[Evidence of minimal invasive (tumor) therapies : An argumentation aid].
PMID: 28105493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - January 19, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Helmberger T Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Ligament injuries of fingers and thumbs].
Abstract Degenerative and traumatic ligament lesions of the carpometacarpal joints frequently occur at the thumb ray, whereas the carpometacarpal amphiarthrosis of other finger rays are rarely affected. The metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joints of the thumb and fingers are stabilized by bilaterally running collateral ligaments and palmar plates. At the base of the metacarpophalangeal joints, several ligaments of the extensor hoods guide the extensor tendons and coordinate the fine motoric skills of phalangeal flexing and extending. Several annular and cruciform ligaments hold the flexor tendons close to t...
Source: Der Radiologe - January 11, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Schmitt R Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Pneumonia in immunosuppressed patients].
This article reviews in particular the radiological findings of commonly occurring pulmonary infections in immunosuppressed patients. PMID: 28058476 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - January 5, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Solyanik O, Gaass T, Hellbach K, Dinkel J Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Community-acquired pneumonia].
Abstract CLINICAL ISSUE: The diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is often not possible based only on the clinical symptoms and biochemical parameters. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: For every patient with the suspicion of CAP, a chest radiograph in two planes should be carried out. Additionally, a risk stratification for the decision between outpatient therapy or hospitalization is recommended. METHODICAL INNOVATIONS: Based on the evaluation of the different radiological patterns as well as their extent and distribution, a rough allocation to so-called pathogen groups as well a...
Source: Der Radiologe - January 4, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Poetter-Lang S, Herold CJ Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Role of imaging procedures in clarification of complications of pneumonia].
Abstract CLINICAL ISSUE: Despite a considerable number of antimicrobial agents and interdisciplinary treatment options, lower respiratory tract infections are still associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Infections of the respiratory tract can lead to severe complications, such as empyema, lung abscesses and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Besides intrapulmonary complications pneumonia can also impair other organs due to a systemic inflammatory response. Underlying cardiovascular diseases, such as chronic heart failure, arteriosclerosis and dysrhythmia can either deteriorate due ...
Source: Der Radiologe - January 4, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Lampichler K Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Local treatment of solitary intrapulmonary, malignant nodules].
Abstract DEFINITION: Intrapulmonary nodules generally represent an incidental finding in the roentgenogram or computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest. They are defined as single, well-circumscribed, radiographic opaque lesions that measures up to 3 cm in diameter and are surrounded completely by aerated lung. The probability of malignancy directly correlates with increasing diameter. Lesions that have a diameter of 1 cm or larger require direct evaluation. THERAPY: Surgery is the first option for patients with a malignant lesion, given an acceptable perioperative risk; for high-risk patients...
Source: Der Radiologe - January 4, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Op den Winkel J, Eichhorn F, Rieken S, Dienemann H Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Ultrasound-guided interventions on the peripheral nervous system].
This article discusses the general prerequisites for such interventions and details the visualization and the interventional algorithms for interventions on the brachial plexus, on large nerves often affected by compression neuropathies, such as the median, ulnar, sciatic and femoral nerves and small nerves, such as the lateral cutaneous nerves of the thigh. Furthermore, contrast medium-aided biopsies of intraneural and perineural masses are discussed. Finally, the treatment of stump neuromas via phenol instillation is described. PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS: Innovations in high-resolution ultrasound allow the reliable a...
Source: Der Radiologe - January 4, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Loizides A, Gruber L, Peer S, Plaikner M, Gruber H Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Local ablative radiotherapy of oligometastatic colorectal cancer].
CONCLUSION: The SBRT procedure has become a valid treatment option for patients with oligometastatic CRC and should also be considered in clinical practice as an alternative to surgical treatment of metastases or other local ablative techniques. PMID: 28054139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - January 4, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Petersen C, Gauer T Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Noninfectious differential diagnoses of pneumonia].
Abstract BACKGROUND: In patients with a clinical suspicion of pneumonia, typical clinical and laboratory features along with the detection of infiltrates on chest X‑ray are as a rule considered diagnostic and therapy is immediately initiated; however, studies have shown that in up to 5% of patients with an initial suspicion of pneumonia, another noninfectious pulmonary disease was the underlying cause. Early recognition and differentiation of diseases mimicking pneumonia are prerequisites for an adequate therapy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to present the important noninfectious differential d...
Source: Der Radiologe - December 19, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Wielandner A, Agarwal P, Toelly A, Bardach C Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Nosocomial pneumonia from a  radiological perspective].
[Nosocomial pneumonia from a radiological perspective]. Radiologe. 2016 Dec 05; Authors: Agarwal P, Wielandner A Abstract Due to the high morbidity and mortality, nosocomial pneumonia represents a serious risk in hospitalized patients. The increased risk of infections with multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens makes a timely diagnosis and prompt therapy indispensable. A newly occurring or progressive infiltrate in any patient who has been hospitalized for more than 48 h should be viewed with suspicion. In contrast to community acquired pneumonia (CAP), radiography plays a ...
Source: Der Radiologe - December 5, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Agarwal P, Wielandner A Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Ligament injuries of the wrist].
Abstract The distal radioulnar joint, the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) and the wrist are stabilized by many ligaments allowing not only a wide range of motion but also providing sufficient stability. The complex arrangement of carpal ligaments and prosupination around the forearm joint enables multiaxial motion patterns. In the wrist, intra-articular ligaments can be differentiated from extra-articular capsular ligaments as well as intrinsic and extrinsic ligament courses. Imaging is essential for classification of dynamic and static instability patterns. This review article illustrates the ligame...
Source: Der Radiologe - December 1, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Schmitt R Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Retention of contrast media in the history of radiology : Sequelae  of the former use of thorotrast and new challenges].
[Retention of contrast media in the history of radiology : Sequelae of the former use of thorotrast and new challenges]. Radiologe. 2016 Nov 24; Authors: van Kaick G, Delorme S Abstract Detection of gadolinium deposits in patients who have repeatedly been administered intravenous gadolinium chelates have given rise to concern regarding the long-term safety of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast media. Nevertheless, negative long-term clinical effects have not yet been observed. In some publications parallels have been drawn to the sequelae of thorotrast that was formerly used for arter...
Source: Der Radiologe - November 24, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: van Kaick G, Delorme S Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[When a  name becomes a unit: Antoine Henri Becquerel].
[When a name becomes a unit: Antoine Henri Becquerel]. Radiologe. 2016 Nov 24; Authors: Otte A PMID: 27885403 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - November 24, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Otte A Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Diseases of connective tissue in IgG4-associated autoimmune diseases].
Abstract The IgG4-associated diseases of connective tissue are caused by allergen-mediated autoimmune processes. The retroperitoneum, mesentery and mediastinum as well as other less common localizations, such as the neck, orbit and periarticular connective tissue can be affected. Inflammatory fibrosis is initially dominated by a lymphocytic and plasma cell-rich infiltrate and later by cell-poor storiform fibrosis. Stenosis and occlusion of vessels, ureters and intestines can cause severe complications. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be implemented in the diagnostic algorithm...
Source: Der Radiologe - November 23, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Krombach GA Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Radiological dose and metadata management].
This article describes the features of management systems currently available in Germany for extraction, registration and evaluation of metadata from radiological examinations, particularly in the digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) environment. In addition, the probable relevant developments in this area concerning radiation protection legislation, terminology, standardization and information technology are presented. PMID: 27882403 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - November 23, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Walz M, Kolodziej M, Madsack B Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Hepatopancreaticobiliary diseases in IgG4-associated autoimmune diseases].
CONCLUSION: IgG4-related autoimmune diseases of the hepatopancreaticobiliary system are a rare group of diseases in which increasing knowledge of the radiological appearance also leads to an increasingly frequency of diagnosis. IgG4-related diseases must be distinguished from non-necrotizing pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer, which is often difficult but has significant therapeutic consequences for the patients. PMID: 27853829 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - November 16, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Grenacher L Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Immunological principles of IgG4 related diseases].
Abstract In contrast to the other IgG subclasses, IgG4 does not bind to low affinity Fc receptors or activate the classical complement pathway. In addition, it is unstable and can dissociate into two hemimolecules; therefore, IgG4 most likely has an immunosuppressive role. On the other hand, there a few examples of an immunostimulatory role of IgG4 antibodies; therefore, the function of IgG4 in IgG4 related diseases is not yet entirely clear. The trigger factors of IgG4 related diseases (allergic or autoimmune) are still under debate. The activation of T helper (Th) 2 and regulatory T cells has been shown to be im...
Source: Der Radiologe - November 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Witte T Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Posterior cranial fossa].
PMID: 27830318 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - November 1, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Reith W Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

Mitteilungen des Berufsverbandes der Deutschen Radiologen.
Authors: PMID: 27830319 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - November 1, 2016 Category: Radiology Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Rare, but important differential diagnosis of masses at the fronto-etmoidal/naso-pharyngeal basis of the skull].
PMID: 27796410 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - October 28, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Billich C, Vonend C, Schmitz B Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Degenerative cerebellar diseases and differential diagnoses].
Abstract CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Cerebellar syndromes result in distinct clinical symptoms, such as ataxia, dysarthria, dysmetria, intention tremor and eye movement disorders. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: In addition to the medical history and clinical examination, imaging is particularly important to differentiate other diseases, such as hydrocephalus and multi-infarct dementia from degenerative cerebellar diseases. Degenerative diseases with cerebellar involvement include Parkinson's disease, multiple system atrophy as well as other diseases including spinocerebellar ataxia. ACHIEVEMENTS: In addit...
Source: Der Radiologe - October 25, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Reith W, Roumia S, Dietrich P Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Vascular pathologies and vascular anatomical variants of the posterior cranial fossa].
Abstract CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: The posterior fossa is the location of some specific vascular pathologies and vascular anatomical variants that are important for radiologists to know and recognize. Vascular malformations that are also found in the supratentorial region have some divergent characteristics in the posterior fossa. PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS: Knowledge of the vascular anatomy of the posterior fossa and its variants is important for an understanding of vascular pathologies. PMID: 27770146 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - October 21, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Yilmaz U Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Imaging in urinary tract infections in childhood].
Abstract Diagnostic strategies for extended morphological and functional clarification after symptomatic urinary tract infections in children are changing. Improved knowledge of the causes for development of renal scarring and a changing view on the importance of vesicoureteral reflux have led to a change in paradigm in recent years. The purpose of this article is to present the ongoing discussions of the causes and outcome of childhood urinary tract infections, competing diagnostic imaging methods and different diagnostic algorithms. PMID: 27770147 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - October 21, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Zieger B Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Technique and efficiency of ultrasound-guided injections in the sacroiliac joint for pediatric treatment of sacroiliitis].
PMID: 27770148 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - October 21, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Weber MA Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Multimodal imaging of breast cancer recurrence : Prospective intraindividual comparison of (18)F-FDG PET/CT, contrast-enhanced  CT, and bone scintigraphy].
[Multimodal imaging of breast cancer recurrence : Prospective intraindividual comparison of (18)F-FDG PET/CT, contrast-enhanced CT, and bone scintigraphy]. Radiologe. 2016 Oct 18; Authors: Avanesov M, Derlin T PMID: 27757490 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - October 18, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Avanesov M, Derlin T Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Tumors of the posterior cranial fossa].
Abstract Various types of brain tumor can occur in the region of the posterior fossa. Brain metastases in adults are the most common malignancies at this localization. Ependymomas, medulloblastomas and pilocytic astrocytomas occur mostly in children and only rarely in adults. Other tumors that occur in the posterior fossa are meningiomas, schwannomas, hemangioblastomas, brain stem gliomas and epidermoid tumors. Due to the fact that the various tumors of the posterior fossa have different treatment approaches and prognoses, an accurate and specific diagnosis is mandatory. This review discusses the imaging aspects b...
Source: Der Radiologe - October 18, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Papanagiotou P, Politi M Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[IgG4-associated diseases : Essentials for pathologists and radiologists].
Abstract Immunoglobulin G4-associated (IgG4) autoimmune diseases are systemic multiorgan diseases with variable clinical presentation. Principally, all organs can be affected. All IgG4-associated diseases have the same morphological correlate in common, which includes lymphoplasmacellular inflammation with abundant IgG4-positive plasma cells, obliterative phlebitis and storiform fibrosis, each with a variable manifestation. The exact pathogenesis is not yet completely understood; however, as in most cases glucocorticoids induce a prompt clinical response to therapy, this new multisystemic disease must be taken int...
Source: Der Radiologe - October 17, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Tannapfel A Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Anatomy and malformations of the posterior cranial fossa].
This article describes the main aspects of the anatomy. As a uniform classification of malformations of the posterior cranial fossa does not exist the main syndromes, such as Chiari malformations, zerebellar hypoplasia and dysplasia are discussed separately. PMID: 27738723 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - October 13, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Struffert T Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Smouldering fire].
PMID: 27717986 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - October 1, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Delorme S, Reith W Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

Mitteilungen des Berufsverbandes der Deutschen Radiologen.
Authors: PMID: 27717987 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - October 1, 2016 Category: Radiology Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Clinical aspects and diagnostics of cerebral vasculitis].
Abstract CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Vasculitis is a rare cause of diseases of the central nervous system (CNS). Vasculitis can be divided into primary and secondary forms, of which the vast majority can be manifested in various organ systems, including the CNS. Isolated vasculitis of the CNS is limited to the CNS and clinical neurological symptoms as with the other forms of vasculitis, are headaches, encephalopathy, focal deficits and seizures. A criterion of isolated CNS vasculitis is the clinical and laboratory diagnostic exclusion of other forms of vasculitis and the involvement of other organ systems...
Source: Der Radiologe - September 27, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Reith W, Kraus C, Harsch N Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Pulmonary manifestations in collagen vascular diseases].
l CP Abstract CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Pulmonary complications are frequent in patients with collagen vascular diseases (CVD). Frequent causes are a direct manifestation of the underlying disease, side effects of specific medications and lung infections. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: The standard radiological procedure for the work-up of pulmonary pathologies in patients with CVD is multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with thin-slice high-resolution reconstruction. PERFORMANCE: The accuracy of thin-slice CT for the identification of particular disease patterns is very high. The pattern of usual i...
Source: Der Radiologe - September 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Vogel MN, Kreuter M, Kauczor HU, Heußel CP Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[An eight-year-old boy with painful flat feet].
er MA PMID: 27638820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - September 15, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Kintzelé L, Rehnitz C, Weber MA Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Acute abdomen with abdominal mass and missing spleen].
PMID: 27638821 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - September 15, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Hesse N, Rentsch M, Reichelt A Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Extrathoracic manifestations of tuberculosis].
This article summarizes and discusses the various radiological manifestations of extrathoracic manifestation of TB. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: Radiological modalities for screening extrathoracic TB are CT and MRI. Conventional X‑radiographs do not play a role in the diagnosis of extrathoracic TB. PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS: The possibility of extrathoracic TB should be considered particularly in immunosuppressed patients, such as the homeless, alcoholics or drug addicts or in patients with an immigrant background from the endemic areas of TB. The most likely site of extrathoracic TB is the abdomen; howe...
Source: Der Radiologe - September 15, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Kienzl-Palma D, Prosch H Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Thoracic manifestation of tuberculosis].
Abstract CLINICAL ISSUE: Tuberculosis (TB) is a granulomatous disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and transmission is via an airborne route by droplet infection. In the majority of cases patients have thoracic TB, which most frequently presents with hilar lymphadenopathy and pulmonary manifestation. Due to the rise in incidence of TB in central Europe to be expected over the coming years, it is essential to be acquainted with the radiological manifestations of pulmonary TB, particularly to be able to discriminate active from inactive TB. Due to the use of molecular techniques entailing DNA fingerprin...
Source: Der Radiologe - September 15, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Kienzl-Palma D, Prosch H Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[IgG4-associated diseases : State of the art].
Abstract CLINICAL ISSUE: IgG4-related diseases are rare but the incidence is continuously increasing. The pathophysiology is only incompletely understood. Multiorgan involvement correlates with high relapse rates, high serum IgG4 levels and an aggressive disease course, which is why diagnostics and therapy must be carried out rapidly and efficiently according to international guidelines despite all the difficulties. STANDARD TREATMENT: Currently the therapeutic standard is initial therapy (induction therapy) with glucocorticosteroids over a longer period of time and if necessary followed by low-dose main...
Source: Der Radiologe - September 15, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Kleger A, Seufferlein T Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Skeletal sarcoidosis].
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Presentation of the etiology, pathology, clinical course, radiology and differential diagnostics of skeletal sarcoidosis. PATHOANATOMICAL PRINCIPLES: Noncaseating epithelioid cell granulomas can trigger solitary, multiple or disseminated osteolysis, reactive osteosclerosis and/or granulomatous synovitis. INCIDENCE: The incidence of sarcoidosis is 10-12 per 100,000 inhabitants per year. Skeletal involvement is approximately 14 %. CLINICAL ASPECTS: Skeletal involvement occurs almost exclusively in the stage of lymph node and pulmonary manifestation. Most cases of skeletal in...
Source: Der Radiologe - September 15, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Freyschmidt J, Freyschmidt P Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Pulmonary granulomatous diseases and pulmonary manifestations of systemic granulomatous disease : Including tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacteriosis].
l CP Abstract CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Granulomas as signs of specific inflammation of the lungs are found in various diseases with pulmonary manifestations and represent an important imaging finding. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: The standard imaging modality for the work-up of granulomatous diseases of the lungs is most often thin-slice computed tomography (CT). There are a few instances, e. g. tuberculosis, sarcoidosis and silicosis, where a chest radiograph still plays an important role. METHODICAL INNOVATIONS: Further radiological modalities are usually not needed in the routine work-...
Source: Der Radiologe - September 15, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Piel S, Kreuter M, Herth F, Kauczor HU, Heußel CP Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Neurosarcoidosis].
Abstract CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Neurosarcoidosis is a relatively rare complication of sarcoidosis that occurs in approximately 5-15 % of patients. The clinical picture is variable. Clinically, neurosarcoidosis is mostly manifested as lesions of the cranial nerves (50-70 %) and several cranial nerves are typically affected. This is the result of aseptic granulomatous basal meningitis. Intraparenchymal granulomas also occur, frequently affecting basal near-midline structures, such as the hypothalamus and pituitary glands and can lead to encephalopathy. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: Diagn...
Source: Der Radiologe - September 15, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Reith W, Roumia S, Popp C Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Diagnostic imaging of breast cancer : An update].
This article gives an overview of the most important imaging modalities in the diagnosis of breast cancer. Digital mammography is considered to be the gold standard for the early detection of breast cancer. Digital breast tomosynthesis can increase the diagnostic accuracy of mammography and is used for the assessment of equivocal or suspicious mammography findings. Other modalities, such as ultrasound and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) play an important role in the diagnostics, staging and follow-up of breast cancer. Percutaneous needle biopsy is a rapid and minimally invasive method for the histologica...
Source: Der Radiologe - September 6, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Funke M Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Clinical pathology of granulomatous inflammation : With special emphasis on the lungs and central nervous system].
In this study the origins and general histopathological classification of granulomatous diseases are presented. In addition to the most common granulomatous diseases, some special and rare forms are discussed, which should also be considered in the differential diagnostic process. PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS: The diagnosis of a granulomatous disease should always be made in an interdisciplinary cooperation and requires close collaboration between radiologists, internists, pathologists and specialists in laboratory parameters. PMID: 27566650 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - August 26, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Tóth C Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Lung carcinoma screening].
PMID: 27502002 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - August 8, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Diederich S, Prosch H, Herold C Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Prerequisites for a successful lung cancer screening program].
Abstract The American national lung cancer screening trial (NLST) has provided the first confirmation of a reduction in lung cancer mortality by using low-dose multislice computed tomography (MSCT). Preliminary evaluations of smaller European trials could not confirm such a reduction. The final evaluation of the larger Dutch-Belgian NELSON trial and five other European trials are expected within the next 1-2 years. The results of the completed rounds of screening in all these studies indicate that the margin between a positive and a negative benefit-to-harm balance will be narrow. In such a scenario it will b...
Source: Der Radiologe - August 8, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Becker N, Delorme S Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Early recognition of lung cancer in workers occupationally exposed to asbestos].
ck B Abstract Despite the fact that working with asbestos and placing it on the market have been banned in Germany since 1993 according to the Ordinance on Hazardous Substances, asbestos-related diseases of the lungs and pleura are still the leading cause of death in occupational diseases. The maximum industrial usage of asbestos was reached in former West Germany in the late 1970s and in former East Germany the late 1980s. Occupational diseases, mainly mesotheliomas and lung cancer emerging now are thus caused by asbestos exposure which occurred 30-40 years earlier. It is known that the combination of smokin...
Source: Der Radiologe - August 8, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Hofmann-Preiß K, Rehbock B Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[(18)F-FDG PET/CT: Image-guided surveillance in advanced head and neck cancer as an alternative to neck dissection].
PMID: 27502005 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - August 8, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Derlin T Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Pathology of lung cancer].
Abstract Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in men and the second most frequent cause in women. The pathology of lung tumors is of special relevance concerning therapy and prognosis and current classification systems have to be taken into consideration. The results of molecular tissue subtyping allow further classification and therapeutic options. The histological entities are mainly associated with typical X‑ray morphological features. PMID: 27495784 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Radiologe)
Source: Der Radiologe - August 5, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Theegarten D, Hager T Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Radiological knowledge management with the help of departmental wikis].
e H Abstract In times of RIS (radiology information system) and KIS (hospital information system) systems, patient-related data are at the radiologist's disposal at the push of a button. However, this is not the case for other important data. The increasing complexity of modern medicine demands that up-to-date information like protocols, SOPs (Standards of Practice), news and modifications are constantly accessible to all employees. This aspect of quality assurance becomes increasingly important in the context of certification. For such knowledge management purposes we have built a wiki in our department...
Source: Der Radiologe - August 5, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Schuster A, Brachthäuser D, Mansour M, Alfke H Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Lung cancer screening - risk stratification : Who should undergo screening?]
Abstract Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of deaths in Europa and the USA. In approximately 75 % of lung cancer patients, bronchogenic carcinoma is detected at an advanced tumor stage; therefore, therapeutic options which aim at curing the disease in these patients are limited and treatment is mostly palliative. A relatively good prognosis is reserved for the minority of patients where the tumor is detected at an early stage and treatment is potentially curative. For this reason, early diagnosis of lung cancer could save lives. Retrospective analyses of the US national lung screening trial (NLST) sh...
Source: Der Radiologe - August 5, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Beer L, Prosch H Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

[Diagnostic work-up of pulmonary nodules : Management of pulmonary nodules detected with low ‑dose CT screening].
[Diagnostic work-up of pulmonary nodules : Management of pulmonary nodules detected with low‑dose CT screening]. Radiologe. 2016 Aug 5; Authors: Wormanns D Abstract Pulmonary nodules are the most frequent pathological finding in low-dose computed tomography (CT) scanning for early detection of lung cancer. Early stages of lung cancer are often manifested as pulmonary nodules; however, the very commonly occurring small nodules are predominantly benign. These benign nodules are responsible for the high percentage of false positive test results in screening studies. Appropriate diagnostic algorithms ar...
Source: Der Radiologe - August 5, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Wormanns D Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research