Study sheds light on key steps in the HIV life cycle
Researchers were able to uncover key steps in HIV replication by reconstituting and watching these events unfold outside the cell. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

How your body senses the urge to urinate
Researchers discovered that a protein called PIEZO2 may be responsible for the powerful urge to urinate that we normally feel many times throughout the day. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Higher calorie treatment for people hospitalized with anorexia
People hospitalized for anorexia improved more quickly when fed higher calories than normally used in treatment. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 26, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Brain differences in youth linked to increased waist size
Cellular differences in a brain area that plays a key role in reward and food processing may predict higher obesity in children. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Education programs may improve young children ’s asthma control
A combination of health programs at school and home appeared to improve asthma control in preschool children from low-income families. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Final report confirms remdesivir benefits for COVID-19
The antiviral drug remdesivir shortened recovery time for patients hospitalized with COVID-19, based on results from the completed trial. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 19, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

How high fructose intake may trigger fatty liver disease
A study suggested that consuming high amounts of fructose may promote non-alcoholic fatty liver disease by damaging the intestinal barrier. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - September 14, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Brain scans may help predict response to OCD therapies
Differences in brain activity seen on scans taken before psychotherapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder corresponded with responses to treatment. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - September 14, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Artificial pancreas helps children with type 1 diabetes
A new artificial pancreas system, which monitors and regulates blood glucose levels, proved safe and effective in young children with type 1 diabetes. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - September 14, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Oral solution forms synthetic GI lining
Researchers developed a method to create a synthetic film on the surface of the small intestine that could be used to deliver drugs and influence nutrient absorption. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 31, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Factors that affect depression risk
A screen of more than 100 diverse factors in people ’s daily lives suggested that getting enough social support and limiting how much media you use may help prevent depression. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 31, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Treatments linked to drop in lung cancer deaths
Deaths from the most common lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, declined sharply after 2013, faster than the drop in new cases of the disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 28, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Immune cells for common cold may recognize SARS-CoV-2
Blood samples taken before the COVID-19 pandemic showed that some people already had certain immune cells that recognize SARS-CoV-2, possibly because of common colds. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 17, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Blood tests show promise for early Alzheimer ’s diagnosis
Blood levels of a protein called ptau217 were associated with damage to the brain caused by Alzheimer ’s disease, and may one day help diagnose disease before symptoms appear. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 17, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Multifocal contact lenses slow myopia progression in children
Children who wore multifocal contact lenses had slower progression of their myopia, or nearsightedness, over three years. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 17, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Screening drug additives for biological activity
A computational screen of more than 600 compounds listed as FDA-approved inactive ingredients found some that may warrant follow-up studies for previously unknown effects. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 3, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

High blood sugar may blunt benefits of aerobic exercise
Mice with high blood sugar levels had lower gains from aerobic exercise than normal mice. The results suggest that diet changes may be needed to get the most from aerobic exercise. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 3, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Potent neutralizing antibodies target new regions of coronavirus spike
Researchers identified some of the most potent and diverse antibodies discovered to date that neutralize SARS-CoV-2, targeting multiple regions on the viral spike. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - August 3, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What goosebumps are for
Researchers discovered a new role for goosebumps that could have implications for reversing hair loss and understanding wound healing in the skin. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Sex differences in brain anatomy
An analysis of more than 2,000 brain scans showed sex differences in the volume of certain regions in the human brain that may contribute to differences in brain disease and behavior. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Approach to prevent fall injuries no better than usual care
In a large study, individualized plans designed to prevent serious injuries from falls among older adults who are at high risk didn ’t improve upon usual care. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Stopping scar tissue improves healing after heart attack in mice
Mice deficient in a certain protein formed larger scars after a heart attack and had worse heart function. The study suggests an approach to improve heart function after heart attack. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Exercise-induced protein may reverse age-related cognitive decline
Researchers found that an exercise-induced protein may restore age-related loss of memory and new brain cell growth. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Experimental coronavirus vaccine is safe and produces immune response
Early results from the first COVID-19 vaccine candidate tested in people showed that it triggered an immune response against the virus with no serious side effects. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Faster, better images from cutting-edge microscopes
New techniques dramatically reduced the time needed to process complex images from fluorescence microscopes and also improved their quality. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 13, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Advanced imaging reveals structure of tooth enamel
Advanced imaging techniques gave insight into the detailed structure of tooth enamel crystals. The findings could lead to new approaches to prevent or reverse cavities. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 13, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

DNA changes linked to endometriosis
Researchers found changes to DNA in the uterine cells of women with endometriosis that weren ’t seen in women without the condition. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - July 13, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gut bacteria influence behavior in worms
Specific gut bacteria influenced eating decisions in worms by affecting their response to odors. The findings give insight into one way gut microbes may affect behavior. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 29, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Potent antibodies found in people recovered from COVID-19
Although most people who recovered from COVID-19 had low levels of antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 in their blood, researchers identified potent infection-blocking antibodies. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 29, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Lower wealth linked with faster physical and mental aging
Older adults with less wealth had sharper declines in many measures of physical and mental health than those with more wealth. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 29, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Unique genomic features of fatal coronaviruses
A genomic analysis may help explain why some coronaviruses, like SARS-CoV-2, can be deadly, while others cause only mild illness. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Universal mosquito vaccine tested
A small trial showed that a vaccine designed to provide broad protection against mosquito-borne diseases is safe and causes a strong immune response in healthy volunteers. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Signature of virus exposure may help detect liver cancer
A blood test that measures people ’s exposure to different viruses identified those who later developed liver cancer. The test could play an important role in improving outcomes for patients. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cancer drug may reduce symptoms of severe COVID-19
In patients with COVID-19, off-label use of a cancer drug reduced respiratory distress and over-reactive immune responses. The results were used to inform the design of a clinical trial. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 16, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Hairy human skin generated from stem cells
Researchers created hair-growing skin from human stem cells and successfully grafted it to mice. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 15, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gut bacteria may contribute to abnormal blood vessel formation
People with abnormal clusters of blood vessels in the brain called cavernous angiomas had differences in their gut bacteria. The findings could help lead to new diagnostic tests and treatments. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 15, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Researchers create developmental map of mouse cochlea
Scientists mapped how sensory cells develop in the mouse cochlea, a key sound-sensing structure in the inner ear. The findings could help lead to therapies for some forms of hearing loss. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 8, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Blood proteins associated with persistent symptoms after brain injury
After mild traumatic brain injury, military veterans with higher blood levels of a protein released by injured neurons were more likely to report long-term symptoms. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 8, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Largest catalog of human genetic diversity
Using DNA from over 140,000 people, researchers created a massive catalog of human genome data, along with tools to understand it. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 8, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Sex differences in autoimmune disorders and schizophrenia
A new study suggests that an immune-related protein found in higher levels in men helps protect against certain autoimmune diseases but increases the risk of schizophrenia. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 18, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Repurposed drug combats obesity in mice
Obese mice lost weight and showed improved metabolic function when treated with a drug that ’s normally prescribed for alcohol use disorder. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 18, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Llama antibody engineered to block coronavirus
Based on antibodies isolated from llamas, researchers engineered an antibody that prevented SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, from entering cells in laboratory experiments. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 18, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Robotic screening speeds testing of oral drugs
A robotic system to rapidly test the absorption of drugs in the small intestine could help speed the development and testing of oral medications. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 4, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New genetic regions linked to risk of melanoma
Researchers linked new regions of the genome to melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, suggesting new avenues to explore for a better understanding of the disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 4, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Poor sleep linked with higher blood sugar levels in African Americans
African American men and women who had severe sleep apnea or other disrupted sleep patterns had higher blood sugar levels than those who slept normally. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 4, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Blocking enzyme inhibits arthritis progression in mice
Blocking an enzyme called TET1 protected mice against the development of osteoarthritis and cells from people with osteoarthritis from gene changes that help drive the disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Lab-made eye cells restore vision in mice
Researchers reprogrammed skin cells into light-sensing eye cells that restored sight in mice. The technique may lead to new approaches for modeling and treating eye diseases. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Infant temperament predicts introversion in adulthood
A study highlighting the enduring nature of early temperament suggests ways to identify those most at risk for developing anxiety and depression later in life. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Dopamine modification on chromatin linked to addiction
Researchers found that dopamine can modify the structure that DNA is packed into and alter gene expression following cocaine exposure. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Marker of autoimmunity increases in U.S.
Autoimmunity may be on the rise, based on a study of antinuclear antibodies in blood samples collected nationwide from 1988-2012. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news