Prepontine arachnoid cyst presenting with headache and diplopia: A case report study.

Conclusion: Endoscopic endonasal fenestration of the cyst to adjacent cistern may be safe in prepontine arachnoid cysts with sellar and suprasellar extension; it may be effective and less invasive compare to transcranial approach. PMID: 29285405 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

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Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionEarly recognition of CVJ pathology and hydrocephalus is critical to avoid the development of severe complications. A multidisciplinary approach involving physicians, neuroradiologists, and neurosurgeons is needed to detect such conditions and to select patients eligible for surgery.
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Cryptococcal meningitis is a well-known condition in immunocompromised patients, often causing hydrocephalus requiring neurosurgical management. The diagnosis is more difficult in patients with no history of HIV or organ transplant. Neurologists and neurosurgeons must consider this possibility in case of diffuse, thick leptomeningeal enhancement on MRI. PMID: 30195720 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research
J Neurol Surg B DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1625967Suprasellar tumors in particular tumors located in the retrochiasmatic area and anterior third ventricle are challenging cases in terms of optimal surgical exposure. Several approaches have been described including transsylvian, translamina terminalis, endoscopic endonasal, and anterior interhemispheric. Each approach has advantages and disadvantages. In this video, we present a case of retrochiasmatic anterior third ventricular tumor that was operated via anterior interhemispheric transcallosal transforaminal approach. The patient is a 42-year-old female who presented with sudden...
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part B: Skull Base - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Skull Base: Operative Videos Source Type: research
Discussion. Pneumocephalus is defined by two mechanisms: a ball-valve and an inverted bottle concept.1 The ball-valve type implies positive pressure events, such as coughing or valsalva maneuvers, that prevent air escape. Tension pneumocephalus is included in this mechanism, causing a parenchymal mass effect. The inverted bottle theory includes a negative intracranial pressure gradient following cerebrospinal fluid drainage, relieved by air influx. A small pneumocephalus is usually sealed by blood clots or granulation, allowing spontaneous reabsorption and resolution.[1] Otherwise, the lateral positioning of a patient duri...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Assessment Tools CNS Infections Current Issue Letters to the Editor Neurologic Systems and Symptoms Neurology Stroke Traumatic Brain Injury epidural needle size Pneumocephalus spinal tap Source Type: research
Conclusion: In the case of hydrocephalus or normal pressure hydrocephalous, VBD should be considered as a differential diagnosis. PMID: 29184707 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
Abstract A 25-year-old male presented with difficulty in walking, loss of vision, and seizures. A clinical possibility of craniospinal meningeal pathology was considered. On computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging, there was an enhancement of leptomeninges with few ring-enhancing lesions in both frontal lobes and right frontoparietal region. He was evaluated for low backache and occipital headache 2½ years earlier and was found to have communicating hydrocephalus on CT scan. He underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunt and was followed up with CT scans. Meningeal biopsy was done in the prese...
Source: Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Indian J Pathol Microbiol Source Type: research
ConclusionsAn intradural extramedullary foramen magnum cavernous malformation is quite rare. The fragile surface of our patient ’s lesion was causing repeated subarachnoid hemorrhage and consequently progressive fatal neurological deterioration. Surgical resection of the lesion to prevent repeated hemorrhage was performed and he recovered fully. Therefore, we recommend surgical resection of the lesion regardless of the pot entially fatal condition.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 January 2015 Source:Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging Author(s): Anne Marie Andersen , Lise Frost , Lene Warner Thorup Boel Two cases of sudden death due to colloid cysts of the third ventricle are presented. In the first case, a 45-year-old woman suffered from headache. She went to her general practitioner and was referred to a neurologist. After seeing her doctor she went to bed and the next morning her husband found her dead. In the second case, a 20-year-old man with a medical history of intermittent headaches for 5 years was treated by his general practitioner with a dru...
Source: Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 January 2015 Source:Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging Author(s): Anne Marie Andersen , Lise Frost , Lene Warner Thorup Boel Two cases of sudden death due to colloid cysts of the third ventricle are presented. In the first case, a 45-year- old woman suffered from headache. She went to her general practitioner, and was referred to a neurologist. After seeing her doctor she went to bed and the next morning her husband found her dead. In the second case, a 20-year-old man with a medical history of intermittent headaches for five years was treated by his general practitioner with ...
Source: Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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