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Clinicopathologic Characteristics of Pregnancy-Associated Breast Cancer: Results of Analysis of a Nationwide Breast Cancer Registry Database.

This study aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological characteristics of pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) in comparison with non-pregnancy associated breast cancer (non-PABC). METHODS: A total of 344 eligible patients with PABC were identified in the Korean Breast Cancer Society Registry database. PABC was defined as ductal carcinoma in situ, invasive ductal carcinoma, or invasive lobular carcinoma diagnosed during pregnancy or within 1 year after the birth of a child. Patients with non-PABC were selected from the same database using a 1:2 matching method. The matching variables were operation, age, and initial stage. RESULTS: Patients with PABC had significantly lower survival rates than patient with non-PABC (10-year survival rate: PABC, 76.4%; non-PABC, 85.1%; p=0.011). PABC patients had higher histologic grade and were more frequently hormone receptor negative than non-PABC patients. Being overweight (body mass index [BMI], ≥23 kg/m(2)), early menarche (≤13 years), late age at first childbirth (≥30 years), and a family history of breast cancer were more common in the PABC group than in the non-PABC group. Multivariate analysis showed the following factors to be significantly associated with PABC (vs. non-PABC): early menarche (odds ratio [OR], 2.165; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.566-2.994; p
Source: Journal of Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Breast Cancer Source Type: research

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This debate pack outlines progress so far in implementing the cancer strategy and provides statistics on survival rates and the NHS cancer workforce. It also collates commentary and analysis from official, parliamentary and third sector organisations.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ABSTRACT Deciphering the complex milieu that makes up the tumor microenvironment (TME) and the signaling engaged by TME cytokines continues to provide novel targets for therapeutic intervention. The IL‐6 family member Oncostatin M (OSM) has recently emerged as a potent driver of tumorigenesis, metastasis and therapy failure, molecular programs most frequently attributed to IL‐6 itself. In a recent issue of The Journal of Pathology, Kucia‐Tran et al. describe how elevated Oncostatin M receptor (OSMR) expression results in a feed‐forward loop involving the de novo production of both OSM and OSMR to facilitate aggress...
Source: The Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Invited Commentary Source Type: research
Authors: Thompson DA, Federspiel DA Abstract Darcy A Thompson is an Associate Professor of pediatrics at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Her main research seeks to address early childhood obesity in low-income children. She works in the Lifestyle Medicine clinic at Children's Hospital Colorado, a clinic focused on caring for children with obesity and related comorbidities. She is also an Associate Medical Director for the Research Institute at Children's Hospital Colorado. Her training includes a Master of Public Health degree, a medical degree (Yale University) and the Robert Wood Johnson Clini...
Source: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Comp Eff Res Source Type: research
This NIHR Signal finds that for western high-income countries such as the UK, an estimated 15% to 16% of cancers could be avoided by preventing diabetes, obesity or excess weight. Although the links between high BMI, diabetes and cancer have been known for some time, this study presents the first calculations of attributable risk for 175 countries. This represents the proportion of cancers that could be prevented if the risk factors were eliminated.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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Source: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Mini ‐commentary Source Type: research
According to this study: Current or recent users of hormonal contraceptives are at higher risk for breast cancer than women who have never used hormonal contraceptives.The risk increases with the duration of use.
Source: AJN - Category: Nursing Tags: Journal Watch Source Type: research
According to this study: Coffee drinking is more often associated with benefit than harm for a range of health outcomes.The only consistent evidence of harm was regarding pregnancy outcomes and risk of bone fracture in women.
Source: AJN - Category: Nursing Tags: Journal Watch Source Type: research
Oncology Nurses' Knowledge, Confidence, and Practice in Addressing Caregiver Strain and Burden
. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2018 Mar 01;45(2):187-196 Authors: Irwin MM, Dudley W, Northouse L, Berry DL, Mallory GA Abstract OBJECTIVES: To describe nurses' practices, confidence, and knowledge of evidence-based interventions for cancer caregiver strain and burden and to identify factors that contribute to these aspects. 
. SAMPLE & SETTING: 2,055 Oncology Nursing Society members completed an emailed survey.
. METHODS & VARIABLES: Pooled analysis of survey results. Variables included the bas...
Source: Ann Oncol - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research
Abstract Background and aimMac‐2‐binding protein glycosylation isomer (M2BPGi) was recently identified as a serum glycobiomarker for liver fibrosis. However, the relationship between M2BPGi and malnutrition in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) is unknown. We aimed to evaluate whether M2BPGi could be a surrogate marker for malnutrition in patients with CLD. MethodsIn total, 338 outpatients with CLD were enrolled (median age: 67 years). We evaluated the associations among liver fibrosis markers (M2BPGi, FIB‐4 index, and aspartate aminotransferase to platelet count ratio index), Child‐Pugh stages, and nutritio...
Source: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Hepatology Source Type: research
ConclusionIt is feasible and safe to use this novel, flexible, single‐arm robot in performing a transoral robotic radical tonsillectomy and retropharyngeal lymph node dissection.
Source: Head and Neck - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: OPERATIVE TECHNIQUES Source Type: research
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