Reprint of characterizing gestational weight gain in a cohort of indigenous Australian women.

Reprint of characterizing gestational weight gain in a cohort of indigenous Australian women. Midwifery. 2018 Dec 14;: Authors: Schumacher TL, Weatherall L, Keogh L, Sutherland K, Collins CE, Pringle KG, Rae KM Abstract OBJECTIVE: to determine the adequacy of gestational weight gain for a cohort of Indigenous Australian women and investigate whether it is associated with pre-pregnancy body mass index. DESIGN: analysis of observational data collected from a longitudinal cohort study that follows Indigenous Australian women through pregnancy. SETTING: women recruited through antenatal clinics in regional and remote towns in NSW, Australia to the Gomeroi gaaynggal program. PARTICIPANTS: 110 pregnant women who either identified as being an Indigenous Australian or as carrying an Indigenous child. MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: measurements included weight and height, self-reported pre-pregnancy weight and smoking status, parity and health conditions that may contribute to gestational weight gain, such as hypertensive or diabetic disorders. Compared to the 2009 Institute of Medicine recommendations for gestational weight gain and based on pre-pregnancy body mass index, the rate of adequate gestational weight gain in this cohort was low (26%). 33% of women had inadequate weight gain and 41% had excessive weight gain. The highest rate of excessive gestational weight gain was found in overweight women (65%), with rates of 39% and 31% found in hea...
Source: Rural Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Authors: Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

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Positive pregnancy and birthing experiences go beyond merely having a healthy mother and baby — so, too, does maternal justice, a term that encompasses broad goals. Affordable, timely, high-quality, equitable, and dignified care during and after pregnancy is essential for all birthing people. Maternal justice is a model of culturally sensitive care that aims to dismantle inequities in maternity care and maximize maternal health and well-being. It rests on human rights and requires us to chip away at racism entrenched in health systems. How do race and ethnicity affect pregnancy and birth? Globally, Black, indigenous,...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Adolescent health Health care disparities Parenting Pregnancy Women's Health Source Type: blogs
The impact of female abnormalities of body mass index (BMI) and its association with subfertility and increased time to pregnancy (TTP) have been well-characterized (1). This may be due to the impact of BMI on ovulatory status in women, though TTP is increased even among women with a high BMI and reportedly regular cycles (2). Patients with higher BMIs, those in the overweight and obese categories, are at increased risk for gestational issues including gestational diabetes, hypertension, and difficulty with fetal monitoring.
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reflections Source Type: research
Authors: Qiu J, Liu Y, Zhu W, Zhang C Abstract BACKGROUND Women with normal fasting glucose (FPG) range (5.1 ≤FPG
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
In conclusion, it remains unclear if brain-specific regional and temporal changes occur in the expression of the different APP variants during AD progression. Since APP is also found in blood cells, assessing the changes in APP mRNA expression in peripheral blood cells from AD patients has been considering an alternative. However, again the quantification of APP mRNA in peripheral blood cells has generated controversial results. Brain APP protein has been analyzed in only a few studies, probably as it is difficult to interpret the complex pattern of APP variants and fragments. We previously characterized the soluabl...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
. Catov Prenatal stress has been linked to preterm birth via inflammatory dysregulation. We conducted a cross-sectional study on female participants who delivered live, singleton infants at University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Magee Women’s Hospital. Participants (n = 200) were stratified by cumulative risk scores using a combination of individual factors (maternal education, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, relationship status, obesity, depression) and neighborhood deprivation scores. We hypothesized that inflammatory cytokines levels differ by risk group and race. Multiplex analyses of IL-6, IL-8, IL-10,...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
AJP Rep 2020; 10: e309-e314 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1715172 Objective The aim of this study was to describe sleep duration across gestation in women who wore an activity-tracking device (ATD) during pregnancy, and to study the association between sleep duration and adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes Study Design Women ≥ 18 years old who owned a smartphone were approached to participate in 2016 to 2017. Participants received instructions to wear and sync an ATD daily. Steps, sedentary hours, and sleep duration were wirelessly transmitted via cellular technology. We measured sleep duration for the m...
Source: American Journal of Perinatology Reports - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Over the past few months, we have all seen the results of significant disruption to daily life due to the COVID-19 pandemic, high levels of unemployment, and civil unrest driven by chronic racial injustice. These overlapping waves of societal insult have begun to bring necessary attention to the importance of health care disparities in the United States. Direct links between stress, discrimination, racial injustice, and health outcomes occurring over one’s lifespan have not been well studied. But a recently published article in the journal Hypertension has looked at the connection between discrimination and increased...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health care disparities Hypertension and Stroke Source Type: blogs
DiscussionA better understanding of how lifestyle-related changes in the fetal environment might influence infants ’ outcome after two years of life could have a profound impact on the prevention and development of infants’ obesity.Trial registrationThe trial is registered at the German Clinical Trial Register (DRKS00007702); Registered on 10th of August 2016; retrospectively registeredhttps://www.drks.de/drks_web/navigate.do?navigationId=trial.HTML&TRIAL_ID=DRKS00007702
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
va AC Abstract BACKGROUND: The identification of vulnerable subgroups and risk factors associated with the susceptibility to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are of utmost importance in a pandemic scenario. Potential interactions between renin-angiotensin system (RAS), immune markers and COVID-19 play a role in disease outcome in specific groups of patients. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to describe the particularities of the RAS and the immune system profile of particular subgroups of patients. METHODS: This non-systematic revi...
Source: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Curr Med Chem Source Type: research
Authors: Harris M, Henke C, Hearst M, Campbell K Abstract Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy complicate up to 10% of pregnancies worldwide, constituting one of the most significant causes of maternal morbidity and mortality. Hypertensive disorders, specifically gestational hypertension, chronic hypertension, and preeclampsia, throughout pregnancy are contributors to the top causes of maternal mortality in the United States. Diagnosis of hypertensive disorders throughout pregnancy is challenging, with many disorders often remaining unrecognized or poorly managed during and after pregnancy. Moreover, the research ha...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
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