Towards a treatment for gluten intolerance

(EMBO) Celiac disease is a severe autoimmune disorder of the intestine. It occurs when people develop sensitivity to gluten, a substance found in wheat, rye, and barley. An international research team from Italy and France has now uncovered a new molecular player in the development of gluten intolerance. Their discovery, published in The EMBO Journal, suggests potential targets for the development of therapeutic approaches for the disease.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: news

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Colgrave Coeliac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disorder triggered by the ingestion of gluten that is associated with gastrointestinal issues, including diarrhea, abdominal pain, and malabsorption. Gluten is a general name for a class of cereal storage proteins of wheat, barley, and rye that are notably resistant to gastrointestinal digestion. After ingestion, immunogenic peptides are subsequently recognized by T cells in the gastrointestinal tract. The only treatment for CD is a life-long gluten-free diet. As such, it is critical to detect gluten in diverse food types, including those where one would not expect to fi...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our study confirms that CD and PWAG share comorbidities of autoimmune nature. PWAG had more autoimmune/allergy-related disorders that may be associated with non-celiac gluten sensitivity a self-justifiable reason to be on the diet.
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: ONLINE ARTICLES: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study is the largest to date analyzing the potential influence of neighborhood deprivation on ADs. Our results indicate that neighborhood deprivation may affect risk of ADs, independent of individual level sociodemographic characteristics. For health care policies, both individual and neighborhood level approaches seem to be of importance.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Small fiber neuropathy affecting the small A δ and C fibers is rare in children. Few data have been published on the etiology of small fiber neuropathy in the pediatric population. Metabolic, infectious, and toxic causes were described. It has been associated with several autoimmune disorders such as Sjogren disease, fibromyalgia and celiac d isease, but there are no reports of an autoinflammatory etiology. The aim of the present study was to highlight the potential etiologic role of autoinflammatory syndromes, particularly familial Mediterranean fever, in small fiber neuropathy and erythromelalgia in the pediatric population.
Source: Neuromuscular Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Background: Patients with autoimmune disorders (ADs) are at increased risk for celiac disease (CD), but data are conflicting on the risk of ADs in treated patients with CD. We aimed to assess the incidence of ADs in treated patients with CD. Methods: Using the Rochester Epidemiology Project, we retrospectively searched for the medical records at Mayo Clinic and Olmsted Medical Center from January 1997 to December 2015 for patients with CD who met accepted diagnostic criteria. For each patient with CD, we identified 2 age and sex-matched controls during the same study period. The incidence rate of AD diagnosis 5 years ...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Gastroenterology: Celiac Disease Source Type: research
Objectives: Coeliac disease (CD) is a systemic autoimmune disorder affecting about 1% of the population. Many patients remain undiagnosed or are diagnosed with substantial delay. We assessed diagnostic delays in symptomatic CD children in Central Europe (CE). Methods: Paediatric gastroenterologists in 5 CE countries retrospectively reported data of their patients diagnosed in 2016. Age at first CD-related symptom(s), first visit to paediatric gastroenterologist and confirmed diagnosis were used to determine diagnostic delays. Results: Data from 393 children (65% girls, median age 7 years, range 7 months to 18.5 yea...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Gastroenterology: Celiac Disease Source Type: research
ConclusionThe prevalence of anti tTG antibodies in irritable bowel syndrome is high. Patients with D-IBS should be screened for celiac disease.ResumoIntroduçãoA síndrome do intestino irritável (SII) é um distúrbio gastrointestinal comum; a doença celíaca é uma enteropatia autoimune que pode imitar qualquer distúrbio gastrointestinal funcional. O objetivo deste estudo foi estimar a prevalência de anticorpos contra a doença celíaca (antitransglutaminase tecidual - tTG) em pacientes com SII.Pacientes e MétodosEste estudo transvers...
Source: Journal of Coloproctology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
e; SP Abstract Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune enteropathy that primarily affects the small intestine and is characterized by atrophy of intestinal villi. The manifestations of the disease improve following a gluten-free diet (GFD). CD is associated with various extra-intestinal diseases. Several skin manifestations are described in CD patients. The present paper reviews all CD-associated skin diseases reported in the literature and tries to analyze the pathogenic mechanisms possibly involved in these associations. Different hypotheses have been proposed to explain the possible mechanisms involved in every as...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Conditions:   Non-celiac Gluten Sensitivity;   Non-celiac Wheat Sensitivity Intervention:   Sponsor:   University of Palermo Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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