Funding to help improve quality and quantity of donor limbs, tissues for transplant

(Case Western Reserve University) A Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine faculty member has received $998,500 from the US Department of Defense to develop a new approach to improve the quality and quantity of limbs and tissues obtained from brain dead organ donors. Benefits also could be extended to the more standard transplanted organs (e.g. kidneys, hearts, and lungs).
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

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Renal complications are common following heart and/or lung transplantation and lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Renal dysfunction is also associated with increased mortality for patients on the transplant wait list. Dialysis dependence is a relative contraindication for heart or lung transplantation at most centers, and such patients are often listed for a simultaneous kidney transplant. Several factors contribute to the impaired renal function in patients undergoing heart and/or lung transplantation, including the interplay between cardiopulmonary and renal hemodynamics, complex perioperative issues, and exposur...
Source: Critical Care Clinics - Category: Intensive Care Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractThe overall aim of this scoping review of the literature is twofold: (1) to provide an overview of all instruments that have been used to assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after solid organ transplantation and (2) to provide a list of health items they include to support future studies on the development of a new-generation HRQoL instrument. All studies that administered any form of HRQoL instrument to post-transplant solid organ recipients were identified in a comprehensive search of PubMed (MEDLINE), Embase, and Web of Science, with a cut-off date of May 2018. The search used various combinations of t...
Source: The Patient - Patient-Centered Outcomes Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Naranjo M, Lo KB, Mezue K, Rangaswami J Abstract Pulmonary hypertension is not uncommon in patients with renal disease and vice versa; therefore, influences treatments and outcomes. There is a large body of literature on pulmonary hypertension in patients with kidney disease, its prognostic implications, economic burden, and management strategies. However, the converse, namely the hemodynamic effects of pulmonary hypertension on kidney function (acute and chronic kidney injury) is less studied and described. There is also increasing interest in the effects of pulmonary hypertension on kidney transplant out...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research
Abstract The author concludes lessons learned from Hungary joining Eurotransplant five years ago through the more than half a century history of the Hungarian organ transplantation. The result of the stepwise evolution is that today's transplantation activity can be measured by a European benchmark. In comparison to the era before the membership, there are 40% more transplantations in the country. First the numbers of the living donor kidney transplantations significantly raised, followed by the organs transplanted from brain-dead donors: kidney, heart, pancreas, then liver and finally also lung. The ratio of the ...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research
Authors: Salehi S, Tran K, Grayson WL Abstract In the past, a diagnosis of organ failure would essentially be a death sentence for patients. With improved techniques for organ procurement and surgical procedures, transplantations to treat organ failure have become standard medical practice. However, while the demand for organs has skyrocketed, the donor pool has not kept pace leading to long recipient waiting lists. Organ preservation provides a means to increase the number of available transplantable organs. However, there are significant drawbacks associated with cold storage, the current gold standard. To addres...
Source: The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine - Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Yale J Biol Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study demonstrates that organ transplant recipients, and especially children, are at increased risk of postoperative complications after cochlear implantation in comparison with healthy CI recipients.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Cochlear Implants Source Type: research
A history of melanoma within the preceding 5 years is commonly considered a contraindication to solid organ transplantation. We investigated how a pretransplant history of melanoma impacts patient survival and melanoma recurrence. Institutional Review Board approval was obtained, and Duke’s retrospective database was used to identify 4552 patients who underwent a solid organ transplant at Duke University from 1 January 2001 to 31 December 2016. Data with regard to the transplant, melanoma characteristics, rejection episodes, and survival were recorded. Of 4552 patients who underwent a solid organ transplant, 12 (0.3%...
Source: Melanoma Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Short Communications Source Type: research
Conclusion Employment status pre-transplant being highly associated with employment status post-transplant, the process promoting return to work should be started well before surgery. Biomedical, psychological and social factors must be taken into account to promote return to work in transplanted patients.
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2018Source: Indian Heart JournalAuthor(s): Shayan Marsia, Ariba Khan, Maryam Khan, Saba Ahmed, Javeria Hayat, Abdul Mannan Khan Minhas, Samir Mirza, Nisar Asmi, Jonathon ConstantinAbstractDonors after brain dead (DBD) have been the major source of organ donation due to good perfusion of the organs. However, due to the mismatch in demand and supply of the organ donors and recipients, organ donation after circulatory death has increased recently all over the world. Kidneys, liver and lungs are being used for transplantation from Donors after circulatory death (DCDDs). Recently, he...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract Despite decades of formidable exploration, multi-organ ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) encountered, particularly amongst elderly patients with clinical scenarios, such as age-related arteriosclerotic vascular disease, heart surgery and organ transplantation, is still an unsettled conundrum that besets clinicians. Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC), delivered via transient, repetitive noninvasive IR interventions to distant organs or tissues, is regarded as an innovative approach against IRI. Based on the available evidence, RIC holds the potential of affording protection to multiple organs or tissues, w...
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
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