p53 overexpression increases chemosensitivity in multidrug-resistant osteosarcoma cell lines

Conclusions These results demonstrated that transfection of wild-type p53 increases chemosensitivity either through inhibiting IGF-1r or through increasing the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins p21 and Bax in human MDR osteosarcoma cell lines.
Source: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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This study suggests that the DOX-PIO combination could be used in the clinic for osteosarcoma patients who develop DOX-resistance. PMID: 31545293 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study demonstrated the importance of toad venoms as source of cytotoxic compounds that may serve as lead compounds for the development of novel anticancer drugs.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, osmotic burst of inflated complement-damaged cells may occur, but these bursts are most likely a consequence of metabolic collapse of the cell rather than the cause of cell death. The Complement Cell Death Mediator: A Concerted Action of Toxic Moieties Membrane pores caused by complement were first visualized by electron microscopy on red blood cell membranes as large ring structures (22). Similar lesions were viewed on E. coli cell walls (23). Over the years, ample information on the fine ultrastructure of the MAC that can activate cell death has been gathered (24) and has been recently further examined (...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract Although the application of multiple chemotherapy brought revolutionary changes to improve overall survival of osteosarcoma patients, the existence of multidrug resistance (MDR) has become a great challenge for successful osteosarcoma treatment in recent decades. Substantial studies have revealed various underlying mechanisms of MDR in cancers. As for osteosarcoma, evidence has highlighted that microRNAs (miRNAs) can mediate in the processes of DNA damage response, apoptosis avoidance, autophagy induction, activation of cancer stem cells, and signal transduction. Besides, these drug resistance-related miR...
Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
Authors: Vitale DL, Spinelli FM, Del Dago D, Icardi A, Demarchi G, Caon I, García M, Bolontrade MF, Passi A, Cristina C, Alaniz L Abstract Hyaluronan, the main glycosaminoglycan of extracellular matrices, is concentrated in tissues with high cell proliferation and migration rates. In cancer, hyaluronan expression is altered and it becomes fragmented into low-molecular-weight forms, affecting mechanisms associated with cell proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis and multidrug resistance. Here, we analyzed the effect of low-molecular-weight hyaluronan on the response of T lymphoma, osteosarcoma, and mammary ade...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2018Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 106Author(s): Binghua Zhou, Lijun Li, Yajing Li, Huimin Sun, Changchun ZengAbstractThe long non-coding RNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 12 (SNHG12) overexpression was found in various tumors and the dysregulated expression of SNHG12 contributed to multidrug resistance in non-small cell lung cancer. However, the role of SNHG12 in doxorubicin resistance of osteosarcoma is still unclear. In present study, we explored the function and underlying mechanism of SNHG12 on doxorubicin resistance in osteosarcoma. High expression of SNHG12 was associated ...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Chemoresistance during treatment of osteosarcoma (OS) is attracting more and more attention as the main clinical obstacle. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the role of miR-340 in chemoresistance of OS. Plasmid construction and transfection, miRNA arrays, PCR analyses, and western blot analysis, as well as MTT, apoptosis, and luciferase assays were carried out in MG-63 cells and MG-63/cisplatin (DDP)-resistant cells. The results showed that miR-340 was downregulated in OS tissues and drug-resistant OS cells. Moreover, a negative correlation was observed between miR-340 and ZEB1 expression in OS tissues. Forced exp...
Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Preclinical Reports Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, Volume 16, Issue 1 Author(s): Zhen-Dong WANG, Rui-Zhi WANG, Yuan-Zheng XIA, Ling-Yi KONG, Lei YANG Multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the major obstacles in cancer chemotherapy. Our previous study has shown that icariin could reverse MDR in MG-63 doxorubicin-resistant (MG-63/DOX) cells. It is reported that icariin is usually metabolized to icariside II and icaritin. Herein, we investigated the effects of icariin, icariside II, and icaritin (ICT) on reversing MDR in MG-63/DOX cells. Among these compounds, ICT exhibited strongest effect and showed...
Source: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Yang JZ, Huang LH, Chen R, Meng LJ, Gao YY, Ji QY, Wang Y Abstract Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major challenge for the management of the majority of cancers. The precise molecular mechanisms of MDR remain elusive. In a previous study, a multidrug resistant osteosarcoma model [MG63/vincristine (VCR)] was established by intermittent exposure of MG63 cells to gradually increasing concentrations of VCR. These cells exhibited cross-resistance to multiple structurally and mechanistically unrelated chemotherapeutic agents. The development of MDR was associated with increased expression of LIM kinase 1 (LIMK1)...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Wu D, Liu L, Yan X, Wang C, Wang Y, Han K, Lin S, Gan Z, Min D Abstract Chemoresistance is a major hindrance to successful treatment of osteosarcoma (OS). Pleiotrophin (PTN), a neurotrophic growth factor, has been linked to the malignant characteristics of various cancer types. We retrospectively examined the correlation between PTN expression and chemoresistance in OS in a cohort of 133 OS patients. Immunohistochemistry revealed that PTN expression correlated with the necrosis rate and local OS recurrence. In a prognostic analysis, high PTN expression was associated with poor overall and disease-free surv...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
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