Resumption of oral anticoagulation following traumatic injury and risk of stroke and bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation: a nationwide cohort study

We examined the risks of all-cause mortality, stroke, major bleeding, and recurrent traumatic injury associated with resumption of vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) and non-VKAs oral anticoagulants (NOACs) following traumatic injury in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients.Methods and resultsThis was a Danish nationwide registry-based study (2005 –16), including 4541 oral anticoagulant (OAC)-treated AF patients experiencing traumatic injury (defined as traumatic brain injury, hip fracture, or traumatic torso or abdominal injury). Within 90 days following discharge from traumatic injury, 60.6% resumed VKA (median age = 80, CHA2DS2-VASc  = 4, HAS-BLED = 2), 16.7% resumed NOAC (median age = 81, CHA2DS2-VASc  = 4, HAS-BLED = 2), and 22.7% did not resume OAC treatment (median age = 81, CHA2DS2-VASc  = 4, HAS-BLED = 3). Switch from VKA to NOAC occurred among 9.5%. Since 2009, the trend in OAC resumption increased (P-value
Source: European Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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AbstractBackgroundWomen undergoing atrial fibrillation catheter ablation (AFCA) have higher rates of vascular complications and major bleeding. However, most studies have been underpowered to detect differences in rarer complications such as stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) and procedural mortality.MethodsWe performed a systematic review of databases (PubMed, World of Science, Embase) to identify studies published since 2010 reporting AFCA complications by sex. Six complications of interest were: 1) vascular/groin complications; 2) pericardial effusion/tamponade; 3) stroke/TIA; 4) permanent phrenic nerve injury; 5) m...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ‐ ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of the present study was to compare the long-term effectiveness and safety of newly initiated anticoagulation with edoxaban (EDO) versus uninterrupted vitamin K antagonist (VKA) therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) scheduled for transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE)-guided direct electrical current cardioversion (DCC).MethodsA propensity score-matched cohort observational study was performed comparing the safety and effectiveness of edoxaban versus well-controlled VKA therapy among a cohort of consecutive non-valvular AF patients scheduled for DCC. The primary safety outcome was major...
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsConcurrent LAA exclusion during MVR is a safe and effective way to reduce postoperative ischemic stroke, particularly in patients with AF.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) is an alternative to oral anticoagulation therapy in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation for the prevention of embolic stroke and systemic embolism. Although elderly patients (>75 years) have both higher ischemic and bleeding risk as compared to younger patients, they benefit from optimal anticoagulation. The sub-analysis aimed to assess the indications, the safety, efficacy, and 1-year outcomes of interventional LAAC in elderly patients ( ≥ 75 years) compared to younger (
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractAimsMajor bleeding events in heart failure (HF) patients are poorly described. We sought to investigate the importance of major bleeding and its impact on outcomes in HF patients.Methods and resultsWe analysed incident bleeding and ischaemic events during a 3  year follow‐up in 2910 HF outpatients included in a prospective multicentre registry. Major bleeding was defined as a Type ≥3 bleed using the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium definition. Ischaemic event was a composite of ischaemic stroke and myocardial infarction. Events were adjudicated by a blinded committee. At inclusion, most patients (89%...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
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Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionsOur real-life data study suggests that secondary stroke prevention with DOACs is as effective and safe as primary prevention, both in standard and reduced doses, in a typical group of patients who are older than patients included in RCTs.
Source: Clinical Drug Investigation - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In GARFIELD-AF, despite similar characteristics, patients on anticoagulants were treated differently in NL and BE. Although the rate of major bleeding was 33% higher in NL, variations in bleeding, mortality and TE rates were not statistically significant. PMID: 32886853 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: J Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
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Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Significant seasonal variations were observed for IS, ECH, and ICH events in AF patients, and were consistently the highest in winter. A small peak of ECH was observed in summer, which seemed, in part, to be related to increased DOAC use. PMID: 32863288 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ J Source Type: research
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