Psychotic experiences as indicators of risk for cardiovascular disease

Recent studies have discovered that people who report psychotic experiences (PEs) –a milder but more prevalent expression of psychosis in the general population (Linscott and van Os, 2013) — also report a wide range of serious mental and physical health problems, such as comorbid psychiatric disorders (DeVylder et al., 2014), disabilities (Oh et al., 2018), chronic health pro blems (Moreno et al., 2013; Oh and DeVylder, 2015), shorter lifespan (Sharifi et al., 2015), and suicidal behaviors (DeVylder et al., 2015; Kelleher et al., 2013).
Source: Schizophrenia Research - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research

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Silvia Pregnolato1*, Elavazhagan Chakkarapani1, Anthony R. Isles2 and Karen Luyt1 1Department of Neonatal Neurology, Translational Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom 2Behavioural Genetics Group, MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom Preterm birth complications are the leading cause of child death worldwide and a top global health priority. Among the survivors, the risk of life-long disabilities is high, including cerebral palsy and impairment of movement, cognition, and behavior. U...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe addition of texting to patients and their lay health supporters in a resource-poor community setting was more effective than a free-medicine program alone in improving medication adherence and reducing relapses and re-hospitalizations. Future studies may test the effectiveness of customization of the texting to individual patients. Trial registrationChinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR-ICR-15006053.
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Vincent Negatsch1*, Alexander Voulgaris2, Peter Seidel3, Robert Roehle4,5,6 and Annette Opitz-Welke11Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Institute of Forensic Psychiatry, Berlin, Germany2Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Institute of Sexual Medicine and Forensic Psychiatry, Hamburg, Germany3Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Prison Hospital Berlin, Berlin, Germany4Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: CBT, psychosocial intervention, supportive counseling, psychodynamic psychotherapy, and other psychological interventions can be recommended for clinical practice. More studies are needed, especially for non-CBT interventions and for all psychotherapies on negative symptoms.IntroductionSchizophrenia affects approximately 1% of the population, usually starting in adolescence or young adulthood, frequently leading to persistent disability, with a high risk of suicide (8%). Despite the advance in antipsychotics treatment, approximately 30% of patients with schizophrenia show a poor response or no response to anti...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsDifferent patterns of sleep disturbances are observed in HD patients: insomnia, difficulties in falling asleep, frequent nocturnal awakenings, and excessive daytime sleepiness are the most common sleep problems reported by patients with HD. In several HD studies, specific changes in sleep architecture and in circadian melatonin secretion were identified in laboratory testing.Sleep disorders in HD have diverse and complex determinants, the most significant of which includes damage to brain areas that are responsible for the proper sleep pattern and circadian rhythm regulation. Sleep and circadian rhythm disorders...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: The findings from this exploratory study are consistent with the possibility that dialogue therapy may lead to improvements in symptoms and functioning compared to standard treatment in psychosis. Introduction Standard treatment (ST) for psychosis consists primarily of antipsychotics, hospitalization, social rehabilitation, and different types of supportive therapy (1–3). Antipsychotic drugs have only moderate effects on positive symptoms and no demonstrable effects on negative symptoms (4–6). Side effects are often prominent and might include a reduction in emotional expression, menstrual ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
 Suicide is something that most people think they understand, but there are many misconceptions about it. We say it’s a serious problem, yet will mention it casually and insensitively in certain settings. In this episode, our hosts openly discuss suicide and their personal stories with trying to end their own lives.   SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW “I thought about suicide every day for as far back as I can remember.” – Gabe Howard   Highlights From ‘Suicide’ Episode [1:00] Frankly discussing suicide. [3:00] Don’t belittle a person’s suicide attempt. [7:00] Why ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: A Bipolar, A Schizophrenic, and a Podcast Depression Schizophrenia Suicide Source Type: blogs
 Life is tough. Life with mental illness is tougher. Life with mental illness on top of other conditions and life experiences can seem too tough. Today’s guest shares how she dealt with Tourette Syndrome, OCD, anxiety, depression, and many other things, by tapping into her own super powers. Perhaps you can, too. Subscribe to Our Show! And Remember to Review Us! About Our Guest Everyone has challenges but some people have more than others. Brett Francis knows this from personal experience. Only now she turns those challenges—her own and other people’s—into assets. Her mantra is ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General OCD Self-Help The Psych Central Show anxiety Gabe Howard Tics Tourette Syndrome Vincent M. Wales Source Type: blogs
Discussion Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic, recurrent, affective disorder with fluctuations in energy and mood. “Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depressive illness, is a severe chronic mood disorder characterized by episodes [note not just one instance] of mania, hypomania, and alternating or intertwining episodes of depression.” Affective disorders are classified based on their severity and extent, from unipolar to BDII to BDI. “Individuals with unipolar disorder present with depressive episodes only, and those with bipolar II or I disorder show increasingly pronounced episodes of mood ele...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Service animals have been around for a long time, and we’re all familiar with them. These are animals (usually dogs) trained to assist persons with disabilities of one sort or another. We’re also seeing today a lot of “emotional support” animals. A lot of them. This week’s guest explains the difference between them, how they are used, and some surprising laws (or lack thereof) pertaining to them. Subscribe to Our Show! And Remember to Review Us! About Our Guest Stephanie L. Taylor has her master’s in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from the University of Texas at San...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Mental Health and Wellness Military The Psych Central Show emotional support animals Gabe Howard Service Animals Stephanie L. Taylor Vincent M. Wales Source Type: blogs
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