Koro syndrome associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder: clinical case and brief review
This article describes a rare case of a patient with koro ’ s syndrome secondary to obsessive-compulsive disorder. In this article we present the description of a case report and review of the literature by searching articles published in PubMed since 2000, with the keywords: “ koro syndrome ” , “ obsessive-compulsive disorder ” and “ koro-like symptoms ” . Articles prior to 2000 were also analyzed for historical considerations. A patient with koro ’ s syndrome secondary to obsessive-compulsive disorder with good response to pharmaceutical and cognitive behavioral therapy com...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Internet Addiction and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): integrative review of the literature
Conclusions There are evidences of an important association between the two identified disorders, however without conclusive results on the interaction process. In order to establish therapeutic interventions and strategies to prevent the problem, it is necessary to advance research on the definition of the diagnostic criteria of ID, prevalence rates and predictors of the problem. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Relationship between body image, attitudes towards eating disorders and nutritional status in university students in the health area
RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a rela ção entre a insatisfação da imagem corporal, atitudes para transtornos alimentares e o estado nutricional em universitárias da área da saúde. Métodos Estudo descritivo, transversal e quantitativo com 225 universitárias matriculadas em oito cursos da área da saúde. Para obtenção dos da dos, utilizaram-se três instrumentos autoaplicáveis: o Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), o Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) e um questionário construído pelas pesquisadoras contendo os dados autorref...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factorial and construct validity of Portuguese version (Brazil) Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale
Conclusion The BFAS-BR show adequate factorial and construct validity.RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a validade fatorial e de construto da vers ão em português brasileiro da Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS-BR). Métodos Um questionário sociodemográfico e as versões em português brasileiro da Online Cognition Scale (OCS-BR) e da BFAS-BR foram aplicados em uma amostra de universitários de cursos de Saúde (n = 356). As evidênc ias da validade de construto foram verificadas por meio da Análise Fatorial Confirmatória. A validade discriminante foi exa...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of depression and associated factors in women covered by Family Health Strategy
Conclusion The results of this study reveal a prevalence of depression of 19.7% in women aged 20 to 59 years covered by the Family Health Strategy, pointing to the need for special care in primary health care for women with low schooling, who work, have mental illness, and do not exercise so that they can reduce suffering and promote health. It was observed a significant gap related to managing specific tools designed to screening depressive episodes in primary care. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Excessive daytime sleepiness and quality of life related to the health of university professors
RESUMO Introdu ção Problemas relacionados ao sono interferem na qualidade de vida das pessoas. Este trabalho tem o objetivo específico de analisar a influência da sonolência diurna excessiva na qualidade de vida dos docentes. Métodos Para tal pesquisa, aplicaram-se três questionários. Para avaliar a qua lidade de vida, usou-se o questionário Medical Outcomes Study 36 – Item Short – Form Health Survery. O sono foi avaliado pela escala de Epworth e as demais vari áveis foram avaliadas por um questionário semiestruturado, unificado on-line, ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The consumption of alcoholic beverages and the binge drink among Medicine graduating in a Minas Gerais University
Conclusions This paperwork has shown that the alcohol consumption among Medicine students is bigger than among the general population and the binge drink practice has high prevalence on that group. Age, not living with the family and more advanced period of the course were associated with higher alcohol consumption. Being male and not living with the family were associated with a higher risk of BPE. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Evaluation of sleep pattern in insomnia in benzodiazepine users and analysis of trazodone as a substitute medication
Conclusion Prolonged release trazodone has been shown to be a therapeutic option for chronic insomnia patients with benzodiazepines with effective withdrawal of the anxiolytic drug. There was improvement in sleep quality by questionnaire and polysomnography. More patients will be needed to determine the benefits of trazodone in this type of intervention. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Relationship between mental health and everyday cognitive failures: role of internalizing and externalizing symptoms
RESUMO Objetivo Falhas cognitivas s ão erros cometidos no dia a dia como perda de compromissos, falta de palavras ao conversar, dificuldades de memorizar o que é lido, erros de orientação, entre outros. Sintomas psiquiátricos internalizantes e externalizantes podem contribuir para a ocorrência de falhas cognitivas. O presente es tudo objetiva avaliar como sintomas internalizantes e externalizantes contribuem para a ocorrência de falhas cognitivas no dia a dia. Métodos Foram avaliados 366 voluntários utilizando o Questionário de Falhas Cognitivas (CFQ) e as...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social anxiety symptoms and body image dissatisfaction in medical students: prevalence and correlates
Conclusion SAD symptoms and BID are common and related problems that should be screened for among medical students. The identification of specific correlates could contribute to the elaboration of preventive measures, minimizing the distress and negative impact of these mental health problems on relationships and academic performance.RESUMO Objetivo O transtorno de ansiedade social (TAS) e a insatisfa ção com a imagem corporal (IIC) são problemas comuns em estudantes universitários, mas poucos estudos avaliaram estudantes de Medicina. O objetivo do estudo foi estimar a prevalência, a gravi...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Test-retest reliability and concurrent validity of Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC)
RESUMO Os autores relatam um caso da enfermaria psiqui átrica do Hospital Geral Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Sorocaba-SP. Paciente gestante, de 19 anos, usuária crônica de maconha que apresenta náuseas e vômitos intensos não responsivos aos antieméticos, associados a dor abdominal, agitação psicomotora e hábito compulsivo de tomar banhos que ntes para alívio dos sintomas, quadro que caracteriza a SHC. Trata-se de uma síndrome rara, com efeito paradoxalmente emetogênico da maconha. É subdiagnosticada e relacionada ao uso c...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Marijuana and pregnancy: cannabis hyperemesis syndrome - Case report
RESUMO Os autores relatam um caso da enfermaria psiqui átrica do Hospital Geral Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Sorocaba-SP. Paciente gestante, de 19 anos, usuária crônica de maconha que apresenta náuseas e vômitos intensos não responsivos aos antieméticos, associados a dor abdominal, agitação psicomotora e hábito compulsivo de tomar banhos que ntes para alívio dos sintomas, quadro que caracteriza a SHC. Trata-se de uma síndrome rara, com efeito paradoxalmente emetogênico da maconha. É subdiagnosticada e relacionada ao uso c...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Hyponatremia associated with antidepressants: a review
Conclusions Hyponatremia is a side effect to consider in patients taking antidepressants. When maintaining the treatment is needed, the same antidepressive or other of the same class, must be avoided. Options are trazodone, bupropiom, agomelatine, mirtazapine and reboxetine, because there's only a few cases of hyponatremia with these drugs. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The visual inversion of depth perception in the schizophrenia
Conclusion There is a need for more research that collects more information in order to delimit under what conditions the visual inversion of depth occurs or not in individuals with schizophrenia. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Bipolar disorder as experience: the perspective of children
Conclusions The health team involved can help these children from management of daily issues to the early diagnosis of psychopathologies by dedicating themselves to receiving these children when their mothers come to the treatment. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Internet addiction and its correlation with behavioral problems and functional impairments – A cross-sectional study
Conclusion Our study provides evidence of a relationship between internet addiction and behavioral problems among adolescents. As this is a cross-sectional study, we consider that future research is necessary to corroborate our results.RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a preval ência da dependência de internet entre adolescentes, assim como caracterizar comportamentos de risco nessa população em relação ao uso e à dependência de internet. Métodos Estudo transversal analítico realizado em dois colégios, um público e um particular, com 91 adolescentes de ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicide in Portugal: image of the country
Conclusion Mortality due to suicide continues to grow in Portugal and varies according to gender, age is highest in the Central and South regions. A strategy of follow-up and prevention in the field of social action and health care is required, with important regional variations and greater vigilance on the illegal trade in firearms and pesticides. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Orthorexia nervosa in nutrition students: association with nutritional status, body satisfaction and coursed period
RESUMO Objetivo Identificar a preval ência de comportamentos com tendência a ortorexia nervosa (ON) e suas associações com o estado nutricional, satisfação corporal e período cursado em estudantes de nutrição. Métodos Participaram do estudo 141 estudantes (com idade média de 21,5 ± 3,5 anos). A tendência à ON foi avaliad a por meio do questionário para identificação da ON (ORTO-15) e a satisfação corporal, pelo Body Shape Questionnaire. A classificação do estado nutricional foi fei...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The sexual violence occurred in childhood is associated with undergraduate student's life quality
Conclusion The study showed that sexual abuse, even after many years, still has an association with inferior life quality of university students. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors and its association with body dissatisfaction in adolescents
Conclusions Females had higher prevalence of ideation, planning and attempt than males. Regardless of sex, age, BMI and sexual maturation, the adolescents who were dissatisfied with their body (both by thinness and by overweight) were more likely to ideation and planning the suicide, compared to those who were satisfied. Giving that these adolescents are in school age, the school can be an agent of discussion on the subject, assisting to prevent body dissatisfaction and suicidal outcomes. Other professionals who work with adolescents and relatives need to pay attention to these issues. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

In memoriam, Professor Marcio Versiani
(Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The binge eating disorder (BED) could influence the weight regain after bariatric surgery? Case report
RESUMO A cirurgia bari átrica (CB) é considerada o tratamento mais eficaz para obesidade grave em longo prazo. Apesar de estar associada à resolução ou melhora das comorbidades clínicas, um desfecho possível é o reganho de peso. Um conjunto de evidências aponta a presença do transtorno da compulsão alimentar (T CA) como um dos fatores de risco associados ao reganho de peso pós-operatório. O objetivo desta apresentação de casos clínicos é discutir o possível impacto dos episódios de compuls&ati...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - November 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Body dissatisfaction, body-checking and risk behaviors for eating disorders of undergraduate students of health area
Conclusions It was concluded that there are no significant differences in body dissatisfaction, body-checking or risk behaviors for eating disorders among health area courses. We emphasize that some variables demonstrate differentiated importance in the construction of the subjects ’ body image, such as body-checking behaviors. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - November 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adapting Brazilian Silhouette Scale for digital use
Conclusion The computer images can be used to assess body image for young people. However, it is safer to make associations with topics regarding physical activity and eating behavior, which together can help us assess body dissatisfaction. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - November 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mortality trend due to intentionally self-inflicted injuries in Brazil from 2004 to 2014
Conclusion The results point to the increase in mortality coefficients due to intentional self-inflicted injuries in Brazil and all regions, the most vulnerable age group being 10 to 19 years old, followed by the age group of 20 to 59 years and those over 60. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - November 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Identification ofaspects associated with attempted suicide by poisoning
Conclusions These results add the importance of investigating the presence of generalized anxiety disorder as another suicide vulnerability factor. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - November 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Perception of quality of life and factors associated with scores of quality of life of students of a medical school
RESUMO Objetivo Descrever a qualidade de vida e fatores associados ao menor escore de qualidade de vida de estudantes de medicina. M étodos Estudo transversal com o questionário WHOQOL-100, incluindo alunos do 1º ao 6o ano de medicina da Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Não houve critérios de exclusão. Variáveis numéricas foram comparadas por teste t ou ANOVA e as categóricas, por qui-quadrado. Fatores associados ao menor escore global foram analisados por regressão linear, considerando-se significante p
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - November 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sedentary behavior as discriminator of common mental disorders in elderly
Conclusion Sedentary behavior is a valid indicator for the identification of suspected CMD in the elderly, showing to be a risk factor that should be observed by health professionals. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - November 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Misophonia: clinical aspects and case report
The objective of this paper is to present a case of misophonia carrier and discuss diagnostic features. Female, 32 years old, married. In anamnesis reported obsessive compulsive symptoms such as checking doors and windows, concerned with order and symmetry of objects; read all that lies ahead, pull the hand two or three times on furnitures. Also reported triggering situations of anger: intolerance to some noises and sounds, like chewing third, mobile keyboard, click the “ mouse ” computer, printer and rub hands. In the presence of these noises, she tries to move away, and already tried to attack physically rela...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - September 21, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Potential drug-drug interactions between psychotropic drugs
RESUMO Objetivo Estimar a frequ ência e caracterizar as interações medicamentosas potenciais entre fármacos psicotrópicos sujeitos a controle especial pela portaria 344/98 da Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (Anvisa), os quais foram prescritos e dispensados em uma farmácia pública do Município de Cascavel, Paran á. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo com desenho seccional foi realizado em uma Farmácia Pública Municipal. A amostra foi composta por prescrições de medicamentos sujeitos a controle especial, disp...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - September 21, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social media consume, media influence and body dissatisfaction among Brazilian female adolescents
RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar rela ções entre a influência da mídia e o uso de redes sociais na imagem corporal (IC) de adolescentes do sexo feminino. Métodos Estudo transversal realizado com meninas adolescentes estudantes de escola pública e de uma organização não governamental da capital e do interior de São Paulo. Alé m de variáveis sociodemográficas e antropométricas, a avaliação da (IC) foi realizada pela Escala de Silhuetas Brasileiras. A influência da mídia foi avaliada pela subescala 1 de internali...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - September 21, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Trend of declining suicide mortality rate in Paraná, Brazil: contribution to public mental health policies
Conclusions The majority of the Health Region of the Stat e of Paraná presented a decreasing trend in mortality rates due to suicide. However, there were variations in the trend between regions, age groups and sex, with the highest drop in mortality rate due to suicide in males aged 65 years and over. The trend analysis of suicide mortality has been an im portant tool to identify the regions in Paraná that require directives actions to promote mental health. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - September 21, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Alcohol consumption and episodic heavy drinking among undergraduate students from the health area of a Brazilian university
Conclusion Alcohol consumption is high among the students evaluated, although most are in the low risk profile. However, it is evident the need for educational actions to promote student health, aiming at the reduction and conscious consumption of alcoholic beverages. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - September 21, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sociodemographic profile and psychiatric comorbidities in chemical dependent patients accompanied in therapeutic communities
Conclusion The sociodemographic vulnerability and the high prevalence of psychiatric comorbidities denote the fragility of the population of chemical dependents. The characteristic profiles for each group demonstrate the importance of an individualized treatment. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - September 21, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Validation of the Mental Illness Sexual Stigma Questionnaire (MISS-Q) in a sample of Brazilian adults in psychiatric care
Conclusions The resulting MISS-Q is the first instrument assessing mental illness sexual stigma with demonstrated psychometric properties. It may prove useful in reducing stigma, protecting sexual health, and promoting recovery.RESUMO Objetivo Avaliamos as propriedades psicom étricas de um novo instrumento “ Mental Illness Sexual Stigma Questionnaire ” (MISS-Q; Question ário de Estigma Sexual na Doença Mental). Métodos Entrevistamos 641 adultos sexualmente ativos (18 a 80 anos), frequentando clínicas psiquiátricas ambulatoriais públicas no Rio de Janeiro sobre su...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - September 21, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Predicting response to treatment and discriminating bipolar and depression symptoms using Hamilton Depression Rating Scale
Conclusion This study allows that the use of a shorter version of HAMD might be an adequate possibility, and also that depressive symptoms were similar among groups.RESUMO Objetivo O presente estudo tem por objetivo investigar a habilidade diagn óstica da HAMD 17 comparada a versões breves de 7 e 6 itens. Métodos Foram selecionados 133 participantes recrutados de um ensaio clínico (60,2% com Depressão Maior e 39,8% com Transtorno Bipolar tipo I). Resultados A versão de 17 itens da HAMD mostrou resultados similares quando comparada às versões breves. Ademais, quase tod...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - September 21, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Use of androgenic anabolic steroids by patients under treatment for substance use disorder: case series
ABSTRACT The present study reports several case studies about the use of androgenic-anabolic steroids (AAS) by patients under treatment for substance use disorder (SUD). Ten subjects were interviewed, two women and eight men, ranging from 25 to 43 years old. Regarding treatment regime, eight subjects were inpatients and two, outpatients. ASSIST-WHO and MINI-SUD scales and a semi-structured interview were used as research instruments. Seven subjects reported the use of AAS within fewer than twelve months from the interview date. Mental health professionals did not previously question none of the subjects were about the use ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - July 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

High functioning autism disorder: marital relationships and sexual offending
ABSTRACT Objective To describe the implications of social inability as a factor that can contribute to sexual abuse in the marriage relationship of people with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Case description A 30-year-old male sought medical attention complaining of being “ very nervous ” and have difficulties in family relationships. He was diagnosed with high-functioning ASD based on the DSM-5. Married for over 4 years with a woman diagnosed with histrionic personality disorder (HPD), he asked for her to accompany him in the sessions and help him describe difficulties they had during sexual ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - July 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Parkinson’s Disease Impulsive-Compulsive Disorders Questionnaire – Current Short (QUIP-CS) – Translation and validation of content of Portuguese Version
Conclusion Our results on Portuguese version of QUIP-CS show that QUIP-CS translated and corrected version was easily understood and easily self-applied.RESUMO Objetivo O manejo da doen ça de Parkinson (DP) é usualmente alcançado com sucesso com o tratamento farmacológico apropriado. Entretanto, os pacientes com DP podem manifestar sintomas neuropsiquiátricos secundários à terapêutica, como a síndrome de descontrole dos impulsos (SDI), que se apresenta como o jogar patoló gico, a hipersexualidade, o comprar, beber ou comer compulsivos. Traduzimos e valida...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - July 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Need of brief intervention for use of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs among users of primary health care
Conclusion The results indicate socioeconomic characteristics as determinants of need of brief intervention for use of alcohol and tobacco. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - July 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Exposure to physical and sexual violence and suicidal ideation among schoolchildren
Conclusion We highlight the importance of future longitudinal studies to investigate the mechanisms through which exposure to physical or sexual abuse influence suicidal ideation among boys and girls, as well as mediation studies that could enlighten the role of drug and alcohol use in this relationship.RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi estimar a associa ção entre exposição à violência física e sexual e ideação suicida em escolares brasileiros, controlando para variáveis relacionadas a prática religiosa e problemas com álcool e out...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - July 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatric symptoms and sociodemographic characteristics associated with the attempted suicide of cocaine and crack users under treatment
RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo do estudo foi analisar as caracter ísticas sintomatológicas e sociodemográficas associadas ao histórico de tentativa de suicídio (TS) de usuários de cocaína e crack internados para tratamento. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo transversal envolvendo 160 participantes que responderam a uma entrevista clínica semiestruturada e a o instrumento Adult Self-Report (ASR). O modelo de Regressão Logística foi utilizado para testar os sintomas psicológicos associados à TS dessa amostra. Resultados As diferenças en...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - July 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Self-injury and suicide attempt among the elderly population in the city of São Paulo
Conclusion From the results of this study it was possible to characterize some specific aspects related to self-injur y and suicide attempt among elderly in the evaluated population. Therefore, developing a strategy to promote effective prevention actions and offer specialized services to most risk groups (brown races, people with lower levels of education, and males).RESUMO Objetivo Nesta perspectiva, a presente pesquisa tem como objetivo descrever os casos de autoagress ão e tentativa de suicídio entre a população idosa residente na cidade de São Paulo. Métodos Esta é uma ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - July 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicide mortality according to methods used in Paraná State: an epidemiological analysis
Conclusion Th e survey of the specific characteristics of suicide mortality methods in the state is a necessary component for the implementation of preventive interventions to reduce suicide. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - July 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Construction and validation of the Scale for the Identification of Psychopathological Symptoms in Schoolchildren (SIPSS)
Conclusion The scale ’ s preliminary version presented satisfactory psychometric properties, suggesting it is reliable for the identification of psychopathological symptoms related to anxiety, mood, social behavior, motor attention/activity, eating patterns, and the use/abuse of psychoactive substances among children aged from six to 12 years old. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - July 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prescription of potentially inappropriate medications in homes for the aged
Conclusions Although there are reports of the efficacy of music therapy on the decline of neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia, the area still needs randomized studies aimed at the solution of important methodological problems like the lack of standardized approaches.RESUMO Objetivo Muitas interven ções psicossociais na demência estão baseadas em atividades musicais e intervenções de musicoterapia. Nosso objetivo consiste em avaliar a eficácia das intervenções de musicoterapia nos sintomas neuropsiquiátricos de pessoas com demência. Métodos ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Efficacy of music therapy in the neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia: systematic review
Conclusions Although there are reports of the efficacy of music therapy on the decline of neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia, the area still needs randomized studies aimed at the solution of important methodological problems like the lack of standardized approaches.RESUMO Objetivo Muitas interven ções psicossociais na demência estão baseadas em atividades musicais e intervenções de musicoterapia. Nosso objetivo consiste em avaliar a eficácia das intervenções de musicoterapia nos sintomas neuropsiquiátricos de pessoas com demência. Métodos ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Non-communicable chronic diseases and sociodemographic associated with symptoms of depression in elderly
Conclusions Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular non-communicable chronic diseases are independently associated with depression. These results support the hypothesis that vascular disease is a risk factor for brain impairment associated with depression. This research illustrates the role of community health agents within Family Health Strategy as a tool for public mental health policy. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Body dissatisfaction among women attending gym clubs
RESUMO Objetivo O presente estudo analisou o n ível de insatisfação corporal em mulheres frequentadoras de academias na cidade de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, avaliando como a insatisfação se distribuiu e quais seus fatores associados. Métodos Nas 26 academias sorteadas aleatoriamente foram entrevistadas 257 mulheres entre setembr o de 2014 a janeiro de 2015. As participantes responderam a um questionário incluindo o desfecho insatisfação corporal (Body Shape Questionnaire – BSQ-34), qualidade de vida (WHOQOL-Bref) e caracter ísticas comport...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Behavior problems and overweight in preschool children in southern Brazil
Conclusions Preschool girls with excess of weight showed more problems of anxiety and depression than those with adequate weight at the same age. This information is extremely important, as the preschool years are ideal for investing in prevention of both behavioral problems and overweight/obesity, allowing to introduce healthier habits and behaviors and decrease thus the negative consequences both cause to children. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research