< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/lack-sleep-middle-age-may-increase-dementia-risk " > Lack of sleep in middle age may increase dementia risk < /a >
People who slept six hours or less per night in their 50s and 60s were more likely to develop dementia later in life. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 27, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/oral-antiviral-drug-effective-against-covid-19-hamsters " > Oral antiviral drug effective against COVID-19 in hamsters < /a >
An oral antiviral drug called MK-4482 inhibited SARS-CoV-2 replication in hamsters. It is currently being tested in people. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 27, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/targeted-treatments-small-cell-lung-cancer " > Targeted treatments for small-cell lung cancer < /a >
A rapid screening process identified a two-drug combination that shrank small-cell lung tumors, which are often fatal within weeks of recurrence. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 27, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/study-finds-link-between-red-hair-pain-threshold " > Study finds link between red hair and pain threshold < /a >
A study in mice revealed the mechanisms that may link red hair with greater pain tolerance. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 20, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/tracking-hallucinations-mice " > Tracking hallucinations in mice < /a >
After developing a method to detect hallucination-like events in mice, researchers demonstrated a link in the brain between hallucinations and elevated dopamine. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 20, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/supplement-targets-gut-microbes-boost-growth-malnourished-children " > Supplement targets gut microbes to boost growth in malnourished children < /a >
Malnourished children who received a food supplement designed to boost normal gut microbes gained more weight than those given a standard nutritional supplement. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 19, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/how-stress-causes-hair-loss " > How stress causes hair loss < /a >
Researchers found that a stress hormone impairs stem cells necessary for hair growth in mice. The findings suggest potential ways to treat hair loss caused by chronic stress. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 13, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/sweat-sticker-diagnosing-cystic-fibrosis " > “Sweat sticker” for diagnosing cystic fibrosis < /a >
Researchers created a “sweat sticker” for measuring chloride concentrations in sweat, a sign of cystic fibrosis. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 13, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/immune-response-vaccination-after-covid-19 " > Immune response to vaccination after COVID-19 < /a >
After a single dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, people with a prior COVID-19 infection had antibody levels similar to those of people without prior infection after two vaccine doses. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 12, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/nanoparticle-based-flu-vaccine " > Nanoparticle-based flu vaccine < /a >
A nanoparticle-based vaccine protected against a broad range of flu virus strains in animals. The vaccine may prevent flu more effectively than current vaccines. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 6, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/sars-cov-2-may-infect-mouth-cells " > SARS-CoV-2 may infect mouth cells < /a >
Researchers found that SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, can infect cells in the mouth, yielding insights into the mouth ’s role in infection (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 6, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/drug-prescriptions-older-adults-dementia " > Drug prescriptions in older adults with dementia < /a >
An analysis found that almost 14% of older adults with dementia had long-term prescriptions for three or more medications that affect the nervous system. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 5, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/gene-therapy-chronic-pain-relief " > Gene therapy for chronic pain relief < /a >
Turning off a particular gene prevented or alleviated chronic pain in mice. The results could lead to an alternative to opioids for treating chronic pain. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 30, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/fungi-may-impair-wound-healing-crohns-disease " > Fungi may impair wound healing in Crohn ’s disease < /a >
A fungus called Debaryomyces hansenii impaired gut wound healing in mice, and was also found in damaged gut tissue in people with Crohn ’s disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 30, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/measles-vaccine-used-base-experimental-covid-vaccine " > Measles vaccine used as base for experimental COVID vaccine < /a >
Scientists developed a SARS-CoV-2 vaccine by adding a key coronavirus gene to the measles vaccine. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 29, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/mitochondrial-dna-involved-sickle-cell-disease " > Mitochondrial DNA involved in sickle cell disease < /a >
People with sickle cell disease have high levels of mitochondrial DNA in their blood, which may help trigger damaging inflammation. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 16, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/study-reveals-how-apoe4-gene-may-increase-risk-dementia " > Study reveals how APOE4 gene may increase risk for dementia < /a >
Researchers found that the APOE4 gene may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer ’s disease and other dementias by altering brain cells’ lipid metabolism. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 16, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/drug-delays-type-1-diabetes-onset " > Drug delays type 1 diabetes onset < /a >
In a clinical trial, the drug teplizumab delayed type 1 diabetes onset and improved insulin production in high-risk individuals. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 15, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/engineered-cartilage-produces-anti-inflammatory-drug " > Engineered cartilage produces anti-inflammatory drug < /a >
Scientists engineered cartilage cells to produce an anti-inflammatory drug when placed under stress. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 23, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/humidity-masks-may-lessen-severity-covid-19 " > Humidity from masks may lessen severity of COVID-19 < /a >
Face masks increase the humidity of the air that the mask-wearer breathes in, which could help combat SARS-CoV-2 infection. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 23, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Engineered cartilage produces anti-inflammatory drug
Scientists engineered cartilage cells to produce an anti-inflammatory drug when placed under stress. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 23, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Humidity from masks may lessen severity of COVID-19
Face masks increase the humidity of the air that the mask-wearer breathes in, which could help combat SARS-CoV-2 infection. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 23, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/computerized-screening-may-help-identify-youth-risk-suicide " > Computerized screening may help identify youth at risk for suicide < /a >
Researchers developed a fast, computerized screening test to identify youth at risk for attempting suicide. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 22, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Computerized screening may help identify youth at risk for suicide
Researchers developed a fast, computerized screening test to identify youth at risk for attempting suicide. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 22, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/experimental-treatment-helps-patients-hospitalized-copd " > Experimental treatment helps patients hospitalized with COPD < /a >
A pilot study found that hyaluronan, a sugar naturally produced by the body, improved lung function in hospitalized COPD patients. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 9, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/low-fat-diet-compared-low-carb-diet " > Low-fat diet compared to low-carb diet < /a >
People ate fewer daily calories but had higher insulin and blood sugar levels on a low-fat, plant-based diet than when on a low-carbohydrate, animal-based diet. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 9, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/combination-therapy-methamphetamine-use-disorder " > Combination therapy for methamphetamine use disorder < /a >
A combination of two medications helped some people with heavy methamphetamine use to quit. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 9, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Experimental treatment helps patients hospitalized with COPD
A pilot study found that hyaluronan, a sugar naturally produced by the body, improved lung function in hospitalized COPD patients. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 9, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Low-fat diet compared to low-carb diet
People ate fewer daily calories but had higher insulin and blood sugar levels on a low-fat, plant-based diet than when on a low-carbohydrate, animal-based diet. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 9, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Combination therapy for methamphetamine use disorder
A combination of two medications helped some people with heavy methamphetamine use to quit. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 8, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/gut-bacteria-use-nutrient-fight-germs " > Gut bacteria use nutrient to fight off germs < /a >
Research in mice showed that gut bacteria use an essential amino acid to protect the host from invading pathogens. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 2, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/brown-fat-associated-less-heart-metabolic-disease " > Brown fat associated with less heart and metabolic disease < /a >
People with measurable levels of brown fat were less likely to have type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, heart failure, or high blood pressure. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 2, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/study-examines-measures-slow-covid-19-spread " > Study examines measures to slow COVID-19 spread < /a >
A modeling study of SARS-CoV-2 spread in Hunan, China could help inform better policies to control the spread of COVID-19 while balancing economic impact. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 2, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gut bacteria use nutrient to fight off germs
Research in mice showed that gut bacteria use an essential amino acid to protect the host from invading pathogens. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 2, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Brown fat associated with less heart and metabolic disease
People with measurable levels of brown fat were less likely to have type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, heart failure, or high blood pressure. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 2, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Study examines measures to slow COVID-19 spread
A modeling study of SARS-CoV-2 spread in Hunan, China could help inform better policies to control the spread of COVID-19 while balancing economic impact. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - February 1, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/physician-pharmacist-collaboration-may-improve-care-opioid-addiction " > Physician-pharmacist collaboration may improve care for opioid addiction < /a >
In a pilot trial, a team approach to treating opioid use disorder that relies heavily on community pharmacists was effective and convenient. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - January 26, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Lasting immunity found after recovery from COVID-19
The immune systems of more than 95% of people who recovered from COVID-19 had durable memories of the virus up to eight months after infection. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - January 26, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Acute heart transplant rejection detected earlier with new test
Researchers found that a blood test can detect signs of acute heart transplant rejection earlier than more invasive tissue biopsies, the current standard. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - January 26, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Physician-pharmacist collaboration may improve care for opioid addiction
In a pilot trial, a team approach to treating opioid use disorder that relies heavily on community pharmacists was effective and convenient. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - January 25, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Nanoparticles developed for traumatic brain injury
Researchers designed a system to effectively deliver drugs across the blood brain barrier in mice using nanoparticles. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - January 12, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

How the human brain tracks location
Researchers deciphered how the human brain navigates physical spaces and keeps track of other people in real-world scenarios. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - January 12, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Experimental coronavirus vaccine highly effective
Clinical trial results showed that the vaccine developed by NIH and Moderna is 94.1% effective in preventing symptomatic COVID-19. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - January 11, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

2020 Research Highlights — Basic Research Insights
Noteworthy NIH advances in basic research include progress in understanding SARS-CoV-2, discovery of an exercise-induced protein that generates new brain cells and improves memory, and a new pain-suppression center in the brain. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

2020 Research Highlights — Promising Medical Findings
NIH findings with potential for enhancing human health include new approaches to COVID-19, a universal mosquito vaccine, and advances in restoring vision. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

2020 Research Highlights — Human Health Advances
NIH accomplishments in disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment include COVID-19 vaccines and treatments, better diagnosis of prostate cancer, and methods for early detection of Alzheimer ’s disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 18, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Stress may awaken dormant cancer cells
Researchers found that stress may help awaken dormant tumor cells, causing cancer to recur. The findings suggest targets to investigate for preventing cancer relapse. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 15, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Antibodies and T cells protect against SARS-CoV-2
Monkeys with the highest levels of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, were best protected against reinfection. Immune cells called T cells also helped prevent reinfection. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 15, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Financial problems can be sign of dementia onset
Older adults had problems managing financial obligations up to six years before a diagnosis of Alzheimer ’s disease or related dementia. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 14, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Molecule guides stem cells to damaged brain tissue
Scientists altered a molecule that is naturally produced by the body to safely guide stem cells to damaged brain tissue in mice. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 8, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news