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Comparison of Diagnostic Yield of a FISH Panel Against Conventional Cytogenetic Studies for Hematological Malignancies: A South Indian Referral Laboratory Analysis Of 201 Cases

Conclusions: In conclusion, FISH was found to be advantageous in only a subset of HMs and cannot completely replace CCS. Utilization of the two modalities in conjunction or independently should depend on the indicated HM for an optimal approach to detecting chromosomal aberrations. PMID: 29286619 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research

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Immunotherapy is a promising method of treatment for a number of cancers. Many of the curative results have been seen specifically in advanced-stage melanoma. Despite this, single-agent therapies are only successful in a small percentage of patients, and relapse is very common. As chemotherapy is becoming a thing of the past for treatment of melanoma, the combination of cellular therapies with immunotherapies appears to be on the rise in in-vivo models and in clinical trials. These forms of therapies include tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, T-cell receptor, or chimeric antigen receptor-modified T cells, cytokines [interleuk...
Source: Melanoma Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated TRAF3IP3 tumorigenic function. TRAF3IP3 protein was present in several cancer cell lines, with highest levels in melanoma. In addition, tumor microarray analysis on 23 primary melanoma and nine positive lymph nodes revealed that 70% of human primary melanoma and 66% of lymph node metastases were positive for TRAF3IP3. Importantly, TRAF3IP3 downregulation correlated with an 83% reduction of tumor growth in a subcutaneous xenograft mouse model (n=10, P=0.005). Immunohistochemistry analysis of the tumors revealed that TRAF3IP3-shRNA tumors had increased apoptosis (n=4, P
Source: Melanoma Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES: Basic research Source Type: research
The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic importance of lymph node ratio (LNR) in stage III melanoma after complete lymph nodal dissections. From European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer randomized trials 18871, 18952, and 18991, 2358 patients had full information on positive and examined lymph nodes (LNs) and were included. Cox proportional hazards models stratified by trial were used to assess the prognostic impact of LNR adjusted for confounders on melanoma-specific survival. Optimal cutoff values for LNR were calculated for each LN dissection site (axillary, inguinal, and neck). LNR (≥ vs.
Source: Melanoma Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES: Clinical research Source Type: research
The development of cancer immunotherapy and targeted therapy has reached an important inflection point in the history of melanoma. Immune checkpoint inhibitors and kinase inhibitors are today’s standard of care treatments in advanced melanoma patients. Treatment-related toxicities can be very intriguing and quite challenging. Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous disease characterized by an aberrant immune response to unknown antigens, whereas sarcoid-like reactions (SLRs) refer to localized clinical features. We carried out a single-center observational study in patients with stage IIB–IV melanoma treat...
Source: Melanoma Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES: Clinical research Source Type: research
Desmoplastic melanomas (DM) have unique and challenging clinical presentations and histomorphology. A characteristic feature is the presence of scattered lymphoid aggregates. However, the nature of these aggregates is not defined. We hypothesized that they may be tertiary lymphoid structures (TLS), and may be associated with programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. We searched our tissue database for ‘pure’ DMs and for scars as control tissues, collected clinical information, and reviewed H&E histology. We performed multispectral imaging after staining for CD8, CD20, PNAd, FoxP3, CD83, and Ki67, and assess...
Source: Melanoma Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES: Clinical research Source Type: research
In this study, we show that in an area with low melanoma incidence, CDKN2A germline mutations in patients with melanoma and personal or family history of pancreatic cancer are mainly present in the setting of familial or multiple melanoma cases. In addition, a relatively young age (≤52 years) at pancreatic diagnosis is an additional single criterion that might also be considered.
Source: Melanoma Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Short Communications Source Type: research
CONCLUSION Cognitive impairment can affect daily functioning, quality of life, and capacity to work in patients with cancer and those in remission. Consequently, cognitive assessment is now an important and necessary part of a comprehensive oncological care plan. Cancer-related cognitive impairment might be due to the direct effects of the cancer itself, nonspecific factors, or comorbid conditions that are independent of the disease and/or due to the adverse effects of the treatment or combination of treatments given for the disease. The prevalence and extent of cognitive impairment associated with cancer is recognized but...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognition Current Issue Neuro oncology Neurology Review cancer chemotherapy cognitive impairment neuropsychological assessment treatment Source Type: research
The majority of blood cancers occur in the elderly. This fact conspires with an aging population in many countries to make rigorous assessment for frailty increasingly important for hematologic oncologists. In this review, we first define frailty and its relevance for patients with hematologic malignancy. Next, we review current data regarding the effect of domains of frailty on outcomes for blood cancers including myelodysplastic syndromes, acute leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphomas such as chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and multiple myeloma. Finally, after presenting assessment and treatment options for the practicing hematolo...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Free Research Articles, Myeloid Neoplasia, Lymphoid Neoplasia, Review Articles, Review Series, Clinical Trials and Observations Source Type: research
Conclusion Bendamustine is an effective therapy with limited long-term sequelae in patients with lymphoid malignancies. Micro-Abstract Bendamustine is an effective treatment for lymphoid malignancies and its role continues to expand. To determine the long-term sequelae associated with bendamustine, 194 patients treated with bendamustine (most commonly with rituximab) were retrospectively reviewed. The rate of secondary malignancies was minimal and no therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myelogenous leukemia were reported. No deaths from infection were attributable to bendamustine.
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion Bendamustine is an effective therapy with limited long-term sequelae in patients with lymphoid malignancies. Teaser Bendamustine is an effective treatment for lymphoid malignancies and its role continues to expand. In order to determine the long-term sequelae associated with bendamustine, 194 patients treated with bendamustine (most commonly with rituximab) were retrospectively reviewed. The rate of secondary malignancies was minimal and no therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myelogenous leukemia were reported. No deaths from infection were attributable to bendamustine.
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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