PodMed – Week of July 10, 2017

This week’s topics include comparison of two types of insulin, reduced sudden cardiac death in heart failure, ADHD and educational achievement, and fasting versus consistent caloric restriction in weight loss and cholesterol. Program notes: 0:37 Fasting and weight loss 1:40 Followed over twelve months 2:37 No evidence it reduces risk 2:54 ADHD and educational attainment […]
Source: Johns Hopkins Medicine Weekly Health News - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: All Podcasts Diabetes Diet Heart And Vascular Pediatrics PodMed Source Type: podcasts

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CONCLUSIONS AUDITNOVA is reliable for measuring aspects such as availability, price, quantity of brands, and advertising of foods available in the consumer food environment.RESUMO OBJETIVO Desenvolver e avaliar a confiabilidade de um instrumento de auditoria do ambiente alimentar do consumidor que possibilite captar informa ções sobre indicadores do ambiente alimentar do consumidor como disponibilidade, preço, estratégias promocionais e publicitárias e quantidade de marcas disponíveis, utilizando como base teórica as recomendações alimentares adotadas pelo Guia...
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Ministry of Health policies on the amount of patient cost sharing and on the choice of medicines on coverage lists have substantial impacts on overall generic sales volume in retail pharmacies.
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of tanshinone IIA (TIIA) on ventricular remodeling in rats with pressure overload-induced heart failure. METHODS: Pressure overload-induced heart failure model (abdominal aortic coarctation) was established in 40 rats, which were divided into model and 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg TIIA groups. Ten rats receiving laparotomy excepting abdominal aortic coarctation were enrolled in sham-operated group. The 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg TIIA groups were treated with 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg TIIA, respectively, for 8 weeks. RESULTS: Compared with model group, in 20 mg/kg TIIA group the left ve...
Source: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Acta Cir Bras Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective Analyzing the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its association with adolescent diet quality. Methods Cross-sectional research with 327 adolescents from public and private high schools of Teresina, Piau í. Socioeconomic, anthropometric, and food consumption data were analyzed to obtain the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised. Moreover, data related to metabolic syndrome (blood glucose, blood pressure, waist circumference, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) were also analyz ed. Continuous variables were described by means, standard deviations, and 95% confi dence interva...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective Review the diet and nutritional status of women surviving breast cancer following the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted with 201 women, who underwent anthropometric measurements to determine body mass index, waist circumference and waist/hip ratio. Dietary assessment was performed usinga food frequency questionnaire. Consumption was stratifi ed into four groups: fresh/minimally processed food (Group 1), processed food ingredients (Group 2), processed food (Group 3) and ultra-processed food (Group 4).The ratio of daily contribution of each food ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Abstract Dyslipidemia has been described in sickle cell anemia (SCA) but its association with increased disease severity is unknown. Here, we examined 55 children and adolescents with SCA as well as 41 healthy controls to test the association between the lipid profiles in peripheral blood and markers of hemolysis, inflammation, endothelial function, and SCA-related clinical outcomes. SCA patients exhibited lower levels of total cholesterol (P
Source: Braz J Med Biol Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Braz J Med Biol Res Source Type: research
This study was conducted to enhance the rate of advance care planning conversations and documentation by improving knowledge, attitudes, and skills of caregivers.      Read more   Violence and Trauma ...
Source: Johns Hopkins University and Health Systems Archive - Category: Nursing Source Type: news
Source: BMJ News - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Trends in Endocrinology &MetabolismAuthor(s): Niloy Iqbal, LIang Zhu, Streamson C. ChuaObesity is a neurological disorder that operates by favoring energy storage within adipose depots and increased caloric intake. Most cases of human obesity are acquired without any underlying genetic basis. Here, we suggest that obesity can impair the function of some hypothalamic neurons critical to body weight regulation. Genetic ablation of the retinoblastoma (Rb) gene within pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons leads to death of the neurons and subsequent obesity. The Rb pr...
Source: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Vasundhara Kain, Ganesh V. HaladeAbstractAmplified innate leukocytes (neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages) are associated with advanced ischemic and non-ischemic heart failure (HF). Intensified neutrophilic leukocytosis (neutrophilia) and sustained activation of neutrophils is the predominant factor that determines over activated inflammation in acute HF and the outcome of long-term chronic HF. After heart attack, the first wave of innate responsive and short-lived neutrophils is essential for the initiation of inflammation...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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