Gene linked to sex differences in autism
Researchers found that a small cluster of mutations in the NLGN4X gene, which has been linked to autism spectrum disorder, may explain the sex differences tied to the gene. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 13, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Microneedle coronavirus vaccine triggers immune response in mice
When delivered to mice using microneedles, an experimental vaccine for COVID-19 caused antibody production against the disease within two weeks. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 9, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

3D-printed scaffold engineered to grow complex tissues
A new technique to engrave 3D-printed scaffolds could be used to boost the repair of complex tissues with different types of cells, such as bone and cartilage. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 6, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Comparing heart disease treatments
For patients with heart disease, invasive procedures showed similar reductions in the risk of heart attack and death to medication and lifestyle changes alone. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 6, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Diets improve but remain poor for most U.S. children
Although diet quality improved modestly for American children and adolescents from 1999 to 2016, more than half still had poor quality diets. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 6, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Technique reveals organization of tongue bacteria
Using advanced imaging techniques, researchers revealed how different bacteria live together in communities on the human tongue. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 30, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Dopamine affects how brain decides whether a goal is worth the effort
Researchers found that drugs like Ritalin may work as a study aid by shifting attention, through the brain chemical dopamine, from the challenges of undertaking a difficult mental task to its rewards. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 30, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Number of steps per day more important than step intensity
Adults who took 8,000 or more steps a day had a reduced risk of death over the following decade than those who only walked 4,000 steps a day. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 30, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Insights into skin formation
Researchers discovered how distinct liquid droplets within cells help build the skin ’s outer layer. The study may lead to a better understanding of conditions like atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 23, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Spinal nerve healing enhanced by boost in cellular energy
Mice engineered to lack a protein that anchors mitochondria in injured nerve cells showed regrowth of those cells after a spinal cord injury. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 23, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Study suggests new coronavirus may remain on surfaces for days
Scientists found that SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, can be detected in aerosols for up to three hours and on plastic and stainless steel surfaces for up to three days. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 23, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Combining tests more accurately diagnoses prostate cancer
Adding MRI-targeted biopsies to the traditional prostate biopsy created a more accurate diagnosis and prediction of the course of prostate cancer. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 16, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Memories involve replay of neural firing patterns
Researchers found that the distinct firing patterns of individual neurons that the brain uses when forming memories are replayed when remembering the experience. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 16, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Artificial intelligence predicts heart disease risk from CT scans
Artificial intelligence-based analysis of CT scans predicted people ’s risk of heart disease more accurately than current methods. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 16, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Combining tests more accurately diagnoses prostate cancer
Adding MRI-targeted biopsies to the traditional prostate biopsy created a more accurate diagnosis and prediction of the course of prostate cancer. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - March 16, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news