Dose, schedule, safety, and efficacy of guadecitabine in relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia

CONCLUSIONSGuadecitabine has promising clinical activity and an acceptable safety profile and thus warrants further development in this population. Cancer 2017. © 2017 American Cancer Society.
Source: Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) developing in persons exposed to DNA-damaging agents for a prior cancer are often referred to as treatment- or therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN)[1,2]. t-MN constitute approximately 10-20% of all cases of AML and MDS[3], a proportion that may increase in the future with an increasing prevalence of cancer survivors[4,5]. Hematopoietic cell transplants (HCT) use high doses of drugs and/or ionizing radiations and can also lead to t-MN[6,7].
Source: Leukemia Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
We presently forget 98% of everything we experience. That will go away in favor of perfect, controllable, configurable memory. Skills and knowledge will become commodities that can be purchased and installed. We will be able to feel exactly as we wish to feel at any given time. How we perceive the world will be mutable and subject to choice. How we think, the very fundamental basis of the mind, will also be mutable and subject to choice. We will merge with our machines, as Kurzweil puts it. The boundary between mind and computing device, between the individual and his or her tools, will blur. Over the course of the ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ke Verbeek Treatment options for older patients with intermediate or high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remain unsatisfactory. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation, the treatment of choice for the majority of younger AML patients, has been hampered in elderly patients by higher treatment related mortality, comorbidities and lack of a suitable donor. With the higher availability of suitable donors as well as of reduced intensity conditioning regimens, novel low intensity treatments prior to transplantation and optimized supportive care, the number of older AML patients being successfully transplanted is steadily inc...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2017Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Christian Flotho, Sebastian Sommer, Michael LübbertAbstractMyelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a clonal bone marrow disorder, typically of older adults, which is characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, peripheral blood cytopenias and risk of progression to acute myeloid leukemia. Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is an aggressive myeloproliferative neoplasm occurring in young children. The common denominator of these malignant myeloid disorders is the limited benefit of conventional chemotherapy and a particular resp...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2018Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection, Volume 51, Issue 2Author(s): Gu-Lung Lin, Hsiu-Hao Chang, Chun-Yi Lu, Chung-Ming Chen, Meng-Yao Lu, Ping-Ing Lee, Shiann-Tarng Jou, Yung-Li Yang, Li-Min Huang, Luan-Yin ChangAbstractBackgroundInvasive fungal infection (IFI) causes significant morbidity and mortality in patients with hematological malignancies, especially those with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), recurrent acute leukemia, high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The study aimed to investigate the clinical charact...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Adding chimeric antigen receptors to T cells (CAR-T), causing them to aggressively target cancer cells, has proven to be a fruitful approach to the treatment of cancer. Like most immunotherapies, it can result in potentially severe side-effects related to excessive immune activation, but it is also quite effective. Treatment of forms of leukemia in particular has produced good results in a large fraction of patients who have trialed the therapy. In the research reported here, scientists extend the chimeric antigen receptor approach to natural killer cells rather than T cells, noting that this may prove to be both safer and...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2017Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Christian Flotho, Sebastian Sommer, Michael LübbertAbstractMyelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a clonal bone marrow disorder, typically of older adults, which is characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, peripheral blood cytopenias and risk of progression to acute myeloid leukemia. Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is an aggressive myeloproliferative neoplasm occurring in young children. The common denominator of these malignant myeloid disorders is the limited benefit of conventional chemotherapy and a particular resp...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2018Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection, Volume 51, Issue 2Author(s): Gu-Lung Lin, Hsiu-Hao Chang, Chun-Yi Lu, Chung-Ming Chen, Meng-Yao Lu, Ping-Ing Lee, Shiann-Tarng Jou, Yung-Li Yang, Li-Min Huang, Luan-Yin ChangAbstractBackgroundInvasive fungal infection (IFI) causes significant morbidity and mortality in patients with hematological malignancies, especially those with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), recurrent acute leukemia, high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The study aimed to investigate the clinical charact...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our study provided new insights into the mutational spectrum and molecular signatures of AML-M0 and M1. We proposed thatFLT3-ITD,NPM1 andTP53 be identified as markers for risk stratification of AML-M0 and M1. Patients with AML-M0 and M1 would likely benefit from allo-HSCT.Cell Physiol Biochem 2018;47:1853 –1861
Source: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
isani Antonio Curti Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a disease, which mainly affects the elderly population. Unfortunately, the prognosis of patients aged >65 years is dismal, with 1-year overall survival approaching 10% with conventional therapies. The hypothesis of harnessing the immune system against cancer, including leukemia, has been postulated for a long time, and several clinical attempts have been made in this field. In the last years, we increased our knowledge about the interplay between AML and immune cells, but no major improvement has been translated, up to now, from bench to bedside. However, the...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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