Blood proteins associated with persistent symptoms after brain injury
After mild traumatic brain injury, military veterans with higher blood levels of a protein released by injured neurons were more likely to report long-term symptoms. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 8, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Largest catalog of human genetic diversity
Using DNA from over 140,000 people, researchers created a massive catalog of human genome data, along with tools to understand it. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - June 8, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Sex differences in autoimmune disorders and schizophrenia
A new study suggests that an immune-related protein found in higher levels in men helps protect against certain autoimmune diseases but increases the risk of schizophrenia. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 18, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Repurposed drug combats obesity in mice
Obese mice lost weight and showed improved metabolic function when treated with a drug that ’s normally prescribed for alcohol use disorder. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 18, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Llama antibody engineered to block coronavirus
Based on antibodies isolated from llamas, researchers engineered an antibody that prevented SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, from entering cells in laboratory experiments. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 18, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Robotic screening speeds testing of oral drugs
A robotic system to rapidly test the absorption of drugs in the small intestine could help speed the development and testing of oral medications. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 4, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New genetic regions linked to risk of melanoma
Researchers linked new regions of the genome to melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, suggesting new avenues to explore for a better understanding of the disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 4, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Poor sleep linked with higher blood sugar levels in African Americans
African American men and women who had severe sleep apnea or other disrupted sleep patterns had higher blood sugar levels than those who slept normally. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - May 4, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Blocking enzyme inhibits arthritis progression in mice
Blocking an enzyme called TET1 protected mice against the development of osteoarthritis and cells from people with osteoarthritis from gene changes that help drive the disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Lab-made eye cells restore vision in mice
Researchers reprogrammed skin cells into light-sensing eye cells that restored sight in mice. The technique may lead to new approaches for modeling and treating eye diseases. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Infant temperament predicts introversion in adulthood
A study highlighting the enduring nature of early temperament suggests ways to identify those most at risk for developing anxiety and depression later in life. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Dopamine modification on chromatin linked to addiction
Researchers found that dopamine can modify the structure that DNA is packed into and alter gene expression following cocaine exposure. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Marker of autoimmunity increases in U.S.
Autoimmunity may be on the rise, based on a study of antinuclear antibodies in blood samples collected nationwide from 1988-2012. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Drop in coal power plant emissions associated with asthma improvements
Reductions in sulfur dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plants were associated with fewer local hospitalizations and emergency department visits due to asthma. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Blocking cellular receptor stops spread of tau in mouse brains
In experiments in cells and mice, blocking a protein called LPR1 stopped both normal and harmful forms of tau, which are involved in dementias, from spreading between neurons. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 13, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news