Efficacy of music therapy in the neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia: systematic review

Conclusions Although there are reports of the efficacy of music therapy on the decline of neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia, the area still needs randomized studies aimed at the solution of important methodological problems like the lack of standardized approaches.RESUMO Objetivo Muitas interven ções psicossociais na demência estão baseadas em atividades musicais e intervenções de musicoterapia. Nosso objetivo consiste em avaliar a eficácia das intervenções de musicoterapia nos sintomas neuropsiquiátricos de pessoas com demência. Métodos Esta revisão sistemática está de aco rdo com a metodologia sugerida pela Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. Foi realizada busca por artigos nas bases de dados PubMed, Web of Knowledge Cross Search, Cochrane Library, Scopus e Lilacs/Bireme publicados de 2005 a 2016. As palavras-chave incluíram descritor es como “ in ício precoce ” e “ in ício tardio ” combinados com “ dem ência ” , “ Alzheimer ” , “ dem ência vascular ” , “ dem ência mista ” , “ dem ência frontotemporal ” , “ sintomas neuropsiqui átricos ” , “ dist úrbios comportamentais ” , “ sintomas comportamentais e psicol ógicos da demência ” , “ musicotera...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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By Sandee LaMotte, CNN (CNN) — Here’s another reason why getting a good night’s sleep should be on your must-do list: Sleeping fewer than six hours a night or waking frequently raises your risk of developing damaging plaque in arteries throughout your body, not just your heart. Previous research has shown poor sleep to be strongly associated with coronary heart disease, but “This is the first study to show that objectively measured sleep is independently associated with atherosclerosis throughout the body,” José Ordovás, director of nutrition and genomics at the Jean Mayer USDA H...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health CNN Heart Disease Sleep Tufts University Source Type: news
This study suggests that advantages and disadvantages vary by environment and diet, however, which might explain why evolution has selected for multiple haplogroups rather than one dominant haplogroup. This is all interesting, but none of it stops the research community from engineering a globally better-than-natural human mitochondrial genome, and then copying it into the cell nucleus as a backup to prevent the well-known contribution of mitochondrial DNA damage to aging. Further, nothing stops us from keeping the haplogroups we have and rendering the effects of variants small and irrelevant through the development...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This study examined the link between depression/anxiety/PTSD and dementia by evaluating the prevalence of these disorders in people with dementia, relative to their healthy peers. Existing meta-analyses have examined the prevalence of clinically-significant depression and anxiety in Alzheimer ’s disease (AD), and depression in frontotemporal dementia (FTD), but have not considered vascular dementia (VaD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), PTSD, or anxiety in FTD. The current meta-analysis compared the prevalence of clinically-significant depression, anxiety and PTSD in the four most com mon types of dementia (AD, VaD,...
Source: Neuropsychology Review - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
o MCN Abstract OBJECTIVES: To investigate the resilience of caregivers of people with mild and moderate Alzheimer's disease (PwAD) and the related sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: Cross-sectional assessment of dyads of PwAD and family caregivers (N = 106). Caregivers were assessed for resilience, depression, anxiety, hopelessness, quality of life, burden and cognition. PwAD were assessed for severity of dementia, cognition, neuropsychiatric symptoms, functionality, quality of life and awareness of disease. RESULTS: Most of the caregivers (51.1%) reported emotional pro...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research
ConclusionThese data suggest that the extract of X. undulatum, C. paniculata, and S. brachypetala have potential to be developed for Alzheimer's disease treatment. These active extracts and compounds are considered for further studies which examine their efficacy towards the reduction of Aβ42 through inhibiting APP process.Graphical abstractThe picture of normal brain and Alzheimer's brain was adapted from an online resource: INTECH open accesses. URL:https://www.intechopen.com/books/neurodegenerative-diseases/therapeutic-interventions-in-alzheimer-disease
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsTrazodone use is increasing in elderly patients, and a high proportion of use in non-approved indications was observed. Trazodone is not being used at high doses, but interacting medicines were frequent, and it may pose additional risks for elderly patients.ResumenIntroducciónLa trazodona se autorizó para el tratamiento de la depresión en los años 70, y se han propuesto otros usos por su mecanismo de acción heterogéneo. Este estudio tiene como objetivo caracterizar la utilización de trazodona en ancianos en España.MétodosSe llevó a cabo un an&...
Source: Revista de Psiquiatria y Salud Mental - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
“To see the light in her eyes when she has a baby in her arms, I don’t care if it’s real or if it’s pretending,” said Ellen Swarts. “If that gives her comfort, I am A-OK with it.”Many caregivers resist the idea of using baby dolls as a therapy for Alzheimer's patients because they don't want to treat a person living with dementia like a child.This is not the case. Many of our experts including Rachael Wonderlin and Nancy Wurtzel havewritten about the wonderful calming effect baby dolls can have on patients in memory care facilities.The Importance of Socialization in Dementia CareBa...
Source: Alzheimer's Reading Room, The - Category: Neurology Tags: alzheimer's awareness alzheimer's baby dolls alzheimer's care dementia care dementia help for caregivers elderly dementia care help alzheimer's help with dementia care memory care Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: Our study findings suggest that anxiety and depression may play different roles as risk factors for FTD and AD.Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Extra 2018;8:414 –425
Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Authors: Lai AX, Kaup AR, Yaffe K, Byers AL Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare occurrence of clinically diagnosed psychiatric disorders and suicidal behavior (mental health disorders) across dementia subtypes in the largest healthcare system in the United States. METHODS: We aggregated two national databases (Department of Veterans Affairs [VA] National Patient Care Database, National Suicide Prevention Applications Network [SPAN]) and estimated 2-year prevalence of mental health disorders across five dementia subtypes during fiscal years 2012-2013. Using VA healthcare systems throughout the United States, the samp...
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
When Nancy Daly was helping to care for her late mother, who had Alzheimer’s disease, the stress was so great that she would often shut herself in a bathroom and cry into a towel. For more than two years, Daly regularly flew from her home in California to her mother’s in Maryland, eventually to no recognition. “It was as if my entire childhood was erased, when she did not know me,” says Daly, 59. “But I had to grit my teeth and bear it. It was my job to be there.” Daly’s situation is likely familiar to many of the 16 million Americans who serve as unpaid caregivers to someone with ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Aging Baby Boomer Health Source Type: news
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