Prospective assessment of patients with stroke in Tikur Anbessa Specialised Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

This study aimed to describe risk factors for stroke and clinical presentation of patients presenting to the emergency centre with stroke.MethodsWe conducted a cross sectional study conducted from August 2015 to January 2016 in an urban tertiary care centre in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate associations between stroke types and stroke risk factors, and delayed presentation and clinical indicators. P-values less than .05 were considered statistically significant.ResultsA total of 104 patients were included. The mean age was 53 years, and 56% were male. Only 30% of patients arrived using an ambulance service. The most common presenting symptoms were altered mental status (48%), hemiparesis (47%), facial palsy (45%), hemiplegia (29%), and aphasia (25%). Hypertension was the most common risk factor (49%), followed by cardiovascular disease (20.2%) and diabetes mellitus (11%). The majority of strokes were haemorrhagic in aetiology (56%). The median arrival time to the emergency centre was 24 h after symptoms onset; only 15% presented within three hours. Patients with hypertension, or presented with loss of consciousness were significantly more likely to have haemorrhagic stroke (p 
Source: African Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

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Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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