What You Should Know About the Nipah Virus Outbreak

Ten people in the South Indian state of Kerala have died after being infected by the Nipah virus, an emerging disease thought to be spread by fruit bats and other animals. Here’s what you should know about the outbreak. What is the Nipah virus? The Nipah virus is a highly contagious and deadly virus that was first identified in 1999 when pig farmers in Malaysia and Singapore became very sick. During that outbreak, nearly 300 people were infected, and more than 100 people died. To stop the outbreak, authorities had to euthanize over one million pigs. Since then, the virus has been identified in outbreaks in Bangladesh and India. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says that outbreaks of Nipah virus now occur in Bangladesh almost every year, and there have been several outbreaks in India prior to the current one. The death rate from the Nipah virus is estimated to be about 75%. The virus is spread to humans who have direct contact with animals that are infected, like fruit bats or pigs. It can also spread between people, often between family and caregivers of people who are infected. What is happening in the current outbreak? The outbreak is taking place in Kerala, a southern state in India. So far, 10 deaths have been reported, and there are currently at least nine other people who have tested positive for the virus and are quarantined. Multiple people who came into contact with the sick individuals are also under surveillance. Experts speculate th...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime public health Source Type: news

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RESUMO: Objetivo: Identificar a preval ência da presença simultânea de comportamentos de risco à saúde bucal em adolescentes brasileiros e fatores associados. Métodos: Foram utilizados dados de 109.104 escolares provenientes da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar (PeNSE). A presença simultânea de baixa frequência de escovaç ão dentária (E), uso recente de cigarros (C), baixa frequência de ida ao dentista (D), baixo consumo de frutas (F) e alto consumo de alimentos que contêm açúcar adicionado (A) foi avaliada ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: There are differences according to gender, and, in general, women accumulate more protective factors and men, more risk factors.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar as estimativas de tend ência sobre a prevalência de comportamentos de risco e proteção para doenças crônicas não transmissíveis em adolescentes, segundo dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar em 2009, 2012 e 2015. Métodos: Foram utilizados dados dos três estudos transversais nas capitais brasileiras e no Distrito Federal. No total, entrevistaram-se 173.310 adolescentes matriculados no 9º ano do ensino fundamental, com idade média de 14 anos. Foram estimadas pelo modelo de regressão linear as preval...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Abstract Schistosomiasis is frequently detected in persons entering Europe. In 2017, we detected a Schistosoma mansoni-Schistosoma haematobium hybrid parasite infection in a migrant boy from Côte d'Ivoire entering France. Because such parasites might be established in Europe, as illustrated by an outbreak on Corsica Island, vectors of these parasites should be investigated. PMID: 30526763 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research
Resumo A inseguran ça alimentar e nutricional permanece no cenário brasileiro como um desafio para a realização do direito à alimentação adequada. O objetivo do estudo foi analisar a situação de insegurança alimentar e nutricional de adolescentes no âmbito domiciliar e individual. Estudo transversal de base populacional realizado com 363 domicílios e 95 adolescentes, na área urbana de municípios da Amazônia Brasileira. A insegurança alimentar e nutricional foi avaliada através da Escala Brasileira de Medida ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
This study aims to analyse the eating patterns and nutrient intake in different eating patterns of elderly persons. This is a cross-sectional study with elderly people from Botucatu, S ão Paulo state, Brazil. The mean daily nutrient intake of individuals with high adherence to the eating patterns identified by factor analysis was analysed, comparing the intake by analysis of variance. Individuals with high adherence to the Healthy eating pattern had the highest mean intake of ret inol, vitamin A and vitamin E. Individuals with high adherence to the eating pattern Snacks and weekend meal presented lower means of vita...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
Resumo Este trabalho objetiva avaliar os marcadores do consumo alimentar de pacientes diab éticos por meio de um aplicativo móvel. Estudo transversal, realizado com 100 adultos e idosos portadores de Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2, internados em um hospital do interior do estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Para a coleta de dados utilizou-se o aplicativo móvel Diabetes FoodControl. Na associação da adequação dos marcadores do consumo com as variáveis investigadas, utilizou-se o teste do qui-quadrado ao nível 5% de significância. Identificou-se alto percentual de indiv...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
Abstract Pulmonary fungal infections, which can be opportunistic or endemic, lead to considerable morbidity and mortality. Such infections have multiple clinical presentations and imaging patterns, overlapping with those of various other diseases, complicating the diagnostic approach. Given the immensity of Brazil, knowledge of the epidemiological context of pulmonary fungal infections in the various regions of the country is paramount when considering their differential diagnoses. In addition, defining the patient immunological status will facilitate the identification of opportunistic infections, such as those occurring ...
Source: Radiologia Brasileira - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Resumo O artigo analisa os registros disciplinares em rela ção aos povos indígenas, conforme descritos no Relatório Figueiredo, considerando o controle étnico-social exercido durante o período da ditadura militar no Brasil. Nesse sentido, sua possibilidade decorre do trabalho do eixo indígena da Comissão Nacional da Verdade que identificou um conjun to de documentos, dados como desaparecidos desde a década de sessenta. Tais documentos, denominados Relatório Figueiredo, tratam da apuração realizada por uma Comissão de Inquérito...
Source: Psicologia e Sociedade - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT The aim of this work was to evaluate patients with chronic migraine treated with botulinum toxin A (BT-A) and compare this with low level laser therapy (LLLT), referencing: pain days, pain intensity, intake of drugs/self-medication, anxiety and sleep disorders. Methods: Patients were randomized into two groups: BT-A group (n = 18) and LLLT group (n = 18). Each patient kept three pain diaries: one before (baseline) (30 days), one during treatment (30 days) and one after the post-treatment phase (30 days). Repeated ANOVA plus the Bonferroni post-test, Student's t test, and factorial analysis were applied, and p
Source: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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