Anxiety, depression, burnout rising as college students prepare to return to campus
(MediaSource) A new survey led by The Ohio State University's Office of the Chief Wellness Officer finds students are excited to get back to campus after a long and difficult year. But the trauma of the pandemic is still affecting their mental health. The survey found anxiety, depression and burnout are all on the rise among students, even as they find normalcy again. Those issues have also led to increases in unhealthy coping mechanisms. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

< i > Tweezers of sound < /i > can pick objects up without physical contact
(Tokyo Metropolitan University) Tokyo, Japan - Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University have developed a new technology which allows non-contact manipulation of small objects using sound waves. They used a hemispherical array of ultrasound transducers to generate a 3D acoustic fields which stably trapped and lifted a small polystyrene ball from a reflective surface. Although their technique employs a method similar to laser trapping in biology, adaptable to a wider range of particle sizes and materials. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Meeting global climate targets will lead to 8 million more energy jobs worldwide by 2050
(Cell Press) Researchers created a global dataset of job footprints in 50 countries and used a model to investigate how trying to meet the Paris Agreement global climate target of staying well below 2 ° C would affect energy sector jobs. They found that action to reach said target would increase net jobs by about 8 million by 2050, primarily due to gains in the solar and wind industries. The analysis appears July 23 in the journal One Earth. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

US clinics slower to provide opioid treatment than Canadian clinics
(Yale University) As opioid overdose deaths rose during the COVID-19 pandemic, people seeking treatment for opioid addiction had to wait nearly twice as long to begin methadone treatment in the United States than in Canada, a new Yale study has shown. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Americans with higher net worth at midlife tend to live longer
(Northwestern University) In the first wealth and longevity study to incorporate siblings and twin pair data, researchers from Northwestern University analyzed the midlife net worth of adults (mean age 46.7 years) and their mortality rates 24 years later. They discovered those with greater wealth at midlife tended to live longer. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Association of wealth with longevity at midlife
(JAMA Network) What The Study Did: Researchers investigated the association between net worth at midlife and subsequent longevity in individuals as well as with siblings and twins. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Experiences, perpetration of identity-based bullying among adolescents
(JAMA Network) What The Study Did: Using survey responses from students in some Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, high schools, researchers investigated how experiences of bullying based on race/ethnicity/national origin and other marginalized identities are associated with outcomes for health, mental health and violence among adolescents. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Four themes identified as contributors to diseases of despair in Pennsylvania
(Penn State) Financial instability, lack of infrastructure, a deteriorating sense of community and family fragmentation are key contributors to diseases of despair in Pennsylvania communities, according to Penn State College of Medicine and Highmark Health researchers. The researchers conducted four focus groups in Pennsylvania communities identified as having high rates of despair-related illnesses. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Ready for a RESET?
(World Scientific) Philipp Kristian's latest book, RESET, examines what's next for us all and proffers a vision for how we can rewrite our future together. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Water resources: Defusing conflict, promoting cooperation
(ETH Zurich) The EU funded project DAFNE has developed a methodology for avoiding conflicts of use in transboundary rivers. The model-?based procedure allows for participatory planning and cooperative management of water resources. The aim is now for the DAFNE methodology to be implemented in other regions of the world. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Child mental health services lacking in high-income countries: SFU study finds
(Simon Fraser University) Most children with a mental health disorder are not receiving services to address their needs--according to a new study from researchers at Simon Fraser University's Children's Health Policy Centre. Their research was published this week in the journal Evidence-Based Mental Health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Policing the digital divide: How racial bias can limit Internet access for people of color
(University of Pennsylvania) A new study from the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania investigated the ways that institutions control who has access to Wi-Fi. The findings indicate that powerful institutions and privileged people use quality-of-life policing -- the report and/or arrest of individuals engaged in nonviolent offenses such as loitering, noise violations, and public intoxication -- to keep those with less privilege, including people of color, from accessing resources like the internet. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Studies examine different understandings, varieties of diversity
(University of Illinois at Chicago) In a report published by Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, University of Illinois Chicago researchers detail findings from three studies that explore the connection between political ideology, attitudes, and beliefs toward diversity. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Shedding light on the dark side of firm lobbying
(American Marketing Association) A firm's focus on customers may be diminished when it lobbies. Firm focus can be reoriented to customers, but doing so requires intentional, marketing-focused efforts. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

NPS launches Center on Combating Hybrid Threats to address hybrid warfare
(Naval Postgraduate School) The university's new Center on Combating Hybrid Threats (CCHT), officially formed in early 2021, is part of an international effort to detect, deny, disrupt, degrade, defeat and ultimately deter the use of hybrid threats by our adversaries. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Making negative opinions agreeable: Study finds social sharing happens in terms of support
(University of Toronto, Rotman School of Management) Despite how toxic the social media sandbox can get, people more often share attitudes that are framed in terms of support instead of opposition, according to new research. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study: Young workers now value respect over 'fun' perks in the workplace
(University of Missouri-Columbia) Millennials, often referred to as the " job-hopping generation, " represent a group of young workers who once grabbed the national spotlight with their publicized demands for " fun " work perks, such as happy hours. However, researchers at the Novak Leadership Institute at the University of Missouri and Kansas State University discovered today's young workers -- ages 21-34 -- represent a life-stage shift toward placing more value on having respectful communication in the workplace over trendy work perks. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Big data-derived tool facilitates closer monitoring of recovery from natural disasters
(Texas A&M University) By analyzing peoples' visitation patterns to essential establishments like pharmacies, religious centers and grocery stores during Hurricane Harvey, researchers at Texas A&M University have developed a framework to assess the recovery of communities after natural disasters in near real time. They said the information gleaned from their analysis would help federal agencies allocate resources equitably among communities ailing from a disaster. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Archaeology: Roman road discovered in the Venice lagoon
(Scientific Reports) The discovery of a Roman road submerged in the Venice Lagoon is reported in Scientific Reports this week. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Eyes wide shut: How newborn mammals dream the world they're entering
(Yale University) As a newborn mammal opens its eyes for the first time, it can already make visual sense of the world around it. But how does this happen before they have experienced sight? (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Collaborative digitalization of supply chain ecosystem is overdue for some industries
(World Scientific) Through the last few decades, technologies have improved processes within the four walls of a business, e-commerce has evolved significantly, and other supply chain systems are moving products to the market more efficiently than ever. The evolution hasn't stopped there. Today, supply chain digitalization is ushering in a whole new business model, one where real-time connectivity and responsiveness, greater visibility, and anticipation will become the underlying characteristics of our businesses. It won't happen overnight. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Linda Partridge to present at the 8th Aging Research & Drug Discovery Meeting 2021
(Deep Longevity Ltd) Linda Partridge to present new research in the biology of aging at the world's largest aging research for drug discovery conference (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New map shows where millions of UK residents struggle to access food
(University of Sheffield) In one out of every six local authorities, rates of hunger are more than 150 per cent the national average. Shockingly, in one in 10 local authorities, the rate is almost double, according to new research by the University of Sheffield. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Journey from smoking to vaping variable - Otago academics
(University of Otago) Persistence may be the key when quitting smoking using an electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS), commonly known as vaping, a University of Otago study found. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Expenses for university R & D & I increase moderately in Spain
(Universidad Carlos III de Madrid) Total public spending on university R&D&I gradually increased by 6% between 2016 and 2019, increasing from 8,989 to 9,554 million Euros, although it has still not reached 2008 pre-recession levels, when 10,628 million Euros were invested. This data comes from the most recent edition of the IUNE Observatory's Report, which analysed university R&D&I over the last decade (2009-2018) and which allows its figures dating back to its first edition in 2003 to be consulted. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Longer stays in refugee camps increase cases of acute mental illness
(City University London) A new quantitative study suggests people seeking asylum are more likely to experience mental health deterioration as they spend more time living in refugee camps, backing up qualitative evidence from aid organisations. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

NTU Singapore scientists develop tougher, safer bicycle helmets using new plastic material
(Nanyang Technological University) Researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore), in collaboration with French specialty materials leader Arkema, have developed a tougher, safer bicycle helmet using a combination of materials. The new helmet prototype has higher energy absorption, reducing the amount of energy transferred to a cyclist's head in the event of an accident and lowering the chances of serious injury. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Disagreement may be a way to make online content spread faster, further
(University of Central Florida) Disagreement seems to spread online posts faster and further than agreement, according to a new study from the University of Central Florida.The finding comes from an examination of posts labeled controversial on social news aggregation site Reddit. To perform the study, the researchers analyzed a Reddit dataset that was collected by DARPA. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

UMD Develops a DASH-Plus community-based hypertension management program for older adults
(University of Maryland) The University of Maryland was awarded funding to develop, test, and deliver an integrated hypertension management program for older adults. The program takes the existing DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet and tailors it to those aged 55 and older through a virtual education program this summer, with an in-person program coming soon. The DASH-Plus intervention incorporates diet, simple chair exercises, access to fresh fruits and vegetables, and blood pressure self-monitoring. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Informing policy for long-term global food security
(International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) More than 820 million people in the world don't have enough to eat, while climate change and increasing competition for land and water are further raising concerns about the future balance between food demand and supply. The results of a new IIASA-led study can be used to benchmark global food security projections and inform policy analysis and public debate on the future of food. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Mentoring and inclusion are top priority for 50 new Gilliam Fellows and their advisers
(Howard Hughes Medical Institute) The Howard Hughes Medical Institute has selected the 2021 class of Gilliam adviser-student pairs as part of a program to advance diversity and inclusion in science. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Prosocial behavior improves student outcomes, reduces teacher stress and burnout
(University of Missouri-Columbia) $4 million in grants will help MU researchers connect virtually with Missouri teachers through ECHO platform. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

What makes a market transaction morally repugnant?
(Max Planck Institute for Human Development) Many people find it morally impermissible to put kidneys, children, or doctorates on the free market. But what makes a market transaction morally repugnant in the eyes of the public? And which transactions trigger the strongest collective disapproval? Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and the Robert Koch Institute have addressed these questions. Their findings, published in Cognition, offer new entry points for policy interventions. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

City-funded housing repairs in low-income neighborhoods associated with drop in crime
(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) In Philadelphia, when a home received repairs through a city-funded program, total crime dropped by 21.9% on that block, and as the number of repaired houses on a block increased, instances of crime fell even further, according to research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania published today in JAMA Network Open. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Large-scale study finds greater sedentary hours increases risk of obstructive sleep apnea
(Brigham and Women's Hospital) A new study by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital examined the relationship between active lifestyles and the risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Angewandte Chemie announces inaugural group of advisory editors, new practices to drive greater inclusivity
(Wiley) Angewandte Chemie, a leading chemistry journal from the German Chemical Society, announces a new group of Advisory Editors and set of policies and practices to support greater diversity, equity and inclusion, delivering on key commitments made in June 2020. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Awareness without a sense of self
(Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz) In the context of meditation practice, meditators can experience a state of " pure awareness " or " pure consciousness " , in which they perceive consciousness itself. This state can be experienced in various ways, but evidently incorporates specific sensations as well as non-specific accompanying perceptions, feelings, and thoughts. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The Big Ten Academic Alliance joins Direct to Open from the MIT Press
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Today, the MIT Press and the Big Ten Academic Alliance (BTAA) announced a three-year collective action agreement that provides Direct to Open (D2O) access for all fifteen member libraries. An innovative, sustainable framework for open access monographs, D2O moves professional and scholarly books from a solely market-based, purchase model to a collaborative, library-supported open access model. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers develop tool that may help in understanding inaccuracy in eyewitness testimony
(University of Toronto) Researchers at the University of Toronto have developed an innovative tool to aid in the investigation of how we perceive and remember visual experiences. The new tool, referred to as a " scene wheel, " will help researchers study how accurately we construct mental representations of visual experiences for later retrieval -- for example, how well an eyewitness recalls details of a crime or an accident. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Daniel McNeil 2021 recipient of the IADR Distinguished Scientist Award in BEHSR
(International& American Associations for Dental Research) The International Association for Dental Research (IADR) announced Daniel McNeil, West Virginia University, Morgantown, USA, as the 2021 recipient of the IADR Distinguished Scientist Award in Behavioral, Epidemiologic and Health Services Research. McNeil was recognized during the Opening Ceremonies of the virtual 99th General Session& Exhibition of the IADR, held on July 21-24, 2021. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Rounding errors could make certain stopwatches pick wrong race winners
(American Institute of Physics) Obtaining split-second measurements relies on faultlessly rounding a raw time recorded by a stopwatch or electronic timing system to a submitted time. Researchers at the University of Surrey found certain stopwatches commit rounding errors when converting raw times to final submitted times. In American Journal of Physics, they outline a series of computer simulations based on procedures for converting raw race times for display. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Why weren't New World rabbits domesticated?
(University of California - Riverside) Rabbits were raised for over a thousand years in Mexico without becoming domesticated. A new study finds that their solitary lifestyle and greater species diversity made domestication unlikely. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Take two: Integrating neuronal perspectives for richer results
(College of Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University) Carnegie Mellon University researchers have identified a way to bridge two neuronal approaches traditionally used in isolation, resulting in a richer understanding of neuronal activity. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New study confirms relationship between toxic pollution, climate risks to human health
(University of Notre Dame) In a first-of-its-kind study that combines assessments of the risks of toxic emissions, nontoxic emissions and people's vulnerability to them, University of Notre Dame researchers found a strong and statistically significant relationship between the spatial distribution of global climate risk and toxic pollution. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

UMass Amherst professor honored for lifetime achievement in problem gambling research
(University of Massachusetts Amherst) Rachel Volberg, research professor in the University of Massachusetts Amherst School of Public Health and Health Sciences, has received the 2021 Lifetime Research Award from the National Council on Problem Gambling. The group's board of directors voted unanimously to confer the honor after Volberg was nominated by Marlene Warner, executive director of the Massachusetts Council on Gaming and Health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Pandemic changed perceptions of masked faces
(Hokkaido University) The Covid-19 pandemic has improved perceptions of facial attractiveness and healthiness of people wearing face masks in Japan. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study uncovers factors linked to radical attitudes and intentions
(Wiley) A systematic review and meta-analysis published in Campbell Systematic Reviews identified and examined more than 100 risk and protective factors for radical attitudes, intentions, and behaviors (including terrorism) in democratic countries. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Innovative program entertains and teaches children about fish migration
(Wiley) It's important to communicate about hard-to-see and complex environmental topics and issues with young people. In an article published in People and Nature, an international team reflects on the group's creation of the Shout Trout Workout, a lyric poem, comic, and music video for children aged 8-14 years old designed to entertain, engage, and enrich learning about migratory fishes and aquatic environments. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Firms connected to the Mafia have lower profitability and more likely to go bust
(Bocconi University) New research unveils that firms connected to organized crime have lower return on assets, higher debt, lower cash holdings and are more likely to default. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New study shows transcendental meditation reduces emotional stress and improves academics
(Center for Wellness and Achievement in Education) Students who participated in a meditation-based Quiet Time program utilizing the Transcendental Meditation (TM) technique for four months had significant improvements in overall emotional stress symptoms, quality of sleep, and English Language Arts (ELA) academic achievement according to a new randomized controlled trial published last month in Education. This was the first randomized control trial to investigate the effects of TM on standardized academic tests. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news