Adult avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder: a case report
ABSTRACT The aim this report is to present an adult case of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) in a patient with atypical development. To emphasize the diagnostic and behavioral characteristics of this new nosological category included in the Feeding and Eating Disorders (FED) section of DSM-5. A woman with Down Syndrome in early adulthood who developed restriction and avoidance symptoms of food until the total eating refusal with weight loss, malnutrition and dependence exclusively on enteral feeding by gastrostomy tube. This case exemplified how ARFID may remain a hidden diagnosis and even be misdiagnosed ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Alterations of anterior cingulate cortex as predictors of response to cognitive-behavioral therapy
Conclusion The structural and functional alterations observed in neuroimage studies suggest that the ACC has a role in predicting treatment response to CBT. Future studies with larger samples may contribute to the improvement of treatment efficacy in such disorders. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Autism spectrum disorder and folic acid supplementation before and during pregnancy
Conclusion When analyzing the risk-benefit of folic acid supplementation at the recommended doses, 0.4 to 0.8 mg/day, it is concluded that the benefits outweigh the possible risks of developing ASD. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of depressive symptoms among Brazilian older adults: a systematic review with meta-analysis
Conclusion Despite the heterogeneity between the studies analyzed, the results indicate the need for intervention strategies to reduce the prevalence of depressive symptoms. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of depressive symptoms in patients of medical ambulatory services
Conclusion There is a high prevalence of depressive symptoms in patients of medical ambulatory services, especially cardiovascular, endocrinological and rheumatologic diseases. It is noticed that there was a great emphasis on somatic symptoms, which may explain the large number of respondents who are not accompanied by psychiatrist and treated only with symptomatic. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Utility of handgrip strength cut-offs for identification of weakness and disability in community-dwelling older people with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease
ABSTRACT Objectives To evaluate the utility of handgrip strength cut-offs for the identification of weakness and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) disability in elderly people with neurocognitive disorders. Methods Cross-sectional study of community-dwelling elderly individuals with Alzheimer ’ s disease (AD, n = 40) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI, n = 22); healthy individuals (n = 36) were recruited as controls. Handgrip cut-offs included European Working Group for Sarcopenic Older People (EWGSOP2), Cardiovascular Healthy Study (CHS) and the Frailty in Brazilian Older People Study from Rio de Janeir...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Dual task in healthy elderly, depressive and Alzheimer’s disease patients
Conclusion The ability to perform two tasks simultaneously appears to be impaired in patients with Alzheimer ’ s disease, and unaffected by the major depressive disorder.RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o quanto o desempenho em dupla tarefa pode ser afetado pelo diagn óstico do transtorno depressivo maior (TDM) e pela doença de Alzheimer (DA). Métodos Estudo de corte transversal com 108 indivíduos [Saudáveis (IS) = 56, TDM = 19, DA = 33] com 60 anos ou mais, de ambos os sexos, diagnosticados com doença de Alzheimer, transtorno depressivo maior e sem diagn óstico de doenç...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Scale for Evaluating Eating Behaviour in Autism Spectrum Disorder: validation study
Conclusion The scale aims to identify the areas of eating behavior that are altered in individuals with ASD, allowing more specific therapy to be implemented. The tool could also be used to measure the effectiveness of treatment. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of eating disorders risk behavior and “low-carb” diet in university students
RESUMO Objetivos Identificar a presen ça de compulsão alimentar associada ou não a práticas compensatórias em praticantes de dieta low-carb. Métodos Foram utilizadas a Escala de Compulsão Alimentar Periódica (ECAP) e o Questionário de Hay para avaliar a frequência de compulsão alimentar e práticas compensatórias, além de um questionário de frequência do consumo de chocolate, pão e arroz. A intensidade de restrição de carboidratos foi avaliada com escala de 1 a 8 pontos. Os participantes foram d...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Hidden eating disorders and the treatment gap
(Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Case report of Hikikomori syndrome in Portugal: a primary syndrome or the expression of another mental disorder?
RESUMO O fen ómeno hikikomori, forma de isolamento social grave e prolongado, constitui um desafio diagnóstico. A nível conceptual, alguns autores diferenciam o hikikomori em primário e secundário. Este último conceito é utilizado quando está presente comorbilidade que, pelo menos parcialmente, explique a síndrome, enquanto na ausência de diagnóstico psiquiátrico denomina- se “ hikikomori prim ário ” . Os autores apresentam um caso cl ínico português com as mesmas características sociodemográfica...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - October 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Neural receptors and Alzheimer’s disease: a systematic review of the literature on receptor families most associated with the disease, their functions and expression areas
Conclusions Nuclear transcription receptors, cerebral cortex and hippocampus, microglia, and amyloid beta protein have shown significant importance in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer ’ s disease in this study. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - October 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation in improving and maintaining daily living activities in patients with Alzheimer’s disease: a systematic review of literature
Conclusion Cognitive rehabilitation is able to prolong the independence of the patient in performing activities of daily living and generate functional and structural changes. As a consequence of the finding of few studies that met the eligibility criteria, we also verified the need for more controlled studies and greater application control, considering the high risk of bias in the studies used. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - October 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Lower performance of executive functions predicts higher alcohol and tobacco consumption among adolescents
RESUMO Objetivo O estudo prop ôs-se a avaliar diferentes domínios das funções executivas em adolescentes como preditores ao uso de álcool e cigarro. Métodos Utilizou-se um delineamento transversal. A amostra foi composta por 239 adolescentes com idade média de 15,34 (±2,32). Os testes Alcohol Use Disorders Identificati on Test (AUDIT) e Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) avaliaram o uso de álcool e cigarro respectivamente. O Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) foi utilizado para rastreio de saúde mental. Os testes Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), W...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - October 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A longitudinal study on the impact of mental health internship in reducing negative attitudes of medical students towards people with mental disorders
RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o efeito do internato em sa úde mental nas atitudes dos alunos de medicina quanto ao portador de transtorno mental (PTM). Métodos Atitudes foram avaliadas por questionário antes e depois do internato, por meio dos fatores: “ aceita ção social de PTM ” (F1), “ n ão acreditar em causas sobrenaturais para doença mental ” (F2), “ pap éis sociais comuns para PTM ” (F3), “ acreditar em causas psicossociais para doen ça mental ” (F4), “ intimidade ” (F5). Diferen ças foram avali...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - October 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The translational research in Alzheimer’s disease
(Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - October 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Professor João Romildo Bueno – Physician, psychiatrist, psychopharmacologist, and much more
(Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - October 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

New trends in assessment of mental disability in psychiatric reports – The use of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)
Conclusions Refugees present a significant impact on mental health due to pre- and post-migration experiences. The approach offered to this group and reported as the most effective to deal with such an impact was the multidimensional approach that, besides caring for the psychic aspects, contemplated the cultural context of each one, assisted in housing, employment, financial aid, support with learning the new language and social activities.RESUMO Objetivo Refugiados fazem parte de uma das popula ções mais vulneráveis do mundo, que em 2017 alcançou a cifra de 25,4 milhões de pessoas nessa...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - August 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Refugees, resettlement experiences and mental health: a systematic review of case studies
Conclusions Refugees present a significant impact on mental health due to pre- and post-migration experiences. The approach offered to this group and reported as the most effective to deal with such an impact was the multidimensional approach that, besides caring for the psychic aspects, contemplated the cultural context of each one, assisted in housing, employment, financial aid, support with learning the new language and social activities.RESUMO Objetivo Refugiados fazem parte de uma das popula ções mais vulneráveis do mundo, que em 2017 alcançou a cifra de 25,4 milhões de pessoas nessa...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - August 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sexual function and dysfunction: a systematic review
Conclusion Sexual dysfunction is highly prevalent in DYS and in MDD. Several sexual functioning alterations were observed in this study population. Prevalence discrepancies may have occurred due to the varied methodologies used in the studies. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - August 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Quality of life in families with children with moderate intellectual disability
RESUMO Objetivo Investigar a qualidade de vida familiar (QVF) entre fam ílias brasileiras que têm filhos com deficiência intelectual (DI) moderada. Métodos Estudo transversal, realizado com 50 famílias com filhos com DI moderada de São Carlos, São Paulo, Brasil. Os dados foram coletados por meio de formulários, com informações sociodemográficas, os índices de funcionalidade de Barthel e de Lawton& Brody e a Escala de Qualidade de Vida Familiar do Beach Center. Resultados Os dom ínios mais fortemente correlacionados com a QVF total ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - August 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of anxiety and associated factors in adults
RESUMO Objetivo Identificar a preval ência de transtornos de ansiedade em uma amostra de base populacional e fatores associados. Métodos Estudo transversal de base populacional realizado com indivíduos entre 18 e 35 anos. As variáveis sociodemográficas, índice de massa corporal, presença de doença crônica, abuso de álcool e tabagismo foram analisadas. Os transtornos de ansiedade foram verificados pela Mini Internacional Neuropsychiatric Interview 5.0. Foi utilizado o teste Qui-quadrado, considerando o intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados A amos...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - August 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychometric aspects of the Beck Depression Inventory-II and the Beck Depression Inventory for Primary Care in Facebook users
Conclusions This work presents an important contribution to the psychological/neuropsychological evaluation area, and offers to the community of researchers and clinicians original evidence that provides the use of BDI-PC. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - August 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Increase in hospital admissions for drug use in Brazil particularly in women and elderly
Conclusion The trend of hospitalization rates due to drug use showed to be increasing with trend curve only at the end of the period. Women and the elderly had an increase in hospitalization rates in relation to the initial and final periods of the sample. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - August 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Depressive symptomatology at full-term pregnancy in low risk women
Conclusion Screening for prenatal depression should be conducted during pregnancy. However, in full-term pregnancy women, the use of PDSS 24 as a screening tool for depressive symptomatology should be done with caution. The high prevalence of sleep-related symptoms, in full-term pregnancy, may lead to overdiagnosis, using PDSS 24. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - August 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sexual dysfunction in psychiatric settings: is there a place for psychotherapy?
(Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - August 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Overcoming Schizophrenia: case report
RESUMO A esquizofrenia tem sido tradicionalmente vista como uma doen ça que leva a deterioração e incapacidade progressivas. Essa visão pessimista se faz presente na própria prática clínica em psiquiatria. O livro Casos de superação em esquizofrenia desafia tal visão, ao apresentar um número considerável de casos clínicos reais de pessoas com esquizofren ia que apresentaram um desfecho mais otimista. Cada capítulo apresenta um caso, descrito por seu clínico responsável e caracterizado por uma superaç&atild...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Involuntary hospitalization for drug addicts
In this report, we present a case of an oral ingestion of haloperidol decanoate of a male with schizophrenic disorder who presented to the emergency department following an oral ingestion of 1 ampoule of haloperidol decanoate 100 mg. At presentation he was hemodynamically stable. He was maintained on vigilance for 12 hours after what was discharged to the outpatient unit for psychiatric follow-up. The bioavailability and pharmacokinetic of oral intake of haloperidol decanoate are unknown. Although there is a report of treatment with oral activated charcoal in this case there was no need of intervention.RESUMO O decanoato d...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

What happens after an oral ingestion of haloperidol decanoate? – A case report
In this report, we present a case of an oral ingestion of haloperidol decanoate of a male with schizophrenic disorder who presented to the emergency department following an oral ingestion of 1 ampoule of haloperidol decanoate 100 mg. At presentation he was hemodynamically stable. He was maintained on vigilance for 12 hours after what was discharged to the outpatient unit for psychiatric follow-up. The bioavailability and pharmacokinetic of oral intake of haloperidol decanoate are unknown. Although there is a report of treatment with oral activated charcoal in this case there was no need of intervention.RESUMO O decanoato d...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Impact of anxiety symptoms on quality of life in Parkinson's disease: a systematic review
Conclusion: The articles analyzed showed that anxiety has negative impact on quality of life of Parkinson's disease individuals. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Parenting a child with autism
Conclusion: The physical and emotional demands of living with and parenting a child with ASD are enormous, include changes in social roles and in couples ’ social and affective/sexual lives, highlighting the need for parents to receive support from healthcare professionals, particularly mental health professionals. Care strategies need to be implemented for parents, in addition to the healthcare provided to their children, in order to improve the comprehensive care given to the child with ASD.RESUMO Objetivo: Este estudo buscou analisar os aspectos subjetivos associados à percepção dos pais sobre...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale: psychometric properties and affectivity prevalence
Conclusion: The DASS-21 demonstrated adequate validity and reliability in a sample of university students. The prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress did not differ significantly between men and women, which points to the need for an egalitarian view in the investigation of these emotional states. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Functionality in subjects with major depressive disorder: evaluation of psychometric properties of Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST) scale in Brazilian sample
Conclusion: The psychometric properties of FAST in 88 subjects showed good reliability and validity to assess the impact of depression on functionality in Brazilians with MDD. Future studies with larger samples are recommended. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Body appreciation and associated factors among adolescents and young women
Conclusions: These results contribute to the understanding of positive body image among Brazilian adolescents and youngsters, pointing out important issues and challenges for future research. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

How far can you go? Association between illicit drug use and academic migration
Conclusion: Individuals who migrated from their cities to study at the university are more exposed to the main risk factors pointed out by this research and hence to the use of illicit drugs. Based on these results, we suggest that universities develop evaluation, prevention, treatment or referral strategies considering specific needs of this populationRESUMO Objetivo: Medir a preval ência do uso de drogas ilícitas na vida, no último ano e no último mês, assim como os fatores associados ao uso no último ano e a sua relação com a migração acadêmica, e...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicide mortality among adolescents in Brazil: increasing time trend between 2000 and 2015
RESUMO Objetivos: Analisar a tend ência temporal de mortalidade por suicídio entre adolescentes no Brasil de 2000 a 2015. Métodos: Os dados foram coletados do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade (SIM) e do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). As variáveis do estudo foram sexo, ano e causa básica de m orte. O estudo incluiu mortes por Lesões Autoprovocadas Intencionalmente, X60-X84 – de acordo com a 10 ᵃ Revis ão da Classificação Internacional de Doenças (CID-10), de adolescentes de 10 a 19 anos. A t&eac...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Stress in medical training: we need to look at our students
ABSTRACT Objective To perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Neurophysiology of Pain Questionnaire for the Brazilian population (NPQ-BR). Methods A translation and cross-cultural adaptation study were conducted in 11 stages according to standard procedures. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed. The internal consistency of the questionnaire was assessed using Cronbach ’ s Alpha test ( α ). Results Four translators, six experts, twenty-one patients and ten physiotherapists participated in the study. The NPQ-BR was obtained after seven versions. The expert committee adapted four out of twelve ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - December 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The potential role of scales in discriminating unipolar and bipolar depression
ABSTRACT Objective To perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Neurophysiology of Pain Questionnaire for the Brazilian population (NPQ-BR). Methods A translation and cross-cultural adaptation study were conducted in 11 stages according to standard procedures. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed. The internal consistency of the questionnaire was assessed using Cronbach ’ s Alpha test ( α ). Results Four translators, six experts, twenty-one patients and ten physiotherapists participated in the study. The NPQ-BR was obtained after seven versions. The expert committee adapted four out of twelve ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - December 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cross-cultural adaptation of the Revised Neurophysiology of Pain Questionnaire into Brazilian Portuguese language
ABSTRACT Objective To perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Neurophysiology of Pain Questionnaire for the Brazilian population (NPQ-BR). Methods A translation and cross-cultural adaptation study were conducted in 11 stages according to standard procedures. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed. The internal consistency of the questionnaire was assessed using Cronbach ’ s Alpha test ( α ). Results Four translators, six experts, twenty-one patients and ten physiotherapists participated in the study. The NPQ-BR was obtained after seven versions. The expert committee adapted four out of twelve ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - December 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Hikikomori: review on a severe phenomenon of social withdrawal
Conclusion Hikikomori is an underdiagnosed and undertreated condition outside Japan, due to the lack of knowledge of health professionals, and for the sufferers ’ refusal to seek help. The phenomenon was not yet included as a psychiatric disorder in the classifications, what difficults the standardization and conduction of research around the world. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - December 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Screening tools for psychiatric disorders in multiple sclerosis – Systematic review and metanalysis
Conclusions The HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), CESD (Center for Epidemiological Scale – Depression) and PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire-9) tools seem to be the most suitable for the psychiatric screening of patients with multiple sclerosis. PROSPERO registration: CRD42017082741. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - December 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The perception of mental health professionals about marijuana
Conclusions The perception of marijuana among mental health providers may vary according to their profession and work place. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - December 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Consumption of dietary substances and their association with risk of eating disorders in college students
RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o consumo de formula ções emagrecedoras e sua possível associação com o risco de transtornos alimentares (TAs) em universitários de cursos de saúde de diversos níveis socioeconômicos. Métodos Estudo epidemiológico transversal, realizado com 276 universitários matriculados em quatro cursos da área da saúde . Para a obtenção dos dados, utilizaram-se três instrumentos autoaplicáveis: o Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), o Bulimic Investigatory Test of Edinburgh (BITE) e, para investi...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - December 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Group cognitive behavioral therapy for female sexual dysfunction in postmenopause
Conclusion Considering the particular aspects of postmenopausal women with sexual dysfunction, we developed a cognitive behavioral group therapy protocol, with significant therapeutic potential. Though a control group was not used and that the application was done in a reduced number of participants, this protocol can be assessed and utilized in similar cases, being fit new researches to verify the applicability of such for sexual dysfunction at this stage of female development. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - December 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between depressive syndrome and visual complaints among elderly caregivers
Conclusions While measured aspects of care did not exert an influence on the incidence of depressive symptoms, VC associated to functional limitation and caring for elderly individuals with cognitive impairment was associated with such symptoms in the elderly caregivers.RESUMO Objetivos Determinar a s índrome depressiva em idosos cuidadores da comunidade e testar a associação entre tal síndrome, queixas visuais e aspectos dos cuidados. Métodos Este é um estudo transversal realizado com 332 idosos cuidadores. A Escala de Depressão Geriátrica (GDS-15) foi utilizada para...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - December 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinical stability, diagnosis and catchment area: the patients of a university-based psychiatric outpatient clinic
Conclusion The major part of the patients displayed a SMD and was considered clinically stable.RESUMO Objetivo Este trabalho buscou caracterizar os pacientes atendidos no ambulat ório geral do Instituto de Psiquiatria da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (IPUB-UFRJ) e avaliar sua estabilidade clínica. Métodos Este estudo descritivo, transversal, coletou informações utilizando um questionário estruturado preenchido pelo médico assistente. O questionário, especi ficamente desenvolvido para esse propósito, continha dados sociodemográficos, área ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - December 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

New categories of bodily stress syndrome and bodily distress disorder in ICD-11
(Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - December 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

mhGAP Intervention guide for mental, neurological and substance use disorders in non-specialized health settings: version 2.0
Conclusion: Although all tested models of BSQ showed good psychometric indicators, it is worth noting that they were obtained in different samples using the EFA and without theoretical plausible justification for the construction of the factors, which may make it difficult to choose a model for clinical use. Therefore, considering the importance of preserving the theoretical concept during the development of an instrument, we suggest to researchers and clinicians who are cautious about the use of models without theoretical support. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Evaluation of the factorial structure of the Body Shape Questionnaire: exploratory or confirmatory factorial analysis?
Conclusion: Although all tested models of BSQ showed good psychometric indicators, it is worth noting that they were obtained in different samples using the EFA and without theoretical plausible justification for the construction of the factors, which may make it difficult to choose a model for clinical use. Therefore, considering the importance of preserving the theoretical concept during the development of an instrument, we suggest to researchers and clinicians who are cautious about the use of models without theoretical support. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reasons to crack consumption relapse. Users’ perspective
Conclusions: Relapse is a common phenomenon among crack users, considering the reasons that lead to its occurrence are the same from people's daily routine, making its management very tough. Interpersonal relationship problems and the consequent frustration have been the most mentioned reasons as relapse triggers, causing a rupture in the paradigm in which the causes would be focused on the drug. The possibility that the user gets to know and recognize their emotional vulnerabilities and weaknesses could be of great help in relapse prevention.RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi levantar os motivos apontados pelos ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research