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In science news around the world, the critically endangered saiga antelope faces a new threat from a livestock virus in Mongolia, the Bill &Melinda Gates Foundation gives a global health trends institute at the University of Washington a big financial boost, Russia's health ministry decides the country cannot afford to spend $1.2 billion to ramp up the response to its burgeoning HIV/AIDS epidemic, a new Pew Research Center poll reveals that 82% of Americans think the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine should be required for public school entry, and more. Also, scientists remind U.S. President Donald Trump that torture doesn't work, the Doomsday Clock ticks closer to midnight, and more from Trump's first week in office. And Science chats with evolutionary biologist Michael Eisen, who last week announced he will run for a Senate seat to bring greater attention to the need for scientific advice in policymaking.
Source: ScienceNOW - Category: Science Authors: Tags: SCI COMMUN Source Type: news

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Conclusion: For better immunization coverage and ultimately a reduction in child mortality due to preventable diseases, EPI operations and performance must be improved. Further systematic implementation research could help to develop an even finer understanding of the system-wide bottlenecks encumbering the coverage and efficiency of the program. PMID: 30237907 [PubMed]
Source: Public Health Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study identifies key intervention points for adolescent retention in HIV care. A basic package of clinic and community services has the potential to STACK the odds for health and survival for HIV-positive adolescents. PMID: 30240121 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
(Natural News) The great campaign to coax more Americans into getting a flu shot seems to get more aggressive every year. As the mainstream media continues to push the narrative that flu vaccines are some sort of miraculous tool for keeping illness at bay, vaccine skeptics like Robert F. Kennedy Jr. are speaking out –...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2018Source: PlasmidAuthor(s): Monika Dolejska, Costas C. PapagiannitsisAbstractMultidrug resistance (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria have been increasingly reported in humans, companion animals and farm animals. The growing trend of plasmid-mediated resistance to antimicrobial classes of critical importance is attributed to the emergence of epidemic plasmids, rapidly disseminating resistance genes among the members of Enterobacteriaceae family. The use of antibiotics to treat humans and animals has had a significant impact on the environment and on wild animals living and feeding...
Source: Plasmid - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
This study was to verify the existence and extent of mumps outbreak in Copperbelt province; to describe the epidemiological characteristics of the outbreak; to identify risk factors associated with the illness; to confirm the etiology of the outbreak through appropriate laboratory testing; to inform disease control strategy and advocate for mumps, measles and rubella vaccine in Zambia, which has not yet been implemented.Study designA case report. Clinical records of cases suspected of mumps in the district were reviewed. Cases covered the first 36 weeks of 2015 (January to September, 2015). Charts were generated to capture...
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
This report provides updated information and recommendations on testing, screening, and care for pregnant women and infants affected by ZIKV. METHODS: Current published recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the World Health Organization, and the American Academy of Pediatrics were reviewed and included in this report. RESULTS: Although largely a self-limiting disease usually without symptoms, pregnant women and their fetuses are at greatest risk. Maternal transmission of ZIKV to the fetus can lead to congenital Zika infection with potentially devastating sequelae to the infant. The ...
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research
Italian parents have more time before having to produce proof their children kids received 10 mandatory vaccinations
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news
ConclusionsOur study demonstrated that tumor cells expressing H protein could activate the immune memory response against MV, which exerted specific anti-tumor effects, and indicated that the MV-H gene can be used as a potential therapeutic gene for cancer gene therapy.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
The research suggests that the ongoing opioid crisis may be part of a larger epidemic going back decades. The study also shows more users take multiple drugs — many of which are more potent.
Source: NPR Health and Science - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 12 May 2018Source: Molecular Phylogenetics and EvolutionAuthor(s): Alexander K. Brazenor, Terry Bertozzi, Terrence L. Miller, Ian D. Whittington, Kate S. HutsonAbstractAccurate identification of parasite species and strains is crucial to mitigate the risk of epidemics and emerging disease. Species of Neobenedenia are harmful monogenean ectoparasites that infect economically important bony fishes in aquaculture worldwide, however, the species boundaries between two of the most notorious taxa, N. melleni and N. girellae, has been a topic of contention for decades. Historically, identificati...
Source: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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