Decannulation of a Ventricular Assist Device

BECAUSE OF the donor organ shortage, an increasing number of patients with advanced heart failure are receiving ventricular assist devices (VADs) as a bridge to transplantation or as a destination therapy.1 Patients with advanced heart failure who receive a VAD have significantly greater survival rates compared with those who are treated with only medication.2 However, short- and long-term complications of VADs still are a major concern.3 There are perioperative risks attributed to patient comorbidities; risks of surgery and anesthesia; and postoperative risks such as bleeding, thrombosis, stroke, infection, right ventricular failure after left VAD (LVAD) implantation, and in extreme cases, multisystem organ failure.
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

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AbstractBackgroundChronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a cause of ventricular dysfunction. However, in the setting of patients with heart failure undergoing left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation, there is a paucity of data on the association between COPD and in ‐hospital outcomes.Methods and ResultsRetrospective cohort study based on the NIS including patients ≥18 years who underwent LVAD implantation from 2011 to 2017. Multivariate regression was used to evaluate the impact of COPD on in‐hospital outcomes. A total of 25,503 patients underwent LVAD implantation, of which 13.8% also had COPD. ...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundD ‐dimer is a marker of fibrin degradation that reflects intra‐vascular coagulation. Therefore, plasma concentrations of D‐dimer might predict thromboembolic risk and rivaroxaban treatment effect.AimsTo investigate the association between D ‐dimer levels and the risk of stroke and other thrombotic, bleeding and fatal events, and whether D‐dimer concentrations could predict rivaroxaban 2.5mg/bd (vs. placebo) effect in patients enrolled in the COMMANDER‐HF trial who were in sinus rhythm, had HFrEF and coronary artery disease.MethodsSurvival models with treatment ‐by‐plasma D‐dimer interact...
Source: European Journal of Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesThe OVID study will demonstrate whether prophylactic-dose enoxaparin improves survival and reduces hospitalizations in symptomatic ambulatory patients aged 50 or older diagnosed with COVID-19, a novel viral disease characterized by severe systemic, pulmonary, and vessel inflammation and coagulation activation.Trial designThe OVID study is conducted as a multicentre open-label superiority randomised controlled trial.ParticipantsInclusion Criteria1. Signed patient informed consent after being fully informed about the study ’s background.2. Patients aged 50 years or older with a positive test for SARS-...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract Durable left ventricular assist device therapy has improved survival in patients with advanced heart failure refractory to conventional medical therapy, although the readmission rates due to device-related comorbidities remain high. Left ventricular assist devices are designed to support a failing left ventricle through relief of congestion and improvement of cardiac output. However, many patients still have abnormal hemodynamics even though they may appear to be clinically stable. Furthermore, such abnormal hemodynamics are associated with an increased risk of future adverse events including recurrent he...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
To recommend the proper anticoagulant drug and its dose for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF), we conducted a network meta-analysis (NMA) to make the comparisons among non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) and warfarin with regard to efficacy (stroke or systemic embolism) and safety (major bleeding).
Source: Thrombosis Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
AbstractAimsPatients with concomitant atrial fibrillation (AF) and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) have poor prognosis. Outcomes of novel oral anticoagulant (NOAC) in elderly AF patients with normal, mid ‐range, and reduced LVEF were investigated.Methods and resultsData were retrieved from Chang Gung Research Database during 2010 –2017 for patients with AF. We excluded patients with venous thromboembolism within 6 months, total knee/hip replacement and heart valve replacement within 6 months, end‐stage renal disease, stroke/systemic embolism (SE)/death within 7 days, age
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur data suggest that DOACs are likely to be at least as effective and safe as VKA for stroke prevention in patients with LV thrombus and, despite their lack of a licence for this indication, are therefore likely to represent a reasonable and more convenient option for this setting. The optimal timing and type of anticoagulation for LV thrombus, as well as the role of screening for high ‐risk patients, should be tested in prospective, randomized trials.
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION:  In AF patients, the ABC-stroke and ABC-bleeding scores demonstrated similar predictive ability for outcomes beyond stroke and bleeding, including MI, acute HF, a composite of cardiovascular events, and all-cause deaths. This is consistent with nonspecificity of biomarkers that predict "sick" patients or poor prognosis overall. PMID: 32506417 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in the general population. In western countries with aging populations, atrial fibrillation poses a significant health concern, as it is associated with a high risk of thromboembolism, stroke, congestive heart failure, and myocardial infarction. Thrombi are generated in the left atrial appendage, and subsequent embolism into the cerebral circulation is a major cause of ischemic stroke. Therefore, patients have a lifetime risk of stroke, and those at high risk, defined as a CHA2DS2-VASc2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age>75 years, diabetes mel...
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Int J Angiol DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1708477Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most prevalent arrhythmic disease, tends to foster thrombus formation due to hemodynamic disturbances, leading to severe disabling and even fatal thromboembolic diseases. Meanwhile, patients with AF may also present with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and coronary artery disease (CAD) requiring stenting, which creates a clinical dilemma considering that majority of such patients will likely receive oral anticoagulants (OACs) for stroke prevention and require additional double antiplatelet treatment (DAPT) to reduce recurrent cardiac events and in-stent th...
Source: International Journal of Angiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Invited Papers Source Type: research
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