What You Should Know About the Nipah Virus Outbreak

Ten people in the South Indian state of Kerala have died after being infected by the Nipah virus, an emerging disease thought to be spread by fruit bats and other animals. Here’s what you should know about the outbreak. What is the Nipah virus? The Nipah virus is a highly contagious and deadly virus that was first identified in 1999 when pig farmers in Malaysia and Singapore became very sick. During that outbreak, nearly 300 people were infected, and more than 100 people died. To stop the outbreak, authorities had to euthanize over one million pigs. Since then, the virus has been identified in outbreaks in Bangladesh and India. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says that outbreaks of Nipah virus now occur in Bangladesh almost every year, and there have been several outbreaks in India prior to the current one. The death rate from the Nipah virus is estimated to be about 75%. The virus is spread to humans who have direct contact with animals that are infected, like fruit bats or pigs. It can also spread between people, often between family and caregivers of people who are infected. What is happening in the current outbreak? The outbreak is taking place in Kerala, a southern state in India. So far, 10 deaths have been reported, and there are currently at least nine other people who have tested positive for the virus and are quarantined. Multiple people who came into contact with the sick individuals are also under surveillance. Experts speculate th...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime public health Source Type: news

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In this study, we applied the Protection Motivation Theory to identify factors influencing farmer intention to undertake biosecurity management strategies. A survey was carried out between 2015 and 2016 across 101 Vietnamese farmers in three locations in Australia: the Northern Territory, South Australia, and Western Australia. Following data analysis using factor analysis and stepwise regressions, the results showed that farmer self-efficacy of on-farm risk management strategies, available incentives, and belief in biosecurity threats associated, positively, with the intention to adopt biosecurity risk management strategi...
Source: The Social Science Journal - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
This study took place on an outpatient basis in the department of psychiatry at a tertiary care centre in South India. One hundred women with a mental illness currently in remission for at least two months -living in the community with family members after an episode of mental illness- were consecutively recruited by purposive sampling method after obtaining an informed consent. Due to issues related to reliability, patients with a diagnosis of mental retardation or dementia or psychotic symptoms were not included. All participants were initially assessed using socio-demographic and clinical forms. The severity of abuse wa...
Source: Psychiatriki - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate and associate the frequency of consumption of five daily servings of fruits and vegetables with socioeconomic and demographic factors of students in the city of Santa Cruz do Sul, Brazil. Methods A cross-sectional study with a sample stratified by clusters of 1,578 students aged 7 to 17 in the city of Santa Cruz do Sul (Rio Grande do Sul state), Brazil. Volunteers were asked whether they consumed five daily servings of fruits and vegetables. This consumption was classified as irregular or regular. Data regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status, domicile area, and information on the nutritio...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: American Journal of Infection ControlAuthor(s): Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq, Ziad A. MemishBackgroundAn important emerging respiratory virus is the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). MERS-CoV had been associated with a high case fatality rate especially among severe cases.MethodsThis is a retrospective analysis of reported MERS-CoV cases between December 2016 and January 2018, as retrieved from the World Health Organization. The aim of this study is to examine the epidemiology of reported cases and quantify the percentage of health care workers (HCWs) amon...
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe present review partially confirms the basis for some of the traditional uses of Hedyosmum species (mainly H. brasiliense) through preclinical studies that demonstrated their antinociceptive and neuroprotective effects. Due to promising preliminary results, further studies should be conducted on 13-hydroxy-8,9-dehydroshizukanolide and podoandin. Moreover, several essential oils (EOs) from this genus have been preliminarily investigated, and the cytotoxic and antibacterial activities of H. brasiliense and H. sprucei EOs certainly deserve further investigation. From the promising findings of the present analysi...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: s-ECC has significantly more detrimental impact on the OHRQoL of children and their parents in comparison to ECC.
Source: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Authors: Gao T, Xie A, Liu X, Zhan H, Zeng J, Dai M, Zhang B Abstract Toosendanin, a triterpenoid extracted from the root bark of Melia toosendan, has its origin from traditional Chinese medicine and has been used as a non‑polluting and pesticide‑free plant insecticide in China for fruit and vegetable production. In recent years, toosendanin has been found to inhibit tumor cell proliferation and promote tumor cell apoptosis. Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is the second most common primary malignant bone and soft tissue tumor in children and adolescents. Although the overall prognosis of ES has improved, the 5‑year...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
HOW to live longer: Prevent an early deathly eating a healthy, balanced diet, and by doing regular exercise. But you could also increase your life expectancy, and prevent heart attack symptoms, by adding this cheap fruit to your daily breakfast routine.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conditions:   Chronic Lung Disease of Prematurity;   Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Intervention:   Other: Method of feeding; continuous feeding OR bolus feeding Sponsor:   National University Hospital, Singapore Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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