Clinical characteristics and risk factors of virus or influenza infection among the hospitalized pneumonia in COPD patients

We examined the risk factors and clinical characteristics contributing to bacterial co-infection with virus or influenza among the hospitalized pneumonia with COPD patients.Pneumonia in COPD patients were admitted to gachon university Gil Medical Center from 1 January 2013 to 30 August 2014. They were divided into 2 groups based upon the presence of virus or influenza. One hudred fifty four patients identified virus or influenza(Virus group). Three hundred six patients not identified virus or influenza(control group). Retrospectively, we analysed the clinical characteristics, the results of blood examination and lung function tests from medical records of both groups.Mean age of each group was 74.4±9.7 years in virus group and 72.0 ± 9.7 years in control group. Age and female ratio was significantly higher in virus group. Pack year, smoking history and tuberculosis history were significantly lower in virus group. Virus group have significantly higher level of Blood pressure, serum albumin, P, hemoglobin, stable FVC(%) and FEV1 (%). Virus group have significantly lower level of FVC(L), FEV1(L), FEV1(%) and lymphocyte when they hospitalized. The two groups have no significant difference in other clinical features: hypertenstion, diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease, survival, hosptital day, body mass index, weight.Age, female, smoking and tuberculosis history may be associated with virus or influenza infection among the hospitalized pneumonia with COPD patien...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: 10.1 Respiratory Infections Source Type: research

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Authors: Gökaslan S, Demirbaş H, Özer Gökaslan Ç Abstract BACKGROUND/AIM: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by neurodegeneration or demyelination, and the relapsing?remitting phase of MS is characterized by acute exacerbation of disease activity. The most commonly used non-invasive approach to assess autonomic function is the determination of heart rate turbulence (HRT) and heart rate variability (HRV). The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction using HRT and HRV parameters determined via 24-hour Holter ECG monitorin...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
A new predictive scoring system could have an important role in the screening and diagnosis of patients with primary aldosteronism.Clinical Endocrinology
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology Journal Article Source Type: news
Improving the outcomes of pediatric patients with congenital heart disease with end-stage heart failure depends on the collaboration of all stakeholders; this includes providers, patients and families, and industry representatives. Because of the rarity of this condition and the heterogeneity of heart failure etiologies that occur at pediatric centers, learnings must be shared between institutions and all disciplines to move the field forward. To foster collaboration, excel discovery, and bring data to the bedside, a new, collaborative quality improvement science network—ACTION (Advanced Cardiac Therapies Improving O...
Source: ASAIO Journal - Category: Medical Devices Tags: Pediatric Circulatory Support Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 March 2020Source: Microbes and InfectionAuthor(s): Mohammad Abdul Alim, Andreas Kupz, Suchandan Sikder, Catherine Rush, Brenda Govan, Natkunam Ketheesan
Source: Microbes and Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
[IPS] Abuja -As COVID-19 surges globally and leaves fear and panic in its wake, global efforts are underway to find a cure. Yet, the same level of response is lacking for several other infectious diseases that kill millions annually. These kinds of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a broad group of communicable diseases which affect more than two billion people and cost developing economies billions of dollars every year.
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Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Short Report Source Type: research
AbstractAims/IntroductionWhile moderate alcohol consumption lowers the risk of type 2 diabetes in European populations, the same cannot be assumed for Japanese patients with diabetes related to low insulin secretion rather than resistance. We aimed to evaluate the effects of daily alcohol consumption on glucose tolerance and diabetes development risk in Japanese populations.Materials and MethodsThis retrospective study randomly enrolled 452 men and 659 women aged 40 –78 years in 2005 (Gifu, Japan). The participants completed a 75‐g oral glucose tolerance test and medical questionnaire. The homeostasis model assessm...
Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
ConclusionsMore macrovascular and microvascular complications were found in Northern compared to Southern patients, and the largest difference also appeared in the younger age groups under 55, which may be meaningful to a screening and treatment strategy according to geographic differences.
Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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