Prevalence, characteristics and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Clostridium difficile isolated from hospitals in Iran
ConclusionsThis is the first report of the isolation of C. difficile from different governmental hospitals of Iran and indicates that CDI might be an important nosocomial infection in different hospital wards. Moreover, this study provides a good comprehensive picture of the MDR phenotype characteristics of C. difficile isolates in Iran.
Conclusions In the absence of new antimicrobials or proven probiotic regimens, women with RBV may benefit from a prolonged drug-intensive antimicrobial regimen incorporating antibiofilm activity until newer measures are available. Additional randomized, control studies are needed.
The US is working on contingency plans if Iran continues to make nuclear advances and fails to return to international talks, a senior...
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Conclusions/Implications for Practice The results of this study show that exposure to positive recommendations from family and friends, receiving positive information about studying nursing, positive perceptions regarding the general usefulness of nursing knowledge, and migration opportunities to other countries are the primary factors that influence individuals in Iran to pursue a career in nursing.
CONCLUSIONS: The associations of socio-economic factors with three categories of food insecurity differed. Elimination of occupation bans that the Iranian government imposes on refugees provides simple access to financial supports like long-term loans, and opening a bank account for refugees will benefit both Iranians and refugees.PMID:34551852 | DOI:10.1017/S1368980021004043
CONCLUSION: In countries such as Iran, where nutrition transition occurs rapidly, better economic and social levels in the populations with a higher SES are associated with increased energy intake and higher consumption of animal-based foods, which decreases sustainable diets compared to the groups with a lower SES.PMID:34551847 | DOI:10.1017/S136898002100402X
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed a significant positive association between dietary GI and odds of breast cancer. However, we observed no significant association between dietary GL and odds of breast cancer.PMID:34551840 | DOI:10.1017/S1368980021004018
Behav Genet. 2021 Sep 23. doi: 10.1007/s10519-021-10082-8. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis brief communication responds to the article by Rajabi et al., recently published in Behavior Genetics. To test the hypothesis of cigarette smoking as a "gateway" for subsequent opium use and contrast it with the common liability model, Mendelian randomization analysis was applied to data obtained from an Iranian sample, using CHRNA3 rs1051730 as an instrumental variable. It is doubtful, however, if the assumptions of instrumental variable analysis hold in this case. The authors misstate both the gateway hypothesis and th...
World J Hepatol. 2021 Aug 27;13(8):926-938. doi: 10.4254/wjh.v13.i8.926.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Clostridioides (formerly Clostridium) difficile infection (CDI) is an increasingly frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. Multiple risk factors are documented in the literature that includes, but are not limited to, antibiotics use, advanced age, and gastric acid suppression. Several epidemiological studies have reported an increased incidence of CDI in advanced liver disease patients. Some have also demonstrated a higher prevalence of nosocomial infections in cirrhotic patients.AIM: To use a large natio...
ConclusionMultidrug-resistant C. difficile strains were a significant cause of healthcare facility-onset C. difficile infections in patients with prior antimicrobial exposure in this Kenyan hospital.