Music therapy and Alzheimer's disease: Cognitive, psychological, and behavioural effects
Conclusions In the sample studied, music therapy improved some cognitive, psychological, and behavioural alterations in patients with AD. Combining music therapy with dance therapy to improve motor and functional impairment would be an interesting line of research.
Consider this practice scenario: A skilled long-term care facility patient with severe dementia tells a registered dietitian nutritionist that she no longer wants to be fed via her gastrostomy feeding tube. She has no advanced directive. The resident ’s daughter wants her mother to be fed.1
By Christian Jarrett The famous studies of London’s taxi drivers – showing they have larger hippocampi (the comma-shaped brain structure in the temporal lobes) than controls – have become a staple of undergrad psychology courses and a classic example of how your brain changes according to what you do with it. Many other studies have also implied an association between hippocampal size and navigational ability – for instance, people with Alzheimer’s, who have lost neurons in this brain structure, tend to experience problems finding their way around. For some time, then, an obvious, though tenta...
The agency on Tuesday said in a statement that plasma infusions from young people provide "no proven clinical benefit" against normal aging, Alzheimer's or a host of other diseases.
In conclusion, there is much to explore with post-mortem MRI and histology studies, which can eventually be of high relevance for clinical pra ctice.
Mu-N Liu, Chi-Ieong Lau, Ching-Po Lin
AbstractPrevious task-fMRI studies have reported the abnormal brain activations in major depressive disorders (MDD) with suicidal behavior. However, there is no consensus of opinion on task-fMRI imaging findings of the suicidal brain. We performed a meta-analysis to integrate the results of reported studies to find the consistent task-related alteration pattern of brain activations in MDD patients with suicidal behavior, aiming to investigate brain functional alterations in association with a vulnerability to suicidal behavior. Using the SDM (Seed-based d Mapping) method, we conducted a meta-analysis of the task-fMRI studi...
ConclusionsThe findings reaffirm the importance of using active control groups and considering the capacities of facilitators in evaluating the effects of mindfulness-based interventions. Testing mindfulness-based interventions in low-resource, non-Western school settings require deeper contextual adaptation and facilitator preparation.
AbstractRecent FindingsIn homicide-suicide (HS), a perpetrator kills at least one victim and then commits suicide within a time frame, which is not consistently described in the literature. Most HS happen in an intimate partner relationship (HS-IP), but data about this phenomenon are still scant and poorly systematized.Purpose of ReviewTo assess the research papers published about HS-IP from 2012 to 2018 in Pubmed and Scopus. Article selection followed the PRISMA flow diagram. Information was extracted from the selected articles and tabulated.SummaryThe 22 eligible articles focusing on different types of HS, including HS-I...
A Pew Research Center survey found that teenagers across all demographic groups grapple with mental health issues.
Around 70 percent of 13- to 17-year-old said mental health issues are a 'major problem' for their age group, while 96 percent said it was at least a 'minor problem', a Pew Research report found.