Control of replication of hepatitis B and C virus improves patient and graft survival in kidney transplantation

Kidney transplantation is the best treatment for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) because of a significant survival benefit conferred compared to patients who remain on haemodialysis.1 Although the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients with ESRD has significantly declined over time, it remains at least 4-times higher than in the general population.2,3 Chronic HCV or HBV infection can result in chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma4 –6 and increase the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD).
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseAuthor(s): Meraris Soto, Maria Reviejo, Ruba Al-Abdulla, Marta R. Romero, Rocio I.R. Macias, Loreto Boix, Jordi Bruix, Maria A. Serrano, Jose J.G. MarinAbstractChanges in the phenotype that characterizes cancer cells are partly due to altered processing of pre-mRNA by the spliceosome. We have previously reported that aberrant splicing plays an essential role in the impaired response of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to sorafenib by reducing the expression of functional organic cation transporter type 1 ...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseAuthor(s): Gabriel Nascimento-dos-Santos, Eduardo de-Souza-Ferreira, Rafael Lani, Caroline Coelho de Faria, Victor Guedes Araujo, Leandro Coelho Teixeira-Pinheiro, Taliane de Souza Vasconcelos, Thaís Gonçalo Leandro, Marcelo Felippe Santiago, Rafael Linden, Antonio Galina, Hilda Petrs-SilvaAbstractMitochondrial dysfunctions are linked to a series of neurodegenerative human conditions, including Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, optic neuropathies, and glaucoma. Recently, a series of stud...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2020Source: Redox BiologyAuthor(s): Ko-Lin Kuo, Jin-Feng Zhao, Po-Hsun Huang, Bei-Chia Guo, Der-Cherng Tarng, Tzong-Shyuan LeeAbstractStudies revealed that the use of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system antagonism is not associated with a statistically significant reduction in the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) compared with that in the general population. We tested the hypothesis that indoxyl sulfate (IS) can interfere with the protective effect of valsartan-mediated on endothelial function in vitro and neovascularization in mice u...
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2020Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Siyan Liao, Cecilia Floyd, Nicholas Verratti, Lauren Leung, Chun WuAbstractAimsVismodegib is an effective antagonist of smoothened receptors for treatment of locally advanced or metastatic basal cell carcinoma. However, it often suffers from drug resistance due to mutations. Two common mutants, D4736.55G and W5357.55L, were found to cause serious drug resistance. Although the reduction of drug binding affinity (~40-fold) was thought to be the major reasons, the detailed structural, energetic and dynamic mechanisms at the molecular level are s...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2020Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Zhiyi Feng, Rong Chen, Nanqi Huang, Chaoyuan LuoAbstractLong non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is emerging as an essential player in cancer progression. However, its biological function and clinical implication in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) remain poorly understood. In the current study, we found that a novel lncRNA, ASMTL antisense RNA 1 (ASMTL-AS1), was significantly downregulated in PTC. And its downregulation was positively linked to larger tumor size, advanced clinical stage and unfavorable outcome. Overexpression of ASMTL-AS1 evidently inh...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate implication of Notch in development and progression of solid Ehrlich carcinoma (SEC) and enhancement of anticancer effect of cisplatin (CIS) by addition of thymoquinone (TQ) and pentoxifylline (PTX) through modulation of Notch.Main methodsSEC was induced in mice as model for mammary carcinoma by s.c. injection of 1 × 106 Ehrlich cells into back of the mice. On 12th day, solid tumor was developed and mice were divided into seven groups; tumor control, early CIS (ECIS), ECIS + ETQ, ECIS + ETQ + EPTX, late CIS (LCIS), LCIS + LTQ, and LCIS + LTQ + LPTX. Early tr...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur results identify metformin-induced endothelial glycocalyx restoration as a key factor responsible for the attenuation of adhesion between EA.hy926 endothelial cells and A549 lung carcinoma cells.General significanceMetformin-induced glycocalyx restoration and the resulting attenuation of adhesive interactions between the endothelium and cancer cells may account for the antimetastatic properties of this drug.
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) General Subjects - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
In conclusion, these findings open new possibilities for the nanoformulation containing olanzapine and decorated with chitosan as a novel strategy for oral to brain delivery.Graphical abstract
Source: Reactive and Functional Polymers - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2020Source: Nitric OxideAuthor(s): Fernando Postalli Rodrigues, Lucyano J.A. Macedo, Leandro N.C. Máximo, Fernanda C.P.F. Sales, Roberto Santana da Silva, Frank N. CrespilhoAbstractMultiplex Fourier-transform infrared microscopy (μFT-IR) helped to monitor trans-[Ru(NO) (NH3)4 (isn)]3+ (I), uptake by A549 lung carcinoma cell, as well as the generation of its product, nitric oxide (NO), inside the cell. Chronoamperometry with NO-sensor and μFT-IR showed that exogenous NADH and the A549 cell induced the NO release redox mechanism. Chemical imaging confirmed that (I)...
Source: Nitric Oxide - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Kartal Ö, Gürsel O, Ünay B, Arda KN, Ata E Abstract Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is an uncommon clinicoradiological syndrome that is characterized by acute neurological symptoms such as headache, convulsion, visual disturbance, and altered consciousness. The characteristic magnetic resonance (MR) finding is vasogenic edema, predominantly in the subcortical areas of the posterior parietal and occipital lobes on T2-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences. Herein, we described a rare case of PRES induced by cyclosporine (CsA) after an allogeneic...
Source: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: P R Health Sci J Source Type: research
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