Structural and mechanistic insight from antiviral and antiparasitic enzyme drug targets for tropical infectious diseases.
Structural and mechanistic insight from antiviral and antiparasitic enzyme drug targets for tropical infectious diseases. Curr Opin Struct Biol. 2019 Apr 04;59:65-72 Authors: de Godoy AS, Sachetto Fernandes R, Campos Aguiar AC, Vieira Bueno R, de Moraes Roso Mesquita NC, Carvalho Guido RV, Oliva G Abstract With almost half of the world population living at risk, tropical infectious diseases cause millions of deaths every year in developing countries. Considering the lack of economic prospects for investment in this field, approaches aiming the rational design of compounds, such as structure-based drug discovery (SBDD), fragment screening, target-based drug discovery, and drug repurposing are of special interest. Herein, we focused in the advances on the field of SBDD targeting arboviruses such as dengue, yellow fever, zika and chikungunya enzymes of the RNA replication complex (RC) and enzymes involved in a variety of pathways essential to ensure parasitic survival in the host, for malaria, Chagas e leishmaniasis diseases. We also highlighted successful examples such as promising new inhibitors and molecules already in preclinical/clinical phase tests, major gaps in the field and perspectives for the future of drug design for tropical diseases. PMID: 30954758 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 23 September 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Kyle L. O’Donnell, Diego A. Espinosa, Henry Puerta-Guardo, Scott B. Biering, James Schiltz, Matthew L. Nilles, Jeffrey Li, Eva Harris, David S. Bradley
Conclusions. A significant reduction in viral, fungal, and Nocardia IEps after heart transplantation was observed, most likely due to advancements in immunosuppression and preventive strategies, including pretransplant infectious diseases screening and antimicrobial prophylaxis.
[Ethiopian Herald] ADDIS ABABA- Gambela State Health Bureau announced that following the rainy season that ushered favorable condition for the reproduction of misquotes people are being infected with the disease of Malaria.
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2020Source: PhytomedicineAuthor(s): Jérôme Munyangi, Lucile Cornet-Vernet, Michel Idumbo, Chen Lu, Pierre Lutgen, Christian Perronne, Nadège Ngombe, Jacques Bianga, Bavon Mupenda, Paul Lalukala, Guy Mergeai, Dieudonné Mumba, Melissa Towler, Pamela Weathers
[Nation] The war against malaria just received a shot in the arm after new research should the potential a rare blood group could hold.
[Malaria Consortium] When COVID-19 was declared a pandemic by WHO in March 2020, governments and organisations involved in the prevention and control of malaria had a choice to make - divert their attention from the diagnosis, control and prevention of malaria to that of COVID-19, or leverage the existing surveillance systems to fight both as effectively as possible.
We present advances in modeling techniques that have led to fundamental disease discoveries and impacted clinical translation.Recent FindingsCombining mechanistic models and machine learning algorithms has led to improvements in the treatment ofShigella and tuberculosis through the development of novel compounds. Modeling of the epidemic dynamics of malaria at the within-host and between-host level has afforded the development of more effective vaccination and antimalarial therapies. Similarly, in-host and host-host models have supported the development of new HIV treatment modalities and an improved understanding of the i...
Giardia intestinalis is a microaerophilic protozoan that is an important etiologic agent of diarrhea worldwide. There is evidence that under diverse conditions, the parasite is capable of shedding extracellular vesicles (EVs) which modulate the physiopathology of giardiasis. Here we describe new features of G. intestinalis EV production, revealing its capacity to shed two different enriched EV populations: large (LEV) and small extracellular vesicles (SEV) and identified relevant adhesion functions associated with the larger population. Proteomic analysis revealed differences in proteins relevant for virulence and host-pat...
According to the World Health Organization, dengue represents one of the 10 biggest global health threats and it is critical to have access to a safe and effective vaccine candidate that can reduce the devastating impact of dengue fever in endemic regions, Panacea Biotec said in a BSE filing.
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 010 Peer Reviewer: Dr Jennifer Ho, ID physician QLD, Australia You are an ED doc working in Perth over schoolies week. An 18 yo man comes into ED complaining of fever, rash a “cracking headache” and body aches. He has just hopped off the plane from Bali where he spent the last 2 weeks partying, boozing and running amok. He got bitten by “loads” of mosquitoes because he forgot to take insect repellent. On e...