A neurobiological link between PTSD and addiction

(Society for Neuroscience) Recalling traumatic memories enhances the rewarding effects of morphine in male rats, finds new research published in JNeurosci. These findings may help to explain the co-occurrence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and addiction.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Related Links:

Psychedelic drugs have a bad reputation, but could they be used to enhance psychotherapy? Some researchers argue they may help with anxiety and depression.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Alcohol / Addiction / Illegal Drugs Source Type: news
Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at elevated risk for alcohol use problems, a relationship commonly explained by using alcohol to cope with unpleasant symptoms of PTSD. However, patterns of alcohol use motives, more broadly, have not been well characterized in veteran samples, nor have they been evaluated in the context of other relevant factors, such as normative personality traits. The aims of the present study were to identify empirically derived drinking motive and personality typologies to determine whether these typologies differ as a function of PTSD status (i.e., nontrauma control, trauma expo...
Source: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Conclusion: MBIs seemed to show clinically significant advantages compared to other clinical approaches in relation to specific primary and secondary outcomes. Conversely, treatment retention was independent of the therapeutic approach.Eur Addict Res 2018;24:137 –162
Source: European Addiction Research - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Conclusions: Early and systematic evaluation of PTSD in SUD inpatient detoxification treatment is largely safe and yields important information for individual treatment. The high PTSD-rate and the high symptom load in SUD patients during inpatient detoxification treatment highlight the need for a more stringent address of trauma/PTSD in early SUD treatment.Eur Addict Res 2018;24:128 –136
Source: European Addiction Research - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Most people will be exposed to trauma in their lifetime, but only some of those exposed will develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This is prototypical of several psychiatric disorders in which environmental exposures play a key role, with addictive disorders as another prominent example. Are there neurobiological signatures that can predict vulnerability to developing psychiatric conditions? If so, can those inform our understanding of mechanisms that mediate vulnerability? A positive answer to the first question suggests the viability of personalized prevention approaches.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
By Carmen Arroyo and Emily ThampoeUNITED NATIONS, Jun 29 2018 (IPS)The World Drug Report 2018, launched this week by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), highlighted the importance of gender in drug consumption and behaviour, suggesting it is essential to provide different types of health-care and legal solutions. Only one in five women addicts seeks treatment for drug abuse, the president of the International Narcotics Board (INCB) has warned. Credit: UN Photo/D. GairAs Marie Nougier, Head of Research and Communications at the International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC) told IPS: “There is certainly...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Active Citizens Development & Aid Economy & Trade Global Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Trade & Investment Source Type: news
This study aims to examine the prevalence of different types of peer victimization and to evaluate the associations between peer victimization and health correlates. METHODS: Using a large population sample of 18,341 adolescents aged 15-17 years from 6 cities in China, this study estimated the prevalence of different types of peer victimization, addictive behaviors, and health-related variables with self-administrated questionnaires. A three-phase logistical regression analysis was conducted to investigate the associations between peer victimization and addictive behaviors as well as health-related factors among adole...
Source: World Journal of Pediatrics : WJP - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: World J Pediatr Source Type: research
What does Tovah P. Klein, PhD’s book How Toddlers Thrive have to do with mental health. Well if you’re a parent a lot. But even if you’re not, I love this statement and believe it applies to anyone. “The key to being that good-enough parent that we all desire to be is to know yourself, to be open to change, and to be forgiving.” You can replace the word, “parent,” with “partner,” or “person.” Instead of striving for perfection which we all know by now is futile, we can work on being a good enough sister, friend or parent. We can stop pressuring ourselve...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Best of Our Blogs Source Type: blogs
The findings could help with new treatments for depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and addictions. → Enjoying these psych studies? Support PsyBlog for just $4 per month (includes ad-free experience and more articles). → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: NEW: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Depression subscribers-only Source Type: blogs
Psychedelic drugs like LSD can change brain cells in rats and flies, making neurons more likely to branch out and connect with one another. This supports the theory that psychedelics could help fight depression, anxiety, addiction and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Source: Los Angeles Times - Science - Category: Science Authors: Source Type: news
More News: Addiction | Brain | International Medicine & Public Health | Morphine | Neurology | Neuroscience | Post Traumatic Stress Disorder | Science