[Interventional oncology and immuno-oncology : Status quo].
PMID: 32748259 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - August 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Helmberger T Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

Mitteilungen des Berufsverbandes der Deutschen Radiologen.
Authors: PMID: 32748260 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - August 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Magnetic resonance imaging of the lungs in cystic fibrosis].
CONCLUSIONS: Lung MRI for cystic fibrosis has been recently established as a clinical standard examination and is routinely performed at experienced centers. More recently, it has also been used as an endpoint within the framework of clinical studies. PMID: 32728856 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - July 29, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Leutz-Schmidt P, Eichinger M, Sommerburg O, Stahl M, Triphan SMF, Gehlen S, Kauczor HU, Puderbach MU, Mall MA, Wielpütz MO Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Success, satisfaction and improvement of informed consents for computed tomography : A  survey among patients and physicians].
CONCLUSION: Patients estimated the duration of a CT informed consent to be a little bit shorter, although some patients did not remember the content very well. The acceptance of technical innovations was very high among the participants. The use of information videos and tablets/PCs could increase the success of providing informed consent. PMID: 32728857 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - July 29, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Vogele D, Schöffski O, Efinger K, Schmidt SA, Beer M, Kildal D Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Monitoring of immunotherapy : Possibilities and limitations].
CONCLUSION: With an incidence of up to 10%, pseudoprogression is a rare phenomenon. Currently, differentiation between pseudoprogression and true progressive disease is only possible by follow-up examinations. iRECIST, published in 2017, introduced immune unconfirmed progressive disease (iUPD) and immune confirmed progressive disease (iCPD) as new categories of therapeutic response. There is still no consensus on the time interval between examinations. Crucial adverse events include hypophysitis and pneumonitis, whereby the latter may present as different patterns of interstitial pneumonia making it difficult to diffe...
Source: Der Radiologe - July 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Schneider H, Illert AL, Bamberg F, Eisenblätter M Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Rare case of a  pancreatic neoplasm in an older patient].
[Rare case of a pancreatic neoplasm in an older patient]. Radiologe. 2020 Jul 23;: Authors: Kloth C, Beck A, Wittau M, Thaiss WM, Vogele D, Beer M, Schmidt SA PMID: 32705321 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - July 23, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Kloth C, Beck A, Wittau M, Thaiss WM, Vogele D, Beer M, Schmidt SA Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Basic principles of immunotherapy].
Abstract Immunotherapy for malignant diseases is defined as a systematic therapeutic approach that aims to target the individual's immune system to prevent the development of malignancies or to combat existing tumors. Nowadays, this includes various therapeutic approaches, such as immune checkpoint inhibitors, BiTEs (bispecific T‑cell engagers), CAR T‑cells (CAR: chimeric antigen receptors) and oncolytic viruses, which have not only different mechanisms of action and points of attack, but also have very different efficiencies in the treatment of solid and hematological malignancies. These approaches undou...
Source: Der Radiologe - July 17, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Schilling G, Arnold D Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Postoperative knee : Tips and pitfalls for the interpretation of ACL surgery].
This article reviews the anatomy of the ACL and the most common ACL reconstruction techniques and discusses the normal postoperative findings and complications of ACL reconstruction based on different imaging techniques. PMID: 32681434 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - July 17, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Weidekamm C Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Immuno-oncology : No longer a need for interventional radiology?]
Abstract CLINICAL ISSUE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with a high mortality rate. STANDARD TREATMENT: For many years, sorafenib was the only, and frequently poorly tolerated systemic treatment option, which lead to the unreflected recurrent use of locoregional treatment modalities, such as transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). INNOVATIONS: Based on recent positive phase III trial results, we now have three systemic therapeutic options available in the first and second line of treatment, respectively. This development enables us to design sequential treatments concepts for pati...
Source: Der Radiologe - July 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Saborowski A, Vogel A Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging-guided biopsy in the diagnostic pathway of prostate cancer.
Abstract Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate and mpMRI-guided biopsy have proved to be a valuable part of the diagnostic pathway for prostate cancer. This review reports on the current results in terms of clinical performance of these diagnostic tools and their role in clinical decision-making. PMID: 32666150 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - July 14, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Chaloupka M, Apfelbeck M, Pfitzinger P, Bischoff R, Lellig E, Rath L, Schlenker B, Stief CG, Clevert DA Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Transarterial radioembolization : Immune effects and immuno-oncology].
CONCLUSION: The clinical evidence of combined treatment with TARE and ICI must be considerably improved. This innovative therapy concept must be studied in new trials assessing the immunological data, including cellular phenotypes, activation, functions, and biomarkers. This may provide valid, sensitive, and specific models in order to evaluate the optimal therapy concept and/or the therapy combination for the best patient outcome. PMID: 32666151 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - July 14, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Relja B, Pech M Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Thermoablation : Friend and foe of immunotherapy].
Abstract BACKGROUND: Evidence from multiple studies have shown the potential of thermal ablative therapies to induce regression of metastases and tumors which are distant from the treated metastases-within the same organ or even in other organs-the so-called abscopal effect. Unfortunately, this effect is most often weak and not always reproducible. Recent developments in systemic therapies showed that immunomodulating drugs are of major interest in patient-tailored tumor therapy due to the fact that they are able to enhance the treatment effect of conventional chemotherapy. Furthermore, several studies and reports...
Source: Der Radiologe - July 13, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Radosa CG, Hoffmann RT Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Artificial intelligence-based algorithms : Decision-making support for computed tomography of the chest].
Abstract Artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms are increasingly used in radiology. The main areas of application are, for example, the detection of lung lesions and the diagnosis of chronic obstructive and interstitial lung diseases. The aim of our study was to train and evaluate a package of algorithms that analyze data from computed tomographic (CT) images of the chest and provide quantitative measurements to the radiologist. The following algorithms were trained: lung lesion detection and measurement, lung lobe segmentation, vessel segmentation and measurement, coronary calcium scoring, measurement and d...
Source: Der Radiologe - July 7, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Manava P, Galster M, Heinen H, Stebner A, Lell M Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Cystic fibrosis and computed tomography of the lungs].
MO Abstract With its high detail of morphological changes in lung parenchyma and airways as well as the possibilities for three-dimensional reconstruction, computed tomography (CT) represents a solid tool for the diagnosis and follow-up in patients suffering from cystic fibrosis (CF). Guidelines for standardized CT image acquisition in CF patients are still missing. In the mostly younger CF patients, an important issue is the well-considered use of radiation in CT imaging. The use of intravenous contrast agent is mainly restricted to acute emergency diagnostics. Typical morphological findings in CF lung dise...
Source: Der Radiologe - July 3, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Bischoff A, Weinheimer O, Eichinger M, Stahl M, Sommerburg O, Kauczor HU, Mall MA, Wielpütz MO Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Imaging, diagnostics and classifications of fractures-part  2].
[Imaging, diagnostics and classifications of fractures-part 2]. Radiologe. 2020 Jul;60(7):579-580 Authors: Weber MA, Mittlmeier T PMID: 32617633 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - July 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Weber MA, Mittlmeier T Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

Mitteilungen des Berufsverbandes der Deutschen Radiologen.
PMID: 32617634 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - July 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: X X Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Trauma to the thoracic spine and chest].
Abstract BACKGROUND: The assessment of traumatic lesions to the chest and thoracic spine can pose a challenge for the emergency radiologist. Collaboration with the treating clinicians and knowledge of the patients' history and the trauma mechanism are essential. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: In case of minor trauma, digital radiography may be sufficient for diagnosis. For the diagnostic work-up of polytrauma patients, multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is the most important modality due to its broad availability and higher sensitivity. The chest has to be completely contained within the scan volum...
Source: Der Radiologe - June 29, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Krestan C, Greitbauer M Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Radiological diagnostics of lumbar spine fractures].
CONCLUSIONS: Special fracture patterns of the injured ankylosed and osteoporotic spine as well as of the pediatric lumbar spine are discussed. A survey is also given about several differential diagnoses (malignant fractures, anomalies, normal variants). PMID: 32561936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - June 19, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Grieser T Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Tumor-like bony lesions of the skeleton].
This article presents the aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC), solitary bone cyst (SBC), fibrous dysplasia, osteofibrous dysplasia Campanacci and non-ossifying fibroma (NOF). Many tumor-like bony lesions are often incidental findings. The combination of X‑ray imaging specifically supplemented by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) enables a diagnostic classification in the majority of cases. PMID: 32556370 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - June 18, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Uhl M, Herget GW Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Rare cause of acute subpartum thoracic pain].
PMID: 32556510 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - June 17, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Vogele D, Schmidt SA, Brunner H, Beer M, Kloth C Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Erratum to: Modern low-dose radiation imaging in pediatric traumatology].
PMID: 32514637 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - June 8, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Hauenstein C, Stuhldreier G, Mittlmeier T, Weber MA Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Resuscitation room diagnostics].
er G, Wirth S Abstract CLINICAL PROBLEM: The indication for resuscitation room care is an acute (potentially) life-threatening patient condition. Typical causes for this are polytrauma, acute neurological symptoms, acute chest and abdominal pain or the cause remains unclear at first. The care is always provided in a suitably composed interdisciplinary team. This requires cause-specific standards tailored to the care facility and requires a mutual understanding of the partners involved with regard to specialist interests and care processes. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: Whole-body CT is established ...
Source: Der Radiologe - June 7, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Gäble A, AlMatter M, Armbruster M, Berndt M, Kuršumovic A, Mühlmann M, Kimmig H, Kumle B, Ritz R, Russo S, Schmid F, Wanner G, Wirth S Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

Interventional therapy in benign conditions of the prostate.
;cs A Abstract Interventional therapies (IT) are increasingly popular treatment options for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). IT aim to reduce morbidity and side effects related to invasive surgical procedures. To date, IT are considered experimental, though they are evolving rapidly and starting to challenge established surgical strategies. With gradually increasing evidence for the benefits of IT in BPH, several techniques are moving out of the realm of research and into everyday clinical practice. As such, IT provides encouraging mid-term functional outcomes with improved health-related quality of life (QoL),...
Source: Der Radiologe - June 7, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Kovács A Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[A very particular high altitude pulmonary edema].
r T PMID: 32506199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - June 6, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Küpper T Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[The new radiation protection legislation-part  2 : Modifications in radiology regarding approval procedure and special fields including teleradiology].
CONCLUSION: The requirements for the approval and notification procedure have increased. For example, proof must be provided that a medical physics expert can be consulted. The establishment of deadlines for the process by the responsible authorities may accelerate the procedure and create planning certainty. PMID: 32495008 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - June 3, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Bohrer E, Schäfer SB, Krombach GA Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Abdominal imaging in cystic fibrosis].
Abstract CLINICAL ISSUE: Abdominal complications are often the first indications for cystic fibrosis (CF), a multiorgan disease. A broad range of abdominal manifestations are associated with the disease, including gastrointestinal abnormalities (such as meconium ileus in newborns and distal intestinal obstruction syndrome in older children) and hepatobiliary alterations (e.g., cholelithiasis, microgallbladder, hepatosteatosis, biliary cirrhosis). A characteristic finding is pancreatic involvement, which leads to exocrine and over the course of time to endocrine insufficiency. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL M...
Source: Der Radiologe - June 3, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Mentzel HJ, Renz DM Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[The new radiation protection legislation-part  1 : Modifications in radiology for the workflow in clinical routine].
CONCLUSION: The new legislation contains a number of regulations that provide crucial tools for implementation of radiation protection, quality assurance, and dose optimization. However, this also requires additional time and personnel. PMID: 32495010 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - June 3, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Bohrer E, Schäfer SB, Krombach GA Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Imaging, diagnostics and classifications of fractures-part  1].
[Imaging, diagnostics and classifications of fractures-part 1]. Radiologe. 2020 Jun;60(6):475-476 Authors: Weber MA, Mittlmeier T PMID: 32500395 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - June 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Weber MA, Mittlmeier T Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

Mitteilungen des Berufsverbandes der Deutschen Radiologen.
Authors: PMID: 32500396 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - June 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Structured chest X-ray imaging training with OSCE examination : Results of a  feasibility study and follow-up survey].
[Structured chest X-ray imaging training with OSCE examination : Results of a feasibility study and follow-up survey]. Radiologe. 2020 May 29;: Authors: Dettmer S, Schneidewind S, Fischer V, Derlin K, Schneider N, Wacker F, Afshar K Abstract BACKGROUND: The structured diagnosis of chest radiographs is an important basic competence in radiology and will be required in the student teaching with the implementation of the National Competency-Based Learning Catalog Medicine (NKLM) in Germany. AIM: The aim was to evaluate the extent to which second-year students gain confidence in the diagnosis of...
Source: Der Radiologe - May 29, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Dettmer S, Schneidewind S, Fischer V, Derlin K, Schneider N, Wacker F, Afshar K Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Calcifying tendinitis with osseous involvement : A diagnostic challenge].
DISCUSSION: Calcifying tendinitis is the consequence of overuse of an enthesis with consecutive necrosis and calcification. However, in rare cases, erosion of the underlying bone with bone invasion, which is associated with sudden escalation of long-term pain, is observed. The detection of the pathoanatomical changes using MRI is problematic because with this method calcifications and ossifications are only indirectly visualized and, thus, can only be interpreted with uncertainty. The method of choice is CT, which can be used to demonstrate the three key elements of calcifying tendinitis, i.e., the calcified/ossified part ...
Source: Der Radiologe - May 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Freyschmidt J, Seyffert C, Sternberg A Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Skull and cervical spine fractures].
CONCLUSIONS: The imaging modality of choice in the acute setting is computed tomography (CT). Skull fractures can be differentiated into open and closed craniocerebral traumas and accompanying intracranial trauma sequelae must be recognized. In the case of petrous bone fractures, attention must always be paid to the middle and inner ear structures. In cervical spine fractures, decisive is whether the fracture is stable or unstable and whether there has been an accompanying injury to the myelon. PMID: 32451570 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - May 25, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Langner S, Roloff AM, Schraven SP, Weber MA, Henker C Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Fracture classification-part  1 : Modern low-dose radiation imaging in pediatric traumatology].
CONCLUSIONS: In addition to conventional x‑rays, fracture sonography is becoming increasingly important for the detection of fractures in children. In the upper extremity, a sensitivity of 96% and specificity of 97% can be achieved for some fracture entities, e.g., at the distal forearm. Computed tomography is used restrictively but plays an important role in a few special indications for polytraumatized children and preoperative assessment, e.g., in the case of transitional fractures. PMID: 32435859 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - May 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Hauenstein C, Stuhldreier G, Mittlmeier T, Weber MA Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Atypical appearance of a rare mass].
PMID: 32430575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - May 19, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Stuppner S, Ruiu A, Pederiva F, Vattemi E Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

Emerging methods in radiology.
Abstract Imaging modalities have developed rapidly in recent decades. In addition to improved resolution as well as whole-body and faster image acquisition, the possibilities of functional and molecular examination of tissue pathophysiology have had a decisive influence on imaging diagnostics and provided ground-breaking knowledge. Many promising approaches are currently being pursued to increase the application area of devices and contrast media and to improve their sensitivity and quantitative informative value. These are complemented by new methods of data processing, multiparametric data analysis, and int...
Source: Der Radiologe - May 19, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Theek B, Nolte T, Pantke D, Schrank F, Gremse F, Schulz V, Kiessling F Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

Hybrid imaging of the abdomen and pelvis.
no OA Abstract Accurate imaging is crucial for lesion detection in abdominal organs, for the noninvasive characterization of focal and diffuse abnormalities, and for surgical planning. To accomplish these tasks, several imaging modalities such as multidetector computer tomography (MDCT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) are used for abdominal imaging, providing important morphological, functional or metabolic information. More recently, PET/MRI has been gaining attention due to the possibility of combining high-resolution imaging with metabolic imaging....
Source: Der Radiologe - May 18, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Suarez-Weiss KE, Herold A, Gervais D, Palmer E, Amorim B, King JD, Weier L, Shahein T, Bernstine H, Domachevsk L, Cañamaque LG, Herrmann K, Umutlu L, Groshar D, Catalano OA Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[General fracture principles and imaging characteristics].
CONCLUSION: Non-unions represent a severe limitation for the patient's quality of life and are often associated with a long period of suffering. In recent years, CEUS has been shown to be a useful and precise method for the diagnosis and assessment of non-unions and as a surrogate parameter for fracture consolidation. PMID: 32415316 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Fischer C Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Radiologic diagnosis of pathologic fractures].
itz C Abstract BACKGROUND: Pathologic fractures are fractures that occur without an adequate traumatic event due to focal benign or malignant skeletal lesions. The most common causes of pathologic fractures are cystic bone lesions, plasmocytoma or multiple myeloma, and the development of osseous metastases, which is increasing due to an aging general population and advances in cancer treatment. The differentiation of pathologic fractures from stress fractures, especially osteoporotic insufficiency fractures is crucial for correct treatment planning. OBJECTIVES: This review intends to explain the imaging chara...
Source: Der Radiologe - May 14, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Wuennemann F, Kintzelé L, Weber MA, Kauczor HU, Rehnitz C Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Fundamental concepts in the surgical treatment of fractures : Which implants should radiologists be familiar with?]
CONCLUSION: Basic concepts used in the surgical treatment of shaft, close to joints, and joint fractures as well as commonly used implants with regard to imaging required in this context without claiming to be exhaustive are reviewed. To improve outcome quality, close collaboration and direct communication between radiologists and orthopedic and trauma surgeons are required. PMID: 32410105 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - May 14, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Sckell A, Mittlmeier T Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Diagnostic imaging and classification of proximal femoral and tibia fractures in adults].
CONCLUSIONS: Plain radiography in two planes remains the initial investigation of choice for suspected osseous injury. While this is usually sufficient to determine further procedures for injuries of the proximal femur, cross-sectional imaging is normally necessary in the diagnosis of proximal tibia fractures. PMID: 32405746 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - May 13, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Berger-Groch J, Hartel MJ, Leiderer MT, Frosch KH Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Magnetic resonance elastography of the liver : Worth knowing for clinical routine].
CONCLUSION: Based on its rising clinical relevance and the broad usage, MRE of the liver is increasingly used in many centers and in routine liver protocols. Therefore, basic knowledge of this method is essential for every radiologist. PMID: 32399783 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - May 12, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Plaikner M, Kremser C, Viveiros A, Zoller H, Henninger B Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Special aspects of fractures of the distal forearm].
CONCLUSIONS: In addition to diagnosis and follow-up, radiological imaging plays a decisive role in the treatment of distal forearm fractures. CT and direct CT arthrography have become important tools in intra-articular distal radius fractures. PMID: 32385546 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - May 8, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Prommersberger KJ, Schmitt R Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

Cardiac MRI-Update 2020.
MA, Meinel FG Abstract PURPOSE: To review emerging techniques in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and their clinical applications with a special emphasis on new technologies, recent trials, and updated guidelines. TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS: The utility of CMR has expanded with the development of new MR sequences, postprocessing techniques, and artificial intelligence-based technologies, which have substantially increased the spectrum, quality, and reliability of information that can be obtained by CMR. ESTABLISHED AND EMERGING INDICATIONS: The CMR modality has become an irreplaceable tool fo...
Source: Der Radiologe - May 8, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Busse A, Rajagopal R, Yücel S, Beller E, Öner A, Streckenbach F, Cantré D, Ince H, Weber MA, Meinel FG Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Diagnosis of upper arm, elbow, and proximal lower arm fractures].
Abstract The complex anatomy of the elbow joint enables a wide range of movement and complex functions in everyday and professional life. Typical injuries of this joint include a variety of different pathologies. Due to overlaying structures in plain radiographs, diagnosis of injuries to the elbow joint places high demands on the treating physicians and often needs further diagnostic imaging. The following article will give an overview of the most common of these injuries and their diagnosis. PMID: 32382829 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - May 7, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Gierer P, Jeffries J, Herlyn P, Kittner T Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Hybrid imaging].
PMID: 32342152 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - April 30, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Umutlu L, Herrmann K, Herold C Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

Mitteilungen des Berufsverbandes der Deutschen Radiologen.
Authors: PMID: 32342153 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - April 30, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis : Radiological diagnosis in light of the current guidelines].
Abstract Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a specific form of chronic progressive fibrosing interstitial lung disease with a poor prognosis. High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) plays an important role in the work-up of patients with suspected IPF. In HRCT IPF is characterized by the pattern of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). For a long time only supportive or immunosuppressive treatment was possible. The approval of antifibrotic agents in 2012 marked a turning point and triggered further clinical and scientific interest. Based on the recently gained knowledge the revised version of the in...
Source: Der Radiologe - April 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Hamer OW, Rehbock B, Schaefer-Prokop C Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Fracture diagnosis: upper extremities : Shoulder and shoulder girdle].
Abstract BACKGROUND: The shoulder girdle is a chain of bones and joints which connect the upper extremity to the axial skeleton. The shoulder as a biomechanical unit has a remarkable range of motion and is therefore frequently prone to injuries of the three major joints (sternoclavicular joint, acromioclavicular joint, glenohumeral joint) and the bony elements (clavicle, scapula, humerus). Projection radiography is still the first imaging modality for injuries of the shoulder and usually sufficient for initial diagnosis and injury classification. Computed tomography (including 3D reconstructions) an...
Source: Der Radiologe - April 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: von Falck C, Hawi N Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

Solitary enchondromas-diagnosis and surveillance : Danish guidelines.
Abstract Enchondromas (EC) are frequent incidental findings on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed for the diagnosis of joint pathology, especially observed on MRI examinations of the knee and shoulder. Enchondroma has potential for malignant transformation to chondrosarcoma (CS), and it may be difficult to distinguish EC from low-malignant CS on the basis of imaging or histopathology studies. Therefore, EC is mostly followed up to monitor any growth and/or changes indicating aggressive tumor.There is no consensual evidence on when and how to follow up patients with EC with regard to potential malignant tra...
Source: Der Radiologe - April 22, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Jurik AG, Hansen BH, Weber K Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Assessment of teleradiology patients in a  major regional hospital].
CONCLUSION: Most teleradiology CT requests focus on brain examinations, followed by abdominal CT, CT of the spine and extremities and CT chest. Most cranial CTs do not show an acute pathology, while abdominal CTs had the highest rate of pathological findings. PMID: 32322924 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - April 22, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Schreyer AG, Elgharbawy M, Dendl LM, Rosenberg B, Menzebach A Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research