Nudges fail more often than is reported, experts warn
(Queen Mary University of London) Research led by Queen Mary University of London has shown that despite the widespread use of behavioural interventions across society, failed interventions are surprisingly common. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Mountain gorillas are good neighbours - up to a point
(University of Exeter) Mountain gorilla groups are friendly to familiar neighbours - provided they stay out of " core " parts of their territory - new research shows. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

COVID-19 vaccine nationalism could cost world up to $1.2 trillion: New RAND Europe study
(RAND Corporation) A huge global research effort is taking place to bring a fast-tracked COVID-19 vaccine to the market but there is concern that certain countries may prioritise their own population's access to any vaccines developed. New RAND Europe research shows that if some countries are unable to obtain vaccines owing to vaccine nationalism it could cost the global economy up to $1.2 trillion per year in GDP terms. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How computer scientists and marketers can create a better CX with AI
(American Marketing Association) A failure to incorporate behavioral insight into technological developments may undermine consumers' experiences with AI. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study documents racial differences in US hospice use and end-of-life care preferences
(Johns Hopkins Medicine) In a new medical records analysis of racial disparities in end-of-life care, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine and three collaborating institutions report that Black patients voluntarily seek substantially more intensive treatment in the last six months of life, while white patients more often choose hospice services. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

'Iconic' Sandia researcher wins Indigenous Excellence Award
(DOE/Sandia National Laboratories) Sandia National Laboratories engineer and Native American STEM icon Sandra Begay has received the 2020 Indigenous Excellence Award. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Teen boys link marijuana use with more, better sex
(Washington State University) Teen-age boys exposed to pro-cannabis advertising and social media posts are more likely than female peers to associate marijuana use with improving sexual activity, new research from Washington State University suggests. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

JNIS: brain-computer allows patients with severe paralysis to text, email, bank
(Society of NeuroInterventional Surgery) Researchers demonstrated the success of a fully implantable wireless medical device, the Stentrode ™ brain-computer interface (BCI), designed to allow patients with severe paralysis to resume daily tasks -- including texting, emailing, shopping and banking online -- without the need for open brain surgery. The first-in-human study was published in the (i>Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery ™, the leading international peer-reviewed journal for the clinical field of neurointerventional surgery. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Lockdown interviews show poor housing quality has made life even tougher
(University of Huddersfield) New research from the University of Huddersfield, in conjunction with the Northern Housing Consortium and Nationwide Foundation, shows the shocking extent of how much people struggled to cope whilst living with poor housing conditions in the north of England during the first lockdown, between May and July 2020 (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Artificial intelligence dives into thousands of WW2 photographs
(Aarhus University) In a new international cross disciplinary study, researchers from Aarhus University, Denmark and Tampere University, Finland have used artificial intelligence to analyse large amounts of historical photos from WW2. Among other things, the study shows that artificial intelligence can distinguish people and objects in a variety of scenes and even recognise the identity of the photographers based on the content of photos taken by them. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How hard is it to vote in your state?
(Northern Illinois University) A new analysis identifies U.S. states that make it easiest, and those that make it more challenging, to register and vote. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Fatal police shootings among black Americans remain high, unchanged since 2015
(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) Overall, the report found 5,367 fatal police shootings in the five-year span, of which 4,653 were eligible for analysis because both race and age were identified. The researchers calculated that this represented an annual average of 31,960 years of life lost. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

$2.2 million in grants will support biomedical research on aging
(American Federation for Aging Research) The Glenn Foundation for Medical Research and the American Federation for Aging Research (AFAR) announce the 2020 recipients of three grant programs: the Glenn Foundation for Medical Research and AFAR Grants for Junior Faculty, the Glenn Foundation for Medical Research Postdoctoral Fellowships in Aging Research, and the Glenn Foundation for Medical Research Breakthroughs in Gerontology (BIG) Awards. Collectively, these three grant programs will provide close to $2.2 million in support of biomedical research on healthy aging. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Penn researchers receive $5.4 million grant to find genetic drivers of testicular cancer
(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) A team of researchers led by Katherine L. Nathanson, MD, deputy director of the Abramson Cancer Center and the Pearl Basser Professor for BRCA-Related Research in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, was recently awarded $5.4 million over five years from the National Institutes of Health to continue the long-standing genomics work of the TEsticular CAncer Consortium. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

COVID-19: Call for millions spent on failing system to be diverted to local services
(SAGE) A group of doctors is calling on the government to divert the hundreds of millions of pounds being spent on the failing centralised privatised COVID-19 national test and trace service into local primary care, local NHS labs and local public health services. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Reduced flexible behavior in autistic individuals is driven by less optimal learning
(PLOS) Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show reduced flexible behavior on a probabilistic reversal learning task, underpinned by less optimal learning within each developmental stage, according to a study published October 27 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Daisy Crawley of King's College London and Lei Zhang of University of Vienna, and colleagues. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Can individual differences be detected in same-shaped pottery vessels by unknown craftsmen?
(Kobe University) An interdisciplinary research team has investigated whether there are quantitative differences that can be used to identify individual potters who make traditional, fixed-shape vessels that have been made in the same way for generations. Consequently, they discovered that there are clear variations between individuals in the formation process and hand movements used. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

SwRI awarded $12 million US Air Force contract for B-1B system redesign
(Southwest Research Institute) The USAF awarded SwRI a $12 million contract to redesign a critical B-1B Lancer system to help extend the aircraft's service life. The B-1B is a long-range, supersonic bomber, which has served the Air Force since 1986. SwRI engineers will redesign the aircraft's Fuel Center of Gravity Management System (FCGMS), which tracks fuel data and usage, controls fuel transfer to the aircraft's four turbine engines and calculates corrections to the bomber's center of gravity as fuel is depleted. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Judges' decisions in sport focus more on vigour than skill
(University of Plymouth) Researchers from the University of Plymouth analysed almost 550 men's and women's mixed martial arts contests, using data collated for the Ultimate Fighting Championship, and found the rate at which competitors fight is more likely to result in judges awarding victory than the skill with which they attack their opponents. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Sports science: quality wins games
(Karlsruher Institut f ü r Technologie (KIT)) " Quality Wins Games " - this is the conclusion drawn by scientists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in their study " Success Factors in Football: An Analysis of the German Bundesliga " . The most important success criteria they identified is avoiding errors in the defense, efficiency in scoring goals especially after counter-attacks and the market value of the team. The findings are reported in theInternational Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. (DOI: 10.1080/24748668.2020.1726157) (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

People with disabilities view health care access as human right, study shows
(University of Kansas) Analysis of national survey data of Americans with disabilities finds they overwhelmingly view health care access as a human right, but many barriers stand in their way, including insurance tied to employment and policy makers not listening. They also view the ACA positively, even though they span the political spectrum. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Utilizing telecare to motivate depressed individuals who take opioids into treatment
(Regenstrief Institute) Researchers are testing whether a scalable, telehealth-delivered collaborative care model can motivate primary care patients who are dependent on opioids and also have depression to increase engagement in evidence-based treatments for pain and opioid-use disorder, while simultaneously improving depression symptoms. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Dartmouth engineering professor elected OSA fellow
(Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth) Dartmouth engineering professor Jifeng Liu has been named a fellow of The Optical Society (OSA). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The Lancet Healthy Longevity: Residential context important factor in risk of COVID-19 mortality among older adults, Stockholm study suggests
(The Lancet) Older people living with or in close contact with people of working age may be at higher risk of COVID-19 mortality in Stockholm, Sweden, according to an observational study published today inThe Lancet Healthy Longevity journal. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Best way to detect 'deepfake' videos? Check for the pulse
(Binghamton University) Researchers from Binghamton University have teamed up with Intel to develop a tool called FakeCatcher, which can detect deepfake videos at an accuracy rate above 90%. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The rhythm of change: What a drum-beat experiment reveals about cultural evolution
(Santa Fe Institute) Living organisms aren't the only things that evolve over time. Cultural practices change, too, and in recent years social scientists have taken a keen interest in understanding this cultural evolution. A new experiment used drum-beats to investigate the role that environment plays on cultural shifts, confirming that different environments do indeed give rise to different cultural patterns. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Empathy may be in the eye of the beholder
(University of California - Davis) Do we always want people to show empathy? Not so, said researchers from the University of California, Davis. A recently published paper suggests that although empathy is often portrayed as a virtue, people who express empathy are not necessarily viewed favorably. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Haunted house researchers investigate the mystery of playing with fear
(Association for Psychological Science) Haunted houses, horror movies, and ghost stories can be chilling delights, provided the fear they evoke remains in a 'Goldilocks zone' that is neither too terrifying nor too tame. New research connects this sweet spot of recreational fear to a telltale range of heart rate fluctuations, shedding light on the mind-body connection between fear and fun. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Hard physical work significantly increases the risk of dementia
(University of Copenhagen The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences) Men in jobs with hard physical work have a higher risk of developing dementia compared to men doing sedentary work, new research from the University of Copenhagen reveals. The researchers therefore urge the health authorities to make their recommendations concerning physical activity more specific. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Cancer anti-sickness drug offers hope for hallucinations in Parkinson's
(Parkinson's UK) A world-first double-blind clinical trial, will investigate if a powerful drug used to treat nausea in chemotherapy patients, could alleviate hallucinations in people with Parkinson's. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study finds PTSD interacts with klotho gene, may cause premature aging in the brain
(Boston University School of Medicine) Genetics and the environment (including psychiatric stress) may contribute to the pace of cellular aging, causing some individuals to have a biological age that exceeds their chronological age. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Surprised researchers: Number of leopards in northern China on the rise
(University of Copenhagen) Most of the world's leopards are endangered and generally, the number of these shy and stunning cats is decreasing. However, according to a recent study by a researcher from University of Copenhagen and colleagues from China, leopard populations in northern China are on the mend. Discover why below. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Former rebel groups become more moderate after gaining political power in nations with democracy, research shows
(University of Exeter) Former rebel groups who transform into political parties have adopted a moderate stance after gaining power in more democratic political systems, a study shows. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New lead screening method zooms in on highest-risk areas in Georgia
(Emory Health Sciences) Applying the new screening index could improve efforts to monitor for chronic, long-term exposure to low levels of lead. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

State gun laws may help curb violence across state lines: study
(Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health) Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health researchers find that strong state firearm laws are associated with fewer firearm homicides--both within the state where the laws are enacted and across state lines. Conversely, weak firearm laws in one state are linked to higher rates of homicides in neighboring states. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Looking ahead to new biomarkers, clinical trials, and potential treatments for Alzheimer's
(NIH/National Institute on Aging) National Institute on Aging experts are available to further explain and analyze some of the latest research as presented at the 13th Annual International Conference on Clinical Trials for Alzheimer's Disease (CTAD). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

From sea to shining sea: new survey reveals state-level opinions on climate change
(Resources for the Future (RFF)) A new report analyzing state-level opinions on climate change finds the majority of Americans believe in and want action on climate change--but factors like state politics and local climate play important roles. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Emery N. Brown wins SfN's Swartz Prize for Theoretical and Computational Neuroscience
(Picower Institute at MIT) Award recognizes Brown for research that has produced principled and efficient new methods for decoding patterns of neural and brain network activity and has advanced neuroscientific understanding of how anesthetics affect the brain, which can improve patient care. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

First companies picked for Sandia's new Mentor-Prot é g é Program
(DOE/Sandia National Laboratories) Sandia National Laboratories has selected three companies as its first prot é g é s in a new partnership program designed to help small businesses develop and build solid foundations when competing for federal and industry opportunities. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researcher found female candidates are more likely to discuss the economy than males
(University of Colorado Denver) In a new study published inPolitics& Policy, Deserai Crow, PhD, associate professor at the University of Colorado Denver in the School of Public Affairs, found significant differences in discussion topics between both party affiliation and gender. Narratives from both Republican and Democratic candidates in 48 U.S. House campaigns from the 2018 midterm election were analyzed in this study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

From 'fake news' to 'tremendous success'
(Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz) The way incumbent American president Donald Trump uses language has long been a trademark of his person. Among other things, Trump has popularized terms like 'fake news' and has not shied away from giving derogatory nicknames to political opponents. Linguists worldwide now investigated various aspects of Donald Trump's idiolect, resulting in ten comprehensive analyses published in the edited volume 'Linguistic Inquiries into Donald Trump's Language. From 'Fake News' to 'Tremendous Success'. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The BrainHealth project could create a resilient economy
(Center for BrainHealth) Scientists at Center for BrainHealth ® worked with researchers across the world to develop a science-based plan that could help the economy recover and prevent similar collapses in the future. The Brain Capital Grand Strategy is an economic reimagination wherein organizations invest in employees' brain health as a critical, measurable asset. Improving brain health helps people tap into their brain's limitless potential, catalyze innovative thinking and improve their productivity, in turn strengthening the transforming economy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

1 in 12 parents say their teen has attended a demonstration about racism or police reform
(Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan) A growing number of demonstrators taking to the streets to protest police brutality and racial injustice may include teenagers, a new national poll suggests. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Liver cancer diagnoses and deaths impacted by geography and household income
(Wiley) An analysis of information from a large U.S. cancer database indicates that patients with liver cancer from rural regions and lower income households often have more advanced cancer at the time of diagnosis and face a higher risk of death compared with other patients. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society (ACS). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Kid influencers are promoting junk food brands on YouTube -- garnering more than a billion views
(New York University) Kids with wildly popular YouTube channels are frequently promoting unhealthy food and drinks in their videos, warn researchers at NYU School of Global Public Health and NYU Grossman School of Medicine in a new study published in the journal Pediatrics. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Burt's Bees presents clinical data on brand's natural lip and anti-aging skincare efficacy
(Spectrum Science) Burt's Bees, a pioneer in natural skin care, today announced new research supporting the role of efficacy-first, natural regimens to defend, replenish and restore vibrant, healthier-looking skin. The studies will be presented at the virtual Integrative Dermatology Symposium (IDS) from October 23 - November 1, 2020. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Poor women in Bangladesh reluctant to use healthcare
(Flinders University) A study, published in PLOS ONE, found that the women living in Dhaka slums were reluctant to use institutionalised maternal health care for fear of having to make undocumented payments, unfamiliar institutional processes, lack of social and family support, matters of honour and shame, a culture of silence and inadequate spousal communication on health issues. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study: 34% of older adults in the US are prescribed potentially inappropriate drugs
(University at Buffalo) The prescription of potentially inappropriate medications to older adults is linked to increased hospitalizations, and it costs patients, on average, more than $450 per year, according to a new University at Buffalo study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Keeping the spark lit into the golden years
(Norwegian University of Science and Technology) Have you passed your supposed prime and feel like it takes more to get fired up? The good news is you're far from alone. And you can do something about it. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Knowing the model you can trust - the key to better decision-making
(Cranfield University) As much of Europe is engulfed by a second wave of Covid-19, and track and trace struggles to meet demand, modelling support tools are being increasingly used by policymakers to make key decisions. Most notably, models have been used to predict the Covid-19 R0 rate - the average rate of secondary infections from a single infection, which has formed the basis for many lockdown decisions across the UK. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news