Radiological Anatomy of Inner Ear Malformation in Hearing Impaired Children and it ’s Correlation with Hearing Loss: A Hospital Based Observational Study

This study was a prospective observational study done at a tertiary care teaching hospital in north India. The included were children of 1 –7 years with first time detected severe to profound SNHL. The evaluation of hearing was done by brainstem evoked response audiometry. Those with history of chronic suppurative otitis media and conductive hearing loss were excluded. The all included were undergone high resolution computed tomogra phy of the tympano-mastoid region. A written informed consent was taken. The institutional ethics committee approved the study protocol. We screened 130 children of 1–7 years of age with complaints of severe to profound hearing impairment (SNHL) by BERA. We excluded 38 and 14 children who had con ductive hearing loss with or without CSOM and did not give consent, respectively. Among recruited 78 children, 47 (60.3%) had severe (71–90 dB) and 31 (39.7%) had profound (>  90 dB) SNHL. The majority of children (60/78, 76.9%) had a bilateral hearing impairment, only 18 (23.1%) had unilateral hearing impairment. The mean ± SD of age was 3.9 ± 1.3 years (95% CI = 3.6–4.2). The incidence of severe to profound SNHL was higher, though not statistically signifi cant among the girls. Only 7.7% children with severe to profound SNHL were detected within first 2 years of life. Most of the children (92.3%) with severe to profound SNHL were detected after 2&nb...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

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Discussion “Chiropractic is a health care profession concerned with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disorders of the neuromusculoskeletal system and the effects of these disorders on general health.” Some people look at chiropractic care solely as spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) or manipulation. Chiropractic physicians also offer a variety of other treatments including nutritional advice, dietary or herbal supplements, therapeutic exercise, posture correction and behavioral counseling. Spinal muscle therapy or spinal manipulation is one of the most common complementary, integrative, and alternati...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
AbstractBackgroundAcute mastoiditis is the main suppurative complication of acute otitis media. Its incidence ranges from 1.2 to 4.2/100.000 children/year and a rise has been reported in the last years. There are controversial data regarding risk factors for mastoiditis and its complications.Aim of the study: to evaluate demographics and clinical characteristics of children with acute mastoiditis and to identify possible risk factors for complications.MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed medical charts of all the children aged 1  month-14 years admitted to our Paediatric Emergency Department from January 2002 to De...
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
In this study, we describe a simple method to produce PspA of clade 4 from an Escherichia coli expression system using hydroxylapatite and ion-exchange chromatography. Using this method, we successfully expressed soluble PspA4 in 10 L of autoinducing culture medium, with a wet-cell yield of 19 g/L and a final PspA4 concentration of 22.8 mg/L. Additionally, we improved PspA4 purity from 17% to 70% in a single step through the use of hydroxylapatite, resulting in acquisition of recombinant PspA4 (>95% purity) at a final yield of 43% from the starting cell-lysis solution. We subsequently verified the secondary struct...
Source: Protein Expression and Purification - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
In this report, we describe the knowledge and beliefs on causes and management of otitis media of an indigenous Filipino community with a high prevalence of otitis media that is associated with anA2ML1 variant. Community lectures and individual genetic counseling were provided as intervention. Knowledge, beliefs, and health care-seeking behavior pertaining to otitis media were assessed pre- and post-genetic counseling. Twenty-five heads of households were interviewed. Beliefs regarding etiology of ear discharge varied widely, with swimming in the sea as the most commonly cited cause of ear discharge. During the post-counse...
Source: Journal of Community Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
This pilot study was performed to investigate the therapeutic effect of Valsalva maneuver on otitis media in adults and to evaluate the prognostic factors for the good response.
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
This article presents an overview of clinically relevant neurologic complications for CRT, basic pathophysiology of radiation injury, and risk factors for neurologic complications.
Source: Neurologic Clinics - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The use of macrolide antibiotics is recommended, as they show antibacterial and anti-inflammatory efficacy in otitis media with effusion. PMID: 29888693 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research
This monthly prescribing bulletin summarises key recommendations from NICE guidance. The latest topics are acute sore throat and otitis media.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusions: Nontypeable Hi (NTHi) and Spn are predominant causes of OM in Bangladesh. PCV10, introduced in March 2015, is likely to reduce pneumococcal and overall OM burden. Data collected post-PCV10 will provide comprehensive insight into the effects of this vaccine on these pathogens.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Vaccine Reports Source Type: research
Eosinophilic otitis media (EOM), which is characterized by the accumulation of eosinophils in middle ear effusion and the middle ear mucosa, is a refractory type of otitis media that is often associated with asthma. Although an early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are necessary to prevent the progression of hearing loss in patients with EOM, there are currently no well-established treatments for this condition. We treated a 60-year-old male patient with asthma and EOM. The patient ’s asthma was poorly controlled, despite the use of high-dose inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting beta-agonist treatment, and the re...
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
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