Music therapy program at UCLA aims to help premature infants develop feeding skills

It ’s a Friday morning in January when Jana Gallus, 32, and Gregor Martynus, 35, peek their heads over their triplets’ set of bassinets in their Westwood apartment. Six-month-olds Ada, Kian and Nico are just waking up, kicking with excitement and beaming from ear to ear.It ’s a daily moment that Gallus and Martynus say doesn’t get old. The triplets have come a long way since July, when they were born early, at 31 weeks, with weights ranging from 2.5 to 4 pounds. For 52 days, the trio were cared for in the neonatal intensive care unit, or NICU, atUCLA Mattel Children ’s Hospital.As the UCLA team of nurses, physicians and staff monitored the triplets, the delicate newborns were met by another care team: a group of music therapists using an auditory device aimed at helping preemies develop, feed and grow.Premature infants in the NICU — especially those born before 34 weeks — struggle with oral feeding. They typically haven’t developed the reflex to suck, breathe and swallow, which inhibits their ability to gain weight.It ’s for this reason that music therapist Jenna Bollard sought to study whether a pacifier-activated lullaby device, or PAL, might help. The device is a white, rectangular object about the size of a shoebox with an electronic screen and a pacifier connected via a short cord. Its secret ingredient: t he music it plays — a personal lullaby that parents write, sing and record for their baby with the help of ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

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Conclusion: Acceleration of sympathetic nervous activity caused by acute SAH may predispose patients to bradyarrhythmia with SAS and elicit asystole. The coexistence of SAS and SAH should be recognized as a cause of life-threatening sinus arrest, even if the severity of SAH is low grade. PMID: 32637209 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
In modern societies, sleep deprivation is a serious health problem. This problem could be induced by a variety of reasons, including lifestyle habits or neurological disorders. Chronic sleep deprivation (CSD) ...
Source: Biological Research - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Neural circuits extending from the cerebral cortex to the bladder maintain urinary continence and allow voiding when it is socially appropriate. Injuries to certain brain regions produce a specific disruption known as urge incontinence. This neurologic symptom is distinguished by bladder spasticity, with sudden urges to void and frequent inability to maintain continence. The precise localization of neural circuit disruptions responsible for urge incontinence remains poorly defined, partly because the brain regions, cell types, and circuit connections that normally maintain continence are unknown. Here, we review what is kn...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn patients with HF and SA, the degree of subjective daytime sleepiness is inversely related to the mortality risk, suggesting that among HF patients with SA, those with the least daytime sleepiness are at greater risk of death. They may therefore have greater potential for mortality benefit from therapy of SA than those with greater daytime sleepiness.
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by augmented sympathetic nerve activity. In our previous study, patients with OSA and an apnea-hyperpnea index (AHI)>55events/h showed increased single-unit muscle sympathetic nerve activity compared to patients with OSA and AHI of 30-55events/h. However, the prognostic impact in these patients remains unclear. METHODS: Ninety-one OSA patients were included. All patients who had indication for continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) were treated with CPAP. Patients were divided into three groups: mild/moderate OSA (S), AHI55events/h (n=...
Source: Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: J Cardiol Source Type: research
Hangover and fatigue: effects of Robuvit® supplementation. A pilot registry study. Minerva Cardioangiol. 2020 Jun;68(3):203-208 Authors: Hu S, Belcaro G, Cesarone MR, Scipione C, Scipione V, Hosoi M, Cornelli U, Pellegrini L, Dugall M, Feragalli B, Cotellese R Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this open registry study was to evaluate the effects of Robuvit® in subjects with hangover after acute alcohol consumption also measuring changes in levels of oxidative stress. A group using standard management (SM) and a group using SM and Robuvit® 300 mg/day for 3 days were compared. METHODS: Nine...
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
ABSTRACTAimsIncreased sympathetic activation in patients with heart failure (HF) and sleep ‐disordered breathing (SDB) provokes cardiac decompensation and protein degradation and could lead to muscle wasting and muscle weakness. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in body composition, muscle function, and the susceptibility of preclinical congestion among patients w ith HF and SDB compared with those without SDB.Methods and resultsWe studied 111 outpatients with stable HF who were enrolled into the Studies Investigating Co ‐morbidities Aggravating Heart Failure. Echocardiography, short physical per...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our work on GPRK2 has established a role for this GRK4/5/6 subfamily member in ethanol sensitivity and rapid tolerance. PMID: 32573992 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Mendonca G Abstract The impact of sleep deprivation on muscular strength and power remains poorly understood. We aimed to determine the acute effects of 24 hr of sleep deprivation on H-reflex and V-wave excitability. Fourteen healthy young adults (eight men, six women) were included. Participants visited the laboratory on two different occasions, without and with 24 hr of sleep deprivation. In each session, participants were tested for maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of the plantar flexors and dorsiflexors, soleus H- and M-recruitment curves, and evoked V wave, as well as tibialis anterior/soleus el...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased cardiac arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. We recently developed a new method (neuECG) to non-invasively measure electrocardiogram and skin sympathetic nerve activity (SKNA).
Source: Heart Rhythm - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
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