Exposure to the ROCK inhibitor fasudil promotes gliogenesis of neural stem cells in vitro

Publication date: April 2018 Source:Stem Cell Research, Volume 28 Author(s): Zubair Ahmed Nizamudeen, Lisa Chakrabarti, Virginie Sottile Fasudil is a clinically approved Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitor that has been used widely to treat cerebral consequences of subarachnoid hemorrhage. It is known to have a positive effect on animal models of neurological disorders including Parkinson's disease and stroke. However, its cellular effect on progenitor populations and differentiation is not clearly understood. While recent studies suggest that fasudil promotes the mobilization of neural stem cells (NSCs) from the subventricular zone in vivo and promotes the differentiation of the C17.2 cerebellar neuroprogenitor line in vitro, it is unclear whether fasudil is involved in the differentiation of primary NSCs. Here, we tested the effect of fasudil on mouse NSCs in vitro, and observed increased gliogenesis in NSCs derived from lateral ventricles. Upon treatment, fasudil promoted characteristics of neurogenesis including phenotypic changes in neural outgrowth and interkinetic nuclear-like movements as an immediate response, while Sox2 expression was maintained and GFAP expression increased. Moreover, the gliogenic response to fasudil medium was observed in both early postnatal and adult NSC cultures. Taken together, our results show that fasudil promotes the differentiation of NSCs into astroglial lineage, suggesting that it could be used to develop novel vitro gliogen...
Source: Stem Cell Research - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Sabet Sarvestani F, Azarpira N Abstract Heart and cerebral infarctions, as two important ischemic diseases, lead to the death of tissues due to inadequate blood supply and high mortality worldwide. These statuses are started via blockage of vessels and depletion of oxygen and nutrients which affected these areas. After reperfusion and restoration of oxygen supply, more severe injury was mediated by multifaceted cascades of inflammation and oxidative stress. microRNAs (miRNAs) as the regulator of biological and pathological pathways can adjust these conditions by interaction with their targets. Also, miRNAs...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This study found that childhood cancer survivors in New Zealand had a high prevalence of developmental dental abnormalities and it identified potential risk factors related to their cancer treatment. Inequitable access to oral rehabilitation for this patient group argues for a mechanism for consistent improved access to publicly funded dental care across district health boards in New Zealand. PMID: 33032302 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Conclusions: The study ’s findings support the efficacy of tube weaning based on the published “Graz model of tube weaning” for children born with EA/TEF and indicate the necessity of specialized tube weaning programs for these patients.What is Known:• Children with esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula often suffer from feeding problems and tube dependency.• Different tube weaning programs and outcomes have been published, but not specifically for children with EA.What is New:• Evaluation of a large sample of children referred for tube weaning after EA repair.• Most children wi...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2020Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 75Author(s): Jian Zhang, Xiaohang Fu, Wenhui Li, He Li, Zhiwei Ying, Xinqi Liu, Liduan Yin
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Erin L. Meier, Shannon M. Sheppard, Emily B. Goldberg, Catherine R. Head, Delaney M. Ubellacker, Alexandra Walker, Argye E. Hillis
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): J.P. Martínez-Barbero, P. Tomás-Muñoz, R. Martínez-Moreno
Source: Neurologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study shows that CA are released from periventricular and subpial regions to the cerebrospinal fluid and are present in the cervical lymph nodes, into which cerebrospinal fluid drains through the meningeal lymphatic system. We also show that CA can be phagocytosed by macrophages. We conclude that CA can act as containers that remove waste products from the brain and may be involved in a mechanism that cleans the brain. Moreover, we postulate that CA may contribute in some autoimmune brain diseases, exporting brain substances that interact with the immune system, and hypothesize that CA may contain brain markers that m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Gangliosides are cell membrane components, most abundantly in the central nervous system where they exert among others neuro-protective and -restorative functions. Clinical development of ganglioside replacement therapy for several neurodegenerative diseases was impeded by the BSE crisis in Europe during the 1990s. Nowadays, gangliosides are produced bovine-free and new pre-clinical and clinical data justify a reevaluation of their therapeutic potential in neurodegenerative diseases. Clinical experience is greatest with monosialo-tetrahexosyl-ganglioside (GM1) in the treatment of stroke. Fourteen randomized controlled tria...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, we determine whether intranasally (IN) administered DFO is beneficial in the intracerebroventricular streptozotocin (ICV STZ) rat model of sporadic Alzheimer's disease, which is different from previous models in that it exhibits dysregulation of insulin metabolism as well as oxidative stress and inflammation.
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
French Intensive Care Society, International congress - Réanimation 2016. Ann Intensive Care. 2016 Jun;6(Suppl 1):50 Authors: Jaillette E, Girault C, Brunin G, Zerimech F, Chiche A, Broucqsault-Dedrie C, Fayolle C, Minacori F, Alves I, Barrailler S, Robriquet L, Delaporte E, Thellier D, Delcourte C, Duhamel A, Nseir S, Valette X, Desmeulles I, Savary B, Masson R, Seguin A, Daubin C, Sauneuf B, Verrier P, Pottier V, Orabona M, Samba D, Viquesnel G, Lermuzeaux M, Hazera P, Hanouz JL, Parienti JJ, Du Cheyron D, Demoule A, Clavel M, Rolland-Debord C, Perbet S, Terzi N, Kouatchet A, Wallet F, Roze H, Vargas ...
Source: Australian Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Ann Intensive Care Source Type: research
More News: Brain | Gastroschisis Repair | Hemorrhagic Stroke | Neurology | Parkinson's Disease | Stem Cell Therapy | Stem Cells | Stroke | Study | Subarachnoid Hemorrhage