Genetic features of myelodysplastic syndrome and aplastic anemia in pediatric and young adult patients.
This study shows that while any single specific bone marrow failure/myelodysplastic syndrome genetic disorder is rare, screening for these disorders in aggregate identifies a significant subset of patients with inherited bone marrow failure/myelodysplastic syndrome. PMID: 27418648 [PubMed - in process]
This debate pack outlines progress so far in implementing the cancer strategy and provides statistics on survival rates and the NHS cancer workforce. It also collates commentary and analysis from official, parliamentary and third sector organisations.
ABSTRACT Deciphering the complex milieu that makes up the tumor microenvironment (TME) and the signaling engaged by TME cytokines continues to provide novel targets for therapeutic intervention. The IL‐6 family member Oncostatin M (OSM) has recently emerged as a potent driver of tumorigenesis, metastasis and therapy failure, molecular programs most frequently attributed to IL‐6 itself. In a recent issue of The Journal of Pathology, Kucia‐Tran et al. describe how elevated Oncostatin M receptor (OSMR) expression results in a feed‐forward loop involving the de novo production of both OSM and OSMR to facilitate aggress...
This NIHR Signal finds that for western high-income countries such as the UK, an estimated 15% to 16% of cancers could be avoided by preventing diabetes, obesity or excess weight. Although the links between high BMI, diabetes and cancer have been known for some time, this study presents the first calculations of attributable risk for 175 countries. This represents the proportion of cancers that could be prevented if the risk factors were eliminated.
No abstract available
According to this study: Current or recent users of hormonal contraceptives are at higher risk for breast cancer than women who have never used hormonal contraceptives.The risk increases with the duration of use.
Oncology Nurses' Knowledge, Confidence, and Practice in Addressing Caregiver Strain and Burden . Oncol Nurs Forum. 2018 Mar 01;45(2):187-196 Authors: Irwin MM, Dudley W, Northouse L, Berry DL, Mallory GA Abstract OBJECTIVES: To describe nurses' practices, confidence, and knowledge of evidence-based interventions for cancer caregiver strain and burden and to identify factors that contribute to these aspects. . SAMPLE & SETTING: 2,055 Oncology Nursing Society members completed an emailed survey. . METHODS & VARIABLES: Pooled analysis of survey results. Variables included the bas...
Conclusion: We report a high prevalence of anemia, ID, and IDA among young healthy males participating in prolonged strenuous training programs. These findings can be partly explained by the physiological changes associated with strenuous physical activity. Further investigations aiming to develop specific diagnostic guidelines for this unique population are warranted.Acta Haematol 2018;139:141 –147
ConclusionIt is feasible and safe to use this novel, flexible, single‐arm robot in performing a transoral robotic radical tonsillectomy and retropharyngeal lymph node dissection.
CONCLUSIONS: The combination of TBx and SBx achieved the best results for the detection and prognosis of PCa-s. The use of SBx alone would have missed the detection of PCa-s in 12% of patients. PMID: 29463177 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In conclusion, our data show that clonal hematopoiesis emerges in the majority of patients with AA, including children and young adults, can be detected early in disease, and has a mutational spectrum largely distinct from MDS. Our results highlight that in the absence of morphologic features of myelodysplasia, the presence of clonal hematopoiesis with somatic mutations cannot be used to distinguish MDS from AA. Future longitudinal studies of clonal hematopoiesis in AA will help to explain differences in patients’ disease course, and will enable personalized treatment approaches in AA.Citation Format: Daria V. Babush...