Cholesterol and stroke: role of PCSK9 inhibitors
ConclusionsAlthough few strokes have been reported by these studies, new ongoing trials examining the cardiovascular effects of evolucumab (FOURIER study), alirocumab (ODYSSEY OUTCOMES study), and bococizumab (SPIRE-1 and SPIRE-2 studies) will reveal the true potential of these drugs, particularly for the prevention of stroke.ResumenIntroducciónLa proproteína convertasa subtilisina kexina tipo 9 (PCSK9) desempeña un papel importante en la modulación de los niveles plasmáticos de colesterol unido a las lipoproteínas de baja densidad (LDLC). La PCSK9 se une al receptor del LDLC (LDL[...
Source: Neurologia - February 8, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Syndrome of transient headache and neurological deficits with cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytosis (HaNDL) in a patient with confusional symptoms, diffuse EEG abnormalities, and bilateral vasospasm in transcranial Doppler ultrasound: A case report and literature review
ConclusionsTo our knowledge, this is the first description of a patient with HaNDL, confusional symptoms, diffuse slow activity on EEG, and increased blood flow velocity in TCD. Our findings suggest a relationship between cerebral vasomotor changes and the pathophysiology of HaNDL. TCD may be a useful tool for early diagnosis of HaNDL.ResumenIntroducciónEl síndrome de cefalea y déficits neurológicos transitorios con pleocitosis en líquido cefalorraquídeo (acrónimo en inglés, HaNDL) se caracteriza por la presencia de uno o más episodios de cefalea y défic...
Source: Neurologia - February 8, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Unravelling the mysteries of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy
ConclusionsCurrent knowledge suggests that SUDEP is a heterogeneous phenomenon caused by multiple factors. In most cases, however, SUDEP is thought to be due to postictal cardiorespiratory failure triggered by generalised tonic-clonic seizures and ultimately leading to cardiac arrest. The underlying pathophysiological mechanism involves multiple factors, ranging from genetic predisposition to environmental factors. Risk of SUDEP is higher in young adults with uncontrolled generalised tonic-clonic seizures. However, patients apparently at lower risk may also experience SUDEP. Current research focuses on identifying genetic ...
Source: Neurologia - February 6, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Atypical paraneoplastic syndrome with no onconeuronal antibodies: A case report
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2019Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): E. Casas Peña, M.A. Martín Santidrián, J. González Fernández, M.V. Castrillo Fraile (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - February 6, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Congenital myasthenia and congenital disorders of glycosylation caused by mutations in the DPAGT1 gene
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2019Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): S. Ibáñez-Micó, R. Domingo Jiménez, C. Pérez-Cerdá, D. Ghandour-Fabre (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - January 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Epigenetics, memory, and inheritance
Publication date: Available online 29 January 2019Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): I. Landires, V. Núñez-Samudio (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - January 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Variability in the use of neuroimaging techniques for diagnosis and follow-up of stroke patients
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2019Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): C. Valcárcel-Nazco, D. Alonso-Modino, F. Montón-Álvarez, R. Sabatel-Hernández, M.S. Pastor-Santoveña, P. Mesa-Blanco, J.C. López-Fernández, P. Serrano-AguilarAbstractIntroduction and objectiveImaging diagnosis is essential for treatment planning in stroke patients. However, use of these techniques varies due to uncertainty about their effectiveness. Our purpose was to describe the use of CT and MRI in stroke and transient ischaemic attack (TIA) over 5 years in hospitals be...
Source: Neurologia - January 15, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

A new case of Pitt-Hopkins-like syndrome 2?
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2019Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): F. Ruiz-Botero, E. Gómez-Pineda, H. Pachajoa (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - January 15, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Ischaemic stroke as the predecessor event of an episode of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2019Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): M. Vicente-Pascual, C. Zamora-Martinez, S. Amaro-Delgado (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - January 15, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Usefulness of susceptibility-weighted imaging in subacute cerebral fat embolism
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2019Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): S. Gil-Perotin, J. Carreres-Polo (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - January 15, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Orthostatic tremor as the only manifestation of thyrotoxicosis following cerebral angiography
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2019Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): D. Larrosa Campo, C. Ramón Carbajo, F. García Urruzola, S. Calleja Puerta (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - January 15, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Validation of a basic neurosonology laboratory for detecting cervical carotid artery stenosis
ConclusionsDoppler ultrasound in our neurosonology laboratory was found to be a useful diagnostic tool for detecting cervical carotid artery stenosis and demonstrated superiority to carotid duplex despite the lack of B-mode. Furthermore, this technique was found to be useful for detecting intracranial stenosis.ResumenIntroducciónLa detección de estenosis arterial cervical e intracraneal es fundamental en el estudio del ictus isquémico, al ser el origen aterotrombótico el más prevalente en nuestro entorno. La ultrasonografía se ha convertido, por su accesibilidad y fiabilidad, en la...
Source: Neurologia - January 15, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Spanish cultural adaptation of the short version of the Multiple Sclerosis Work Difficulties Questionnaire (MSWDQ-23)
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2019Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): M.L. Martínez-Ginés, J.M. García-Domínguez, M. Sarmiento, J. Maurino (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - January 15, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Neurology of ecstatic religious and similar experiences: ecstatic, orgasmic, and musicogenic seizures. Stendhal syndrome and autoscopic phenomena
Publication date: January–February 2019Source: Neurología (English Edition), Volume 34, Issue 1Author(s): M. AriasAbstractAll human experiences, including mystical and religious ones, are the result of brain functional activity. Thanks to the study of cases of ecstatic epilepsy with structural (MRI) and functional neuroimaging (fMRI, PET, SPECT) and neurophysiological technologies (recording and stimulation with intracranial electrodes), we now have a better knowledge of certain mental states which involve pleasant and affective symptoms and clarity of mind. These ecstatic experiences are thought to be caused ...
Source: Neurologia - January 9, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Validation of the Spanish-language version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment test in adults older than 60 years
Publication date: Available online 3 January 2019Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): C. Delgado, A. Araneda, M.I. BehrensAbstractIntroductionFew studies have validated the Spanish-language version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-S) test in Latin American populations.ObjetiveTo evaluate the psychometric properties and discriminant validity of the MoCA-S in elderly patients in Santiago de Chile.Methods172 individuals were grouped according to their clinical diagnosis based on the Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) scale as follows: amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI; n = 24), non-amne...
Source: Neurologia - January 4, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Bilateral haemorrhagic papilloedema secondary to carboplatin use
Publication date: Available online 3 January 2019Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): E. Santos-Bueso, A.M. Muñoz-Hernández, J. Porta-Etessam, J.M. Benítez-del-Castillo (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - January 4, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Effects of acetone cyanohydrin, a derivative of cassava, on motor activity and kidney and liver function in Wistar rats
ConclusionOur results suggest that long-term consumption of this toxic compound present in cassava roots may be potentially dangerous for vulnerable subjects.ResumenIntroducciónLa acetona cianohidrina (ACH) es una sustancia tóxica resultante de la hidrólisis enzimática de linamarina, contenido en las raíces de yuca (Manihot esculenta Crantz); su consumo a largo plazo se asocia con 2 trastornos neurológicos: konzo y la neuropatía atáxica tropical. Estudios anteriores han evaluado las alteraciones conductuales después del consumo de esta sustancia, pero los efect...
Source: Neurologia - January 4, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Temporal crescent syndrome vs arcuate scotoma
Publication date: Available online 2 January 2019Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): J.M. Losada Domingo, I. Caballero Romero (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - January 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Acute cerebellitis in paediatric patients: Our experience
ConclusionsCerebellitis is a medical and surgical emergency; diagnosis requires a high level of suspicion and an emergency brain magnetic resonance imaging study. It is a clinical-radiological syndrome characterised by acute or subacute encephalopathy with intracranial hypertension and cerebellar syndrome associated with T2-weighted and FLAIR hyperintensities in the cerebellar cortex (unilaterally or bilaterally) and possible triventricular dilatation. Treatment is based on high-dose corticosteroids and may require external ventricular drain placement and decompressive surgery.ResumenIntroducciónLa cerebelitis aguda...
Source: Neurologia - January 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Coeliac disease and neuromyelitis optica: a rare but possible association
Publication date: Available online 31 December 2018Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): A. Díaz Díaz, M. Hervás García, A. Muñoz García, F. Romero Santana, G. Pinar Sedeño, J.R. García Rodríguez (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - January 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Kearns-Sayre syndrome: Absence of clinical response to treatment with oral folinic acid
Publication date: Available online 31 December 2018Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): E. Pardo Ruiz, D. Maturana Martínez, M. Vázquez López, Y. Ruiz Martín (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - January 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

New evidence of the relative protective effects of neurodegenerative diseases and cancer against each other
ConclusionDementing degenerative diseases and neoplastic disorders are not mutually exclusive. Nevertheless, the rate of co-occurrence is lower than would be expected given the prevalence rate for each group.ResumenIntroducciónEl cáncer y las enfermedades degenerativas constituyen trastornos con algunos mecanismos compartidos que actúan en sentido opuesto, produciendo un fenómeno incontrolado de proliferación o pérdida de células. Observaciones diversas apuntan que los pacientes con enfermedad de Alzheimer tienen menor riesgo de desarrollar tumores y vice versa. En este art&...
Source: Neurologia - December 30, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Mobile phone applications in Parkinson's disease: a systematic review
ConclusionsThe literature and app searches yielded a total of 125 apps, 56 of which were classified as potentially useful in PD and 69 as specifically designed for PD (23 information apps, 29 assessment apps, 13 treatment apps, and 4 assessment and treatment apps). Numerous mobile apps are potentially useful in or specifically designed for PD management. However, scientific evidence of their usefulness is scarce and of poor quality. Further studies are needed to validate these tools and regulate their use.ResumenIntroducciónLa enfermedad de Parkinson (EP) es la segunda enfermedad neurodegenerativa más frecuen...
Source: Neurologia - December 20, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Utility of ultrasound-guided injection of botulinum toxin type A for muscle imbalance in children with obstetric brachial plexus palsy: description of the procedure and action protocol
In this study, we explore the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided injection of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) and describe the procedure.Patients and methodsWe designed a prospective, descriptive study including patients with moderate to severe OBPP who were treated between January 2010 and December 2014. We gathered demographic data, type of OBPP, and progression. Treatment effectiveness was assessed with the Active Movement Scale (AMS), the Mallet classification, and video recordings.ResultsWe gathered a total of 14 133 newborns, 15 of whom had OBPP (1.6 per 1000 live births). Forty percent of the cases had severe OBPP (...
Source: Neurologia - December 19, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Cardiogenic shock in clinically isolated syndrome
Publication date: Available online 15 December 2018Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): C. González Mingot, A. Juárez Turégano, A. Bosch Gaya, L. Brieva Ruiz (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - December 16, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

“Code stroke” activation in a patient with an external ventricular assist device
Publication date: Available online 15 December 2018Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): A.A. Urbanos Núñez, D. Barragán Martínez, M.H. Torregrosa Martínez, A. Martínez Salio (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - December 16, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Autoimmune necrotising myopathy: A case report
Publication date: Available online 15 December 2018Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): M.P. Navarro Pérez, A.A. Sanabria Sanchinel, J. Alfaro Torres, I. Marquina Ibañez, P. Larrodé Pellicer (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - December 16, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Interaction with touchscreen smartphones in patients with essential tremor and healthy individuals
ConclusionOur results support the use of smartphone touchscreens for research into ET, although further studies are required.ResumenIntroducciónEl uso de smartphones en investigación biomédica está creciendo rápidamente en diferentes entornos clínicos. Realizamos un estudio piloto para obtener información sobre el uso de smartphones en pacientes con temblor esencial (TE) y en sujetos sanos, con el objetivo de evaluar si la realización de diversas tareas con las pantallas táctiles difiere entre grupos y describir factores de esta interacción.Método...
Source: Neurologia - December 12, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Long-term prognosis of childhood absence epilepsy
ConclusionsOur data show that epileptic patients should be classified according to strict diagnostic criteria since patients with true CAE have an excellent prognosis. The relapse rate was very low in our sample. Despite the favourable prognosis, psychological and academic support is usually necessary.ResumenIntroducciónLa epilepsia ausencia infantil (EAI) se considera una forma de epilepsia de fácil control farmacológico solo si se emplean criterios estrictos para la clasificación de los pacientes. Supone el 10% de las epilepsias infantiles de inicio antes de los 15 años y es más ...
Source: Neurologia - December 12, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Analysis of cerebrovascular disease mortality trends in Andalusia (1980–2014)
ConclusionsBetween 1997 and 2003, age-standardised rates stabilised in Andalusia but continued to decrease in Spain as a whole. This increased in the gap between CVD mortality rates in Andalusia and Spain for both sexes and most age groups.ResumenIntroducciónEn las últimas décadas las tasas de mortalidad por enfermedades cerebrovasculares (ECV) han descendido de forma importante en muchos países. En este estudio se analizan los cambios recientes en la evolución de la mortalidad por ECV en Andalucía (1980-2014) para verificar si las tendencias observadas previamente por sexo y grupo...
Source: Neurologia - November 23, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Familial classic trigeminal neuralgia
ConclusionsThese family clusters support the hypothesis that classic trigeminal neuralgia may have a genetic origin. Several causes have been suggested, including inherited anatomical changes affecting the base of the skull which would promote compression of the trigeminal nerve by vascular structures, familial AHT (resulting in tortuous vessels that would compress the trigeminal nerve), and mutations in the gene coding for calcium channels leading to hyperexcitability. Classic trigeminal neuralgia may be an autosomal dominant disorder displaying genetic anticipation.ResumenIntroducciónLa neuralgia del trigém...
Source: Neurologia - November 23, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Longitudinal study of visual function in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis with and without a history of optic neuritis
ConclusionsMonocular Pelli-Robson contrast sensitivity test may be used to detect changes in visual function in patients with ON.ResumenIntroducciónEl examen de la sensibilidad al contraste permite determinar la calidad de la función visual en pacientes con esclerosis múltiple (EM). El objetivo de este estudio es analizar las modificaciones evolutivas de la función visual en pacientes con EM remitente-recurrente.MétodosEstudio longitudinal de 61 pacientes clasificados en 3 grupos: a) pacientes libres de enfermedad (grupo control); b) pacientes con EM y sin antecedentes de neuritis ó...
Source: Neurologia - November 23, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome associated with psychosis: An unusual presentation
Publication date: Available online 20 November 2018Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): G.S. Díaz-Ramírez, C.A. Salgado-Cifuentes, G. Zúñiga-Escobar, C.D. Morales-Plaza (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - November 21, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Paroxysmal events during prolonged video-electroencephalography monitoring in refractory epilepsy
ConclusionsParoxysmal events recorded during prolonged video electroencephalography monitoring in patients with refractory epilepsy show similar patterns and characteristics to those reported in other latitudes.ResumenIntroducciónLa inexistencia de signos clínicos que diferencien entre crisis epilépticas y episodios paroxísticos no epilépticos hace necesario utilizar métodos diagnósticos específicos, principalmente en pacientes refractarios al tratamiento farmacológico. La monitorización prolongada con videoelectroencefalografía durante las crisis...
Source: Neurologia - November 21, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Malnutrition and Wernicke encephalopathy in the elderly
Publication date: Available online 20 November 2018Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): F.J. Ros Forteza, H. Cabrera, M. Bousende (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - November 21, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Minocycline-induced intracranial hypertension in a patient with a levonorgestrel intrauterine device
Publication date: Available online 20 November 2018Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): F.J. Ros Forteza, I. Pereira Marques (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - November 21, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Usefulness of multiparametric computerised tomography findings in the differential diagnosis of stroke mimics of epileptic origin: A preliminary study
ConclusionThe most sensitive parameter for differentiating between stroke and epilepsy in our series was increased time to peak in multilobar cortical locations in the absence of large-vessel occlusion and basal ganglia involvement. Multiparametric CT is a fast, readily available, and useful tool for the differential diagnosis of acute-onset neurological signs of epileptic origin in patients initially attended after code stroke activation.ResumenObjetivoTras la activación del código ictus, hasta un 30% de los pacientes presentan cuadros imitadores del ictus, siendo la epilepsia el más frecuente. Evalua...
Source: Neurologia - November 21, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Guidelines for seizure management in palliative care: proposal for an updated clinical practice model based on a systematic literature review
ConclusionsThese guidelines provide general recommendations that must be adapted to each particular clinical case. Nevertheless, we will require further well-designed randomised controlled clinical trials including large samples of patients eligible for PC to draft a consensus document recommending adequate, rational, and effective use of AEDs, based on a high level of evidence, in this highly complex area of medical care.ResumenIntroducciónDada la escasez de directrices abordando este tema y con motivo de la futura creación de la Unidad de Cuidados Paliativos (CP) en nuestro centro de neurorrehabilitaci&oacu...
Source: Neurologia - November 3, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Reperfusion therapy in patients with acute ischaemic stroke caused by cervical artery dissection
ConclusionsIn our sample, the most common form of presentation of CAD was ischaemic stroke. Reperfusion therapy seems to be a safe and effective option for these patients, and outcomes resemble those of other patients with ischaemic stroke. Larger comparative studies are necessary to better assess response to reperfusion therapy in acute ischaemic stroke.ResumenIntroducciónLas disecciones de arteriales cervicales (DAC) provocan hasta el 20% de los ictus isquémicos en menores de 45 años. El beneficio de los tratamientos de reperfusión en fase aguda no está plenamente clarificado.Mét...
Source: Neurologia - October 30, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Eslicarbazepine acetate for neuropathic pain, headache, and cranial neuralgia: evidence and experience
ConclusionsEvidence is insufficient to recommend ESL for neuropathic pain, headache, and cranial neuralgia. Most of the available evidence comes from open and observational studies with small sample sizes and no control group; however, their favourable results call for further studies on the usefulness of ESL for neuropathic pain, headache, and cranial neuralgia.ResumenIntroducciónEl acetato de eslicarbazepina (ESL), junto con la carbamazepina y oxcarbazepina, pertenece a la familia de las dibenzazepinas. Las últimas guías de práctica clínica consultadas coinciden en señalar que lo...
Source: Neurologia - October 30, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Patient with parkinsonism and a history of methanol toxicity
Publication date: Available online 28 October 2018Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): A. Enriquez-Marulanda, D. Ospina-Delgado, F. Arias-Mora, P. Amaya-González, J.L. Orozco (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - October 29, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Effect of inhibition of fatty acid amide hydrolase on MPTP-induced dopaminergic neuronal damage
ConclusionOur results show that URB597 exerts a protective effect since it inhibits dopaminergic neuronal death, decreases microglial immunoreactivity, and improves MPTP-induced motor alterations.ResumenIntroducciónLa enfermedad de Parkinson es un desorden neurodegenerativo caracterizado por problemas de equilibro, rigidez muscular y lentitud para realizar movimiento, debido a la pérdida de neuronas dopaminérgicas de la sustancia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) y la reducción de los niveles de dopamina. Se sabe que el sistema endocannabinoide modula el funcionamiento de la vía nigroestriatal, ...
Source: Neurologia - October 29, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Spinal extradural angiolipomas: 7 new cases and review of the literature
ConclusionsExtradural SAL can present with highly variable radiological and clinical features. Surgery must be tailored to each individual situation according to tumour extension; in some cases, it may include spinal reconstruction. Surgery results in excellent outcomes regardless of preoperative functional status and it is associated with low recurrence rates, even in case of incomplete resection.ResumenIntroducciónPresentamos nuestra experiencia en el manejo diagnóstico y terapéutico de los angiolipomas espinales.MétodosHemos realizado una revisión en nuestra base de datos quirúr...
Source: Neurologia - October 29, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Pseudotumour cerebri in children: aetiology, clinical features, and progression
ConclusionsThe incidence of PTC was estimated at approximately 1 case per 100 000 children/years, in line with data reported by previous studies. Overweight was not found to be a risk factor for PTC in this population. M. pneumoniae infection may trigger PTC and cause recurrences at later stages. The absence of symptoms seems to be independent from the degree of intracranial hypertension. Acetazolamide treatment is effective in most cases, and it represents a viable alternative to repeated LP.ResumenIntroducciónEl síndrome de hipertensión intracraneal idiopática o seudotumor cerebri (STC) e...
Source: Neurologia - October 27, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Conditions associated with REM sleep behaviour disorder: description of a hospital series
DiscussionIn our series, 48% of the patients had an associated disorder. The likelihood of detecting an associated disorder increases with patients’ age. The vast majority of patients required drug treatment due to symptom severity; the most frequently administered drug was clonazepam (76%).ResumenIntroducciónEl trastorno de conducta de sueño REM (TCSR) se caracteriza por conductas violentas (gritos, patadas, sueños vívidos) durante la fase REM del sueño. Tiene una prevalencia del 1-2% de la población general, especialmente en varones y en mayores de 60 años. En la &ua...
Source: Neurologia - October 27, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Carotid artery dissection secondary to carotid artery trauma caused by giant C1 transverse process
Publication date: Available online 26 October 2018Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): M. Vicente Pascual, L. Fortuny Garrido, M.L. Olondo Zulueta, L. Llull Estrany (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - October 27, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Intraparenchymal haemorrhage secondary to Moyamoya disease in a white patient
Publication date: Available online 26 October 2018Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): O. Plans Galván, J.M. Manciño Contreras, A. Coy Serrano, A. Campos Gómez, J.M. Toboso Casado, P. Ricart Martí (Source: Neurologia)
Source: Neurologia - October 27, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Use of emergency medical transport and impact on time to care in patients with ischaemic stroke
ConclusionsEMS transport was associated with shorter prehospital delays. Effective health education programmes should be developed to promote EMS transport for patients with stroke symptoms. In-hospital stroke management should also be improved to reduce time to medical care.ResumenIntroducciónNumerosos estudios han establecido que el traslado al hospital de los pacientes con ictus por los servicios de transporte sanitario urgente (TSU) implica demoras menores hasta el diagnóstico y tratamiento.ObjetivosDeterminar la frecuencia de uso de TSU por los pacientes con ictus en Bizkaia (España), qué f...
Source: Neurologia - October 26, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Headache in young patients: clinical characteristics of a series of 651 cases
ConclusionMost headaches in young patients can be classified according to ICHD criteria. Migraine was the most frequent diagnosis in our sample. Although headache was commonly associated with a negative impact on quality of life, most patients had received little preventive treatment before being referred to our clinic.ResumenIntroducciónLa cefalea produce un impacto negativo sobre la calidad de vida de los jóvenes. Nuestro objetivo es analizar las características de esta población en una consulta monográfica de cefaleas (CMC) y evaluar la carga de las diferentes cefaleas codificadas seg&...
Source: Neurologia - October 24, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Description of stroke mimics after complete neurovascular assessment
Publication date: Available online 22 October 2018Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): C. Avellaneda-Gómez, A. Rodríguez Campello, E. Giralt Steinhauer, A. Gómez González, M. Serra Martínez, P. de Ceballos Cerrajería, A. Zabalza de Torres, E. Cuadrado-Godia, A. Ois Santiago, J. Jiménez-Conde, J. RoquerAbstractIntroductionA considerable percentage of events initially diagnosed as ischaemic stroke have non-cerebrovascular causes; these are called stroke mimics (SM). Currently available evidence about these events is heterogeneous and comes from studies with sm...
Source: Neurologia - October 23, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research