Gout treatment success doubled by combining two drugs, study finds
(Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan) If left untreated, gout can cause severe disability. But unlike rheumatoid arthritis, there are only a handful of ways to treat it. Researchers say a combination of two existing drugs disrupts antibody production and doubles treatment efficacy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Online CBT effective against OCD symptoms in the young
(Karolinska Institutet) Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in children and adolescents is associated with impaired education and worse general health later in life. Access to specialist treatment is often limited. According to a study from Centre for Psychiatry Research at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and Region Stockholm, internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can be as effective as conventional CBT. The study, published in the prestigious journal JAMA, can help make treatment for OCD more widely accessible. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Hope: The Dream We Carry
(Springer) The new Palgrave Macmillan book, Hope, by Tia De Nora provides a concise, interdisciplinary perspective on the emotion and practice of 'hope'. Based on the idea that hope is a dream that we carry in different ways, the five chapters draw on the author's original research and align it with literature on the sociology of culture and emotion, to explore the concept in relation to cultural and community practices and mental health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Global literary studies: Key concepts
(Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)) The International Symposium on Global Literary Studies: Key Concepts gathers international scholars with expertise in various areas of research to reflect on the current and future paths of global literary studies from an interdisciplinary perspective. This symposium will be held on May 20th and 21st, 2021, and is organized by Global Literary Studies Research Lab (Open University of Catalonia - Spain) and the project Social Networks of the Past. Mapping Hispanic and Lusophone Literary Modernity, 1898-1959 funded by the European Research Council (Grant Agreement: 803860). (Source: Eur...
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Temple scientists poised to gain insight into underpinnings of Alzheimer's thanks to grant
(Temple University Health System) Thanks to a new three-year, $2.27 million grant from the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Dr. John Elrod and colleagues are poised to gain novel insight into biological mechanisms that may be driving or worsening neurodegeneration. The researchers will investigate potential mechanisms using mouse models of Alzheimer's disease and a systems biology approach. The work could help identify new drug targets and therapeutic opportunities for Alzheimer's disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Markedly poor physical functioning status of people experiencing homelessness
(Trinity College Dublin) A Trinity College study demonstrates an extremely high burden of physical and mobility problems experienced by people who are homeless and were admitted for inpatient care to an acute hospital in Dublin and Overall the study provided visible evidence of accelerated physical ageing among this cohort relative to the general population. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study: Students with disabilities show resilience that could guide post-pandemic education
(University of Kansas) A study from the University of Kansas interviewed students with disabilities about their experiences with pandemic education. They found the students relied on their own resilience, and advocated for themselves, displaying a strengths-based approach that could serve as a model for all students following the pandemic. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

May/June 2021 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
(American Academy of Family Physicians) Annals of Family Medicine is a peer-reviewed, indexed research journal that provides a cross-disciplinary forum for new, evidence-based information affecting the primary care disciplines. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Social isolation has a profound and increasingly negative impact on physical functioning in older adults
(Elsevier) Social isolation among older adults is associated with poor health and premature mortality, but the connection between social isolation and physical functioning is poorly understood. New research generates more robust evidence about the associations between social isolation and physical functioning and how this accelerates over time, reports the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, published by Elsevier. It also highlights the importance of incorporating strategies to reduce social isolation and promote successful aging. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Tanzanian farmers boost diets with sustainable methods
(Cornell University) Diversity of children's diets and food security improved for households after Tanzanian farmers learned about sustainable crop-growing methods, gender equity, nutrition and climate change from peer mentors. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Best practices to prevent the federal government from blowing its technology budget
(Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences) With the US federal government investing billions of taxpayer dollars in executing technology programs, wouldn't you like to know where this money is going? A new study has identified ways to reduce federal spending in the execution of these taxpayer-funded technology programs. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Focus on outliers creates flawed snap judgments
(Duke University) You enter a room and quickly scan the crowd to gain a sense of who's there - how many men versus women. How reliable is your estimate?Not very, according to new research from Duke University. In an experimental study, researchers found that participants consistently erred in estimating the proportion of men and women in a group. And participants erred in a particular way: They overestimated whichever group was in the minority. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

CIA's misleading inoculation drive led to vaccine decline in Pakistan
(Oxford University Press USA) A new paper in the Journal of the European Economic Association indicates that distrust generated by a 2011 CIA-led vaccination campaign ruse designed to catch Osama Bin Laden resulted in a significant vaccination rate decline in Pakistan. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Rural school districts swifter to return to in-person instruction than urban districts
(RAND Corporation) About 42% of rural school districts in the U.S. offered fully in-person instruction as of February, compared with only 17% for urban districts, according to a new RAND Corporation survey of school district leaders. The opposite pattern held for fully remote learning: 29% of urban districts offered fully remote instruction compared with 10% of rural districts and 18% of suburban districts. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The Aqueduct of Constantinople: Managing the longest water channel of the ancient world
(Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz) Aqueducts are very impressive examples of the art of construction in the Roman Empire. Even today, they still provide us with new insights into aesthetic, practical, and technical aspects of construction and use. Scientists investigated the longest aqueduct of the time, the 426-kilometer-long Aqueduct of Valens supplying Constantinople, and revealed new insights into how this structure was maintained back in time. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Even when they include them, gifted programs aren't serving Black or low-income kids
(University of Florida) The first nationwide study of outcomes for different gifted subgroups shows the programs may not be adequately serving their Black and low-income students. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Solving the cocktail party problem
(Bar-Ilan University) Conducting a discussion in a crowded room can be challenging when other conversations and background noise interfere with our ability to focus attention on our conversation partner. Can we absorb information from a few speakers in parallel, or are we limited to understanding speech from only one speaker at a time? Researchers have now moved closer to understanding how the brain deals with the abundance of sounds in our environments, and prioritizes among them. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Male infertility scoring using AI-assisted image classification requiring no programming
The objective of Dr. Kobayashi, a urologist, was to create an easy-to-use method of pathological examination for the daily clinical practice setting. With it, testis images could be classified at 82.6% accuracy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Implanted wireless device triggers mice to form instant bond
(Northwestern University) For the first time ever, researchers have wirelessly programmed -- and then deprogrammed -- mice to socially interact with one another in real time. The advancement is thanks to a first-of-its-kind ultraminiature, wireless, battery-free and fully implantable device that uses light to activate neurons. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

UNIST recognized for design excellence at iF Design Award 2021
(Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology(UNIST)) The Department of Design at South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has once again been recognized for design excellence, worldwide. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Meaningful movies help people cope with life's difficulties
(Ohio State University) Watching meaningful films - those that we find moving and poignant - can make us feel more prepared to deal with life's challenges and want to be a better person, a new study found.The findings point to one reason why people may choose to see movies that make them sad as well as happy and that may explore difficult subjects that aren't always uplifting. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New finding suggests cognitive problems caused by repeat mild head hits could be treated
(Georgetown University Medical Center) A neurologic pathway by which non-damaging but high frequency brain impact blunts normal brain function and causes long-term problems with learning and memory has been identified. The finding suggests that tailored drug therapy can be designed and developed to reactivate and normalize cognitive function, say neuroscientists at Georgetown University Medical Center. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Once we're past the fear stage, where do we place the blame for the COVID-19 pandemic?
(Social Psychological Bulletin) In a recent study, conducted in Poland in 2020 and published in the peer-reviewed journal Social Psychological Bulletin, scientists concluded it was the government and the system that most of the participants attributed responsibility to for the COVID-19 incidence rates. Furthermore, political views and party preferences are reported to play an incomparably more significant role in their responses than factors such as anxiety, stress and depression levels or overall self-reported well-being. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Why Germany's coal compromise failed to end the debate
(Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies e.V. (IASS)) Can expert commissions develop solutions for controversial issues that will enjoy broad democratic support? Researchers from the IASS have analysed the work of Germany's " Coal Exit Commission " using a set of new criteria. While the authors view positively the Commission's success in reaching a compromise, they criticise its failure to deliver an outcome that promotes the common good, particularly with respect to high costs of the coal exit and its unambitious contribution towards climate goals. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Gero announces GeroSense API to quantify health and revolutionize the wellness industry
(Gero) Gero, a data-driven longevity company that fights the aging process with AI, deep learning, and scientific research, announces launching its new product GeroSense API for the wellness industry - an AI-enabled Digital Biomarker that understands health changes via smartphone sensor data. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Understanding family members' grief for a living loved one
(Ohio State University) The symptoms of grief people feel for a loved one facing a life-limiting illness fluctuate over time, a new study found - suggesting that individuals can adjust to their emotional pain, but also revealing factors that can make pre-loss grief more severe. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Fifty shades of reading: Who reads contemporary erotic novels and why?
(Max-Planck-Gesellschaft) New study is the first to explore empirically the readership and the reading rewards underlying the current large-scale cultural phenomenon of erotic novels (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

It is time to create contracts all users can understand
(University of Vaasa) Contracts today are complex and not user-friendly. The documents are written in black and white text, using " legalese " language, and lack page layout design. The result is that contracts are often left in drawers and are not used. So how can contracts be designed so everyone can read and understand them? This is the question Milva Finnegan explores in her doctoral dissertation at the University of Vaasa. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Long-term stress in dogs linked to the owner-dog relationship
(Link ö ping University) The relationship a dog has with its owner is related to its stress level. This is the conclusion of a newly published study from Link ö ping University, Sweden. The results, published in the journal Scientific Reports, also suggest that the link between stress and the owner's personality traits differs between dog breeds. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Cinema in Flux | The Evolution of Motion Picture Technology
(Springer) The new Springer book, The Cinema in Flux, by lifetime innovator Lenny Lipton, explores the history of cinema technology by upending the conception that the medium began at the end of the 19th century. A major thesis of the book is that cinema, the projection of motion, began with the invention of the magic lantern in the 17th century. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Herman Aguinis receives Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award
(Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology) Herman Aguinis, Ph.D., has been honored with the Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award from the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

7 honored with SIOP Distinguished Awards
(Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology) Every year the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP) and the SIOP Foundation present numerous awards recognizing excellence in professional and student work. For 2021, seven SIOP members were honored with distinguished awards. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Top educational apps for children might not be as beneficial as promised
(Penn State) Log on to any app store, and parents will find hundreds of options for children that claim to be educational. But new Penn State research suggests these apps might not be as beneficial to children as they seem. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The next generation of hunters could look different
(North Carolina State University) A new survey led by researchers from North Carolina State University found that the future of hunting in the United States might look different than it has in the past. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Growth of satire during " age of politeness " saw worries ridicule could lead to abuse, research shows
(University of Exeter) The explosion of satire in the Georgian period saw philosophers worry mockery could lead to abuse, research shows. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Learning on the fly
(University of Sussex) Informatics experts at the University of Sussex have developed a new computational model that demonstrates a long sought after link between insect and mammalian learning. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

From programming a calculator to activist professor for gender equality
(Norwegian University of Science and Technology) Letizia Jaccheri has won a Norwegian award recognizing her efforts to bring more women into the tech industry. She's been instrumental in helping increase the number of women in leadership positions at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), where she herself is a professor of computer science. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Systemic inequalities driving exposure to high indoor air pollution in London
(University College London) Systemic inequalities mean that low-income households in London are more likely to be exposed to higher levels of indoor air pollution, according to a report by UCL researchers.The biggest factors are the quality of housing and the characteristics of the surrounding environment, taking location and levels of outdoor air pollution into account - factors beyond occupants' control. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Algorithms show accuracy in gauging unconsciousness under general anesthesia
(Picower Institute at MIT) Machine learning software advances could help anesthesiologists optimize drug dose, potentially improving patient outcomes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Some meat eaters disgusted by meat
(University of Exeter) Some meat eaters feel disgusted by meat, according to a new study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Consumption of pornography is widespread among young Internet users
(Ludwig-Maximilians-Universit ä t M ü nchen) A new survey shows that websites dedicated to pornography are popular among 16- and 17-year-olds. But social media are playing also a prominent role. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

What consumers mean when they say your products are authentic
(American Marketing Association) Knowing what consumers mean by " authenticity " can help marketers deliver it in their products and services. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Small apoptotic bodies: Nirvana, birth and death
(Nanjing University School of Life Sciences) Scientists from Nanjing University and University of Macau have discovered nano-scaled apoptotic bodies (ABs) as a new brain-targeting drug carrier, bringing new promise for the Parkinson's Disease as well as other brain diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers develop artificial intelligence that can detect sarcasm in social media
(University of Central Florida) Properly understanding and responding to customer feedback on Twitter, Facebook and other social media platforms is crucial for brands, and it may have just gotten a little easier thanks to research out of the University of Central Florida in Orlando. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Youngest children in class more likely to be diagnosed with learning disability
(University of Turku) Children born in December are almost twice as likely to be diagnosed with a learning disorder as those born in January. ADHD was found not to affect the association between month of birth and the likelihood of a learning disability diagnosis. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Twitter data unveils issues nursing mothers face, informs proposed interventions
(Penn State) Social media has become a platform for new mothers to openly share their experiences of the joys and challenges of parenthood. Researchers at Penn State and Dalhousie University have unraveled the sentiments in nursing mothers' tweets to better understand the factors influencing breastfeeding behaviors. They hope the findings can inform policies and interventions to support and improve resources for nursing mothers, such as breastfeeding support, workplace accommodations and technological aids such as apps. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Better healthcare guidance needed for trans people
(Anglia Ruskin University) Clinical practice guidelines for dealing with the physical and mental health of transgender people highlight the current lack of a solid research base which must be improved, according to a new study published in the journal BMJ Open. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Greater effectiveness in the treatment of arrhythmia with radio frequency energy and catheterization
(Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Barcelona) An article published in International Journal of Hyperthermia proposes a more effective protocol for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias when applying radiofrequency energy at the site of the arrhythmia by catheterization. The research results from the final year project on the bachelor's degree in Biomedical Engineering by Sergi Coderch Navarro, supervised by Ana Gonz á lez Su á rez and Oscar Camara, researchers with the PhySense group of the BCN MedTech Research Unit. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers find association between financial strain due to COVID-19 and depression
(Children's Hospital of Philadelphia) Researchers have found an independent association between COVID-19-related income loss and financial strain and depression, according to the latest study from the COVID-19 Resilience Project, run by the Lifespan Brain Institute (LiBI) of Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and Penn Medicine. This association was found in two separate cohorts - one primarily in the United States and one in Israel - and the depressive symptoms worsened over time in participants who were hit financially, above and beyond pandemic-related anxiety. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

'Breaking the links' in the chain of violence: Journal of Psychiatric Practice continues series on therapeutic risk management approach
(Wolters Kluwer Health) With mass shootings and other seemingly meaningless acts of violence in the headlines all too frequently, strategies to assess the risk and reduce the potential for violent acts are sorely needed. The fourth in a series of five columns devoted to therapeutic risk management of violence - focusing on a method called chain analysis to identify and target pathways leading to violent thoughts and behaviors - appears in the May issue of the Journal of Psychiatric Practice. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news