In Brief News at a glance
In science news around the world, the critically endangered saiga antelope faces a new threat from a livestock virus in Mongolia, the Bill &Melinda Gates Foundation gives a global health trends institute at the University of Washington a big financial boost, Russia's health ministry decides the country cannot afford to spend $1.2 billion to ramp up the response to its burgeoning HIV/AIDS epidemic, a new Pew Research Center poll reveals that 82% of Americans think the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine should be required for public school entry, and more. Also, scientists remind U.S. President Donald Trump that torture doesn't work, the Doomsday Clock ticks closer to midnight, and more from Trump's first week in office. And Science chats with evolutionary biologist Michael Eisen, who last week announced he will run for a Senate seat to bring greater attention to the need for scientific advice in policymaking.
The human immunodeficiency virus epidemic is a major health challenge of the twenty-first century as the transition from infectious complications to noncommunicable disease becomes more evident. These patients may present to the emergency department with a variety of cardiovascular diseases, such as acute coronary syndromes, heart failure, pericardial disease, infective endocarditis, venothromboembolism, and other conditions. Increased awareness is needed among health care professionals to enhance adequate identification and promote prompt management of these patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Improved HIV incidence assays could substantially reduce HIV incidence estimation costs. Continued development of HIV incidence assays with improved performance is required to realize these cost benefits. PMID: 29165892 [PubMed - in process]
ConclusionsSubcutaneous immunotherapy with depigmented‐polymerized allergen extracts is a safe and clinically effective treatment for LAR to Phleum pratense.clinicaltrials. gov identifier: NCT02126111.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Muslim leaders urge parents to vaccinate their children Cairo, 22 November – The Islamic Advisory Group for Polio Eradication (IAG) today launched a new training manual for students of religious studies in support of polio eradication efforts. The manual provides practical guidance on how to engage with local communities to advocate for vaccination as well as other maternal and child health issues. The launch took place during the group’s fourth annual meeting that convened at the headquarters of Al Azhar Al Sharif hosted by Grand Imam Dr Ahmed El-Tayyib. The Grand Imam expressed his happiness to see the pro...
[Premium Times] The National Agency for the Control of AIDS, NACA, has said only about one in three persons who need treatment for HIV/AIDS in Nigeria are getting the life-saving treatment.
Squirrels might have caused or maintained an epidemic of leprosy in medieval England. Genetic analysis of Mycobacterium leprae from a pre-Norman skull found in a garden in Suffolk has lent support to the suggestion that East Anglia was the epicentre of the medieval leprosy epidemic. The M leprae strain found on the skull matches the strain found on skeletal remains from medieval Denmark and Sweden. The bacteria might have arrived on the east coast of England along viking trade routes for the then-popular squirrel meat and fur.
Over the years, academics have used all sorts of techniques during their shows at the Cabaret of Dangerous Ideas (CODI) —from music and props to experiments involving audience members. Yet, Dr Clare Taylor, Senior Lecturer in Medical Microbiology at Edinburgh Napier University, UK, is the first scientist I have seen who has started her show by tweeting. Taylor took to Twitter at the beginning of “Anti-vaxxers are antisocial” on Aug 12, 2017, to ask the US President, Donald Trump, “@realDonaldTrump a quick question, have your kids been vaccinated? @CODIfringe”.
In their thoughtful Personal View, Anika Singanayagam and colleagues1 raise several important questions relating to the apparent loss of efficacy of the live attenuated influenza virus (LAIV) vaccine. One factor not considered by the authors is the presence, in batches of the Fluenz Tetra vaccine (MedImmune, Nijmegen, Netherlands; AstraZeneca, Luton, UK) of substantial amounts of small RNAs derived from the genomes of both the influenza A and influenza B components of the vaccine itself.2 If the vaccine was composed only of infectious virus, one would expect to see only the eight full-length influenza segments of the viral A and B genomes.
We thank Nigel Dimmock and Andrew Easton for drawing attention to new research, which has become available since the publication of our article,1 describing their interesting observation of defective interfering RNAs in two batches of Fluenz Tetra (MedImmune, Nijmegen, Netherlands; AstraZeneca, Luton, UK) for the 2014 –15 influenza season.2 This research warrants further investigation to understand its implications.
I have blogged about the opioid crisis which is enveloping the entire country (see: Pharmaceutical Companies and PBMs Helped to Create Our Opioid Crisis). The Sackler family, owners ofPurdue Pharma, have been much in the news with assertions by some media that the company, when marketingOxyContin, conspired to downplay its addictive qualities (see: THE SECRETIVE FAMILY MAKING BILLIONS FROM THE OPIOID CRISIS; The Family That Built an Empire of Pain). It should therefore not come as a surprise that some governmental bodies such as Detroit/Wayne County are suing drug manufacturers for having caused the cha...