt of electricity instead of a virus. This method may help expand the medical potential of gene editing. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 31, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

How night shifts disrupt metabolism
The rhythms of certain metabolic pathways can become shifted by even a few days of being awake at night and asleep during the day. Further research is needed to explore how this finding may play a role in health risks observed in people who work at night. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 31, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Early family experience affects later romantic relationships
Children who grow up in a positive family climate are better equipped to have a healthy romantic relationship as a young adult. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Eliminating senescent cells extends healthy life in mice
Drugs that lowered the number of non-functional (senescent) cells in the body helped mice live longer and maintain their physical abilities. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Protective liquid enables oral insulin delivery in rats
Researchers developed a way to package insulin into pills that lowered blood sugar safely in rats. The approach could lead to an oral insulin option for people with diabetes. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Technique may improve detection of breast tumors
A small study found that a fast, safe, and more comfortable alternative to mammography provided enough detail for early breast tumor detection. Larger studies are being planned. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Intensive weight loss helps knee arthritis
Intensive weight loss from diet and exercise was better than moderate weight loss for relieving symptoms of knee arthritis among obese or overweight older adults. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Treatment for depression in young children
Researchers found that a therapy-based approach focused on emotional development may be an effective option for treating early childhood depression. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Medications reduce risk of death after opioid overdose
Drugs for opioid-use disorder reduced the risk of death by about half for people who ’d previously had an opioid overdose. But less than a third of participants received these drugs. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 9, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Targeting inflammation molecules reduces heart and liver disease in mice
In mouse studies, researchers found mechanisms connecting molecules thought to promote inflammation and the increased risk of diseases caused by a high-cholesterol diet. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 26, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Immune-suppressing drugs linked to lower risk of Parkinson ’s disease
An analysis of prescription data showed that older adults who take certain drugs that suppress the immune system were less likely to develop Parkinson ’s disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 26, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Breast cancer patient benefits from modified immunotherapy
Researchers designed a novel approach to immunotherapy that led to the complete regression of breast cancer in one patient for whom all other treatments failed. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Test vaccine active against many HIV strains
An experimental HIV vaccine prompted animal immune systems to form antibodies that neutralize dozens of HIV strains. A study of the test vaccine in people is being planned. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 12, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Many with mild traumatic brain injury don ’t receive follow-up care
A study suggests that people with long-term symptoms from concussions may not be receiving treatments that could improve their physical and mental health. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 12, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news