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Featured Review: Music interventions for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients

Are there benefits of offering music interventions as a complementary treatment to people with cancer?Cancer may result in extensive emotional, physical and social suffering. Current cancer care increasingly incorporates psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life. Music therapy and music medicine interventions have been used to alleviate symptoms and treatment side effects and address psychosocial needs in people with cancer. In music medicine interventions, the patient simply listens to pre-recorded music that is offered by a medical professional. Music therapy requires the implementation of a music intervention by a trained music therapist, the presence of a therapeutic process and the use of personally tailored music experiences.A team of Cochrane authors based in the United States worked with Cochrane Gynaecological, Neuro-oncology and Orphan Cancers   to update a previous Cochrane Review from 2011, which assessed and compared the effects of music therapy and music medicine interventions for physiological and physical outcomes in people with cancer. 22 new trials were identified for inclusion in this update. In total, 52 trials with a total of 3731 participants are included in this Cochrane Review. Most trials were at high risk of bias and, therefore, these results need to be interpreted with caution.This systematic review indicates that music interventions may have beneficial effects on anxiety, pain, fatigue, depression, and quality of life in people wit...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news

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BACKGROUND: Despite high survival rates of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), many patients report unmet supportive care needs, increased cancer-specific and general distress, and higher levels of anxious and depressive symptoms. Virtual reality (VR) has experienced tremendous growth in recent years with rapidly expanding applications. Proof of concept using VR to mitigate stressful healthcare experiences has already been demonstrated in various settings.OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of a VR experience in the context of the Mohs surgical day as a means to ameliorate patient anxiety and pain.
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Clinical Research: Patient Outcomes Research Source Type: research
This study contributes towards understanding sex disparities in the impact of cancer survival on medication use.
Source: European Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Short Paper: Lifestyle Source Type: research
ConclusionsExploratory subgroup analyses show the efficacy and safety of SFTs for the treatment of breakthrough pain in patients with cancer, regardless of their cancer stage and background opioid medication.
Source: Drugs in R&D - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Several myths surrounding heart diseases state that heart diseases attract only elder people and more men than women are prone to heart attacks. Contrary to the belief, cardiovascular cases are on rise in women than men and it is deadlier than all forms of cancers combined. Both physiological and psychological factors are causing heart diseases and it affects people of all ages with no bias. Women that have suffered from mental illness are more susceptible to attract heart risks like stroke. Mental ill health like schizophrenia, anxiety disorders and bipolar disorders are mostly treated with antidepressants, antipsychotics...
Source: Sciences Blog - Category: Science Authors: Tags: OMICS Anxiety Disorders bipolar disorders cardiovascular cases heart attacks heart diseases psychological factors Source Type: blogs
Authors: Zhuang H, Ma Y, Wang L, Zhang H Abstract Background: Patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (nsclc) experience great pain and stress. Our study aimed to explore the effect of early palliative care on quality of life in patients with nsclc. Methods: A total of 150 patients were randomly divided into two groups: control group with conventional care and study group with early palliative care. The quality of life (qol) rating scale and self-rating scale of life quality (sslq) were used to analyze the patients' quality of life. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-D/A (hads-d/a) and Patien...
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research
AbstractPurposePrior results from the registration system oncological gynecology (ROGY) care trial showed that survivorship care plans (SCPs) increased threatening illness perceptions in gynecological cancer survivors, but it remained unclear whether this would result in poorer physical and psychosocial outcomes. The aim of the current study is to assess the direct and indirect effects of SCPs on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and anxiety and depression, through illness perceptions.MethodsTwelve hospitals in the South of the Netherlands were randomized to providing ‘SCP care’ or ‘usual care.&rsquo...
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Patients undergoing treatment for cancer commonly experience symptoms such as sleep disturbance, pain, anxiety, depression, and low energy/fatigue (SPADE), subsequently altering physical function and complicating effective symptom management. However, little is known about the frequency, severity, and clustering of SPADE symptoms in individuals with chronic painful chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). The purpose of this cross-sectional, secondary analysis was to describe the frequency, severity, and clustering of SPADE symptoms and their association with physical function in individuals with chronic painful CIPN.
Source: Pain Management Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
In this study, the “tailored” group underwent seven days of monitoring using an accelerometer, the results were downloaded, analysed and an individualised pacing plan developed by the therapists. The plan was intended to highlight times when the person had high or low levels of activity (as compared with their own average, and averages drawn from previous studies of people with the same diagnosis), and to point out associations between these activity levels and self reported symptoms. Participants were then provided with ideas for changing their activity levels to optimise their ability to sustain activity and ...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: 'Pacing' or Quota Chronic pain Clinical reasoning Coping Skills Coping strategies Occupational therapy Pain conditions Research function Motivation pain management self management Therapeutic approaches values Source Type: blogs
Patients experiencing chronic pain and depression may be more likely to stop taking opioids if they adhere to their antidepressants, reports astudy published in theBritish Journal of Psychiatry. Further analysis also suggests that halting opioid use contributes to improvements in depression.“Depression can worsen pain and is common in patients who remain long-term prescription opioid users,” Jeffrey Scherrer, Ph.D., of the Saint Louis University School of Medicine said in a press release. “Effective depression treatment may break the mutually reinforcing opioid-depression relatio nship and increase the li...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: antidepressant depression Jeffrey Scherrer medication adherence prescription opioid use Veterans Health Administration Source Type: research
CONCLUSION Cognitive impairment can affect daily functioning, quality of life, and capacity to work in patients with cancer and those in remission. Consequently, cognitive assessment is now an important and necessary part of a comprehensive oncological care plan. Cancer-related cognitive impairment might be due to the direct effects of the cancer itself, nonspecific factors, or comorbid conditions that are independent of the disease and/or due to the adverse effects of the treatment or combination of treatments given for the disease. The prevalence and extent of cognitive impairment associated with cancer is recognized but...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognition Current Issue Neuro oncology Neurology Review cancer chemotherapy cognitive impairment neuropsychological assessment treatment Source Type: research
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