Role of imaging procedures in clarification of complications of pneumonia.

[Role of imaging procedures in clarification of complications of pneumonia]. Radiologe. 2017 Jan 04;: Authors: Lampichler K Abstract CLINICAL ISSUE: Despite a considerable number of antimicrobial agents and interdisciplinary treatment options, lower respiratory tract infections are still associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Infections of the respiratory tract can lead to severe complications, such as empyema, lung abscesses and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Besides intrapulmonary complications pneumonia can also impair other organs due to a systemic inflammatory response. Underlying cardiovascular diseases, such as chronic heart failure, arteriosclerosis and dysrhythmia can either deteriorate due to infections or be newly manifested as a result of pneumonia. Early diagnosis and therapy of these sometimes life-threatening complications are crucial and can have a severe impact on disease outcome. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: The most important imaging techniques include chest X‑ray and computed tomography (CT) of the chest. Although a definite diagnosis is sometimes difficult or even impossible to establish using chest X‑ray or CT, there are several findings indicative of intrapulmonary or extrapulmonary complications of pneumonia. Another useful and portable tool is thoracic ultrasound directly on the patient, which can be used to further define the underlying disease or as guidance during proced...
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

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Conclusions Overall, a majority of patients recovered well postoperatively with minimal complications and low rate of reoperation. Our research provides a foundation to develop a risk-stratified approach to determine the need for an ICU admission or early transfer to floor care.
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study suggests PRISM score performed as well as modified SHFM for one-year mortality prediction. Moreover, the addition of modified SHFM to PRISM score increases discriminatory ability in predicting 1-year mortality in heart failure patients compared to either of the two models alone. Together, when combined in a CART model, they can be used to identify the population subset with the highest mortality risk and hence guide goals of care discussion.
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: IJC Heart &Vasculature, Volume 26Author(s): Xizhen Xu, Dao Wen WangAbstractBeta blockers are a recommended therapy in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction(HFrEF). Beta blockers markedly and unequivocally reduce mortality in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. However, the beneficial effects of beta blockers in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction(HFpEF) are not well established. In this review, we will assess the evidence basis of the recommendations for beta blockers and discuss emerging concerns about the use ...
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: No statistical difference was observed between DAKO and BIOCARE®, therefore we propose that both techniques can be used in order to investigate the expression of programmed ligand 1 with safety. PD-L1 expression was higher in the central mass instead of the lymphnodes.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Objective: To investigate the safety and effectiveness of ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) combined with preoperative three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction versus surgical resection for solitary hepatocellular carcinoma of 3-5 cm.Methods: The cohort of this retrospective study included 66 consecutive patients who underwent open hepatectomy (Surgery group) between January 2009 and December 2014, as well as 54 consecutive patients who underwent ultrasound-guided RFA combined with preoperative 3D reconstruction (RFA group) during the same period. Preoperative 3D reconstruction was performed using Myrian-XP-Live...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion: The miR-196b-5p was observed to show higher expression in HCC tissues than in normal control liver tissues. Moreover, the miR-196b-5p expression level had correlations with the clinicopathological parameters such as vascular invasion of HCC, but the molecular mechanisms of miR-196b-5p in HCC still need further elucidation and verification.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
The prevalence of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) increases rapidly all around the world, but the management of PTMC hasn't reached a consensus. Recently, ultrasound-guided (US-guided) ablation therapy was introduced as a feasible treatment for low-risk PTMC. The clinical application of US-guided ablation therapy needs doctors' effort to investigate the efficacy and the safety of US-guided ablation in treating PTMC carefully. Although the present evidence showed some limitations, such as short-term study time spans and no randomized control design, in our perspective, US-guided thermal ablation therapy has good sho...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
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Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
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